aashaapoorna devi

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aashaapoorna devi
আaaশaaাaaপaaূaaরaa্aaণaaা দaaেaaবaaী

aashaapoorna devi
janm 08 January 1909
potoladaanga, Calcutta, Bhaarat
mrutyu 13 July 1995(1995-07-13) (umr 86)
upajeevika upanyaasakaar, kaviyitri
bhaasha baangla
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
jaateeyata bangaali
avadhi 1939–2001
shailiyaaain upanyaas
vishay saahitya
saahityik aandolan baang‍aala upan‍aayaasakaar
pramukh kaarya pratham pratishruti (1964)
aakaash maati (1975)
prem O prayojan (1944) aadi.
pramukh puraskaar Tagore puras‍aakaar (1964)
leela puras‍aakaar
padmashri (1976)
jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar (1976) aadi.

aashaapoorna devi (baangla: আaaশaaাaaপaaূaaরaa্aaণaaা দaaেaaবaaী, 8 January 1909-13 July 1995) Bhaarat se baangla bhaasha ki kavayitri aur upanyaasakaar theen, jinhonne 13 varsh ki avastha se lekhan praarambh kiya aur aajeevan saahitya rachana se judeen raheen. gruhasth jeevan ke saare daayitv ko nibhaate hue unhonne lagbhag do sau krutiyaaain likheen, jinmein se anek krutiyon ka Bhaarat ki lagbhag sabhi bhaashaaon mein anuvaad ho chuka hai. unke srujan mein naari jeevan ke vibhinn paksh, paarivaarik jeevan ki samasyaayein, samaaj ki kuntha aur lipsa atyant painepan ke saath ujaagar hui hain. unki krutiyon mein naari ka vayakti-svaatantrya aur usaki mahima nai deepti ke saath mukharit hui hai. unki pramukh rachanaaeain hain svarnalata, pratham pratishruti, prem aur prayojan, bakulakatha, gaachhe paata neel, jal, aagun aadi. unhein 1976 mein jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya tha.[1]yeh puraskaar praapt karne waali ve pehli mahila hain.[2][t 1]

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

aashaapoorna devi ka janm 8 January 1909 ko pashchimi Bengal ke Calcutta [t 2] mein hua tha. unka parivaar kattarpanthi tha isliye unhein school aur college jaane ka suavasar naheen mila. lekin bachapan se hi unhein padhne-likhne aur apne vichaaron ki abhivyakti ki suvidhaaeain praapt hui. unke ghar mein niyamit roop se anek baangla patrikaaeain jaise: pravaasi, bhaaratavarsh, bhaarati, maanasi-O marmabaani, archana, saahitya, sabooj patra aadi aati thi. jinka adhyayan aur chintan unke lekhan ki neenv bana. unhonne 13 varsh ki avastha se lekhan praarambh kiya aur aajeevan saahitya rachana se judeen raheen.[5] kala aur saahityik parivesh ki vajh se unamein sanvedanasheelata ka bharpoor vikaas hua.[6]

vyaktigat jeevan

unka parivaar ek madhyamavargeeya parivaar tha. inke parivaar mein pita, maata aur teen bhaai the. inke pita ek achhe chitrakaar the aur inki maata ki baangla saahitya mein gahari ruchi thi. pita ki chitrakaari mein ruchi aur maaain ke saahitya prem ki vajah se aashaapoorna devi ko us samay ke jaanemaane saahityakaaron aur kala shilpiyon se nikat parichay ka avsar mila. us yug mein Bengal mein sabhi nishedhon ka bolabaala tha. pita aur pati donon ke hi ghar mein parda aadi ke bandhan the par ghar ke jharokhon se mili jhalakiyon se hi ve sansaar mein ghatit hone waali ghatnaaon ki kalpana kar leti theen.[7]

saahityik jeevan

aashaapoorna devi ki karmabhoomi pashchimi Bengal thi. unka pehla kahaani-sankalan "jal aur jaamun" 1940 mein yaheen se prakaashit hua tha. us samay yeh koi naheen jaanta tha ki baangla hi naheen, bhaarateeya katha saahitya ke manch par ek aise nakshatr ka aavirbhaav hua hai jo deerghakaal tak samaaj ki kuntha, sankat, sangharsh, jugupsa aur lipsa-sabko sametakar saamaajik sambandhon ke harsh, ullaas aur utkarsh ko naya aakaash pradaan karega. unki kahaaniyaaain paatr, samvaad ya ghatnaaon ka jamaghat naheen hain, parantu jeevan ki kisi anakahi vyaakhya ko vyanjit karti hain aur is roop mein unki ekdam alag pehchaan hai.[8]

