Wimbledon, London

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 51°a25′a25″aN 0°a13′a02″aW / 51.4235°aN 0.2171°aW / 51.4235; -0.2171

Wimbledon
Wimbledon High Street crop2.jpg
Wimbledon High Street
Wimbledon is located in ग्रेटर लंदन
Wimbledon

Wimbledon Greater London
o॰aesa॰ grid sandarbh TQ239709
London borough Merton
Ceremonial county vruhad London
kshetr London
desh England
saarvabhaumik raashtra United kingadam
post nagar LONDON
postakod jila SW19, SW20
daayaling code 020
police Metropolitan
damakal London
embuleins London
Europeeya sansad London
United kingadam sansad Wimbledon
London Assembly Merton and Wandsworth

Wimbledon ing‍aalaind ke London ke dakshin pashchim kshetr ka ek jila hai jo vandsavarth ke dakshin mein aur greater London ke baahari ilaake mein tem‍aas nadi par king‍aas‍aatan ke poorv mein sthit hai. Wimbledon tennis championship aur n‍aayoo Wimbledon theatre ka praarambh yaheen se hua tha aur London mein kauman land ke sabse bade kshetron mein se ek, Wimbledon kauman bhi iske antargat aata hai.[1] aavaaseeya kshetr do bhaagon gaanv aur shahar ke roop mein banta hua hai jahaan haai s‍aatreet, mool madh‍aayakaaleen gaanv ka aur shahar" 1838 mein railway s‍aateshan banane ke baad se hue aadhunik vikaas ka his‍aasa hai.

Wimbledon mein lauh yug ke samay se log rah rahe hain aur aisa maana jaata hai ki Wimbledon kauman par hil fort ko usi kaal mein banaaya gaya tha. 1087 mein jab doomsade book ko sankalit kiya gaya tha, Wimbledon mortalek ki jaageer ka hissa tha. iske itihaas ke dauraan Wimbledon ki jaageer kai dhani parivaaron ke beech badli thi aur isne kai an‍aaya dhani parivaaron ko bhi aakarshit kiya jin‍aahonne yahaan igal house, Wimbledon house aur vaaren house jaise bhav‍aaya makaan banaae. gaanv ka vikaas ek s‍aathaai graameen aabaadi ke saath hua jismein shahar ke uch‍aach aur dhani v‍aayaapaari ek saath milkar rahate the. 18veen sadi mein London se portsamaauth tak ke safar mein s‍aatejakoch ka s‍aataup hone ke kaaran daug aur fauk‍aas sharaabakhaane the, fir 1838 mein London end south ves‍aatarn railway (L&SWR) ne Wimbledon pahaadi ki talahati mein sthit gaanv ke dakshin poorv mein ek s‍aateshan khol diya. s‍aateshan ki sthiti ne shahar ke baad ke vikaas ko gaanv ke mool kendra se door kar diya.

Wimbledon ke paas apna khud ka baro of Wimbledon tha aur yeh sare ki County mein aata tha; 1965 mein greater London ke nirmaan ke samay ise London baro of mertan mein shaamil kar liya gaya. yeh Wimbledon ke sansadeeya kshetr mein hai aur 2005 se kanjarvetiv saansad s‍aateefan haimand iska pratinidhit‍aav kar rahe hain.[2]

anukram

itihaas

praarambhik itihaas

Wimbledon mein lauh yug ke samay se log rah rahe hain aur aisa maana jaata hai ki jab se Wimbledon kauman mein hil fort ko usi kaal mein banaaya gaya tha. Wimbledon ka mool kendra pahaadi ke sameep sheersh par tha - yeh kshetr ab sthaaneeya roop se "the vilej" ke naam se jaana jaata tha.

King edagar the peesaful dvaara 967 mein hastaaksharit ek chaartar mein gaanv ko vinbedunyang kaha gaya tha. Wimbledon naam ka arth vinmen ki pahaadi hai jismein naam ka antim shab‍aad puraani angreji dan (pahaadi) hai.[3] is naam ko J. kairi ke 1786 ke London kshetr ke nak‍aashe mein vim‍aabalatan ke roop mein dikhaaya gaya hai aur aisa prateet hota hai ki maujooda vartani apekshaakrut haal hi mein bhinnataaon ki lambi line ke ant mein, 19veen sadi ki shuruaat mein di gayi thi.


doomsade book ke sankalan ke samay (lagbhag 1087 mein) Wimbledon mortalek ki jaageer ka his‍aasa tha aur isliye ise darj naheen kiya gaya tha.[4] Wimbledon ki jaageer ke itihaas ke dauraan iska s‍aavaamit‍aav kai baar badla. jaageer 1398 tak church ke paas thi jab kaintarabari ke aarkabishp Thomas arundel ko richrd dviteeya ke saamane samarthan se baahar ho gaye aur unhein nish‍aakaasit kar diya gaya. jaageer jab‍aat kar li gayi aur raaj‍aaya ki sampatti ban gayi.

jaageer henari ash‍aatam ke shaasanakaal tak raaj‍aaya ki sampatti rahi jab ise sankshipt roop se arl of esek‍aas, Thomas kraunavel ko pradaan kar diya gaya jab tak ki 1540 mein kraunavel ko dobaara faansi naheen de di gayi aur bhoomi ko dobaara jab‍aat naheen kar liya gaya. iske baad jaageer henari ash‍aatam ki pat‍aani aur vidhva Cathrine paar ke paas chali gayi jab tak ki 1548 mein unki mrutyu naheen ho gayi jab ise dobaara raajatantr ko lauta diya gaya.

