Varanasi ke pramukh mandir

kaashi dharm evam vidya ki pavitra tatha praacheenatam nagari me vikhyaat hai. yahaaain vaidik saahitya ki sanhitaaon braahman granthon evam upanishdon mein kaashi ka ullekh hai. saath hi paanini, pantanyajali aadi granthon mein bhi kaashi ki charcha hai. puraanon me spasht hai ki kaashi kshetr mein pag-pag par teerth hai. skandapuraan kaashi-khand ke keval dashavein adhyaaya mein chausath shivliङago ka ullekh hai. hen saang ne ullekh kiya hai- ki uske samay mein Varanasi mein lagbhag 100(sau) mandir the. unamein se ek bhi sau feet se kam ooaincha naheen tha.

vishvanaath ki nagari mein teerth sthaanon ki kami naheen hain, kintu matsyapuraan ke anusaar paaainch teerth pramukh (1) dashaakhamedh, (2) lolaark kund, (3) keshav (aadi keshav), (4) bindu maadhav, (5) manikrnika. san 1194 E. mein kutubaddeen ebak ne kaashi ke ek sahasr mandiron ko tod-fodkar nasht kar diya.

alaauddeen khilji ne bhi lagbhag ek hajaar mandiron ko nasht kar dharaashaayi kar diya. is tod fod mein vishvanaathaji ka mandir bhi tha, kintu san 1585 E. mein samraat Akbar ke raajasv mantri ki sahaayata se shri Narayan bh ne vishvanaath ji ke mandir ko pun: banavaaya samraat aurangajeb ne kaashi kaashi ke praacheen mandir ko todkar masjid banavaayi jo aaj bhi hai. yahi naheen usane hajaaron mandiron ko nasht kar diya, jiske kaaran us kaal mein bees mandiron ko bhi gin paana kathin ho gaya tha.

punarnirmaan

is kaal ke pashchaat maraatha raajaaon tatha saradaaron ne anek mandir banavaae. angrejon ke shaasan kaal mein bahut se mandiron ka nirmaan hua. san 1828 E. mein prinsep ne ganana karaayi thi jisse pata chala tha ki kaashi mein ek hajaar mandir vidyamaan the. shekinrag ne likha hai ki uske samay mein chaudah sau panchaavan mandir the. haivel ka kathan hai ki usaki ganana ke anusaar us samay lagbhag 3500 mandir the.

Varanasi ke devata vishvanaath ke jis mandir ko aurangajeb ne nasht kiya tha sameep hi 18veen shataabdi ke antim charan mein mahaaraani ahalya baai holakar ne vartamaan vishvanaath mandir ka nirmaan karavaaya tha. tristhali setu ke anusaar paapi manushya bhi vishveshvar ke ling ka sparsh kar pooja kar sakta tha. aadhunik kaal mein pramukh teerth sthal hai- (1) assi aur ganga ka sangam, (2) dashaashvamegh ghaat, (3) manikrnika, (4) panchagangaaghaat, (5) varuna tatha ganga ka sangam, (6) lolaark teerth.

dashaashvamegh shataabdiyon se vikhyaat hai. bhaar Shiv raajaaon ne das ashvamegh yajnyaon ke anushthaan kar yahaaain Abhishek kiya tha. manikrnika ko mukti kshetr bhi kaha jaata hai. panchaganga mein paaainch nadiyon ke dhaaraaon ke milne ki kalpana ki gayi hai. naaradeeya puraan tatha kaashi-khand mein kaha gaya hai ki jo manushya panchaganga mein snaan karta hai vah panch tatvon mein sthit is shareer ko pun: dhaaran nahi karta, mukt ho jaata hai. varuna-ganga ka sangam teerth aadi keshav ghaat bahut hi pracheen hai. kannauj ke gahadvaal raajaaon ne jo vishnu ke bhakt the, jab kaashi ko apni rajdhani banaayi to is bhaag ko aur adhik mahatva praapt hua.

Varanasi mein bahut se upateerth hain. kaashi khand mein jnyaaanavaapi ka ullekh milta hai jo swayam mein ek pavitra sthal hai. vishvanaath mandir se do meal ki doori par bhaironaath ka mandir hai, unhein kaashi ka kotavaal kaha jaata hai. unke haath mein badi evam mote patthar ki laathi hone ke kaaran inhein dandapaani bhi kaha jaata hai. iska vaahan kutta hai. kaashi khand mein chhappan vinaayak (ganesh) mandir varnit hai. dhundhiraaj ganesh evam bad ganesh mein hi hai. kaashi ke chodah mahaaling prasiddh hai. puraanon mein kaashi ke teerthon evam upateerthon ka varnan prachur maatra mein upalabdh hota hai. lagbhag ek sau pachchees teerthon ka varnan kaashi khand mein milta hai.

kaashi ki panchakroshi ka vistaar pachaas meal mein hai. is maarg par saikadon teerth hai. taatparya yeh hai ki kaashi mein teerthon ki sankhya aganit hai. kaashi keval hindu-dharm ke aasthaavaanon ka hi teerthasthal naheen hai. jain teerthakar paarshvanaath ji ne 777 E. poorv mein chaitr Krishna-chaturthi ko yaheen ke muhalla bheloopur mein janm grahan kiya tha. jain dharm ke hi gvaarahavein teerthakar shreyaansanaath ne bhi saaranaath mein janm grahan kiya tha aur apne ahinsa-dharm ka chaturdik prasaar kiya tha. at jain teerthasthaan ke rup mein bhi kaashi ka bahut adhik mahatva hai. bauddh dharm ke teerth sthaan ke rup mein saaranaath vishvavikhyaat hai. Bhagwan Gautam buddh ne gaya mein sambodhi praapt karne ke pashchaat saaranaath mein aakar dharmachakr pravartan kiya tha. aaryo ki sanskruti ke kaarya-kalaapon ka mukhya kendra kaashi sadaiv se vi star ka aakarshan sthal raha hai. mahaaprabhu gurunaanak Dave, kabeer jaise logon ke paavan-sparsh se kaashi ka kan-kan teerth sthal ban chuka hai. Bhagwan Shiv ko Varanasi nagari atyant priya hai. yeh unhein aanand deti hai. at: yeh aanandakaanan ya aanandavan hai.

kuchh mukhya mandir