Shanghai

Shanghai
上aa海aa市
Shanghai montage.png
Clockwise from top: A view of the Pudong skyline, Yuyuan Garden, China Pavilion along with the Expo Axis, Neon Sign at Nanjing Road, and The Bund in Puxi
sankshipteekaran: 沪 ya 申 (pinyin: Hu ya Shen)
शंघाई上海市Clockwise from top: A view of the Pudong skyline, Yuyuan Garden, China Pavilion along with the Expo Axis, Neon Sign at Nanjing Road, and The Bund in Puxi
naamotpatti 上 shangh - oopar
海 haai - samudra
prashaasan prakaar nagarapaalika
rajdhani Shanghai
mahaapaur haan jheing
kshetrafal 6,340.5 kimee² (31vaan)
janasankhya (2006)
- ghanatv
1,81,01,725 (aadhikaarik) (25vaan)
16,958/kimee² (1la)
jeeenapi (2004)
- prati vyakti
745 seeenavaai (7vaan)
42,800 seeenavaai (1la)
ISO 3166-2 seeen-31
aadhikaarik jaalasthal:
Shanghai.jeeovi.seeen
janasankhya aur GDP data ke liye srot:
《a中a国a统a计a年a鉴a—a2005》/ cheen vaarshik saankhyiki 2005 ISBN 7-5037-4738-2


Shanghai (cheeni: 上aa海; pinyin: ;) cheeni janavaadi ganaraajya ka sabse bada nagar hai. yeh desh ke poorvi bhaag mein yaangtje nadi ke delta par sthit hai. yeh arthavyavastha aur janasankhya donon hi drushti se cheen ka sabse bada nagar hai. yeh desh ki chaar nagarapaalikaaon mein se ek hai aur usi star par hai jispar ki cheen ka koi anya praant.

nagar seema ke bheetar ki janasankhya 93 lakh hai aur poori nagarapaalika mein 1 karod 81 lakh log rahate hain. 1 January, 2006 ki sthiti tak yahaan 1 karod 37 lakh sthaai nivaasi aur 44 lakh asthaai nivaasi the jinke paas rahane ka vaidh paramit tha. iske atirikt yahaan 30 lakh log avaidh roop se bhi rahate hai.

itihaas

Shanghai pehle machhuaaron ka ek gaaainv tha, par pratham afeem yuddh ke baad angrejon ne is sthaan par adhikaar kar liya aur yahaan videshiyon ke liye ek svaayattashaasi kshetr ka nirmaan kiya, jo 1930 tak astitv mein raha aur jisne is machhuaaron ke gaaainv ko us samay ke ek bade antarraashtreeya nagar aur vitteeya kendra banane mein sahaayata ki.

1949 mein saamyavaadi adhigrahan ke baad unhonne videshi nivesh par rok laga di aur atyadhik kar laga diya. 1992 se yahaan aarthik sudhaar laagoo kiye gaye aur kar mein kami ki gayi, jisse Shanghai ne anya pramukh cheeni nagaron jinka pehle vikaas aarambh ho chuka tha jaise shenjhen aur guaangjhooo ko aarthik vikaas mein pachhaad diya. 1992 se hi yeh mahanagar prativrsh 9-15% ki dar se vruddhi kar raha hai, par teevr aarthik vikaas ke kaaran ise cheen ke anya kshetron se aane vaale apravaasiyon aur samaajik asamanata ki samasya se ise jujhana pad raha hai.

is mahanagar ko aadhunik cheen ka dhvajaarohak nagar maana jaata hai aur yeh cheen ka ek pramukh saanskrutik, vyavasaayik aur audyogik kendra hai. 2005 se hi Shanghai ka bandaragaah vishv ka sarvaadhik vyast bandaragaah hai. poore cheen aur shesh duniya mein bhi ise bhavishya ke pramukh mahanagar ke roop mein maana jaata hai.[1]

sandarbh

  1. SHANGHAI: THE RISE OF THE GLOBAL CITY newgeography.com (angreji)

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