1550 ke dashak mein henari ki putri mairi pratham ne yeh jaageer kaardinl reginel‍aad pol ko pradaan kar di jinhonne 1558 mein apni mrut‍aayu tak ise apne paas rakha jiske baad yeh fir se shaahi sampatti ban gayi. mairi ki bahan eleejaabeth pratham ne yeh sampatti 1574 tak apne paas rakhi aur fir jaageer ka makaan (lekin jaageer naheen) kris‍aatofar haitan ko bech di jisne usi varsh yeh sampatti arl of ek‍aasetar sar Thomas sesil ko bech di. 1588 mein jaageer ki jameen sesil parivaar ko de di gayi aur ek naya jaageer bhavan banaaya gaya tatha aupachaarik elijaabethan shaili mein baageeche banaae gaye.

17veen sadi

Wimbledon ki rajdhani se suvidhaajanak doori ne an‍aaya dhani parivaaron ko yahaan aakarshit karna shuroo kar diya aur 1613 mein varshipful company of gardalars ke maalik Robert bail aur british is‍aat India company ke ek nideshak ne London se ek aasaan doori par ek makaan ke roop mein yahaan par igal house ka nirmaan kiya. jaageer ko sesil parivaar ne 1638 mein chaarl‍aas pratham dvaara apni raani henariyeta Maria ke liye khareede jaane se pehle pachaas varshon tak apne paas rakha.

1649 mein raaja ko faansi diye jaane ke baad jaageer teji se kai saansadon ke svaamitv se hokar gujri jinmein leeds ke saansad Adam benis aur gruh yuddh ke general John lem‍aabart shaamil the, lekin 1660 mein raajatantr ki punars‍aathaapana ke baad yeh henariyeta Maria (ab chaarl‍aas pratham ki vidhva aur nae raaja, chaarl‍aas dviteeya ki maan) ke s‍aavaamit‍aav mein vaapas chali gayi.

dovegar k‍aaveen ne 1661 mein jaageer ko arl of bris‍aatal, George dig‍aabi ko bech diya, jisne gufaaon aur fav‍aavaron ke saath naveenatam fashion ke anuroop bhoodrush‍aaya ko sudhaarane aur adyatan karne ke liye John elvin ko niyuk‍aat kiya. 1677 mein unki mrut‍aayu ke baad jaageer fir se Lord haai trejrar, arl of den‍aabi, Thomas os‍aaborn ko bech di gayi.

seint maireej church

1712 mein os‍aaborn parivaar ne jaageer sar thiyodor jaunasen ko bech di. south si company ke ek nideshak, jaunasen ne sesil dvaara banaae jaageer ke makaan ko badalne ke liye ek naya makaan banaana shuroo kiya lekin company mein badi giraavat ke kaaran ise kabhi poora naheen kar paae.

agali maalik maarlaboro ki dyuches, saara charchil theen jinhonne jaageer se sambandhit bhoomi ko badhaaya aur 1735 mein jaunasen ke adhoore prayaas ko poora karte hue makaan ka nirmaan poora kiya. 1744 mein unki mrut‍aayu ke baad unki sampatti unke pautr, John s‍aapeinsar ko aur uske baad pehle arl s‍aapeinsar ko de di gayi.

gaanv ka badhna jaari raha aur 18veen sadi mein daug aur fauk‍aas sharaabakhaane se stejakoch ki seva ne London yaatra ko niyamit bana diya, yadyapi portsamaauth road par jeri ebarashev jaise haaivemain dvaara kabje mein liye jaane ke khatre bane rahe.

1735 ke jaageer bhavan ko 1780 ke dashak mein jala diya gaya aur 1801 mein doosare arl dvaara yahaan par Wimbledon park house bana diya gaya. is samay tak jaageer ki bhoomi mein Wimbledon kauman (tab ise ek jhaadkhand (heeth) kaha jaata tha) aur jaageer bhavan ke aaspaas sanlag‍aan paarkalaind bhi shaamil tha. park ka kshetr aadhunik Wimbledon park kshetr ke anuroop tha, bhavan saint mairi church ke poorv mein sthit tha.

paarkasaaid (vartamaan samay ke peek kriseint ke paas) ke antim dakshini chhor par gaanv se sate ek alag aavaas, Wimbledon house 1790 ke dashak mein nish‍aakaasit French s‍aatetsamen vikom‍aate di kailone ka ghar tha aur baad mein lekhak fredarik mairiyt ki maan ka ghar bana. kshetr se unka sambandh paas ke kailone aur mairiyt road ke naamon par darj kiya gaya hai.

kauman ke dakshin mein 18veen sadi ki shuruaat ka vaaren house (jise 1841 se kainijaaro house kaha jaane laga) kai badi hastiyon ka nivaas bana.

19veen sadi ka vikaas

Edward stainaford ka 1871 maip of London ka Wimbledon anubhaag

19veen sadi ka pehla dashak Wimbledon ke liye apekshaakrut shaant raha jab s‍aathaai graameen aabaadi shahar ke uch‍aach va dhani v‍aayaapaariyon ke saath milkar rahi, lekin 1853 mein jab Wimbledon pahaadi ki talahati par gaanv ke dakshin poorv mein London end south ves‍aatarn railway (L&SWR) dvaara ek s‍aateshan banaaya gaya tab is sthaan ka naya kaayaapalat hua. s‍aateshan ki sthiti ne shahar ke baad ke vikaas ko mool gaanv ke kendra se door kar diya.

kai saalon tak Wimbledon park samaraset ke Duke ko leej par diya gaya, jinhonne 1820 ke dashak mein ek yuva Joseph pek‍aasatan ko apne ek maali ke roop mein niyuk‍aat kiya lekin 1840 ke dashak mein s‍aapeinsar parivaar ne park ko bhavan ki bhoomi ke roop mein bech diya. aavaaseeya vikaas ka ek kaal park ke uttar mein vishaal pruthak makaanon ke nirmaan ke saath shuroo hua. 1864 mein s‍aapeinsar ne makaan aur baageechon ke saath ek nae park ke nirmaan ke liye aur bhavan ka kuchh his‍aasa bechne ke liye kauman ko sanlagn karne ki sansadeeya anu‍aamati[5] lene ka prayaas kiya. ek poochh-taachh ke baad anumati as‍aaveekaar kar di gayi aur 1871 mein[6][7] kauman ka s‍aavaamit‍aav lene evam ise praakrutik sthiti mein sanrakshit karne ke liye sanrakshakon ke ek board ka gathan kiya gaya.

