Sayyed vansh

Sayyed vansh
[[tuglak vansh|]] Blank.png
28 May 1414 – 19 April 1951 Blank.png [[lodhi vansh|]]
Location of सैयद वंश
Sayyed vansh ke truteeya baadshah muhammad shaah ka makabara.
rajdhani Delhi
bhaasha(eain) faarasi (aadhikaarik)[1]
dharm islaam
sarkaar saltanat
sultaan
- 1414–1421 khijr khaaain
- 1445–1451 aalam-shaah
itihaas
- sansthaapit 28 May 1414
- visansthaapit 19 April 1951

Sayyed vansh athva sayyad vansh Delhi saltanat ka chaturth vansh tha jiska kaaryakaal 1414 se 1451 tak raha. unhonne tuglak vansh ke baad raajya ki sthaapana ki aur lodhi vansh se haarne tak shaasan kiya.

yeh parivaar Sayyed athva muhammad ke vanshaj maane jaata hai. taimoor ke lagaataar aakramanon ke kaaran Delhi saltanat ka kandreeya netrutv poori tarah se hataas ho chuka tha aur use 1398 tak loot liya gaya tha. iske baad uthal-puthal bhare samay mein, jab koi kendreeya satta naheen thi, saiyadon ne Delhi mein apni shakti ka vistaar kiya. is vansh ke vibhinn chaar shaasakon ne 37-varshon tak Delhi saltanat ka netrutv kiya.

is vansh ki sthaapana khijr khaaain ne ki jinhein taimoor ne multaan (Punjab kshetr) ka raajyapaal niyukt kiya tha. khijr Khan ne 28 May 1414 ko Delhi ki satta daulat Khan lodi se chheenakar Sayyed vansh ki sthaapana ki. lekin vo sultaan ki padavi praapt karne mein saksham naheen ho paaye aur pehle taimmoor ke tatha unki mrutyu ke pashchaat unke uttaraadhikaari Shahrukh meerja (taimoor ke naati) ke adheen taimoori raajavansh ke rayat-E-ala (jaageeradaar) hi rahe.[2] khijr Khan ki mrutyu ke baad 20 May 1421 ko unke putr mubaarak Khan ne satta apne haath mein li aur apne aap ko apne sikkon mein muijjuddeen mubaarak shaah ke roop mein likhvaaya. unke kshetr ka adhik vivran yaahiya bin Ahmad sarahindi dvaara rachit taareekh-A-mubaarakashaahi mein milta hai.[3] mubaarak Khan ki mrutyu ke baad unka datak putr muhammad Khan sattaaroodh hua aur apne aapko sultaan muhammad shaah ke roop mein rakha. apni mrutyu se poorv hi unhonne badaayoon se apne putr alaauddeen shaah ko apna uttaraadhikaari ghoshit kiya.[4]

is vansh ke antim shaasak alaauddeen aalam shaah ne svechha se Delhi saltanat ko 19 April 1451 ko bahalool Khan lodi ke liye chhod diya aur badaayoon chale gaye. vo 1478 mein apni mrutyu ke samay tak vahaaain hi rahe.[5]

anukram

shaasak

  • khijr khaaain (1414-1421)
  • mubaarak shaah (1421-1434)
  • muhammad shaah (1434-1445)
  • aalamashaah shaah (1445-1457)

kaalakram

khijr khaaain

khijr khaaain, Sayyed vansh ke sansthaapak the.[6] vo Ferozshah tugalak ke ameer malik mardaan daulat ke datak putr sulemaan ka putr the. taimoor ne vaapas lautate samay unhein raiyat-A-aala ki upaadhi ke saath multaan, Lahore aur deepaalapur ka shaasak niyukt kiya tha.[7] unhonne taimoor vansh ki sahaayata se Delhi ki satta san 1414 mein praapt ki aur jeevan bhar raiyat-A-aala ki upaadhi ke saath santusht rahe.[8] unhein taimoor ne Bhaarat mein apne pratinidhi ke roop mein multaan mein niyukt kar rakha tha. san 14010 mein multaan se sena lekar unhonne tugalak vansh par hamla kiya aur chh: maah mein Rohtak par apna adhiptya sthaapit kar liya. is samay Delhi saltanat par mohammad shaah tugalak ka shaasan tha. san 1413 mein mohammad shaah ka nidhan ho gaya. mohammad shaah ke koi putr naheen tha aur na hi pehle se koi tugalak uttaraadhikaari ghoshit tha at: Delhi mein anishchitta ki sthiti paida ho gayi. is samay ke liye daulat Khan lodi ko Delhi ki sata saunpi gayi. March 1414 mein khijr khaaain ne Delhi par hamla kar diya aur chaar maah mein jeet darj karte huye Delhi par apna shaasan aarambh kar diya.[9]

mubaarak shaah

khijr khaaain ki mrutyu ke baad unke uttaraadhikaari ke roop mein unka putr mubaarak shaah ne Delhi ki satta apne haath mein li. apne pita ke vipreet unhonne apne aap ko sultaan ke roop mein ghoshit kiya.[10]

muhammad shaah

mubaarak shaah ki mrutyu ke baad muhammad shaah ne Delhi saltanat par shaasan kiya. unka shaasanakaal 1434 se 1445 tak raha.[11]

tippani

  1. bhaarateeya puraatatv sarvekshan
  2. vee॰adee॰ mahaajan, prushth 237
  3. shailendr senagar, pru॰ 9
  4. rehaana jaidi, 76-77
  5. vee॰adee॰ mahaajan, prushth 244
  6. krupaal chandr Yadav, pru॰ 37
  7. manoj Kumar sharma, pru॰ 142
  8. ema॰ hasan, pru॰ 238
  9. ema॰ hasan, pru॰ 237
  10. ema॰ hasan, pru॰aa240
  11. shailendr shegar (bhaag 2) pru॰ 84

sandarbh


Delhi saltanat ke shaasak vansh
gulaam vansh | khilji vansh | tuglak vansh | Sayyed vansh | lodhi vansh | soori vansh