aanan‍aad keintish kumaaras‍aavaami

aanand kumaarasvaami

aanan‍aad kumaaras‍aavaami (tamil:ஆaaனaaநaa்aaத கaaுaaமaaாaaரaaசaaுaaவaaாaaமaaி ; 1877-1947) shri lanka ke suvikhyaat kalaamarmajnya evam Bhaarat-chintak tamil the.

jeevanavrutt

inka janm kolupitya, Colombo (Sri Lanka) mein 22 August 1877 ko hua tha. unke pita sar mutu kumaarasvaami prathan hindu the jinhonne 1863 E. mein England se bairistari paas ki thi. ve paali ke vidvaan the. unhone miss Elizabeth kle naamak angrej mahila se vivaah kiya tha. is vivaah ke chaar hi varsh baad ve divangat ho gaye. aanand kumaarasvaami inheen donon ki santaan the. pita ki mrutyu ke samay aanand keval do saal ke the. unka paalan-poshan unki angrej maaain ne kiya. 12 varsh ki avastha mein ve vaaiklif kaalej mein daakhil hue. 1900 E. mein London vishvavidyaalaya se bhoovijnyaaan tatha vanaspatishaastr lekar unhonne pratham shreni mein bi. S-si. (aanars) paas kiya aur university kaalej, London mein kuchh kaal feli rah lene ke baad ve Sri Lanka ke minraalaajikl sarve ke nideshak niyukt hue. khoj mitti ke bheetar se aarambh hui aur isi kram mein unhone Bhaarat ka bhraman kiya. yahaaain pashchim mein shikshit is mahaan antashchetana ko sabse adhik bhaarateeya shilpi ki saadhana ne aakrusht kiya. Bhaarat ghoomate-ghoomate ve svadeshi aandolan se parichit hue.

teen varsh Sri Lanka mein rahakar unhonne 'seelon social rifaarmeshan society' ka sangathan kiya aur university aandolan ka netrutv kiya. 1906 mein London se di. S-si. ki upaadhi praapt karne ke uparaant ve lalit kalaaon ki or jhuke aur Bhaarat tatha dakshinpoorvi Asia ka bhramanakar praacheen moortiyon aur chitron ka adhyayan kiya. vigyaan ke vichkshan vidyaarthi hokar evam lanka ke minraalaajikl sarve ka sarvochch pad chhod unhonne apni vishisht abhiruchi lalitkala ke prati jaagrut ki aur aaj us disha mein unka prayatn itna gahra aur siddh hai ki kisi ko gumaan tak naheen hota ki unka sambandh vigyaan se bhi ho sakta tha.

sansaar mein bahut kam vidvaan aise hue hain jinki pratibha itni bahumukhi rahi ho jitni aanand kumaarasvaami ki thi. unki khoj darshan, paraavidya, dharm, moorti aur chitrakala, bhaarateeya saahitya, islaami kala, sangeet, vigyaan aadi ke vividh kshetron mein labdhapratishth hui. pratyek kshetr mein jis maulikta ka unhonne parichay diya vah anyatr durlabh hai. upanishdon ke bhaavatatv ka unhonne niroopan kar kala ke sandarbh mein usaki jo abhivyanjana ki vah sarvatha naya drushtikon tha. 1910 mein kalakatte ki Indian society ov oriental Art ke tatvaavadhaan mein unhonne mugal aur rajput chitrakala par jo bhaashan diya, vah unke asaadharan gyaan ka parichaayak tha. 1911 mein England jaakar unhonne anya vidvaanon ke saath London ki India society ki neenv daali jo aaj 'raayal India Pakistan aind seelon society' ke naam se vikhyaat hai. 1917 mein ve Boston ke lalitkala sangrahaalaya ke bhaarateeya vibhaag ke sangrahaadhyaksh niyukt hue aur mrutyu tak vaheen rahe. 1920 mein unhonne vishvabhraman kiya aur agale saal Sri Lanka mein bhaarateeya tatha praacheen sinhali kala par vyaakhyaan diye. 1924 mein New York mein Indian kalchar center ki neenv daali jiske ve pratham pradhaan bhi hue. amareeka mein uske baad unke vyaakhyaanon ki parampara ban gayi aur 1938 mein Washington ki sanstha naishanal committee faar India's freedam ke ve adhyaksh bane.

krutiyaaain

aanand kumaarasvaami ka chitr (1907 mein prakaashit)

1908 mein unki prasiddh kruti 'the ems ov Indian Art' prakaashit hui aur do varsh baad 'Art aind svadeshi'. 1913 mein 'Arts aind kraifts ov India aind seelon' aur agale hi saal bhagini nivedita ke saath 'miths ov hindooj aind buddhists' prakaashit hua. tadanantar 'buddh aind di gaaspel ov buddhijm', 'the dance ov Shiv' aur Boston sangrahaalaya ke vividh kaitalaag prakaashit hue. 1923 mein 'introduction tu Indian aind indoneshiyn Art' chhapi. isi beech dau॰ kumaarasvaami ne French mein bhi kalaasanbandhi teen pustakein prakaashit ki jinke naam hain : 'lejaar A maatiye the leend A the silaan', 'poor konpraand laar indoo' aur 'le miniyaatoor oriyaantaal the la kaleksi O guloobe'.