kroyadon (1855 mein khola gaya Wimbledon aur kroyadon railway) aur tooting (1868 mein khole gaye tooting, mertan aur Wimbledon railway) tak nayi railway laainon ke saath parivhan link ka aur adhik vis‍aataar kiya gaya. 1889 mein metropolitan distrikt railway (ab London andaragraaund ki distrikt line) ne p‍aayootani se nae track par apni seva ka vis‍aataar kiya.

sadi ke uttaraarddh mein Wimbledon ki aabaadi mein bahut teji se vis‍aataar hua. 1851 ki janaganana mein darj ki gayi keval 2,700 se kam ki aabaadi ke ek chhote se aadhaar se yahaan ki aabaadi 1901 tak pratyek dashak mein kam se kam 60 pratishat ki dar badhte hue pachaas varshon mein 15 guna ho gayi. is samay ke dauraan kendra se sameepas‍aath p‍aayootani, mertan park aur renes park ki or sadkon ke kinaare badi sankh‍aaya mein vila aur seedheedaar makaan bana liye gaye the.

is avadhi ke dauraan raaj‍aaya ka vyaapaarik aur naagrik vikaas bhi tej hua. eli ka dipaartameint s‍aator 1876 mein khula aur mertan ki taraf braudave par dukaanon ka vistaar hone laga. Wimbledon ka pehla police s‍aateshan 1870 mein vik‍aatoriya kriseint mein khula. 1860 ke dashak ki shuruaat mein litreri instityoot aur 1887 mein Wimbledon laaibreri khulne jaise saans‍aakrutik vikaas hue. badhti aabaadi ki dhaarmik jarooraton ko poora karne ke liye 1849 mein saint mereej church ke punarnirmaan se shuroo karte hue, kraais‍aat church (1859) aur triniti church (1862) ke nirmaan ke saath church nirmaan kaaryakram ko aage badhaaya gaya.

Wimbledon ka gaanv se chhote shahar mein parivartan ko tab pehchaan mili jab 1894 mein lokal gavarnameint ek‍aat 1894 ke antargat ise chayanit kaaunsil ke saath Wimbledon shahari distrikt banaaya gaya.

aadhunik itihaas

Wimbledon hil road, Wimbledon brij se uttar pashchim mein dikhta

beesaveen sadi ke praarambh mein Wimbledon ki aabaadi mein vruddhi jaari rahi, ek sthiti tab saamane I jab 1905 mein shahari distrikt ko mayor ka chayan karne ki shak‍aati ke saath Wimbledon ke m‍aayunisipl baro mein shaamil kar liya gaya.

nai sadi ke pehle dashak ki samaapti ke saath Wimbledon ne g‍aalaidas‍aaton rod tek‍ai‍anakal ins‍aateetyoot par Wimbledon s‍aakool of Art ki sthaapana shuroo kar di aur apne pehle cinema tatha theatre ka adhigrahan kiya. kuchh asaamaan‍aaya roop se apni shuruaat mein theatre ki suvidhaaon mein ek Turkey baath bhi shaamil tha.

1931 mein s‍aateshan ke saamane aur kvin‍aas road tatha Wimbledon brij ke kone par kaaunsil ne khud ek naya laal int aur portalaind patthar ka taaun hall banaaya. braidashau gaas aur hope iske vaastukaar the.

1930 ke dashak tak Wimbledon mein aavaaseeya vis‍aataar charam par tha aur s‍aathaaneeya vikaas par naya dh‍aayaan ab pados ke mordan par chala gaya gaya jo ki 1926 mein mordan s‍aateshan par andaragraaund ke aane tak graameen bana raha tha. Wimbledon se satan ke liye ek nai railway shaakha kholne ke liye southern railway dvaara Wimbledon s‍aateshan ko ek saadhaaran portalaind patthar ke muhaane ke saath punarnirmaan kiya gaya. Wimbledon se satan ke liye line 1930 mein kholi gayi.

dviteeya vish‍aav yuddh ke dauraan Wimbledon aur London ke an‍aaya his‍aason mein gharon ke nuksaan ke kaaran antim bada nirmaan ka charan us samay aaya jab Wimbledon park mein pehle ke bade bhookhandon par banaae gaye vik‍aatoriyn makaan apaartameint mein upavibhaajit ya dh‍aavas‍aat kar diye gaye tatha inki jagah apaartameint b‍aalauk bana diye gaye. Wimbledon park ke an‍aaya his‍aase jin par nirmaan naheen hua tha vahaan s‍aathaaneeya praadhikran ki sampatti par baro kaaunsil ne un logon ke ghar banaae jin‍aahonne apne makaan kho diye the.

1965 mein London gavarnameint ek‍aat 1963 ne Wimbledon ke m‍aayoonisipl baro, mertan aur mordan araban distrikt tatha mishm ke m‍aayoonisipl baro ko samaap‍aat kar diya aur unke s‍aathaan par London baro of mertan bana diya. praarambh mein nae baro ka prashaasanik kendra Wimbledon taaun hall mein tha lekin ise 1990 ke dashak ki shuruaat mein ise maardan mein chaudah manjila taaun hall mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya.

54 paarkasaaid great Britain ke paipal nunsiyo (raajadoot) ka ghar hai.

1970 aur 1980 ke dashak mein Wimbledon taaun center ko king‍aasatan aur satan ke adhik viksit keindron se vyaavasaayik roop se pratis‍aapardha karne ke liye sangharsh karna pada. samas‍aaya ka kaaran kas‍aatam ko aakarshit karne ke liye bade langar s‍aator ke s‍aathaanon ki kami hona bhi tha. kai varshon ke baad jiske dauraan kaaunsil koi samaadhaan khojane mein asamarth rahi to station ke saamane ki jameen par center court shopping center banaaya gaya jisse retail ke bahuprateekshit vistaar par dhyaan keindrit kiya gaya. shopping center mein puraane taaun hall bhavan ko shaamil kiya gaya. puraani sanrachana ko banaae rakhate hue sar George grenafel-bens dvaara ek naya portiko design kiya gaya jinhonne pachaas saal se adhik samay pehle iske mool design par kaam kiya tha. '

bhoogol

Wimbledon London ke dakshin pashchim kshetr, vandsavarth ke dakshin aur greater London ke baahari ilaake mein tems par kingstan ke poorv mein sthit hai. yeh chering kraus mein London ke kendra se 7 meal (11.3 kimi) dakshin-pashchim ki or hai. ise ek sampann upanagar maana jaata hai jahaan bhavya viktoriyaai aavaason, aadhunik makaanon aur kam oonchaai vaale apaartameinton ka ek mishran hai.[8] aavaaseeya kshetr do bhaagon gaanv aur shahar ke roop mein banta hua hai[9] jahaan haai s‍aatreet ke aaspaas ka gaanv mool madh‍aayakaaleen gaanv ka hissa hai[10] aur ab London ka oonchi keematon wala ek pramukh aavaaseeya kshetr hai[8] aur shahar" 1838 mein railway s‍aateshan banane ke baad se hue aadhunik vikaas ka his‍aasa hai.

London plaan mein is kshetr ki pehchaan greater London ke 35 pramukh kendron mein se ek ke roop mein ki jaati hai.[11]

janasankhya mein lagbhag 57000 vayask shaamil hain jo ebeesee1 saamaajik samooh mein bahusankhyak hain.[12] janasankhya 19veen sadi ke aarambh mein lagbhag 1,000 se badhkar 1911 mein 55,000 ke aaspaas ho gayi thi, tab se yeh aankada samuchit roop se sthaayi bana hua hai.[13]

shaasan pranaali

us samay tak jab domsade pustak ka sankalan kiya gaya tha (1087 ke aaspaas), Wimbledon mortalek ki jaageer ka hissa tha.[4] 1328 se 1536 tak Wimbledon ki ek jaageer ko kaintarabari ke aarkabishp ki sampatti ke roop mein rikaard kiya gaya tha.[14]

apne itihaas ke dauraan Wimbledon ki jaageer ke svaamitv ka kai baar hastaantaran kiya gaya. Wimbledon ka apna swayam ka Wimbledon nagar (baro) tha aur yeh sare County ke bheetar tha; 1965 mein ise greater London ke nirmaan ke hisse ke roop mein mertan ke London baro mein samaahit kar liya gaya. yeh Wimbledon ke sansadeeya nirvaachan kshetr mein hai aur 2005 se iska pratinidhitv kanjarvetiv saansad Stefan haimand dvaara kiya gaya hai.[2]

arthavyavastha

square eniks Europe ka apna mukhyaalaya Wimbledon ke Wimbledon brij house mein sthit hai.[15] jab aaidos intaraektiv ek svatantr company thi, iska mukhya kaaryaalaya Wimbledon brij house mein tha.[16][17]

tennis championship

1870 ke dashak mein railway line aur vorple road ke beech ki jameen par pahaadi ki talahati mein all-England kroket club ne apni vaarshik pratiyogitaaon ka aayojan karna shuroo kar diya tha. lekin laun tennis ke nae khel ka vistaar hone se kroket ki lokapriyta ghatne lagi thi aur shuruaat mein apne sirf ek laun ko tennis ke liye alag rakhane ke baad club ne July 1877 mein apne pehle laun tennis championship ka aayojan karne ka faisala kiya. 1922 tak tennis ki lokapriyta is had tak badh gayi thi ki club ka chhota sa maidaan ab darshakon ki badhti sankhya ko sambhaalne mein saksham naheen raha tha aur navanaamit all ingalaind laun tennis tatha kroket club ko Wimbledon park ke nikat nae maidaanon mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya.

Wimbledon itihaasakaar richrd milvaard yaad karte hain ki kaise King George pancham ne nae korton ko khola tha. "unhonne ghante par teen baar prahaar kiya, tirpaalon ko hata diya gaya, pehla match shuroo ho gaya - aur baarish shuroo ho gayi..." club ke puraane maidaanon ko Wimbledon haai school ke liye khel ke maidaan ke roop mein nirantar istemaal kiya jaata raha hai.

khel

haalaanki ab ise sabse achhi tarah tennis ke ghar ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, lekin yeh Wimbledon ko raashtreeya khyaati mein laane wala pehla khel naheen tha.


football

Wimbledon ko khel ki prasiddhi ki ek anya avadhi ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai. ek chhoti si, lambe samay se gathit gair-league team se Wimbledon football club 1977 mein apni kaamayaabi ka safr shuroo karte hue football league sanrachana ke rainkon ke maadhyam se kaafi teji se aage badha aur 1986 mein sarvochch raashtreeya peshevar league mein pahunch gaya aur 1988 mein livrapool ke khilaaf efae cup jeet liya.

haalaanki, anya adhik sthaapit teemon jaise ki Chelsea aur fulaham ki niktata aur iske chhote maidaan ka matlab yeh tha ki club ne apne prashansakon ke aadhaar ko ek oonchi udaan waali team ke roop mein banaae rakhane ke liye aavashyak aakaar mein kabhi viksit naheen kiya tha. san 2000 mein team ko 14 saal ke baad angreji football ke sheersh prabhaag se nikaal diya gaya.

1912 mein Wimbledon ko plo len mein ek stadium mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya jahaan yeh 79 saalon tak khela gaya, jab tak ki kraayadan mein selharst park mein kristal pailes ke saath maidaan saajha karne ki shuruaat naheen hui, kyonki football league ke maadhyam se unki pragati ka matlab tha plo len ko aadhunik maanakon ke anusaar punaarviksit karna avyaavahaarik tha. stadium 10 saal tak nishkriya bana raha jab tak 2001 mein antat: ise dhvast naheen kar diya gaya. is sthaan par ab ek aavaas vikaas maujood hai.[1]

May 2002 mein prashansakon ke prachand virodh ke baavajood ek efae aayog ne vivaadaaspad roop se club ke maalikon ko ise bakinghamashaayar mein miltan keens shahar ke 70 meal uttar sthaanaantarit karne ki anumati de di. isne ameriki shaili ki khel team frainchaaiji ke efae dvaara pehle kabhi naheen suni gayi sveekruti ka pratinidhitv kiya aur is nirnaya ki sarvatr aalochna ki gayi.


May 2002 mein jaise hi football association ne is sthaanaantaran ko manjoori di, poorv Wimbledon efasi samarthakon ne apne swayam ke pratisthaapan club, arddh-peshevar AFC Wimbledon ki sthaapana ki aur club ka samarthan zabardast roop se nayi team mein sthaanaantarit ho gaya, jisne us samay ke isthamiyaan league ke Premier divijnon mein pehle ki tulana mein apne astitv ke doosare aur teesare satron mein lagaataar prachaar-prasaar arjit kiya. club ne 2004 mein kanbaaind kaaunteej league Premier chaileinj cup aur 2005 mein sare senior cup bhi jeeta jisse lagaataar league jeet aur cup dabals poora ho gaya, jinmein se ek ne league mein apna satr aparaajeya rahakar poora kiya. Wimbledon indipeindeint saportars association (dablyooaaiesae) dvaara doosari badi upalabdhi 2007 mein mertan kaaunsil ki dekhbhaal karne ke liye Wimbledon efasi ke viraasat ki vaapasi ke roop mein dekhi gayi, ab vahaan modern laaibreri mein ek sthaayi pradarshani maujood hai. san 2008 aur 2009 mein AFC Wimbledon ne conference national mein conference south ke maadhyam se do aur pronnatiyaan arjit keen jisse yeh football league se sirf ek pronnati door rah gayi.

rifle shooting

1860 ke dashak mein navagathit national rifle association ne Wimbledon kauman par apni pehli pratiyogita aayojit ki. association aur vaarshik pratiyogita teji se aage badhi aur 1870 ke dashak ki shuruaat tak rifle ki reinjein kauman par sthaapit kar di gayeen. 1878 mein pratiyogitaaen do saptaah tak chalne waali ho gayeen aur lagbhag 2,500 pratiyogiyon ko aakarshit kiya jinhein sampoorn kauman mein sthaapit asthaayi shiviron mein jagah di gayi. haalaanki 1880 ke dashak tak rifle ki shakti aur range is had tak unnat ho gayi thi ki teji se badhti aabaadi vaale kshetr mein shooting karna ab surakshit naheen maana jaane laga tha. enaaarae ko sare ke bisle mein sthaanaantarit kiye jaane se pehle antim baithak 1889 mein aayojit ki gayi thi.

ghuddaud

1792 mein rev. dainiyl laayasans ne the envaayarans of London: beeing N historikl account of the taauns, vilejej end haimalets, vidin tvelv maails of dait kaipitl prakaashit kiya jismein unhonne likha: "varttamaan sadi ke praarambhik bhaag mein is kauman par vaarshik ghuddaud hote the jo us samay ek raaja ka plate tha." haalaanki, vah aage koi vivran naheen dete hain aur yeh bhi naheen kehte hain ki ghuddaud kitna safal raha tha ya yeh kitne samay tak chala tha.

Wimbledon stadium mein motorcycle speedave

kai saalon tak Wimbledon stadium grehaaund resing [2] ke saath-saath stock car resing [3] aur speedave ka mejabaan raha.

Wimbledon stadium mein speedave ki shuruaat 1928 mein hui aur sthaaneeya team, "dauns " kai dashakon tak kaafi safal rahi.

team ne 1929 mein southern league ke sadasyon ke roop mein apni shuruaat ki aur dviteeya vishv yuddh ke samay tak iska sanchaalan kiya jaata raha. track ko 1946 mein fir se khola gaya aur dauns kai varshon tak sheersh sthaan par sanchaalit hoti rahi. 1950 ke dashak mein yeh track roni moor aur bairi brigs mein do vishv chainpiynon ka kendra tha.

dauns ke antim satr, 2005 mein team national conference league mein doosare sthaan par rahi. haalaanki, jeeaarae ke liye aavashyak kiraae mein bhaari vruddhi ke kaaran grehaaund resing association (stadium ke maalikon) aur speedave promotars ke beech kiraae ke naveekaran sambandhi vaarta ke vifal rahane ke baad team ko band kar diya gaya. grehaaund resing aur stock car resing ka aayojan jaari raha.

daud

Wimbledon mein ek sakriya daud club hai jise vindamilrs kaha jaata hai. club mein kuchh sheersh khilaadiyon ke saath-saath navodit khilaadi bhi shaamil hain. http://www.windmilers.org.uk/

Wimbledon kauman par har saptaah aayojit ek daud kaaryakram Wimbledon kauman time trial hai jo time traayals ke ek sangrah mein doosra daud ka kaaryakram tha. yeh daud 5 kimi lambi hai aur iske liye svayansevakon dvaara har shanivaar ki subah ka samay diya jaata hai.

