Shimla

Shimla
nagar
Shimla Montage.jpg
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Himachal pradesh
jila Shimla
mahaapaur sanjaya chauhaan
janasankhya
ghanatv
163,000 (2001 tak )
• 120
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
25 ki.mee²
• 2130 meter
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: http://www.hpshimla.nic.in/

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 31°a06′a40″aN 77°a09′a14″aE / 31.111°aN 77.154°aE / 31.111; 77.154

Shimla, Himachal pradesh ki rajdhani hai. 1864 mein, Shimla ko Bhaarat mein british raaj ki greeshmakaaleen rajdhani ghoshit kiya gaya tha. ek lokapriya paryatan sthal, Shimla ko aksar pahaadon ki raani ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.

anukram

itihaas

1814-16 ke gorakha yuddh ke baad sainik tukadiyon ke surakshit jagah par aaraam ke liye 1819 mein Shimla ki sthaapana ki gayi thi. Shimla thandi jalavaayu, suramya praakrutik drushyon, himaachhaadit pahaadi drushyon, cheed aur devadaar ke jangalon aur aupaniveshik vaastu ke aakarshak shahari bhoodrushya ke liye vikhyaat hai. inheen kaaranon se yeh Bhaarat ki greeshmakaaleen rajdhani hua karta tha. 1864 mein Shimla ko angrejon ki rajdhani banaaya gaya tha. Shimla ek paryatak sthal ke roop mein bhi mashahoor hai. Shimla ki khoj angrejon ne san 1819 mein ki thi. Charles kainedi ne yahaaain pehla greesh‍aamakaaleen ghar banaaya tha. jaldi hi Shimla Lord William bentink ki najron mein aa gaya, jo ki 1828 se 1835 tak Bhaarat ke Governor general the. 19 veen sadi ke atan mein yahaaain british vaaisarauya ke aavaas (raashtrapati nivaas) ka nirmaan hua tha. aajkal ismein Indian Institute of edavaansd stadi hai.[1]

bhoogol

Shimla himaalaya ki pashchimi seemaaon ke uttar mein sthit hai. 2397.59 meter (matlab samudra ke star se oopar 7866.10 foot) ke ek ausat se kam oonchaai, shahar ke ek teele par faila hai.

sanskruti

yahaaain vibhinn tyauhaaron ko manaaya jaata hai. Shimla samar festival, peek paryatan season ke dauraan har saal rij par aayojit kiya jaata hai. iska mukhya aakarshan sabhi desh bhar se lokapriya gaayakon dvaara pradarshan shaamil hai.

paryatan

Himachal pradesh ki rajdhani aur british kaaleen samay mein greesh‍aam kaaleen rajdhani Shimla raaj‍aaya ka sabse mahat‍aavapoorn paryatan ken‍aadr hai. yahaan ka naam devi sh‍aayaamala ke naam par rakha gaya hai jo kaali ka avataar hai. Shimla lagbhag 7267 feet ki oonchaai par sthit hai aur yeh ardh chakr aakaar mein basa hua hai, jahaan poore varsh than‍aadi havaaen bahne ka varadaan hai. yahaan ghaati ka sundar drush‍aaya dikhaai deta hai aur mahaan himaalaya parvati ki chotiyaan chaaron or dikhaai deti hai. iske uttar mein barf maanon kshitij tak jami hui hai. yahaan than‍aadi havaaen bahti hai aur ok tatha rododeindraun ke vanon se gujarati hain. Shimla ka sukhad mausam, aasaani se pahunch aur dheron aakarshan ise uttar Bhaarat ka ek sarvaadhik lokapriya parvateeya s‍aathaan bana dete hain.

rij

shahar ke madhya mein ek bada aur khula sthaan, jahaan se parvat shrankhalaaon ka sundar drushya dekha ja sakta hai. yahaan Shimla ki pehchaan ban chuka new-gauthik vaastukala ka udaaharan kraaist church aur new-tyoodar pustakaalaya ka bhavan darshaneeya hai.

