aarmeeniya

Հaaաaaյaaաaaսaaտaaաaaնaaի Հaaաaaնaaրaaաaaպaaեaaտaaոaaւaaթaaյaaոaaւaaն
Hayastani Hanrapetutyun

aarmeeniya ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: aarmeeniyn: Մaaեaaկ Աaaզaaգ, Մaaեaaկ Մaaշaaաaaկaaոaaւaaյaaթ
(anuvaad) Mek Azg, Mek Mshakouyt
(anuvaad) "ek desh, ek sanskruti"
raashtragaan: mer haiyarnik
("hamaara pitrudesh")
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
yerevaan
40°a16′aN 44°a34′aE / 40.267°aN 44.567°aE / 40.267; 44.567
raajabhaasha(eain) aarmeeniyn[1]
sarkaar raashtrapati adheen ganaraajya[2]
- raashtrapati sarj sargashyaan
- pradhaanamantri tigraan sargashyaan
svatantrata soviyt sangh se
- ghoshana 23 August 1990
- sthaapana 21 September 1991
kshetrafal
- kul 29,800 varg kilometer (139vaan 1)
11,506 varg meal
- jal (%) 4.91
janasankhya
- 2008 janaganana 3,231,900[3] (133vaan)
- 1989[4] janaganana 3,288,000
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul $13,650,000,000$[5] (118vaan)
- prati vyakti $4,600[5] (119vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2003) 0.759
uchch · 83vaan
mudra draam (AMD)
samay mandal UTC (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+4)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) DST (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+5)
doorabhaash koot +374
Internet teeeladi .am
1 naagorno-kaaraabaakh kshetr mein shaamil naheen.

aarmeeniya (Armenia) pashchim Asia aur Europe ke kaakeshas kshetr mein sthit ek pahaadi desh hai jo chaaron taraf jameen se ghira hai. 1990 ke poorv yeh soviyt sangh ka ek ang tha jo ek raajya ke roop mein tha. soviyt sangh mein ek janakraanti evam raajyon ke aajaadi ke sangharsh ke baad aarmeeniya ko 23 August 1990 ko svatantrata pradaan kar di gayi, parantu iske sthaapana ki ghoshana 21 September, 1991 ko hui evam ise antarraashtreeya maanyata 25 December ko mili. iski rajdhani yerevan hai.

armeniyaai mool ki lipi aaraamaaik ek samay (isa poorv 300) Bhaarat se lekar bhoomadhya saagar ke beech prayukt hoti thi. poorvi roman saamraajya aur faaras tatha arab donon kshetron ke beech avasthit hone ke kaaran madhya kaal se yeh videshi prabhaav aur yuddh ki bhoomi raha hai jahaaain islaam aur isaaiyat ke kai aaranbhik yuddh lade gaye the. Armenia praacheen aitihaasik saanskrutik dharohar wala desh hai. Armenia ke raaja ne chauthi shataabdi mein hi isaai dharm grahan kar liya tha. is prakaar Armenia raajya isaai dharm grahan karne wala pratham raajya hai.[6] desh mein aarmeniyaai epostalik church sabse bada dharm hai.[7] iske alaava yahaaain isaaiyon, musalmaanon aur anya sanpradaayon ka chhota samudaaya hai.

aarmeniya ka kul kshetrafal 29,800 ki.mee² (11,506 varg meal) hai jiska 4.71% jaleeya kshetr hai. anumaanat: (July 2008) yahaaain ki janasankhya 32,31,900 hai evam varg kimi ghanatv 101 vyakti hai. iski seemaaeain Turkey, jaurjiya, ajarabaijaan aur Iran se lagi hui hain. aaj yahaaain 97.9 pratishat se adhik aarmeeniyaai jaateeya samudaaya ke alaava 1.3% yajidi, 0.5% roosi aur anya alpasankhyak nivaas karte hain. yahaan ki janasankhya ka 10.6% bhaag antarraashtreeya gareebi rekha (Amreeki dollar 1.25 pratidin) se neeche nivaas karta hai.[8] Armenia 40 se adhik antarraashtreeya sangathanon ka sadasya hai. ismein sanyukt raashtra, Europe parishad, Asiaee vikaas bank, svatantr deshon ka raashtrakul, vishv vyaapaar sangathan evam gut nirpeksh sangathan aadi pramukh hain.

anukram

naam

armeniyaai mool ke log apne ko hayak ka vanshaj maanate hain jo nooh (islaam isaaiyat aur yahoodiyon mein poojya) ka par-parapota tha. kuchh isaaiyon ki maanyata hai ki noaa (islaam mein nooh) aur usaka parivaar yaheen aakar bas gaya tha. aarmeeniya ka armeniyaai bhaasha mein naam hayastaan hai jiska arth haayak ki jameen hai. haayak noh ke par-parapote ka naam tha.

itihaas

islaam, isaai aur yahoodi dharm ki ubhaya maanyataaon ke anusaar pauraanik mahaapralaya ki baadh se bachaane vaale noaa (arabi mein nooh, hindu matsyaavataar se mel khaata) ka naav yaraavan ki pahaadiyon ke paas aakar ruk gaya tha. armeniyaai apne ko nohe ke parapote ke pote hayak ka vanshaj maanate hain. kaansya yug mein hitti tatha mitnni jaise saamraajyon ki bhoomi raha hai. lauh kaal mein araame ke uraatu saamraajya ne sabhi shaktiyon ko ek kiya aur usi ke naam par is kshetr ka naam armeniya pada.