naya Wimbledon theatre

naya Wimbledon theatre

naya Wimbledon theatre jebi mulaholaind dvaara Wimbledon theatre ke roop mein nirmit ek gred II soocheebaddh edavardiyn theatre hai jo vistrut maidaanon vaale ek vishaal makaan ke sthaan par sthit hai.[18] theatre ka design sesil obre maisi aur Roy yang (sanbhavat: Frank H jons dvaara 1908 ke ek design ke baad) dvaara banaaya gaya tha. theatre ke darvaaje nrutya naatika Jack end jil ke saath 26 December 2010 ko khole gaye.[19] yeh yuddhon ke beech kaafi lokapriya tha jismein gresi Fields, saaibil thornadaaik, aaivar novelo, maarkova aur noel kovaard ke abhinay pradarshan shaamil the. laayonel Bart ke olivr! aur half A siksapeins abhineet Tommy steel ne vest end mein sthaanaantarit hone se pehle 1960 ke dashak mein is theatre mein apna vishv Premier haasil kiya.

theatre ko us samay punarvikaas se bacha liya gaya tha jab 2004 mein ise embesedar theatre group ne khareeda tha.[20][21] kai naveeneekaranon ke saath jismein sabse ullekhaneeya 1991 aur 1998 ka tha, yeh apne atyalankrut aur edaamesk aantarik visheshataaon ko kaayam rakhe hue hai. gunbad ke oopar sthit sunahari pratima geti ki roman devi letitiya ki hai jo 1910 ki ek mool kruti hai. letitiya utsav ke ek prateek ke roop mein ek laurel mukut dhaaran kiye hue hai. is pratima ko dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan hata liya gaya tha kyonki ise jarman hamlaavaron ke liye ek disha darshak upakaran maana gaya tha, 1991 mein ise punarsthaapit kar diya gaya.

parivhan

  • Wimbledon station.
  • Wimbledon ches railway station.
  • reins park railway station.
  • Wimbledon park
  • south Wimbledon

saahitya

saahitya ki duniya mein Wimbledon lekhak nigel Williams ke kai haasya upanyaason (sarvaadhik-bikne vaale the Wimbledon pvaaijanar aur de kem fraum esadablyoo19 sahit) ke saath-saath vombals ke baare mein baal kathaaon ki elisaabeth beresaford ki shrrunkhala ke liye mukhya seting pradaan karta hai.

Wimbledon vah sthaan bhi tha jahaan H.ji. vels ki pustak the vaar of the varlds mein mangal grah ka chhatha hamlaavar cylinder utara tha aur jiska ullekh unki pustakon the time machine aur vhen the sleeper veks mein sankshipt roop se kiya gaya hai.