unki apni ek vishisht shaili thi. charitron ka rekhaankan aur unke manobhaavon ko vyakt karte samay ve yathaarthavaadita ko banaaye rakhati theen. sach ko saamane laana unka uddeshya rahata tha. unka lekhan aashaavaadi drushtikon liye hue tha. unke upanyaas mukhyat: naari kendrit rahe hain. unke upanyaason mein jahaaain naari manovijnyaaan ki sookshm abhivyakti aur naari ke svabhaav uske darp, danbh, dvand aur usaki daasata ka bakhoobi chitran kiya hua hai vaheeain unki kathaaon mein paarivaarik prem sambandhon ki utkrushtata drushtigochar hoti hai. unki kathaaon mein teen pramukh visheshataaeain parilkshit hoti hain – vaktavya pradhaan, samasya pradhaan aur aaveg pradhaan. unki kathaaen hamaare ghar sansaar ka vistaar hain. jise ve kabhi nanhi beti ke roop mein to kabhi ek kishori ke roop mein to kabhi mamatv se poorn maaain ke roop mein naveen jijnyaaasa ke saath dekhti hain.[8]

unako apni pratibha ke kaaran un‍aahein samakaaleen baang‍aala upan‍aayaasakaaron ki pratham pank‍aati mein gauravapoorn s‍aathaan mila. unke lekhan ki vishish‍aatata unki ek apni hi shaili hai. katha ka vikaas, charitron ka rekhaakann, paatron ke manobhaavon se avagat karaana, sabamein vah yathaarthavaadita ko banaae rakhate hue apni aashaamayi drush‍aati ko abhiv‍aayak‍aati deti hain. iske peechhe unki shaili vidyamaan rahati hai. ve yathaarthavaadi, sahaj aur santulit thi. seedhe aur kam shabdon mein baat ko jyon ka tyon kah dena unki visheshata thi. unki nireekshan shakti gahan aur paini thi aur vichaaron mein gambheerta thi. poorvaagrahon se rahit unka drushtikon apne naam ke anuroop aashaavaadi tha. ve maanavapremi thi. ve vidrohini thi. 'main to sarasvati ki steno hooain' unka yeh kathan unki rachanaasheelata ka parichay deta hai. unhone apne 87 varsh ke deerghakaal mein 100 se bhi adhik aupanyaasik krutiyon ki rachana ki, jinke maadhyam se unhonne samaaj ke vibhinn pakshon ko ujaagar kiya. unke vipul krutit‍aav ka udaaharan unki lagbhag 225 krutiyaan hain. unki samagr rachanaaon ne bankim, raveendr aur sharat ki trayi ke baad Bengal ke paathak varg aur prabuddh mahila paathakon ko sarvaadhik prabhaavit aur samruddh kiya hai.[9][8]

krutiyaaain

aashaapoorna devi ke vipul krutit‍aav ka udaaharan unki lagbhag 225 krutiyaan hain. 'pratham pratishruti' ke liye unhein jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar praapt hua. lagbhag pachchees varsh poorv dooradarshan mein, 'pratham pratishruti' naamak TV prasaarit hua tha. apne jeevan ki ghatnaaon ke baad ki katha, aashaapoorna devi ne, do anya upanyaas, 'suvarnalata' aur 'bakul katha' mein likha hai. unki kuchh mahatvapoorn pustakein kramash: adhoore sapane, anokha prem, apne apne darpan mein, amar prem, avinshvar, aanand dhaam, udaas man, kabhi paas kabhi door, kasauti, kaal ka prahaar, kirchiyaaain, Krishna chooda ka vruksh, khareeda hua du:kh, galat train mein, chashmein badal jaate hain, chaabeeband sandook, chait ki dopahar mein, jeevan sandhya, tapasya, tulasi, tripdi, drushya se drushyaantar, dolana, na jaane kahaaain kahaaain, panchhi uda aakaash, pyaar ka chehara, pratham pratishruti, praarabdh, bakul katha, manjari, man ki aavaaj, man ki udaan, mukhar raatri, ye jeevan hai, raajakanya, leela chirntan, vijayi vasant, vishvaas avishvaas, ve bade ho gaye, shaayad sab theek hai, shraavani, sarpadansh, suvarnalata aadi hindi mein upalabdh hai.[10]

