Ram leela

raamaleela ka ek drushya.

raamaleela uttari Bhaarat mein paramparaagat roop se khela jaane wala Ram ke charit par aadhaarit naatak hai. yeh praay: vijyaadashami ke avsar par khela jaata hai.

anukram

itihaas

samudra se lekar Himachal tak prakhyaat raamaleela ka aadi pravartak kaun hai, yeh vivaadaaspad prashn hai. bhaavuk bhakton ki drushti mein yeh anaadi hai. ek kinvadanti ka sanket hai ki treta yug mein shri raamachandr ke vanagamanoparaant ayodhyaavaasiyon ne chaudah varsh ki viyogaavadhi Ram ki baal leelaaon ka abhinay kar bitaai thi. tabhi se iski parampara ka prachalan hua. ek anya janashruti se yeh pramaanit hota hai. ki iske aadi pravartak megha bhagat the jo kaashi ke katuaapur mahalle mein sthit futahe hanumaan ke nikat ke nivaasi maane jaate hain. ek baar purushottam raamachandr ji ne inhein svapn mein darshan dekar leela karne ka aadesh diya taaki bhakt janon ko Bhagwan ke chaakshush darshan ho sakein. isse satprerana paakar inhonne raamaleela sampann karaai. tatparinaamasvaroop theek bharat milaap ke mangal avsar par aaraadhya Dave ne apni jhalak dekar inki kaamna poorn ki. kuchh logon ke mataanusaar raamaleela ki abhinay parampara ke pratishthaapak Goswami tulaseedaas hain, inhonne hindi mein jan manoranjanakaari naatakon ka abhaav paakar iska shreeganesh kiya. inki prerana se ayodhya aur kaashi ke tulasi ghaat par pratham baar raamaleela hui thi.

raamaleela ke prakaar

rangamancheeya drushti se raamaleela teen prakaar ki hain - sachal leela, achal leela tatha stej leela. kaashi nagari ke chaar sthaanon mein achal leelaaeain hoti hain. go. tulaseedaas dvaara sthaapit rangamanch ki kai visheshataaon mein se ek yeh bhi hai ki svaabhaavikta, prabhaavotpaadakata aur manoharata ki srushti ke liye, ayodhya, janakapur, chitrakoot, lanka aadi alag-alag sthaan bana diye gaye the aur ek sthaan par usi se sambandhit sab leelaaeain dikhaai jaati theen. yeh jnyaaatavya hai ki rangashaala khuli hoti thi aur paatron ko samvaad jodne ghataane mein svatantrata thi. is tarah hindi rangamanch ki pratishtha ka shreya go. tulaseedaas ko aur inke kaaryakshetr kaashi ko praapt hai.

gopeeganj aadi mein bharatamilaap ke din vimaan tatha laagein nikaali jaati hain. Allahabad ke dashahare ke avsar par raamaleela ke silsile mein jo vimaan aur chaukiyaaain niklati hai, unka drushya bada bhavya hota hai.

raamaleela ke kalaakaar

leela ke paatr, kishor, yuva, praudh sabhi hote hain. seeta ya sakhiyon ki bhoomika aaj tak kishor dvaara hi sampann hota hai. raamaleela ke sabhi abhineta praaya: braahman hote hain, kintu ab kaheen kaheen anya varnon ke bhi log dekhe jaate hain. paatron ka chunaav karte samay raavan ki kaayik viraatata, seeta ki prakrutigt komalata aur vaaneegat mruduta, shoorpanakha ki shaareerik lanbaai aadi par vishesh dhyaan rakha jaata hai. leelaabhineta chaupaaiyon, dohon ko kanthasth kiye rahate hain aur yathaavasar kathopakathanon mein upayog kar dete hain.

raamaleela ki safalta usaka sanchaalan karanevaale vyaas sootraaghaar par nirbhar karti hai, kyonki vah sanvaadon ki gatyaatmakata tatha abhinetaaon ko nirdesh deta hai. saath hi rangamancheeya vyavastha par bhi poora dhyaan rakhata hai. raamaleela ke praanrabh mein ek nishchit vidhi sveekrut hai. sthaan-kaal-bhed ke kaaran vidhiyon mein antar lakshit hota hai. kaheen Bhagwan ke mukuton ke poojan se to kaheen anya vidhaan se hota hai. ismein ek or paatron dvaara roop aur avasthaaon ka prastuteekaran hota hai, doosari or samavet svar mein maanas ka paraayan naarad-baani-shaili mein hota chalta hai. leela ke ant mein aarti hoti hai.

kaashi mein shoorpanakha ki naak kaate jaane ke baad khar-dooshan ki sena ka jo juloos niklata hai usamein jagamag karte hue vimaan tatha tarah-tarah ki laagein niklati hain jinmein dhaarmik, saamaajik drushyon, ghatnaaon ki manoram jhaakiyaaain rahati hain. saath mein kaali ka vesh dhaaran kiye hue purushon ka talavaar sanchaalan, paitarevaaji, shastrakaushal aadi dekhne laayak hota hai.

raamaleela mein nrutya, sangeet ki pradhaanata naheen hoti kyonki charitnaayak gambhir, veer, dheer, shaaleen evam maryaadaapriya purushottam hain. parinaamasvaroop vaataavaran mein vishesh prakaar ki gambheerta viraajati rahati hai. is leela ki pehle mandali naheen hoti thi ab kuchh peshevar log mandaliyaaain banaakar leelaabhinya se arthopaarjan karte hain. Bhaarat ke gvaaliyr, Jaipur, Allahabad aadi nagaron mein iska mook abhinay (dumbshows) hota hai.

poorvi uttar pradesh ke devariya jile mein salemapur ki "saanskrutik sangam" sanstha dvaara raamaayan ka manchan ek nae aayaam mein prastut kiya gaya hai. is sanstha ka uddeshya aajkal raamaayan, ya raamaleela ke naam se maatr kamaai ka maadhyam banaane mein bhaasha ki shuddhata par dhyaan kam dekar, ashleelta ka prayog kar samaaj ko bhramit karne vaalon ke viruddh ek abhiyaan ki tarah kaarya aarambh kar aas-paas ke kshetron mein khyaati praapt ki hai. yeh sanstha "raamaleela" shabd ka prayog na kar raamaayan manchan ke naam se prastuti deti hai, taaki ismein achhe kuleen ghar ke log, stri evam purush, dooradarshan va cine kalaakaar bhi sammilit hokar yeh puneet kaarya kar sake. ismein 60 kalaakaar bhaag lete hain. gaayak mandali ke saath prakaash evam dhvani ki vyavastha saath liye sonapur ke mele mein bhi vigat do varshon se mele mein aakarshan ke kendra bane.

darshakon ko arth, dharm, kaam, moksh chaaron falon ki praapti hoti hai. raamaleela dekhne se bhaarateindu harishchandr ke hrudaya se raamaleela gaan ki utkantha jagi. parinaamat: hindi saahitya ko "raamaleela" naamak chanpoo ki rachana mili.

prasiddh raamaleela-sthal

raamaleela ka moolaadhaar Goswami tulaseedaas krut "raamacharitmaanas" hai lekin ekamaatr vahi naheen. shri raadheshyaam kathaavaachak dvaara rachit raamaayan ko bhi kaheen-kaheen yeh gaurav praapt hai. aise kaashi ki sabhi raamaleela mein Goswami ji virchit "maanas" hi pratishthit hai. is lok aayojan ke liye varsh bhar do maah hi adhik upayukt maane gaye hain - aashvin aur kaartik. aise iska pradarshan kabhi bhi aur kaheen bhi kiya ja sakta hai. kaashi ke raamanagar ki leela bhaadrapad shukl chaudah ko praarambh hokar sharatpoornima ko poornata praapt karti hai aur nakkheeghaat ki shivraatri se chaitr amaavasya arthaat 33 dinon tak chalti hai. Goswami tulaseedaas ayodhya mein prativrsh raamanavami ke upalakshya mein iska aayojan karaate the. kaheen din ke apaharan kaal mein aur kaheen raatri ke poorvaardh mein iska pradarshan hota tha.

kaashi ke raamanagar ki raamaleela kaashi naresh ke saamane hoti hai. iski samaapti raavan ke putale ke dahan ke saath hoti hai. (James prinsep 1834)

lokanaayak Ram ki leela Bhaarat ke anek kshetron mein hoti hai. Bhaarat ke baahar ke bhookhandon jaise baali, jaava, shri lanka aadi mein praacheen kaal se yeh kisi na kisi roop mein prachalit rahi hai. jis tarah shreekrushn ki raasaleela ka pradhaan kendra unki leelaabhoomi vrundaavan hai usi tarah raamaleela ka sthal hai kaashi aur ayodhya. mithila, Mathura, Agra, Aligadh, eta, itaava, Kanpur, kaashi aadi nagaron ya kshetron mein aashvin maah mein avashya hi aayojit hoti hai lekin ek saath jitni leelaaeain nataraaj ki kreedaabhoomi Varanasi mein hoti hai utani Bhaarat mein anyatr kaheen naheen. is drushti se kaashi is disha mein netrutv karti prateet hoti hai. Rajasthan aur maalava aadi bhoobhaagon mein yeh chaitramaas mein sasamaaroh sampann hoti hai. veer, karun, adbhut, shrungaar aadi rason se aaplaavit raamaleela apna rangamanch sankeern naheen varan unmukt, viraat, prashast sveekaar karti hai. kaheen bhi kisi maidaan mein baaainson, rassiyon taaron aadi se gherakar rangamanch aur prekshaagruh ka sahaj hi nirmaan kar liya jaata hai.

Delhi ki raamaleela

raamaleela maidaan ke raamaleela (2012) ka ek drushya

Delhi mein raamaleelaaon ka itihaas bahut puraana hai. Delhi mein, sabse pehli raamaleela bahaadurashaah jfar ke samay puraani Delhi ke raamaleela maidaan mein hui thi. lavakush raamaleela committee, ashok vihaar raamaleela committee aadi Delhi ki praacheen raamaleelaaon mein se hain. shri Ram bhaarateeya kala kendra dvaara raamaleela ka manchan teen ghanton mein darshaaya jaata hai. yahaaain ki raamaleela mein paatron ki veshabhoosha darshaneeya hai. inke atirikt dilshaad garden raamaleela, mayoor yooth club mayoor vihaar-1 raamaleela, soorajamal vihaar raamaleela aadi bhi Delhi ki charchit raamaleelaaon mein se hain.

raamaleelaaon mein chhavilaal dhondhiyaal dvaara likhit "raamaleela" pustak bahut prachalit pustak hai. adhiktar raamaleelaaeain isi pustak par aadhaarit hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain