Safdarjung vimaanakshetr

safdarajang vimaanakshetr
safdarajang havaai adda
vilingdan airport

Safdarjung Airport Terminal Building.JPG
safdarajang vimaanakshetr ki terminal imaarat ka baahari drushya

IATA: noneICAO: VIDD
saar
vimaanakshetr prakaar saarvajanik
sanchaalak bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran
sthiti aurobindo maarg, nai Delhi
samudra tal se AMSL 705 fi. / 215 mi.
nirdeshaank 28°a35′a04″aN 077°a12′a21″aE / 28.58444°aN 77.20583°aE / 28.58444; 77.20583Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 28°a35′a04″aN 077°a12′a21″aE / 28.58444°aN 77.20583°aE / 28.58444; 77.20583
udaanapattiyaaain
disha lambaai satah
fi. mi.
12/30 4,520 1,378 asfaalt

safdarajang vimaanakshetr (IATA: N/A, ICAO: VIDD) (jise safdarajang vaayusena station bhi kaha jaata hai) Bhaarat ki rajdhani nai Delhi ke dakshini bhaag mein isi naam se base kshetr mein bana ek vimaanakshetr ya havaai adda hai. british raaj ke samay sthaapit yeh havaai adda tab vilingdan eyarafeeld ke naam se aarambh hua tha. 1929 mein yahaan prachaalan praarambh hua jab yeh Delhi ka pehla evam Bhaarat ka doosra havaai adda bana. south etalaantik air feri maarg mein aane ke kaaran iska bharpoor upayog dviteeya vishv yuddh mein, tatha kaalaantar mein Bhaarat Pak yuddh 1974 mein hua. kabhi lootyans delhi ke dakshini chhor par basa yeh havaai adda ab poore nayi Delhi shahar ke lagbhag beech mein aa gaya hai. 1962 tak yeh shahar ka pramukh havaai adda bana raha aur dashak ke ant tak poora prachaalan naye havaai adde Palam vimaanakshetr ko sthaanaantarit hua. iska pramukh kaaran tha is vimaanakshetr ka jet vimaan jaise bade vaayuyaanon ko utaar paane mein asamarthata.[1][2]

1928 mein yaheen Delhi flaaing club ki sthaapana hui. tab yahaan delhi evam roshanaara naamak 2 de haivilaind moth yaan hua karte the. havaai adde par prachaalan 2001 tak chala, kintu January 2002 se sarkaar ne 9/11 ki ghatna ko dekhte hue uraksha ki drushti se is havaai adde par prachaalan ko poorn viraam diya. tab se yeh club yahaan keval vaayuyaan anurakshan evam marammat paathyakram chalaata hai.[3] aajkal iska prayog maatr raashtrapati evam pradhaan mantri sahit anya VVIP helikauptars ki Palam havaai adde tak ki yaatraaon ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai.[4] 190 ekad ke is havaai adde ke parisar mein,[4] Rajiv gaaaindhi bhavan parisar bana hai, jahaan bhaarateeya naagar vimaanan mantraalaya tatha bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran ka nigmit mukhyaalaya sthaapit hai.

anukram

itihaas

vimaanakshetr mein udaan ko taiyaar ek vimaan

is vaayukshetr ka naam pehle vilingdan eyarafeeld hua karta tha. yeh naam Bhaarat ke tatkaaleen vaaisarauya tatha Governor general Lord vilingdan (1931-1936) se mila tha. tab yeh havaai adda vishaal ghaas ke maidaan mein maatr kuchh chhoradaariyon ka samooh hua karta tha. yahaan pratham eyaramel udaan 30 November 1918 ko avatarit hui thi. isi varsh London-Delhi-kaahira ki bhi ek udaan yahaan aayi thi. haalaanki iske baad vimaanakshetr ko apna roop le lene mein agala poora dashak laga aur tab yahaan pehli vyaapaarik (kamarshiyl) udaan 1927 mein laind hui. aage aane vaale samay mein is vaayukshetr ka naam aadhikaarik roop se badalkar vilingdan airport ho gaya, saath hi yahaan Delhi flaaing club ki bhi sthaapana hui.[1]

san 1941 mein jab british bhaarateeya sena ne apni swayam ki eyarabaurn/pairaashoot ikaai ki sthaapana karne ki yojana banaai, tab isi vimaanakshetr ke dakshin-pashchimi kone mein shaahi bhaarateeya vaayusena ke air lainding school ka aarambh hua. yaheen Bhaarat ke pratham pairaatroopar ko prashikshan mila tha. isi toli mein pratham bhaarateeya pairaatroopar bhaarateeya chikitsa seva ke lefti (baad mein Colonel) A.ji.rangaraajan, mahaaveerachakr dhaarak tatha 152 (bhaarateeya) pairaashoot battalion ke rejimental chikitsa adhikaari the.

