aarmeeniyaai bhaasha

aarmeeni bhaasha (Armenian language) hind-Europeeya bhaasha-parivaar[1] ki yeh bhaasha mesopotaimiya tatha kaukas ki madhyavarti ghaatiyon aur kaale saagar ke dakshini poorvi pradesh mein boli jaati hai. yeh pradesh aarmeeni jaarjiya tatha ajrabaijaan (uttar-pashchimi Iran) mein padta hai. yeh aarmeeniya ganatantr ki raajabhaasha hai. aarmeeni bhaasha ko poorvi aur pashchimi bhaagon mein vibhaajit karte hain. gathan ki drushti se iski sthiti greek aur hind-Irani ke beech ki hai. puraane samay mein aarmeeniya ka Iran se ghanishth sambandh raha hai aur Irani ke praaya: do hajaar shabd aarmeeni bhaasha mein milte hain. inheen kaaranon se bahut dinon tak aarmeeni ko Irani ki keval ek shaakha maatr samjha jaata tha. par ab iski svatantr satta maanya ho gayi hai. iski apni ananya lipi hai jiski khoj 405 E mein hui thi.

is bhaasha ka vyanjanasamooh mool roop se bhaarateeya aur kaakeshi samooh ki jaarji bhaasha se milta julata hai. p‌ t‌ k‌ vyanjanon ka b‌ d g‌ se paraspar vyatyaya ho gaya hai. udaaharanaarth, sanskrut vash ke liye aarmeeni mein 'tasn' shabd hai. sanskrut pitru ke liye aarmeeni mein hyar hai. aadim bhaaropeeya bhaasha se yeh bhaasha kaafi door ja padi hai. sanskrut dvi aur tri ke liye aarmeeni mein erku aur erekh shabd hain. isi se doori ka anumaan ho sakta hai. vyaakaranatmak ling praacheen aarmeeni mein bhi naheen milta. sanskrut 'gau' ke liye aarmeeni mein kev‌ hai. aise shabdon se hi aadi aadim aaryabhaasha se iski vyutpatti siddh hoti hai. aarmeeni adhiktar bolachaal ki bhaasha rahi hai. Irani shabdon ke atirikt ismein greek, arabon aur kaakeshi ke bhi shabd hain.

anukram

saahitya

aarmeeni bhaasha mein paaainchaveen shataabdi E. ke poorv ka koi granth naheen milta. aarmeeni ka jo bhi praacheen saahitya tha use isaai paadariyon ne chauthi aur paaainchaveen E. shataabdiyon mein nasht kar diya. kuchh hi samay poorv ashok ka ek abhilekh aarmeeni bhaasha mein praapt hua hai jo sambhavat: aarmeeni ka sabse puraana namoona hai. aarmeeni ki ek lipi paanchavi isavi shataabdi mein gadhi gayi jismein injeel ka anuvaad aur anya isaai dharmaprachaarak granth likhe gaye. paanchaveen shataabdi mein hi greek ke bhi kuchh grathon ka anuvaad hua. isi shataabdi mein likha hua faausatus naamak ek granth chauthi shataabdi ki aarmeeni paristhiti ka sundar chitran karta hai. ismein aarmeeniya ke chhote-chhote nareshon ke darabaaron, raajaneetik sangathan, jaatiyon ke paraspar yuddh aur isaai dharm ke sthaapit hone ka itihaas ankit hai. ailiseus vardapait ne vardan ka ek itihaas likha jismein aarmeenayon ne saasaaniyon se jo dharmayuddh kiya tha usaka varnan hai. khaurain ke mojej ne aarmeeniya ka ek itihaas likha jismein 450 isavi tak ka varnan hai. yeh granth sambhavat: saataveen shataabdi mein likha gaya. aathaveen shataabdi se baraabar aarmeeniya ke granth milte hain. inmein se adhikaansh itihaas aur dharm se sambandh rakhate hain.

19veen shataabdi ke madhyabhaag mein aarmeeniya ke roosi aur Turkey jilon mein ek nai saahityik prerana nikli. is saahitya ki bhaasha praacheen bhaasha se vyaakaran mein yathesht bhinn hai, yadyapi shabdaavali praaya: puraani hai. is naveen prerana ke dvaara aarmeeni saahitya mein kaavya, upanyaas, naatak, prahasan aadi yathesht maatra mein paae jaate hain. aarmeeni mein patra-patrikaaeain bhi paryaapt sankhya mein nikli hain. soviyt sangh mein pravesh kar is pradesh ki bhaasha aur saahitya ne badi teji se unnati ki.

lipi

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a b g d e z ē ë t' ž i l x ç k h j ġ čaạ m y n š o č p ǰ s v t r c' u w p' k' ev ò f
[ɑ] [b] [g] [d] [ɛ] [z] [ɛ] [ə] [tʰ] [ʒ] [i] [l] [χ] [t͡aas] [k] [h] [d͡aaz] [ʁ] [t͡aaʃ] [m] [j] [n] [ʃ] [o] [t͡aaʃaaʰ] [p] [d͡aaʒ] [r] [s] [v] [t] [ɾ] [t͡aasʰ] [u] [v] [pʰ] [kʰ] [ɛaav] [o] [f]

sandarbh granth

  • meie le laaaing du maaaind (peris);
  • baabooraam Saxena : saamaanya bhaashaavijnyaaan (prayaag)

sandarbh