itihaas ke pannon par aarmeeniya ka aakaar kai baar badla hai. 80 E.poo. mein Armenia raajashaahi ke antargat vartamaan Turkey ka kuchh bhoo-bhaag, Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, ajrabaijaan aur vartamaan aarmeeniya ke bhoo-bhaag sammilit the. roman kaal mein armeniya faaras aur rom ke beech banta raha. isaai dharm ka prachaar Europe aur khud armeniya mein isi samay hua. san 591 mein bijentaainon ne paarasiyon ko hara diya par 645 mein ve khud dakshin mein shaktishaali ho rahe muslim arabon se haar gaye. iske baad yahaaain islaam ke bhi prachaar hua. Iran ke safvi vansh ke samay (1501-1730) yeh chaar baar istaanbul ke usmaani turkon aur isfhaan ke shiya safvi shaasakon ke beech hastaantarit hota raha. 1920 se lekar 1991 tak aarmeeniya ek saamyavaadi desh tha. yeh soviyt sangh ka ek sadasya tha. aaj aarmeeniya ki Turkey aur ajrabaijaan se lagti seema sangharsh ki vajah se band rahati hain. naagorno-kaaraabaakh par aadhiptya ko lekar 1992 mein Armenia aur ajrabaijaan ke beech ladaai hui thi jo 1994 tak chali thi. aaj is jameen par aarmeeniya ka adhikaar hai lekin ajarabaijaan abhi bhi jameen par apna adhikaar bataata hai.

prashaasanik khand

Armenia das praanton (marj) mein banta hua hai. pratyek praant ka mukhya kaaryapaalak (maarjpet) Armenia sarkaar dvaara niyukt kiya jaata hai. inmein yeravaan kon rajdhani shahar (kaghaak) (Եaaրaaևaaաaaն) hone se vishisht darja mila hai. yeravaan ka mukhya kaaryapaalak mahaapaur hota hai, evam raashtrapati dvaara niyukt kiya jaata hai. harek praant mein sv-shaasit samudaaya (hamaayank) hote hain. varsh 2007 ke aankadon ke anusaar Armenia mein 915 samudaaya the, jinmein se 49 shahari evam 866 graameen hain. rajdhani yeravaan shahari samudaaya hai,[9] jo 12 ardh-svaayatt jilon mein bhi banta hua hai.

praant rajdhani kshetrafal janasankhya
araagatsotn (Աaaրaaաaaգaaաaaծaaոaaտaaն) ashtaarak (Աaaշaaտaaաaaրaaաaaկ) 2,753 ki.mee² 126,278
araarat (Աaaրaaաaaրaaաaaտ) artaashat (Աaaրaaտaaաaaշaaաaaտ) 2,096 ki.mee² 252,665
armaaveer (Աaaրaaմaaաaaվaaիaaր) armaaveer (Աaaրaaմaaաaaվaaիaaր) 1,242 ki.mee² 255,861
geghaarkunik (Գaaեaaղaaաaaրaaքaaոaaւaaնaaիaaք) gaavar (Գaaաaaվaaաaaռ) 5,348 ki.mee² 215,371
kotaayak (Կaaոaaտaaաaaյaaք) hraajdaan (Հaaրaaաaaզaaդaaաaaն) 2,089 ki.mee² 241,337
lori (Լaaոaaռaaի) vanaadjor (Վaaաaaնaaաaaձaaոaaր) 3,789 ki.mee² 253,351
shiraak (Շaaիaaրaaաaaկ) gyumari (Գaaյaaոaaւaaմaaրaaի) 2,681 ki.mee² 257,242
syunik (Սaaյaaոaaւaaնaaիaaք) kapaan (Կaaաaaպaaաaaն) 4,506 ki.mee² 134,061
tavoosh (Տaaաaaվaaոaaւaaշ) ijevaan (Իaaջaaևaaաaaն) 2,704 ki.mee² 121,963
vayots djor (Վaaաaaյaaոaaց Ձaaոaaր) yeghegnaadjor (Եaaղaaեaaգaaնaaաaaձaaոaaր) 2,308 ki.mee² 53,230
yeravaan (Եaaրaaևaaաaaն) 227 ki.mee² 1,091,235
inhein bhi dekhein: Armenia ke shaharon ki soochi, Armenia ke praant, evam naagorno-kaaraabaakh

sandarbh

  1. Armenia agharaajya ka samvidhaan, pralekh-12.
  2. Armenia agharaajya ka samvidhaan, pralekh-55.
  3. "national staitistikl service, Armenia ganaraajya". http://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=81&id=766. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  4. "janaganana 2001, Armenia ganaraajya". http://docs.armstat.am/census/engcontent.php.
  5. a aa "Armenia". international monetary fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=911&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=31&pr.y=17. abhigman tithi: 2009.
  6. graausait, rene (1947). Histoire de l'Arméanie (1984 san॰). paayot. pp. 122. . Estimated dates vary from 284 to 314. Garsoïaan (op.cit. p.82), following the research of Ananian, favours the latter.
  7. "The conversion of Armenia to Christianity was probably the most crucial step in its history. It turned Armenia sharply away from its Iranian past and stamped it for centuries with an intrinsic character as clear to the native population as to those outside its borders, who identified Armenia almost at once as the first state to adopt Christianity". (gaarsoiyan, neena (1997). sanpa. aar.ji.hovvaaneeshiyn. ed. praacheen se aadhunik samay mein aarmeniyaai log. paalagrev maikamiln. pp. bhaag-1, pru.81. ).
  8. maanav vikaas soochakaank, saarani:3 maanav aay evam gareebi, pru.34 abhigman tithi: 1 June 2009
  9. "kshetreeya prashaasan sansthaaen". Armenia ganaraajya sarkaar. http://www.gov.am/enversion/regional_7/regional.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008.

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