Trinidad aur Tobago

Trinidad aur Tobago ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: "Together we aspire, together we achieve"
angreji: ham saath kaamna karte hai, ham saath praapt (kaamayaabi) karte hai.
raashtragaan: forjd from the love of librti
rajdhani port of Spain
10°a40′aN 61°a31′aW / 10.667°aN 61.517°aW / 10.667; -61.517
sabse bada town chagavaanas
raajabhaasha(eain) angreji
sarkaar ganaraajya
- raashtrapati George Maxwell richrds
- pradhaan mantri kamala prasaad bisesar
svatantrata
- United kingadam 31 August 1962
kshetrafal
- kul 5,130 varg kilometer (171vaaain)
1,981 varg meal
- jal (%) naganya
janasankhya
- July 2011 janaganana 12,27,505 (152 vaaain)
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2010 praakkalan
- kul $26.400 billion
- prati vyakti $20,137
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2010) 0.736
uchch · 59vaaain
mudra Trinidad aur Tobago dollar (TTD)
samay mandal (yoo॰atee॰asee॰-4)
doorabhaash koot 1-868
Internet teeeladi .tt

Trinidad aur Tobago aadhikaarik roop se Trinidad aur Tobago ganaraajya kairibiyaai saagar mein sthit, poori tarah se dvipon par sthit desh hai. yeh dakshin kairibiya mein, venejuela ke uttar-poorv mein hai. iski jalaseema baarabaados se uttar-poorv mein, gayaana se dakshin-poorv mein tatha venejuela se dakshin aur pashchim mein jalaseema saajha karti hai|

is desh ka kshetrafal 5,130 varg kilometer hai. is dweep samooh mein do mukhya dweep hai- Trinidad aur Tobago. in mukhya dveepon ke alaava kai chhote-chhote dweep hain. Trinidad, desh ke 94% kshetr aur 96% aabaadi ke saath, desh ka sabse bada aur sabse jyaada janasainkhya wala dweep hai.

Trinidad dweep, 1498 mein kolanbas ke aagaman se lekar 18 fravari 1797 mein spainish Governor ke Britain ko aatmasamarpan tak, Spain ke adheen tha. is dauraan Tobago dweep par spainish, british, French, dach, kauralaind ka shaasan raha. san 1802 May Trinidad aur Tobago ko emiyenj ki sandhi ke tahat Britain ko saunp diya gaya tha. 1962 mein ise aajaadi mili aur 1976 mein yeh ganaraajya bana. iski arthavyavastha anya angreji bhaashi keribiyn deshon se ulat mukhyat: udyogon par aadhaarit hai.

is desh ki sarkaar ne desh ka bahut achhi tarah se aarthik vikaas kiya. 2003-2008 ke beech desh ki vikaas dar 7% thi. yeh kaireebiya ki aarthik shakti hai.

anukram

arthavyavastha

Trinidad ki arthavyavastha mukhyat: petrolium udyog par aashrit hai. paryatan aur vinirmaan bhi sthaaneeya arthavyavastha ke liye mahatvapoorn hain. paryatan ek badhta hua kshetr hai, haalaaainki kai anya kairebiyaai dveepon ki tulana mein yeh kam hai. mukhya krushi utpaadon mein neenboo, koko aur anya utpaad shaamil hain. vishv bank ke anusaar, Trinidad aur Tobago duniya ke sheersh uchch aay arthavyavasthaaon mein 69vein sthaan par hai.

haal mein hue vikaas mein dravit praakrutik gas(LNG), paitrorasaayan aur ispaat mein kiye nivesh ki bhoomika hai. iske alaava petrokemikl, elyuminiym aur plastic par aadhaarit pariyojanaaeain niyojan ke vibhinn charanon mein hain. Trinidad aur Tobago tel aur gas ke pramukh kairebiyaai utpaadak hai aur iski arthavyavastha in sansaadhanon par bahut nirbhar hai, lekin yeh kairebiyaai dveepon ko vinirmit saamagriyaaain mukhya roop se khaadya aur peya padaarthon aur cement ki aapoorti bhi karta hai.

bhaasha

angreji is desh ki aupacharik bhaasha hai (angreji ke sthaaneeya maanak ko 'Trinidad angreji' kehte hai). parantu mukhya bolachaal ki bhaasha angreji par aadhaarit do kreole bhaashaaeain hain. Trinidad mein Trinidad kreole aur tobaagona mein tobaagona kreole, yeh desh ki speni, bhaarateeya, afreeki tatha Europeeya viraasat ko ujaagar karti hain.

janasaankhyiki

san 2005 ke adhyanan ke anusaar desh mein rahane vaale 13 lakh logo mein se 96% Trinidad dweep mein rahate hai aur 4% tobaago dweep mein. jaateeya sanrachana is desh ki videshi upanivesheekaran aur aapravaasan dvaara prabhaavit hai. koi bhi jaateeya samooh bahusankhyak naheen hai. kintu sabse bada samooh bhaarateeya hai jo desh ki kul aabaadi ka 40% hai. lagbhag utane hi afreeki hai (39.5%), is tarah bhaarateeya aur afreeki mool ke logo ki sanyukt aabaadi 80% hui. mishrit kaum ke log, Europeeya log, cheeni, sireeya-Lebanon ke log tatha mool Amreeki baaki 20% ka jyaadaatar hissa banaate hai.


dharm

yahaaain par koi pramukh dharm naheen hai. koi bhi ek dhaarmik samudaaya 50% se adhik naheen hai. isaaidharman ko 40.6% hai, hindudharm ko 22.5% log maanate hai, islaam ko 7% log maanate hai. yahaaain ek chhota yahoodi dharm bhi hai. yahoodi 0.1% hai. 1.9% log naastik hai.

sena

Trinidad aur Tobago difens fors is desh ki suraksha aur iski aajaadi ki raksha ke liye jimmedaar hai. iske antargat ek rejimeint, ek kost guard tukadi, vaayu sena aur difens rijrvd fors bhi hai. yeh Britain se aajaadi milte hi san 1962 mein sthaapit ki gayi thi. yeh angreji bhaashi kairibiya ki sabse badi senaao mein se ek hai.

sena ke mission ka uddeshya hai "Trinidad aur Tobago ganaraajya ke samprabhuta ka bachaav, raashtreeya samudaaya ke vikaas ke liye yogadaan aur raajya ke raashtreeya aur antarraashtreeya uddeshyon ki poorti mein sarkaar ka samarthan". is fauj ne 1990 mein ek takhta palat ki koshish ko naakaam kiya. is sena ne sayunkt raashtra ke haiti abhiyaan mein 1993 se 1996 ke beech hissa liya tha.

inhein_bhee_dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain