aajaad hind fauj

aajaad hind fauj ka dhvaj

aajaad hind fauj sabse pehle raaja Mahendra prataap Singh ne 29 October 1915 ko Afghanistan mein banaayi thi. moolat: yeh 'aajaad hind sarkaar' ki sena thi jo angrejon se ladkar Bhaarat ko mukt karaane ke lakshya se hi banaayi gayi thi. kintu is lekh mein jise 'aajaad hind fauj' kaha gaya hai usase is sena ka koi sambandh naheen hai. haaain, naam aur uddeshya donon ke hi samaan the. raasabihaari Bose ne jaapaaniyon ke prabhaav aur sahaayata se dakshin-poorvi Asia se Japan dvaara ekatrit kreeb 40,000 bhaarateeya stri-purushon ki prashikshit sena ka gathan shuroo kiya tha aur use bhi yahi naam diya arthaat aajaad hind fauj. baad mein unhonne netaaji subhaashachandr Bose ko aajaad hind fauj ka sarvochch kamaandar niyukt karke unke haathon mein iski kamaan saunp di.

anukram

itihaas

toyaama mitsuru, raasabihaari Bose ka svaagat karte hue
'bruhad poorvi Asia' sammelan ke samay netaaji (November, 1943)
aajaad hind fauj ka ek sainik MG34 chalaate hue

dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan san 1942 mein Bhaarat ko angrejon ke kabje se svatantr karaane ke liye aajaad hind fauj ya indiyn national army (INA) naamak sashastr sena ka sangathan kiya gaya. iski sanrachana raasabihaari Bose ne Japan ki sahaayata se tokiyo mein ki.

aarambh mein is fauj mein un bhaarateeya sainikon ko liya gaya tha jo Japan dvaara yuddhabandi bana liye gaye the. baad mein ismein barma aur malaaya mein sthit bhaarateeya swayamsevak bhi bharti kiye gaye. ek varsh baad subhaash chandr Bose ne Japan pahuainchate hi June 1943 mein tokiyo radio se ghoshana ki ki angrejon se yeh aasha karna bilkul vyarth hai ki ve swayam apna saamraajya chhod deinge. hamein Bhaarat ke bheetar va baahar se svatantrata ke liye swayam sangharsh karna hoga. isse gadgad hokar raasabihaari Bose ne 4 July 1943 ko 46 varsheeya subhaash ko iska netrutv saunp diya. 5 July 1943 ko Singapore ke taaun haal ke saamane 'Supreme kamaandar' ke roop mein sena ko sambodhit karte hue "Delhi chalo!" ka naara diya aur Japani sena ke saath milkar british va kaamanavelth sena se barma sahit imfaal aur kohima mein ek saath jamkar morcha liya.

21 October 1943 ke subhaash Bose ne aajaad hind fauj ke sarvochch senaapati ki haisiyat se svatantr Bhaarat ki asthaayi sarkaar banaayi jise Germany, Japan, fileepeens, Korea, cheen, Italy, maanchuko aur Ireland ne maanyata de di. Japan ne andamaan va nikobaar dweep is asthaayi sarkaar ko de diye. subhaash un dveepon mein gaye aur unka naya naamakaran kiya. andamaan ka naya naam shaheed dweep tatha nikobaar ka svaraajya dweep rakha gaya. 30 December 1943 ko in dveepon par svatantr Bhaarat ka dhvaj bhi fahara diya gaya. 4 fravari 1944 ko aajaad hind fauj ne angrejon par dobaara bhayankar aakraman kiya aur kohima, palel aadi kuchh bhaarateeya pradeshon ko angrejon se mukt kara liya.

6 July 1944 ko unhonne rangoon radio station se gaaaindhi ji ke naam jaari ek prasaaran mein apni sthiti spashth ki aur aajaad hind fauj dvaara ladi ja rahi is nirnaayak ladaai ki jeet ke liye unki shubhakaamanaaeain maaaingeen.[1] 21 March 1944 ko 'chalo Delhi' ke naare ke saath aajaad hind fauj ka hindusthaan ki dharati par aagaman hua.

22 sitmbar 1944 ko shaheedi diwas manaate huye subhaash Bose ne apne sainikon se maarmik shabdon mein kaha -

hamaari maatrubhoomi svatantrata ki khoj mein hai. tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhein aajaadi dooainga. yeh svatantrata ki devi ki maaaing hai.

kintu durbhaagyavash yuddh ka paasa palat gaya. Germany ne haar maan li aur Japan ko bhi ghutne tekane pade. aise mein subhaash ko tokiyo ki or palaayan karna pada aur kehte hain ki havaai durghatana mein unka nidhan ho gaya. yadyapi unka sainik abhiyaan asafal ho gaya, kintu is asafalata mein bhi unki jeet chhipi thi. nissandeh subhaash ugr raashtravaadi the. unke man mein faaseevaadi adhinaayakon ke sabal tareekon ke prati bhaavanaatmak jhukaav bhi tha aur ve Bhaarat ko sheeghraatisheeghr svatantrata dilaane hetu hinsaatmak upaayon mein aastha bhi rakhate the. iseeliye unhonne aajaad hind fauj ka gathan kiya tha.

yadyapi aajaad hind fauj ke senaaniyon ki sankhya ke baare mein thode bahut matabhed rahe hain parantu jyaadaatar itihaasakaaron ka maanana hai ki is sena mein lagbhag chaalees hajaar senaani the. is sankhya ka anumodan british intelligence mein rahe Colonel jeedi endarasan ne bhi kiya hai.

jab jaapaaniyon ne Singapore par kabja kiya tha to lagbhag 45 hajaar bhaarateeya senaaniyon ko pakada gaya tha.

Singapore mein aaienae ka smaarak

Singapore ke esplened park mein lagi aaienae ki bhoomika ka ullekh karti hui smruti pattika

aajaad hind fauj ke gumanaam shaheedon ki yaad mein Singapore ke esplened park mein aaienae vaar memoriyl banaaya gaya tha. aajaad hind fauj ke Supreme kamaandar subhaash chandr Bose ne 8 July 1945 ko is smaarak par jaakar un anaam sainikon ko apni shraddhaanjali arpit ki thi.[2] baad mein is smaarak ko maauntabetan ke aadesh par british saamraajya ki senaaon ne dhvast karke Singapore shahar par kabja kar liya tha. is smaarak par aajaad hind fauj ke teen dhyeyavaachak shabd - ittefaak (ekta), etamaad (vishvaas) aur kurbaani (balidaan) likhe hue the.

san 1995 mein Singapore ki raashtreeya dharohar parishad (national hairitej board) ne vahaaain nivaas kar rahe bhaarateeya samudaaya ke logon ke aarthik sahayog se indiyn national army ki behad khoobsoorat smruti pattika usi aitihaasik sthal par fir se sthaapit kar di. iski dekharekh ka kaam Singapore ki sarkaar karti hai.[3]

drut prayaan geet

kadam kadam badhaaye ja - aajaad hind fauj ka prayaan geet (kvik March) tha jiski rachana Ram Singh thaakur ne ki thi. is tyoon ka aaj bhi bhaarateeya sena ke prayaan geet ke roop mein iska prayog hota hai. poora geet is prakaar hai-

kadam kadam badhaaye ja
khushi ke geet gaaye ja
ye jindagi hai kaum ki
too kaum pe lutaaye ja
too sher-A-hind aage badh
marne se too kabhi na dar
uda ke dushmanon ka sar
josh-A-vatan badhaaye ja
kadam kadam badhaaye ja
khushi ke geet gaaye ja
ye jindagi hai kaum ki
too kaum pe lutaaye ja
himmat teri badhti rahe
khuda teri sunata rahe
jo saamane tere khade
too khaak mein milaaye ja
kadam kadam badhaaye ja
khushi ke geet gaaye ja
ye jindagi hai kaum ki
too kaum pe lutaaye ja
chalo Delhi pukaar ke
gm-A-nishaaain sanbhaal ke
laal kile pe gaad ke
laharaaye ja laharaaye ja
kadam kadam badhaaye ja
khushi ke geet gaaye ja
ye jindagi hai kaum ki
too kaum pe lutaaye ja

aajaad hind fauj ke tamage

(vareeyata ke kram mein)

  • shere-hind
  • saradaare-jang
  • veere-hind
  • shaheede-Bhaarat

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. kraant, madanalaal varma (2006) (Hindi mein) svaadheenata sangraam ke kraantikaari saahitya ka itihaas 2 (1 san॰) nai Delhi: praveen prakaashan pa॰ 512 aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-7783-120-8 http://www.worldcat.org/title/svadhinata-sangrama-ke-krantikari-sahitya-ka-itihasa/oclc/271682218 "main jaanta hooain ki british sarkaar Bhaarat ki svaadheenata ki maaaing kabhi sveekaar naheen karegi. main is baat ka kaayal ho chuka hooain ki yadi hamein aajaadi chaahiye to hamein khoon ke dariya se gujarane ko taiyaar rahana chaahiye. agar mujhe ummeed hoti ki aajaadi paane ka ek aur sunahara mauka apni jindagi mein hamein milega to main shaayad ghar chhodta hi naheen. mainne jo kuchh kiya hai apne desh ke liye kiya hai. vishv mein Bhaarat ki pratishtha badhaane aur Bhaarat ki svaadheenata ke lakshya ke nikat pahuainchane ke liye kiya hai. Bhaarat ki svaadheenata ki aakhiri ladaai shuroo ho chuki hai. aajaad hind fauj ke sainik Bhaarat ki bhoomi par safalataapoorvak lad rahe hain. he raashtrapita! Bhaarat ki svaadheenata ke is paavan yuddh mein ham aapka aasheervaad aur shubh kaamanaayein chaahate hain."
  2. "INA War Memorial in Singapore". National Archives of Singapore (S1942.org.sg). http://www.s1942.org.sg/s1942/indian_national_army/memorial.htm. abhigman tithi: 14 October 2013.
  3. "Heritage Sites and Trails in Singapore". National Heritage Board of Singapore. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20070928221937/http://www.museum.org.sg/PE/sites_trails/civic_district_trail.html. abhigman tithi: 2007-07-07.

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