aashaaraani vhora

aashaaraani vhora
Asha Rani Vohra.JPG
shataadhik pustakon ki praneta: aashaaraani vhora
janm: 7 April 1921
gram: dulaha, tahaseel: chakavaal, jila: Jhelum, avibhaajit Hindustan
mrutyu: 21 December 2009
nai Delhi, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: svatantr lekhan, poornat masijeevi
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: beesaveen shataabdi
vidha: gadya, padya, itihaas va raajaneeti
vishay: geet, rekhaachitr, sansmaran va nibndh
saahityik
aandolan
:
naari svaalamban evam raashtreeya chetna
pramukh kruti(yaaain): svaadheenata senaani lekhak-patrakaar, mere ye aadaraneeya aur aatmeeya, stri-sarokaar, udaan aur aasmaan ke beech
aashaaraani vhora: ek saarthak rachana-yaatra vishnu prabhaakar

aashaaraani vhora (janm: 7 April 1921[1] - mrutyu: 21 December 2009[2]) british Bhaarat mein Jhelum jile[3] mein janmi ek hindi lekhika theen jinhonne sau se adhik pustakon ki rachana ki. jeevan ki antim saaains tak vah nirntar likhti raheen. 88 varsh ki aayu mein unka nidhan nai Delhi mein apne bete dau॰ shashi vhora ke ghar par hua. aashaaraani ko apne jeevan kaal mein kai puraskaar va sammaan praapt hue. unhonne apni saari sampatti ek trast banaakar Noida sthit soorya sansthaan ko daan kar di.

anukram

sankshipt jeevani

aashaaraani vhora ka janm avibhaajit Hindustan ke jila Jhelum ki tahaseel chakavaal sthit unki nanihaal ke gram dulaha[4] mein 7 April 1921 ko hua. unka vaastavik naam shakuntala tha. baalika shakuntala ka bachapan gvaaliyr riyaayat ke saamanti maahaul mein beeta kintu vivaah ke baad aashaaraani ka shesh jeevan sangharsh aur saadhana ki bhatti mein nirntar tapata raha. vivaah se poorv middle tak ki shiksha school se praapt ki. shesh shiksha yada-kada private pareekshaayein dekar poori ki. hindi prabhaakar ke baad unhonne samaaj shaastr mein snaatakottar (ema॰ae॰) kiya aur kala-shilp ki aupachaarik shiksha grahan ki.

sarita se lekhan praarambh

ve 1946 se hindi milaap (Lahore) sarasvati (prayaag) jaisi vibhinn patra-patrikaaon mein likhti raheen kintu pehli baar unhein 1964 mein Delhi se prakaashit hone waali pramukh patrika sarita ke sampaadakeeya vibhaag mein kaarya karne ka avsar mila. uske baad unhonne desh ki khyaat-akhyaat sabhi patra-patrikaaon mein chhapana shuroo kiya jo marate dam tak jaari raha. dharmayug, saaptaahik Hindustan va kaadambini jaisi pratishthit patrikaaon se lekar Hindustan (hindi-dainik), dainik jaagaran, svadesh, Punjab kesari, paanchajanya va amar ujaala sareekhe samaachaar-patron mein unke lekh dhaaraavaahik roop se chhapate rahe.

saahitya ke saath samaaj-seva bhi

jeevan ke aarambhik daur se hi ve samaaj-seva se jud gayeen theen. unhonne 'naari raksha samiti' (1946 - Punjab), 'mahila shilp kala kendra' (1947 - gvaaliyr), 'aasha kala kendra' (mahoo - madhya pradesh), tatha 'soorya sansthaan' (1992 - Noida) jaisi saamaajik sansthaaon[5] ki na keval sthaapana ki apitu unka kushal sanchaalan bhi karti raheen. in sansthaaon ko saamaajik raajaneetik sanrakshan bhale hi na mila ho parantu Ashaji ke jujhaaroopan ko dekhte hue raashtrapati, pradhaanamantri, mukhyamantri, va hindi premiyon ka saanidhya baraavar milta raha.

rachanaayein

aasha ji ne samaaj seva ke saath-saath svatantr patrakaarita, lekhan-kaarya, vibhinn patra-patrikaaon ke kareeb 40 visheshaankon ka sanyojan-sampaadan to kiya hi, mahila-vishyak, vyaavahaarik samaaj-shaastr, svaasthya, kishoropayogi, sansmaran-saakshaatkaar, baalopayogi, kaavya-sangrah jaise vividh vishyon par bahut badi sankhya mein pustakon ki rachana bhi ki[6]. unki pramukh vishyon par likhi pustakon ki sankhya ka vargeekaran[7][8] is prakaar hai:

  • mahila upalabdhiyon ke kshetr mein (12 pustakein)
  • mahilaaon ki sthiti: vishesh adhyayan (5 pustakein)
  • vyaavahaarik samaajashaastr (4 pustakein)
  • svaasthya (3 pustakein)
  • kishoropayogi (4 pustakein)
  • sansmaran aur saakshaatkaar (5 pustakein)
  • mahila takaneeki prashikshan (17 pustakein)
  • vividh (6 pustakein)
  • praudh va navasaaksharopayogi (9 pustakein)
  • baalopayogi (26 pustakein)
  • kaavya-sangrah (5 pustakein)
  • kahaani-sangrah (1 pustak)
  • svatantrata sangraam sambandhi (7 pustakein)

pramukh puraskaar-sammaan

aasha ji ko apne jeevan kaal mein bahut badi sankhya mein puraskaar va sammaan praapt hue jinmein se pramukh-pramukh ka vivran[9][10] is prakaar hai:

sandarbh

  1. hindi saahityakaar sandarbh kosh (doosra bhaag) prushth prushth 42
  2. soorya (smaarika -8) prushth 1
  3. samanvaya (parichay khand) prushth 5
  4. saahitya sanchetana prushth 17
  5. soorya (smaarika -8) mrudula sinha ka lekh "avsaan ek kalamajeevi lekhani ka"
  6. samanvaya (parichay khand) prushth 5
  7. aashaaraani vhora: ek saarthak rachana-yaatra prushth 551 se 554 tak
  8. soorya basant ballabh pant ka lekh (adyatan sankhya) ke liye
  9. aashaaraani vhora: ek saarthak rachana-yaatra prushth 551 se 554 tak
  10. saahitya sanchetana prushth 18

baahari kadiyaaain