ullekhaneeya nivaasi

saaaincha:Ref improve

  • voombals
  • di kaait ranar end United 93 mein khaalid abdaala abhineta
  • Bob estals - yugaanda presideint miltan obote aur aadil aamin ke english-born poorv sahayogi
  • ben baarns - The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian mein abhineta
  • Joseph bejalget - civil engineer; madhya 19 veen sadi mein madhya London ke liye unke dvaara nirmit seevar network ne haija mahaamaari ki ghatnaaon ko jad se khatm karne mein madad ki.
  • remand brigs - kaartoonist
  • James brunlees - 19 veen sadi ke engineer aargale lodge, paarkasaaid mein rahate the
  • josefine butler - viktoriyn yug ke naareevaadi prachaarak. 8 North vyoo, Wimbledon kauman par blue plaik[22]
  • George Edward kaates - pratham vishv yuddh Victoria kraus ke praaptakarta[23]
  • kaannijro ke Duke aur unki raani[24]
  • arnast boris chen - penisilin ke aavishkaar ke liye chikitsa mein 1945 Nobel puraskaar ke sanyukt vijeta. 9 North vyoo, Wimbledon kauman mein blue plaik[22]
  • saara charchil, maarlaboro ki raani, queen aini ki kareebi dost
  • naurman kobarn - abhineta ne Australian sop opera hom end ave mein donaald fishr ki bhoomika ada ki
  • vernon kora - radio prasaarak
  • enet krosbi - abhinetri, grev ke Victor meldrev ki screen patni.
  • Steve kartis - aath baar vishv ofashor paavarabot resing ke champion
  • shaun Davis footballer, boltan vandars ke liye khelte hain, isse pehle fulaham, totenham hautasapur aur portsamaauth ke saath
  • saindi deni - gaayak, janm nelsan aspataal mein
  • Lawrence doherti - terah Wimbledon tennis championship aur do ​a​aolinpik svarn padak ke vijeta
  • reginaald doherti - baarah Wimbledon tennis championship aur teen olympic svarn padak ke vijeta
  • hyoog dauvading - 1940 mein Britain ke yuddh ke dauraan aaraeef faaitar command ke commander 3 seint mairi road par blue plaik[25]
  • henari dundaas, viskaaunt melaville - kaanijaaro house ke nivaasi William pit di yangar se ladaai ke dauraan gruh sachiv aur sachiv[24]
  • mark edgle smith - sangeetakaar
  • flora gaare - moortikaar
  • John William gaudavaard - chitrakaar
  • Charles paitrik grevs - patrakaar
  • Robert grevs - kavi
  • Victoria haimiltan - abhinetri
  • George haimiltan-gaurdan, aberadeen ke chauthe arl - pradhaanamantri 1852-55; kaannijro house ke nivaasi[24]
  • ithiyopiya ke haile selaasi - aakraman itaalavi ke kaaran ithiyopiya se nirvaasan ke dauraan paarkasaaid mein sthit ek ghar mein atithi; unki pratima kaanijaaro park mein sthaapit hai[26]
  • mikel John obi - Chelsea efasi difeinsiv midfielder bi. 1987
  • jaurjet heyer - upanyaasakaar, unka janm aur paalan poshan Wimbledon mein hi hua. unhonne apne pehle paanch upanyaason ko vahaaain likha tha. baad mein ek upanyaas, 'paastel', Wimbledon ki tarah bahut ek upanagar mein set hai.
  • lesli hor-belisha, fast baaron hor-belisha - jab parivhan mantri, 1934-7, unhonne driving pareekshan aur belisha bekon ki shuruaat ki; tab yuddh ke liye raajya sachiv, 1937-40
  • John horane tok - raajaneetijnya. Wimbledon kauman ke chestar house mein rahate the.
  • Thomas hyoojas - Tom braauns skooladej ke lekhak jo Wimbledon mein likha gaya tha.
  • James hant - 1976 faurmoola 1 vishv champion
  • vinni jons - poorv footballer aur film abhineta
  • lorelei King - abhinetri, ab area mein rahati hain
  • hetti King prasiddh sangeet hall kalaakaar aur purushon ke bhes mein abhinay karne waali ek abhinetri. America aur Britain ke myoojik hall gild dvaara November 2010 mein paamarstan road, Wimbledon mein sthit unke ghar par ek neeli smaarak pattika ko sthaapit kiya gaya.
  • Don laing - bill heli ke liye Britain ka javaab; apne band ke saath, jo Britain ke pehle rock end rol television kaaryakram six-five special ka aadhaarastanbh tha
  • glen leetil - footballer
  • fredarik maaryat, lekhak, Wimbledon house mein rahate the
  • sar josef norman laukayar - angreji vaigyaanik aur khagolashaastri; heeliym ke sanyukt aavishkaarak
  • John led-brown bank of England ke nideshak; kaannijaaro house ke nivaasi;[24] shaastreeya moortikla ka sangrahaalaya 1787 mein roos ke Cathrine dviteeya dvaara adhigruheet tha aur heramitej sangrahaalaya mein aayojit kiya gaya
  • Thomas raalf mertan - bhautik vigyaani
  • vil melor - Wimbledon mein rahati hain
  • maakrs mamaford, band mamaford end sons ke sangeetakaar aur frantamain
  • Lord horaasiyo nelsan - Admiral nelsan ki sampatti, mertan place, mein braudave[27] ke poorvi chhor ke Wimbledon ka kuchh hissa bhi shaamil tha, haalaanki yadi sahi maayane mein dekha jaae to ve mertan mein ke hi nivaasi the.
  • Michelle pevar - kronikls of ensheint daarkanes aur vulf brother ke lekhak
  • elan paaradev - football prabandhak
  • Charles pepis, pratham arl of kotenhm - Lord chaansalar
  • ogost porter - mertan kshetr mein samaaj sudhaarak ke roop mein jaane jaate hain
  • Steve pant - haasya abhineta
  • olivr reed - abhineta
  • laura robsan - junior Wimbledon tennis champion
  • maargaret rootharaford - abhinetri. 4 Berkeley place par blue plaik[28]
  • aarthar skopenhaur - daarshanik, blue plaik igal house jahaan ve 1803 mein rahate the[29]
  • J shaun - UK aaraendabi singar
  • Brian sevel - angreji kala sameekshak aur media vyaktitv.
  • Jack stenali - abhineta
  • Jamie ti - gaayak/geetkaar aur sangeetakaar
  • Joseph toynabi - surgeon. 49 Wimbledon paarkasaaid par blue plaik[30]
  • arnold toynabi - aarthik itihaasakaar. 49 Wimbledon paarkasaaid par blue plaik[30]
  • Steve-O - jakkaas kalaakaar
  • raalf toobas - vaastukaar; unki imaaraton mein shaamil hain dom of diskavari aur chaaring kraus hauspitl
  • slik rik (richrd vaaltars) - ek anubhavi hip haup kalaakaar, Wimbledon mein janm hua aur bronks mein sthaanaantarit hue, maik rikki di aur roolar ke roop mein bhi jaane jaate hain.
  • yang MC - (maaravin yang) Wimbledon mein paida hue Wimbledon mein paida hue hip-haup kalaakaar, apne geet bast-A-moov ke liye sarvaadhik roop se jaane jaate hai.
  • Charles Watson-veintavarth, raukingham ke doosare maarkves - do baar pradhaanamantri
  • William vilbarafors - 19veen sadi ke virodhi gulaami prachaarak
  • toni maikajeeniys - ebav aur beyond ke sadasya, record lebaklebal ke svaami.
  • teri vaakar aaraendabi aur sol singar
  • ameriki baile theatre ke mukhya daansar giliyn marfi
  • gaurjiys George - baalkan geejr band

suvidhaaen

pramukh saarvajanik khuli jagah

  • kainijro park
  • rikmand park
  • Wimbledon kauman
  • Wimbledon park

school

  • donhed lodge (bvaayaj school), ej hil, Wimbledon
  • Wimbledon ches primary school, mertan hall road, Wimbledon
  • kings college school, saauthasaaid, Wimbledon
  • rootlish school, vautari len, mertan park
  • ursuleen haai school, kriseint road, Wimbledon
  • Wimbledon college, ej hil, Wimbledon
  • Wimbledon haai school (girls school), maansal road, Wimbledon
  • London mein naarvegen school (naarvegen school), aartaberi road, Wimbledon
  • hall school, Wimbledon (miksd school), daauns Wimbledon
  • richrds lodge haai school (girl school), lek road, Wimbledon
  • seint maireej Catholic praathamik school, Russel road, Wimbledon
  • holeemaaunt primary school, Cambridge road, pashchim Wimbledon
  • danadonaald primary school
  • holi triniti primary school, England church, efra road, Wimbledon