charchit upanyaas

  • prem O prayojan (1944)
  • ag‍aani-pariksha (1952)
  • chhaadpatr (1959)
  • pratham pratishruti (1964)
  • suvarnalata (1966)
  • maayaadarpan (1966)
  • bakul katha (1974)
  • ut‍aatarapuroosh (1976)
  • jugaantar yavanika paare (1978)

anya pramukh upanyaas

  • aur ek aashaapoorna (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • aasha poorna beethika (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • anaamaniya (prakaashak: karuna prakaashan)
  • vishvaas-avishvaas (prakaashak: deb saahitya kuteer)
  • chhavibndh sindak (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • chitrakalapa (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • chosama palate jaya (prakaashak: deb saahitya kuteer)
  • dibyaahaasini dinolipi (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • drushya thaake drushyaantor (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • dviteeyon adviteeyon (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • E to sedin (prakaashak: aanand prakaashan)
  • kalyaani (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • kaanta pukur lener komola (prakaashak: deb saahitya kuteer)
  • laghu tripodi (prakaashak: pushpo prakaashan)
  • leela chirantan (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • nakshatren aakaash (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • nokasha kaata ghor (prakaashak: karuna prakaashan)
  • panch nodir teere (prakaashak: paal prakaashak)
  • priyo gaalpon (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • shashi baaboor sangasaar (prakaashak: punashch)
  • siri bhaaainga anka (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • shreemati satama jeebon (prakaashak: karuna prakaashan)
  • sthaan kaal paatr (prakaashak: karuna prakaashan)
  • subaranalata (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)
  • teen prohar (baaluchori, dhoop ka chashma, shreeङakholita) (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • trimaatrik (prakaashak: nirmal saahityam)
  • vee॰ aai॰ pee॰ bareer lok (prakaashak: karuna prakaashan)

kahaani

  • jal aur aagun (1940)
  • aar ek din (1955)
  • sonaali sandh‍aaya (1962)
  • aakaash maati (1975)
  • ek aakaash anek taara (1977)

rachanaavali

  • aashaapoorna deveer rachanaavoli [10 khandon mein] (prakaashak: mitra vo ghosh)

yuva upanyaas

  • aloya aaditya mahaapaatr rahasya (1995)
  • amaraavati antaraale (1994)
  • byaparata ki holo (1993)
  • bhaggi judhon bedheche (1986)
  • bhaagyalakshmi lautari (1990)
  • bhitore ki chhilo (1985)
  • bhooture kukur (1982)
  • bolaber moton noi (1987)
  • chhaaj jone mile (1979)
  • chhootite chhoota-chhooti (1982)
  • chhotoder shreshthon golapo (1955)
  • chhotoder shreshthon golapo (1981)
  • chhoton thaakuradvaar kaashi yaatra (1938)
  • chhotoder bhaalo bhaalo golapo (1962)
  • dakkaat r kobole aami (1972)
  • dibbosundarer dibbojnyaaan love (1988)
  • dosti kishor uponyaas
  • durer baasi (1978)
  • ek kuri golapo (1988)
  • ek samudra anek deoo (1963)
  • ekar modhe teen (1991)
  • gajakil er hatya rahasya (1979)
  • golapo bhaalo aaber bolo (1958)
  • golapo holo suroo (1955)
  • golaper moton golapo (1961)
  • half haulide (1941)
  • haaseer golapo (1967)
  • jeebon kaaleer pakka hisaab (1985)
  • jugalaratanon tiktiki office (1992)
  • kanakadeep (1962)
  • karapaakar pakchakr (1997)
  • kaato kaandon raailagarite 1985)
  • kishor amonibaas (1986)
  • kishor bachaai golapo (1999)
  • kishor saahityon samagr (1983)
  • kishor saahityon samagr (1-3)
  • kishor saahityon samagr (1980)
  • kopal khule gelo naaki (1992)
  • kumakum (1970)
  • majaroomaama (1992)
  • maanikchand O ऍro chhodo (1992)
  • mansoor moton maanush (1986)
  • mon thaakon mon kaamon (1996)
  • nije bujhe nin (1987)
  • nikhaarachaai aamod (1982)
  • onaara thaakurabeni (1982)
  • paaainch bahuter goppo (1990)
  • panchasti kishor golapo
  • paakhi theke haati (1983)
  • plainshet (1999)
  • poela doshara (1992)
  • raajakumaarer poshaake (1975)
  • rahasya sandhaane (1981)
  • raaja noi raani noi (1959)
  • rajaai golapo (1976)
  • raani maayaabaajaar antaradarshan rahasya (1993)
  • rongin molaat (1941)
  • sakaler sapanon (1994)
  • sarojantar naayak (1992)
  • satayi aamod (1992)
  • sei sob golapo (1967)
  • sera baaro (1988)
  • seera rahasya samavaar (1984)
  • shanirvaachiton chotodar sheston golapo (1996)
  • shonon shonon golapo shonon (1956)

