aadim hind-Irani bhaasha

aadim hind-Irani bhaasha vah lupt bhaasha thi jo hind-Irani bhaasha parivaar ki sabhi bhaashaaoain ki janani thi, jinmein sanskrut, hindi, Kashmiri, sindhi, punjabi, asamiya, avastaai, faarasi, pashto, balochi aur kurdi bhaashaaeain shaamil hain. yeh hind-yooropi bhaasha parivaar ki ek bhaasha thi aur is se hi hind-Irani bhaasha shaakha shuroo hui. anumaan kiya jaata hai ke ise bolne vaale aadim-hindi-Irani log 2500 isa-poorv ke aaspaas ke daur mein rahate the.[1]

shabdaavali aur badlaav

is shabdaavali mein dekha ja sakta hai ke kaise aadim-hind-yooropi bhaasha ke kuchh shabd aadim-hind-Irani bhaasha mein badle aur fir sanskrut (hind-aarya bhaasha) aur avastaai (Irani bhaasha) ke shabd bane[2] -

aadhunik hindi aadim hind-yooropi aadim-hind-Irani praacheen faarasi / avastaai sanskrut / vaidik sanskrut aadhunik faarasi tipnni
hai hasti asti asti ast
poora / boodha urdhato urdjdha varjd vruddh bujurg
geinhoo ka daana dhokhnah daana dhaana daana "dhaan" ka arth ab hindi mein "geinhoo" ho gaya hai
bhediya ulkvos vahrk vlak / vruk gurg agreji ka "vulf" (wolf) iska sajaateeya shabd hai
ghutana gonoo jaanoo jaanoo jaanoo faarasi mein 'za' aur sanskrut mein 'j' aksar baraabari mein hote hain
hrudaya / dil krud jrad hrud angreji ka "card-"/"kaardeeyaik" (cardiac) shabd iska sajaateeya hai
sau kamtom satam shatam sad
bhoomi bhoomi boomi bhoomi
sach art ash / art rit angreji ka raait (right) shabd iska sajaateeya hai
kroor / khoon kroohaaros khroor kroor khoon
maheena maas (arth:chaaaind) maah maas maah hindi se maas ka "chaaaind" arth lupt ho gaya aur keval "maheena" hi rah gaya
ghoda achv asp ashv asb
bhaai bhraatr braatar bhraatru biraadar
chooha moos moos moosh / moos
gaaya gavaoo gaoo gaoo / gaav gaoo
lamba dlkhghos daraag deergh daraaj
lakdi doru daaru daaru
hissa / baantana bhehg bhaag bakhsh bhaag
peechhe / reedh ki haddi prusto prusht parsht prushth pusht

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (illustrated san॰). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 1405103167. http://books.google.com/books?id=5hOtPBF6XWwC.
  2. Burrow, T. (2001). The Sanskrit Language (1st Indian san॰). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 8120817672. http://books.google.com/books?id=cWDhKTj1SBYC.