Varanasi/aalekh

Varanasi
Varanasi
banaaras
गंगा किनारे अहिल्या घाट
ganga kinaare ahilya ghaat
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttar pradesh
jila Varanasi
mahaapaur kaushalendr Singh
janasankhya
ghanatv
3147927 (jila)[1] (2001 tak )
• 1,995 /kimi2 (5,167 /varg meal)[2]
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
1,550 ki.mee² (598 varg meal)
• 80.71 meter (265 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a16′a55″aN 82°a57′a23″aE / 25.282°aN 82.9563°aE / 25.282; 82.9563 Varanasi (angreji: Vāarāaṇaasī, hindustaani uchchaaran: [ʋaaaːaaˈaaɾaaaːaaɳaaəaasiː] (Speaker Icon.svg sunein)), jise banaaras, urdoo: بaaنaaاaaرaaس, Banāaras [bəaaˈaanɑaaːaaɾaaəaas] (Speaker Icon.svg sunein)) aur kaashi, urdoo: کaaاaaشaaی, Kāaśaī [ˈaakaːaaʃaaiː] (Speaker Icon.svg sunein)) bhi kehte hain, ganga nadi ke tat par Bhaarat ke uttar pradesh raajya mein basa shahar hai. pracheen maanyataaon ke anusaar iska naam vaaraanaseen varuna or asi nadiyon ke naam ke milaane se bana hai !jo pracheen samay mein yaha bahti thi !ise hindu dharm mein sarvaadhik pavitra shahar maana jaata hai aur ise avimukt kshetr kaha jaata hai.[3][4] iske alaava bauddh evam jain dharm mein bhi ise pavitra maana jaata hai. ye sansaar ke praacheenatam base shaharon mein se ek aur Bhaarat ka praacheenatam basa shahar hai.[5][6]

kaashi naresh (kaashi ke mahaaraaja) Varanasi shahar ke mukhya saanskrutik sanrakshak evam sabhi dhaarmik kriya-kalaapon ke abhinn ang hain.[7] Varanasi ki sanskruti ka ganga nadi evam iske dhaarmik mahattv se atoot rishta hai. ye shahar sahasron varshon se Bhaarat ka, visheshakar uttar Bhaarat ka saanskrutik evam dhaarmik kendra raha hai. hindustaani shaastreeya sangeet ka banaaras gharaana Varanasi mein hi janma evam viksit hua hai. Bhaarat ke kai daarshanik, kavi, lekhak, sangeetajnya Varanasi mein rahe hain, jinmein kabeer, ravidaas, svaami raamaanand, trailang svaami, munshi premachand, jayashankar prasaad, aachaarya raamachandr shukl, pandit ravi shankar, girija devi, pandit hari prasaad chaurasiya evam ustaad bismillaah Khan kuchh hain. Goswami tulaseedaas ne hindu dharm ka param-poojya granth raamacharitmaanas yaheen likha tha aur Gautam buddh ne apna pratham pravachan yaheen nikat hi saaranaath mein diya tha.[8]

Varanasi mein chaar bade vishvavidyaalaya sthit hain: banaaras hindu vishvavidyaalaya, mahaatma Gandhi kaashi vidyaapeeth, central Institute of haaiyar tibetiyn stadeej aur sanpoornaanand sanskrut vishvavidyaalaya. yahaan ke nivaasi mukhyat: kaashika Bhojpuri bolte hain, jo hindi ki hi ek boli hai. Varanasi ko praay: mandiron ka shahar, Bhaarat ki dhaarmik rajdhani, Bhagwan Shiv ki nagari, deepon ka shahar, gyaan nagari aadi visheshanon se sambodhit kiya jaata hai.[9]

prasiddh Amreeki lekhak mark tven likhte hain: "banaaras itihaas se bhi puraatan hai, paranparaaon se puraana hai, dantakathaaon (leejends) se bheepraacheen hai aur jab in sabakon ekatr kar dein, to us sangrah se doguna praacheen hai."[10]


chitr deergha

sandarbh

  1. "ranking of distrikts baae paupuleshan in 1991 end 2001". uttar pradesh sarkaar. http://www.upgov.nic.in/upinfo/census01/cen01-1.htm. abhigman tithi: 2 April 2007.
  2. "jilon ka janasankhya ghanatv anusaar krmavaar". uttar pradesh sarkaar. http://www.upgov.nic.in/upinfo/census01/cen01-3.htm. abhigman tithi: 2 April 2007.
  3. :avimuktan samaasaadya teerthasevi kurudvah. :darshanaadevadesya muchyate brahmahatyaya. (mahaabhaarat, van parv., 84/18)
    tato vaaraanaseen gatva devamachrya vrushadhvajam. kapilaaoodamupasprushya raajasooyafalan labhet .(mahaabhaarat, van parv., 82/77). sandarbh:kaashi tatha Varanasi ka teerth svarup. Varanasi vaibhav
  4. kaashi- mukti ki janmabhoomi. maai web duniya. 29 October 2009. abhigman tithi:25 April 2010
  5. lainoya, richrd (October, 1999). banaaras-scene fraum vidin. vausheengtan press vishvavidyaalaya. black flaip. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 029597835X. OCLC 42919796.
  6. "Varanasi". britainika vishvakosh. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9074835/Varanasi. abhigman tithi: 3 June 2008.
  7. mitra, svaati (2002). gud arth Varanasi city guide. aayashar gudaarth li.. pa॰ 216. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788187780045.
  8. "Varanasi ke jile - saaranaath". raashtreeya soochana kendra - Varanasi. http://varanasi.nic.in/tourist/tourist7.html. abhigman tithi: 5 January 2009.
  9. "Varanasi: the itarnal city". banaaras hindu vishvavidyaalaya. http://www.bhu.ac.in/varanasi.htm. abhigman tithi: 2 April 2007.
  10. tven, mark (1898) [1897]. "L". fauloing the ikvetar: A jarni araaund the world. haartaford, Connecticut, American pablishing kan... aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0404015778. OCLC 577051. http://www.literaturecollection.com/a/twain/following-equator/51/. abhigman tithi: 2 July 2007.

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