kishor upanyaas

  • raaj Kumar er poshaake
  • gaj ukeel er hatya rahasya
  • bhootar kukur
  • lonka morich he ek mohamanab (March 1983)
  • maanusher moton maanush
  • chaara pute gelen nanatu pise (1987)
  • bomaar chhee bishm
  • somoodoor dekha (1988)
  • aloya aadityar ichhha potro rahasyo
  • haranon theke praapti

puraskaar/sammaan

  • leela puraskaar, Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya se (1954)
  • Tagore puras‍aakaar (1964)
  • bhootaan mohini daasi svarn padak (1966)
  • booaind memoriyl puraskaar, pashchim Bengal sarkaar se (1966)
  • padmashri (1976)
  • jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar, pratham pratishruti ke liye (1976)[11]
  • haranaath ghosh padak, bangeeya saahitya parishad se (1988)
  • jagataraani svarn padak, Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya se (1993)

uddharan

tippaniyaaain

  1. shreemati aashaapoorna devi ko jab 26 April' 1978 ko Delhi ke vigyaan-bhavan mein raashtrapati shri neelam sanjeev Reddy dvaara 'jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar' samarpit kiya gaya us samay tak unki khyaati moordhanya aur lokapriya lekhika ke roop mein Bengal mein pratishthit ho chuki thi. Bengal ke baahar, raashtreeya saahityik manch par unka abhinndan aur unke saahitya mein saakshaatkaar desh ke liye gauravapoorn anubhav pramaanit hua. 'jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar' praapt karanevaali vah pehli mahila hain..[3]
  2. , vartamaan Kolkata).[4]

sandarbh

  1. chitra Dave. "aashaapoorna devi ka saakshaatkaar". web duniya hindi. http://hindi.webdunia.com/%E0%A4%98%E0%A4%9F%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%AC%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B2%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%A4%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%AF/%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8B-%E0%A4%98%E0%A4%9F%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%88-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%88%E0%A4%82-%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%B2%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%96%E0%A4%A4%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%82-1070429042_1.htm. "aashaapoorna devi jo ghatit hota hai main vahi likhti hooain"
  2. "pratham bhaarateeya mahila, bhaag-3". http://amazingyatra.com/entries/general-knowledge-in-hindi/3. abhigman tithi: 10 June 2014.
  3. jain, lakshmeechandr. "baakul katha ki bhoomika". http://pustak.org/home.php?bookid=1278. abhigman tithi: 10 June 2014.
  4. tivaari, vijay shankar (March 2005). naveen bhoogol darpan. Kolkata: nirmal prakaashan. pa॰ 202.
  5. "aashaapoorna devi". http://www.pravasiduniya.com/tag/%E0%A4%86%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A3%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B5%E0%A5%80. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  6. "aashaapoorna devi". http://aadye.favreads.in/2013/07/22/%E0%A4%86%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A3%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B5%E0%A5%80/. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  7. "ananya hain aashaapoorna devi". http://www.livehindustan.com/news/1/1/article1-story-1-1-21408.html. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  8. a aa i "sashakt hastaakshar: aashaapoorna devi". http://www.pressnote.in/%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B7%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%83-%E0%A4%86%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A3%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B5%E0%A5%80-_66110.html#.U5VgnXKSyFk. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  9. Bose, atanoo. "adhoore sapane, aashaapoorna devi". http://bsprachar.org/home.php?bookid=7535. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  10. sangrah, bhaarateeya saahitya. "aashaapoorna devi ki pustakein". http://pustak.org/home.php?author_name=Ashapurna%20Devi. abhigman tithi: 9 June 2014.
  11. "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings [jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar vijetaaon ki aadhikaarik soochi]" (aaingreji mein). jnyaaanapeeth website. http://jnanpith.net/laureates/index.html.

baahari kadiyaaain