1930 se kumaarasvaami ka rujhaan darshan ki or vishesh ho gayi aur san 33 mein unhonne vedon ke adhyayan svaroop 'A new aiproch vedaaj : ain esse in traansaleshan aind eksijesis' prakaashit karte rahe. par kumaarasvaami ka sambandh jeevan ke ant tak kala se bana raha aur ve lalitkalaaon par apne vichaar daarshanik star se prakaashit karte rahe. 'elimeints ov buddhist aaikaanograafi' (1937) tatha 'hvaai egjivit varks ov Art?'(1934), isi prakaar ke chintan ke parinaam the. 1944 mein 70 varsh ki avastha mein unki mrutyu hui. mrutyu ke baad unki kruti 'living thaats ov gotam di buddha' prakaashit hui.

unki krutiyon ki soochi nimnalikhit hai-

paaramparik kalaaeain
  • Figures of Speech or Figures of Thought?: The Traditional View of Art, (World Wisdom 2007)
  • Introduction To Indian Art, (Kessinger Publishing, 2007)
  • Buddhist Art, (Kessinger Publishing, 2005)
  • Guardians of the Sundoor: Late Iconographic Essays, (Fons Vitae, 2004)
  • History of Indian and Indonesian Art, (Kessinger Publishing, 2003)
  • Teaching of Drawing in Ceylon] (1906, Colombo Apothecaries)
  • "The Indian craftsman" (1909, Probsthain: London)
  • Viśavakarmā ; examples of Indian architecture, sculpture, painting, handicraft (1914, London)
  • Vidyāapati: Bangīaya padāaabali; songs of the love of Rāadhā and Krishna], (1915, The Old Bourne press: London)
  • The mirror of gesture: being the Abhinaya darpaṇaaa of Nandikeśavara] (with Duggirāala Gōapāalakr̥aṣaṇaa) (1917, Harvard University Press; 1997, South Asia Books,)
  • Indian music] (1917, G. Schirmer; 2006, Kessinger Publishing,
  • A catalog of sculptures by John Mowbray-Clarke: shown at the Kevorkian Galleries, New York, from May the seventh to June the seventh, 1919]. (1919, New York: Kevorkian Galleries, co-authored with Mowbray-Clarke, John, H. Kevorkian, and Amy Murray)
  • Rajput Painting, (B.R. Publishing Corp., 2003)
  • Early Indian Architecture: Cities and City-Gates, (South Asia Books, 2002) I
  • The Origin of the Buddha Image, (Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Ltd, 2001)
  • The Door in the Sky, (Princeton University Press, 1997)
  • The Transformation of Nature in Art, (Sterling Pub Private Ltd, 1996)
  • Bronzes from Ceylon, chiefly in the Colombo Museum, (Dept. of Govt. Print, 1978)
  • Early Indian Architecture: Palaces, (Munshiram Manoharlal, 1975)
  • The arts & crafts of India & Ceylon, (Farrar, Straus, 1964)
  • Christian and Oriental Philosophy of Art, (Dover Publications, 1956)
  • Archaic Indian Terracottas, (Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1928)
metaafijiks
  • Hinduism And Buddhism, (Kessinger Publishing, 2007; Golden Elixir Press, 2011)
  • Myths of the Hindus & Buddhists (with Sister Nivedita) (1914, H. Holt; 2003, Kessinger Publishing)
  • Buddha and the gospel of Buddhism (1916, G. P. Putnam's sons; 2006, Obscure Press,)
  • A New Approach to the Vedas: An Essay in Translation and Exegesis, (South Asia Books, 1994)
  • The Living Thoughts of Gotama the Buddha, (Fons Vitae, 2001)
  • Time and eternity, (Artibus Asiae, 1947)
  • Perception of the Vedas, (Manohar Publishers and Distributors, 2000)
  • Metaphysics, (Princeton University Press, 1987)
saamaajik samaalochan (Social criticism)
  • Am I My Brothers Keeper, (Ayer Co, 1947)
  • "The Dance of Shiva - Fourteen Indian essays" Turn Inc., New York; 2003, Kessinger Publishing],
  • The village community and modern progress] (12 pages) (1908, Colombo Apothecaries)
  • Bugbear of Literacy], (Sophia Perennis, 1979)
  • What is Civilisation?: and Other Essays. Golgonooza Press, (UK),
  • Spiritual Authority and Temporal Power in the Indian Theory of Government, (Oxford University Press, 1994)
maranoparaant prakaashit
  • Yaksas, (Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Ltd, 1998) ISBN 978-81-215-0230-6
  • Coomaraswamy: Selected Papers, Traditional Art and Symbolism, (Princeton University Press, 1986)
  • The Essential Ananda K. Coomaraswamy , (2003, World Wisdom)

baahari kadiyaaain