dhaarmik sthal

  • shri ganapati mandir
  • emmanuel church
  • kveens road church, Wimbledon
  • sekred heart church
  • seint endrayooj church, harbart road, Wimbledon
  • seint John baipatist, spensar hil, Wimbledon
  • seint maireej church
  • kraaist church, pashchim Wimbledon
  • triniti United riformd church, mansel road

sandarbh

  1. Edward Kemp. The parks, gardens, etc., of London and its suburbs, described and illustrated, for the guidance of strangers. John Weale, 1851. pa॰ 29. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=52MDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA29&dq=Wimbledon+Common&hl=en&ei=rUphTd7PB4TK4AaNta3sCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Wimbledon%20Common&f=false. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-20.
  2. a aa Stefan haimand MP
  3. room, edriyn: "dikshanari of place-nems in british aails", bloomsabari, 1988
  4. a aa "Wimbledon". www.british-history.ac.uk. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45395. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  5. London Gazette: no. 22915, pp. 5834–5835, 25 November 1864.
  6. London Gazette: no. 23682, pp. 5244–5245, 25 November 1870.
  7. London Gazette: no. 23768, p. 3643, 18 August 1871.
  8. a aa "Short Term Property To Rent". www.primelocation.com. http://www.primelocation.com/articles/short-term-rental-properties/. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  9. "Primary Residential Areas in London". www.kipb.ae. http://www.kipb.ae/areas.html#wim. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  10. Christopher Hibbert, Ben Weinreb. The London Encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. pa॰ 1026. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wN_H-__MBpYC&pg=PA1026&dq=wimbledon+village&hl=en&ei=QEhhTZ2JBoqB4Aa0tLGrCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CFcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=wimbledon%20village&f=false. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-20.
  11. Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)". Greater London Authority. http://www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/docs/londonplan08.pdf.
  12. "Location Report". www.nsdatabase.co.uk. http://www.nsdatabase.co.uk/locationdetail.cfm?locationid=1682. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  13. "Wimbledon Museum". www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk. http://www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk/tour.php?cat=19th&page=1. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  14. Richard John Milward. New Short History of Wimbledon. Wimbledon Society, 1989. http://www.wcraltd.co.uk/id15.html. abhigman tithi: 2011-02-21.
  15. "tarm of yooj." square eniks Europe. 30 January 2011 ko praapt kiya gaya. "is site ka adhikaar aur sanchaalan square eniks limited dvaara hota hai ("square eniks" "aavar" "vi", ya "as"), company England aur vels mein panjeekrut hai (company number 01804186). square eniks panjeekaran sankhya GB 521500600 ke saath vait ke liye panjeekrut hai. square eniks ka panjeekrut kaaryaalaya Wimbledon brij house, 1 haartafild road, London SW19 3RU hai."
  16. "kaurporet informeshan." edos intaraektiv. 11 fravari 1998. 30 January 2011 ko praapt kiya gaya. "edos intaraektiv UK Wimbledon brij house 1 haartafild road Wimbledon London SW19 3RU."
  17. "varldavaaid kanekts." edos intaraektiv. 27 January 2005. 30 January 2011 ko praapt kiya gaya. "edos peeelasi. panjeekrut kaaryaalaya Wimbledon brij house 1 haartafild road Wimbledon London SW19 32RU."
  18. "New Wimbledon Theatre - architecture - Merton Council". www.merton.gov.uk. http://www.merton.gov.uk/leisure/history-heritage/architecture/open_house_new_wimbledon_theatre.htm. abhigman tithi: 2011-01-14.
  19. "The New Wimbledon Theatre". www.arthurlloyd.co.uk. http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/WimbledonTheatre.htm. abhigman tithi: 2011-01-14.
  20. Christopher Hibbert, Ben Weinreb. The London encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. pa॰ 1026. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wN_H-__MBpYC&pg=PA1026&dq=new+Wimbledon+Theatre+history&hl=en&ei=-YwwTcKtEZOxhQe1zcGtCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=new%20Wimbledon%20Theatre%20history&f=false. abhigman tithi: 2011-01-14.
  21. "New Wimbledon Theatre Centenary - find fun things to do in London & Surrey with Time & Leisure". www.timeandleisure.co.uk. http://www.timeandleisure.co.uk/articles/history/390-wimbledon-theatre-centenary.html. abhigman tithi: 2011-01-14.
  22. a aa english heritej - list of blue plaiks, - bi
  23. Findagrave.com
  24. a aa i E di freinds of kainijro park - history
  25. english heritej - list of blue plaiks, - di
  26. di freinds kainijro park - stechoo of ele slesi
  27. London baro of martan, nelsan
  28. english heritej - list of blue plaiks, - aar
  29. english heritej - list of blue plaiks, - S
  30. a aa english heritej - list of blue plaiks, - ti
granthasoochi
  • baartalet, William A., history of enteekveeteej of di paireesh of Wimbledon, simpkin, maarshal aur ko. , 1865
  • brown, John dablyoo., lyasons history of Wimbledon, lokal history riprints, 1991, aaiesabeeen 1-85699-021-4
  • milvaard, richrd, historik Wimbledon, kaisars
camp too center court, Wimbledon ke vindarash press aur feeldars, 1989, aaiesabeeen 0-900075-16-3
  • milvaard, richrd, new short history of Wimbledon, Wimbledon society, 1989

baahya kadiyaan

sthaaneeya praadhikran
samudaaya
itihaas
  • british-history.ac.uk di envaairans of London: vaulyoom 1: County of sari, 1792, "Wimbledon", peepi. 519-540, dainiyl lyasons
  • british-history.ac.uk County of sari ka itihaas: vaulyoom 4, 1912, "parishes: Wimbledon", peepi. 120-125, H.E. mauldan (sampaadak)

saaaincha:LB Merton saaaincha:London Districts