svatantrata uparaant

havaai adde ki prushthabhoomi mein dikhaai deta bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran ke nigmit mukhyaalaya Rajiv gaaaindhi bhavan ke sang safdarajang ka makabara ka shvet gumbad

1947 mein Bhaarat ki svatantrata uparaant is havaai adde ka naam badalkar safdarajang ke makabare ke naam par safdarajang vimaanakshetr kar diya gaya. yeh makabara vimaanakshetr ki prushthabhoomi mein dikhta hai. isne Delhi shahar ke mukhya havaai adde roop mein do dashakon tak sevaaen Dean, jab tak ki dakshin-pashchimi Delhi mein tatkaaleen Delhi ke baahari kshetr mein Palam gaaainv naamak kshetr mein ek naya sthaan naheen sveekrut kar liya gaya. is naye station ka gaanv ke naam par pehle Palam vaayusena station ke roop mein dviteeya vishv yuddh kaal mein praarambh hua. aaj yahi vimaanakshetr kaafi vruhat kshetr mein faila hua hai aur indira Gandhi antararaashtreeya havaai adda kahalaata hai. yahaan 1962 mein yaatri yaataayaat badhne ke kaaran prachaalan sthaanaantaran kiya gaya tha. haalaanki safdarajang vimaanakshetr ka prayog abhi bhi saamaanya vimaanan uddeshyon evam chhote propelar yaanon ke udaan bharne tatha avataran karne hetu kiya jaata hai. kaalaantar mein is vimaanakshetr ki udaanapatti ke poorvi chhor ke niktasth ek flaaiovar banane ke kaaran yaanon ko avataran ke liye saavdhaan kiya jaata hai. naye vimaanakshetr indira Gandhi antararaashtreeya havaai adde ka aakaar iski tulana mein kaafi bada hai evam vahaan 3 udaan pattiyaan tatha 60 se adhik antardesheeya evam antarraashtreeya yaanon ki suvidha hai.

2001 mein 9/11 ki ghatna ke uparaant Bhaarat ke naagar vimaanan mantraalaya ne raashtrapati evam pradhaanamantri ke aapaatkaaleen nikaas evam kuchh anya vishesh udaanon hetu surakshit kar diya hai. baad mein 2002 se suraksha ki drushti se is havaai adde ko sabhi udaan gatividhiyon hetu band kar diya tatha,[3] diolli flaaing club ki sabhi udaanon ko Haryana ke hisaar shahar mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya hai.[5] tab se yeh havaai adda mukhyat: VVIP ganon ke antarraashtreeya havaai adde tak ke gaman hetu haileekauptar udaan tak hi seemit kar diya gaya hai. iska mukhya kaaran suraksha hi raha hai, saath hi unke aavaagaman ke dauraan shahar ki sadkon ko band karne tatha yaataayaat avarodh se bachana bhi hai. 2000 ke dashak ke aarambh se hi pradhaanamantri kabhi videsh yaata par jaate mantrimandal ke sadasyon tatha anya ganamaanya vyaktiyon se hue bajaay antarraashtreeya vimaanakshetr ke, yaheen vida lete hain.[6] iske saath hi ye havaai-patti Punjab tatha Haryana raajyon ke mukhya mantriyon ke aavaagaman hetu chhote vimaanon ke liye prayog hoti hai. iske kaaran yahaan pratimaah lagbhag 80 se 90 hailikauptar aavaagaman hote rahate hain.[7] kai baar yahaan bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran tatha hailikauptar seva company pavanahans bhi iska prayog karti rahati hai. kai avsaron par pavan hans yahaan se vaishno devi ke liye hailikauptar seva ke aarakshan bhi karta hai. haal ke samaachaaron ke anusaar bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri ke kaaryaalaya, 7 resakors maarg se yahaan tak ek bhoomigat surang ka kaam bhi hone ka vichaar tha jiska vimaanan mantraalaya dvaara kada virodh kiya gaya tha.[4][8]

anurakshan evam prabandhan

is havaai adde ka anurakshan evam prabandhan bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran dvaara kiya jaata hai, va yeh indira gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya havaai adda se niyantrit hota hai|

suvidhaaen

naagar vimaanan mantraalaya ke adheen kaaryarat bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran ka nigmit mukhyaalaya mantraalaya ke saath hi Rajiv Gandhi bhavan mein sthit hai. yeh bhavan safdarajang vimaanakshetr ki bhoomi par hi bana hai tatha iske nirmaan poorv bhoomi vimaanakshetr parisar mein hi aati thi. yeh praadhikran hi Bhaarat ke adhikaansh vimaanakshetron ka prabandhan, dekharekh, bhaarateeya vaayukshetr mein vaayu yaataayaat niyantran tatha prabandhan karta hai.[9] naagar vimaanan mahaanideshaalaya (Bhaarat) ka mukhyaalaya bhi vimaanakshetr ke saamane hi sthit hai.[10]

ghatnaaen evam durghatanaaen

safdarajang vimaanakshetr ki eyarasaaid
  • 5 December 1970 ko, jaimaeyar ka yaan daglas deesi-3 veeti-seejedasi udaan bharne ke turant baad hi crash ho gaya tha[11] jiska kaaran yaan ke engine ka fel ho jaana tha. yeh yaan ek gair-anusoochit yaatri udaan yaatra par tha. yaan mein savaar kul 16 mein se 5 yaatri maare gaye.[12]
  • 23 June 1980 ko bhootapoorv pradhaan mantri shreemati indira Gandhi ke kanishth putr shri sanjaya Gandhi ka vimaan safdarajang vimaanakshetr ke nikat crash mein durghatana grast ho gaya tha. ve Delhi flaaing club ka ek naya vimaan uda rahe the aur isi dauraan apne kaaryaalaya ke oopar se ek chakkar lagaate hue unka santulan kho gaya evam crash ho gaya. unke ekele sahayaatri kaptaan subhaash Saxena bhi maare gaye.[13]


vishesh

vimaanakshetr mein udaan bharta ek vimaan

ek kaumik pustika shrunkhala 'the edvenchars of tintin mein 'tintin in tibet' kadi mein kaptaan haiddok, snoi tatha tintin Bhaarat mein rukate hain, evam vilingdan eyarafeeld (vartamaan safdarajang vimaanakshetr) se vida lete hain.


sandarbh

  1. a aa "They flew over the new Capital". Hindustan times. 23 September 2011. http://www.hindustantimes.com/They-flew-over-the-new-Capital/Article1-749069.aspx.
  2. "end of the road". mint (samaachaar patra). 15 aktoo, 2009. http://www.livemint.com/2009/10/15220828/End-of-the-road.html.
  3. a aa "makka faur yang eviyetars". Hindustan times. 23 September 2011. http://www.hindustantimes.com/Mecca-for-young-aviators/Article1-749072.aspx.
  4. a aa i "Ministries in row over Safdarjung Airport land". the times of indiya. 13 April 2011. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-04-13/delhi/29413456_1_ud-ministry-safdarjung-airport-aviation-ministry.
  5. "Safdarjung airport flies into history". the times of indiya. Apr 5, 2003. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2003-04-05/delhi/27267580_1_safdarjung-airport-delhi-flying-club-civil-aviation.
  6. "Sonia leeds party too PM endaof". the teleegraaf (Kolkata). 30 July 2004. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1040730/asp/nation/story_3561452.asp.
  7. "Now park-and-ride facility at Safdarjung airport". the hindu. 24 June 2009. http://www.hindu.com/2009/06/24/stories/2009062454170400.htm.
  8. "need too abaulish airport tax". the tribyoon. 4 July 2010,. http://www.tribuneindia.com/2010/20100704/biz.htm#2.
  9. "Contact Information Search." bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran. abhigman: 9 September 2010. "eyaraports athauriti of indiya, Rajiv Gandhi bhavan, safdarajang airport, new delhi - 110003"
  10. Home page naagar vimaanan mahaanideshaalaya (Bhaarat). abhigman tithi: 9 June 209. "aurobindo maarg, opojit safdarajang airport, new delhi - 110 003, indiya"
  11. "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-91974 to 42-110188)". jo baughar. http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_serials/1942_5.html. abhigman tithi: 13 November 2010.
  12. "VT-CZC ekseedeint diskripshan". eviyeshan sefti network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19701205-0. abhigman tithi: 20 October 2010.
  13. "air traijideej not new too the paulitikl leedars". the times of indiya. 2 September 2009. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-09-02/india/28077445_1_chopper-crash-plane-crash-safdarjung-airport.

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