aagam (hindu)

aagam parampara se aaye hindu dharm ke mahatvapoorn granth hain. ye ved ke sampoorak hain. inke vakta praay: shivji hote hain. yeh shaastr saadhaaranataya 'tantrashaastr' ke naam se prasiddh hai.

nigmaagamamoolak bhaarateeya sanskruti ka aadhaar jis prakaar nigam (=ved) hai, usi prakaar aagam (=tantr) bhi hai. donon svatantr hote hue bhi ek doosare ke poshak hain. nigam karm, gyaan tatha upaasana ka svaroop batalaata hai tatha aagam inke upaayabhoot saadhanon ka varnan karta hai. iseeliye vaachaspati mishr ne 'tatvavaishaaradi' (yogabhaashya ki vyaakhya) mein 'aagam' ko vyutpatti is prakaar ki hai : aagachhanti buddhimaarohanti abhyudayani:shreyasopaaya yasmaat‌, s aagam:.

aagam ka mukhya lakshya 'kriya' ke oopar hai, tathaapi gyaan ka bhi vivran yahaaain kam naheen hai. 'vaaraaheetantr' ke anusaar aagam in saat lakshanon se samavit hota hai :

srushti, pralaya, devataarchan, sarvasaadhan, purashcharan, shatkarm, (=shaanti, vasheekaran, stanbhan, vidveshan, uchchaatan tatha maaran) saadhan tatha dhyaanayog.

'mahaanirvaan tantr' ke anusaar kaliyug mein praani medhya (pavitra) tatha amedhya (apavitr) ke vichaaron se bahudha heen hote hain aur inheen ke kalyaanaarth mahaadev ne aagamon ka upadesh paarvati ko swayam diya. iseeliye kaliyug mein aagam ki poojaapaddhati vishesh upayogi tatha laabhadaayak maani jaati hai- kalau aagamasammat:.

vaidik dharm mein upaasya devata ki bhinnata ke kaaran iske teen prakaar hai:

  • vaishnav aagam (pancharaatr tatha vaikhaanas aagam),
  • shaiv aagam (paashupat, shaivasiddhaant, trik aadi) ,tatha
  • shaakt aagam.

dvait, dvaitaadvait tatha advait ki drushti se bhi inmein teen bhed maane jaate hain. anek aagam vedamoolak hain, parantu katipya tantron ke oopar baahari prabhaav bhi lakshit hota hai. visheshat: shaaktaagam ke kaulaachaar ke oopar cheen ya Tibet ka prabhaav puraanon mein sveekrut kiya gaya hai. aagamik pooja vishuddh tatha pavitra bhaarateeya hai. 'panch makaar' ke rahasya ka ajnyaaan bhi iske vishay mein anek bhramon ka utpaadak hai.

inhein bhi dekhein