mall

Shimla ka mukhya shopping center, jahaan restaurant bhi hain. geyati theatre, jo puraane british theatre ka hi roop hai, ab saanskrutik gatividhiyon ka kendra hai. kaart road se mall ke liye hi.pr.p.vi.ni. ki lift se bhi jaaya ja sakta hai. rij ke sameep sthit lakkad baajaar, lakdi se bani vastuon aur smruti-chihnon ke liye prasiddh hai.

kaali baadi mandir

yeh mandir skaindal point se general post office se ki or kuchh gaj ki doori par sthit hai. maana jaata hai ki yahaan shyaamala devi ki moorti sthaapit hai.

jaakhoo mandir

(2.5 ki॰mi॰) 2455 mi. : Shimla ki sabse oonchi choti se shahar ka sundar najaara dekha ja sakta hai. yahaan "Bhagwan hanumaan" ka praacheen mandir hai. rij par bane church ke paas se paidal maarg ke alaava mandir tak jaane ke liye poni ya taxi dvaara bhi pahuncha ja sakta hai.

raajya sangrahaalaya

(3 ki॰mee॰): yahaan Himachal pradesh ki praacheen aitihaasik vaastukala aur peintings dekhe ja sakte hain. yeh sangrahaalaya praat: 10 baje se saayan 5 baje tak khulata hai tatha somvaar aur raajapatrit avakaashon mein yeh band rakha jaata hai.

Indian Institute of edavaansd stadi

(4 ki॰mi॰) 1983 mi. : angreji punarjaagaran kaal mein bana yeh shaanadaar bhavan poorv vaayasaraaya ka aavaas hua karta tha. iske laun aur ped yahaan ki shobha aur badha dete hain.

prospekt hil

(5 ki॰mi॰) 2155 mi. : kaamna devi mandir ko samarpit yeh hil Shimla-bilaasapur maarg par baaluganj se 15 minute ki paidal doori par hai. hil se is kshetr ka vihangam drushya dikhaai deta hai.

samar hil

(7 ki॰mi॰) 1983 mi. : Shimla-kaalaka relamaarg par ek sundar sthaan hai. yahaan ke shaant vaataavaran mein pedon se ghire raaste hain. apni Shimla yaatra ke dauraan raashtpita mahaatma Gandhi Rajkumari amrut Kaur ke shaanadaar jaarjiyn house mein ruke the. yahaan Himachal pradesh vishvadyaalaya hai.

chaidavik jalaprapaat

(7 ki॰mi॰) 1586 mi. : ghane jangalon se ghira yeh sthaan samar hil chauk se lagbhag 45 minute ki paidal doori par hai.

sankat mochan

(7 ki॰mi॰) 1975 mi. : Shimla-kaalaka sadak maarg par (ra.raaj.-22) par "Bhagwan hanumaan" ka prasiddh mandir hai. yahaan se Shimla shahar ka sundar drushya dikhaai deta hai. yahaan bas/taxi dvaara pahuncha ja sakta hai.

taaraadevi

(11 ki॰mi॰) 1851 mi. : Shimla-kaalaka sadak maarg par (ra.raaj.-22) par yeh pavitra sthaan ke liye rel, bas aur car seva upalabdh hai. station/sadak se paidal athva jeep/taxi dvaara yahaan pahuncha ja sakta hai.

kaalaka se Shimla ke beech ke station

1. kaalaka 2. takasaal 3. gumman 4. koti 5. jaabali 6. sanavaara 7. dharmapur 8.kumaarahatti 9. badog 10.solan 11. solan broori 12. salogada 13. kandaaghaat 14.kanoh 15. kaithaleeghaat 16. shodhi 17. taaraadevi 18. jatog 19. samarahil 20. Shimla

shiksha

shahar mein 14 aanganabaadi aur 63 praathamik vidyaalaya hai. kai british yug ke school hain. shahar mein lokapriya schoolon mein bishp kautan school, Shimla pablik school, seint Edward school, taara hall, deeevi school, deeevi new Shimla, dayaanand pablik school, okalaind school, laalapaani school pramukh hain. kendreeya vidyaalaya, Shimla mein behatareen schoolon mein se ek hai. pehle yeh harakort butler school ke naam se jaana jaata tha. Shimla mein medical sansthaanon mein indira Gandhi medical college[2] aur dant chikitsa mahaavidyaalaya hain.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain