aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha

hind-Europeeya bhaashaaoain ka vargeekaran (angreji mein, dekhne ke liye klik karein)

aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha (aa॰ahi॰yoo॰), jise proto-indo-yooropiyn bhaasha (angreji: Proto-Indo-European) bhi kaha jaata hai, bhaashaavaijnyaaanikon dvaara poore hind-Europeeya bhaasha-parivaar ki sabhi bhaashaaon ki ekamaatr praacheen janani bhaasha maani jaati hai. maana jaata hai ke ise praacheen kaal mein aadim-hind-Europeeya log bola karte the, lekin yeh bhaasha hajaaron varsh poorv hi poori tarah se lupt ho chuki thi. bahut si hind-Europeeya bhaashaaon ke sajaateeya shabdon ki ek-dusare se tulana ke baad bhaashaavaijnyaaanikon ne is lupt bhaasha ka punarnirmaan kiya hai jis se is ke shabdon ka anumaan lagaaya ja sakta hai. saari gyaat hind-Europeeya bhaashaaoain mein se sanskrut hi is aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha ke sabse nikat hai.

bhaashaavaijnyaaanik anumaan lagaate hain ke aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha lagbhag 3700 i॰apoo॰ tak boli jaati rahi aur fir usaka vibhinn bhaashaaon mein khandan hone laga. is tithi ke baare mein vidvaanon mein hajaar varsh idhar-udhar tak ka aapasi matabhed hai. is baat par bhi kai avadhaaranaaeain hain ke is bhaasha ko bolne vaale kahaaain rahate the, lekin bahut se pashchimi vidvaan kuragan avadhaarana mein vishvaas rakhate hain. kuragan avadhaarana ke anusaar is bhaasha ko bolne vaale aadim-hind-Europeeya log poorvi Europe aur pashchimi Asia ke kuchh hisson mein faile hue pontik-kaispiyaai stepi ke kshetr mein rahate the. aadhunik yug mein William jons pehle vidvaan the jinhonne sanskrut, praacheen yoonaani aur laatin bhaashaaon mein samaanataaeain dekhkar yeh daava kiya tha ke ye saari ek hi aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha se upaji bhaashaaeain hain. beesavi shataabdi ki shuruaat tak bhaashaavaijnyaaanikon ke parishram se aadim-hind-Europeeya (aa॰ahi॰yoo॰) bhaasha ka chitran kaafi had tak kiya ja chuka tha, jisme chhote-mote sudhaar lagaataar hote rahe hain.

inhein bhi dekhiye