aagneya bhaashaaparivaar

ostro-Asiaee bhaashaaeain
aagneya bhaashaaeain ya mon-khmer bhaashaaeain
bhaugolik
vistaar:
dakshin va dakshinpoorvi Asia
bhaasha shreneekaran: vishv ke mukhya bhaasha-parivaaron mein se ek
aadi-bhaasha: aadi-mon-khmer
upashreniyaaain:
munda
khasee–palaaungi
khmui
pakaani
viyti-katui?
bahanaari
khmer
peaari
asliyaai
moni
?shompen
aaiso 639-5: aav
Austroasiatic-en.svg
ostro-Asiaee bhaashaaeain

ostro-Asiaee bhaashaaeain​ (Austro-Asiatic languages) ya mon-khmer bhaashaaeain ya aagneya bhaashaaeain dakshin-poorvi Asia mein vistrut ek bhaasha parivaar hai bhaashaaeain Bhaarat aur bangalaadesh mein jahaaain-tahaaain aur cheen ki kuchh dakshini seemaavarti kshetron mein bhi boleen jaati hain. inmein keval khmer, viytanaami aur mon ka lamba likhit itihaas hai aur keval khmer aur viytanaami ko apne kshetron mein sarkaari bhaasha hone ka darja praapt hai. anya sabhi bhaashaaeain alpasankhyak samudaayon dvaara boli jaati hain. kul milaakar ऍthanolaug bhaasha soochi mein is parivaar ki 168 sadasya bhaashaaeain gini gayi hain. Bhaarat mein khaasi aur munda bhaashaaeain is parivaar mein aati hain.

vivran

aagneya ka arth hai agnidisha (poorv evam dakshin disha ke madhya) se sambandhit athva agnidisha mein sthit. at: aagneya bhaashaaparivaar se taatparya aise bhaashaaparivaar se hai jiski bhaashaaeain mukhya roop se poorv evam dakshin ke madhya boli jaati hain. is parivaar ka prasiddh naam "aastroeshiyaatik" hai. petar shmit ne "aastroneshiyn" athva "malaya--paaleeneshan" parivaar ko aastro--eshiyaatik parivaar se jodkar ek bruhat bhaashaaparivaar ki kalpana ki jise unhonne aastrik parivaar ka naam diya. kshetr ki drushti se aastrik parivaar sansaar ka sabse vistrut bhaashaaparivaar hai. pashchim mein maidaagaaskar se lekar poorv mein poorvi dveepasamooh tak tatha uttar pashchim mein Punjab ke uttari bhaag se lekar dakshin poorv mein nyoojeelaind tak is bhaashaaparivaar ka failaav hai.

is prakaar aastrik parivaar ke mukhya do varg hain-

(1) aastroneshiyn, (2) aastro-eshiyaatik.

aastroneshiyn athva malaya-poli-neshiyn varg ki bhaashaaeain prashaant mahaasaagar ke dveepon mein faili hui hain. in bhaashaaon ke bhi kai samooh hain, : indoneshiyn, maleneshiyn, maikroneshiyn evam poleeneshiyn. aastroneshiyn varg ke vivechan mein nyoogini evam Australia ki kuchh mool bhaashaaon ka bhi ullekh kiya jaata hai kyonki in bhaashaaon mein kuchh visheshataaeain aastroneshiyn varg ki hain.

aastro-eshiyaatik varg ki bhaashaaeain madhyabhaarat ke chhota Nagpur pradesh se lekar anaam tak faili hui hain. iski mukhya teen shaakhaaeain hain :

(1) munda, (2) maanakhmer, (3) anaami.

munda (jile "kol" bhi kaha jaata hai) bhaashaaon ka kshetr mukhya roop se Bhaarat hai. iske do bhaag hain. ek to himaalaya ki taraaivaala bhaag jiski seema Shimla ki pahaadiyon tak hai tatha doosra madhyabhaarat ka chhota naagapuravaala bhaag. is shaakha ki mukhya upabhaashaaeain hain : santhaali, mundaari, kanaavari, khadiya, ho evam shavar. munda bhaashaaon ka bhaarateeya bhaashaaon par paryaapt prabhaav hai.

maanakhmer shaakha ki bhaashaaeain, vartamaan samay mein mukhya roop se syaam, barma aur Bhaarat mein boli jaati hain. is shaakha ki do mukhya bhaashaaeain hain-maan evam khmer. maan ka kshetr barma ki maratabaan khaadi ka tatavarti bhaag hai. yeh kisi samay badi samruddhi saahityik bhaasha thi. maan ke shilaalekh 11veen shataabdi ke aaspaas ke hain. khmer ka kshetr barma evam syaam hai. khmer bhaasha ke shilaalekh 7veen shataabdi ke aaspaas ke hain. Bhaarat ke Assam pradesh ki khaasi pahaadiyon par boli jaanevaali "khaasi" athva "khasiya" (kai baaton mein bhinn hone par bhi) isi shaakha se sambandh rakhati hai. nikobaar ki "nikobaari" evam barma ke vanon mein boli jaanevaali "palaung" aadi bhaashaaon ka sambandh bhi is shaakha se hai.

anaami anaam pradesh ki bhaasha hai jo mukhya roop se hindacheen ke poorvi kiraane ke bhaagon mein boli jaati hai. yeh ek prakaar se mishrit bhaasha hai, jismein kuchh visheshataaeain maanakhmer shaakha ki evam kuchh visheshataaeain cheeni bhaasha ki hain. isliye kuchh log iski ganana is parivaar mein na kar cheeni parivaar mein karte hain.

ek hi parivaar ki hone par bhi is parivaar ki bhaashaaon mein paryaapt bhinnata hai. yon mukhya roop se bhaashaaeain shlisht yogaatmak bhaashaaeain hain kintu saath hi kuchh bhaashaaon mein ayogaatmak (ekaakshari) bhaashaaon ke lakshan bhi dikhaai padte hain.

baahari kadiyaaain