Ram

Ram
Lord Rama with arrows.jpg
devanaagari Ram
sahabaddhata vishnu ke avataar
aavaas ayodhya
shastr dhanush
patni seeta

Ram (raamachandr), praacheen Bhaarat mein avatarit, Bhagwan the. hindu dharm mein, Ram, vishnu ke 10 avataaron mein se saatavein hain. Ram ka jeevanakaal evam paraakram, maharshi vaalmeeki dvaara rachit, sanskrut mahaakaavya raamaayan ke roop mein likha gaya hai| un par tulaseedaas ne bhi bhakti kaavya shri raamacharitmaanas racha tha | khaas taur par uttar Bhaarat mein Ram bahut adhik poojaneeya maane jaate hain. raamachandr hindutvavaadiyon ke bhi aadarsh purush hain.

Ram, ayodhya ke raaja dasharath aur raani kaushalya ke sabse bade putr the. Ram ki patni ka naam seeta tha (jo lakshmi ka avataar maani jaati hain) aur inke teen bhaai the- Lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn. hanumaan, Bhagwan Ram ke, sabse bade bhakt maane jaate hai. Ram ne raakshas jaati ke raaja raavan ka vadh kiya| Ram ki pratishtha maryaada purushottam ke Ru p mein hai. Ram ne maryaada ke paalan ke liye raajya, mitra, maata pita, yahaaain tak ki patni ka bhi saath chhoda. inka parivaar aadarsh bhaarateeya parivaar ka pratinidhitv karta hai. Ram raghukul mein janmein the, jiski parampara praan jaae par vachan na jaaye ki thi. pita dasharath ne sauteli maata kaikeyi ko vachan diya tha, usaki 2 ichha ( var) pure karne ka. kaikeyi ne in var ke roop mein apne putr bharat ko ayodhya ka raaja aur Ram ke liye 14 varsh ka vanavaas maaainga. pita ke vachan ki raksha ke liye Ram ne khushi se 14 varsh ka vanavaas sveekaar kiya. patni seeta ne aadarshapatni ka udahaaran pesh karte hue pati ke saath van jaana pasand kiya. sautela bhaai Lakshman ne bhi bhaai ka saath diya. bharat ne nyaaya ke liye maata ka aadesh thukaraaya aur bade bhaai Ram ke paas van jaakar unki charanapaaduka( chappal) le aae. fir ise hi raaj gaddi par rakh kar raajakaaj kiya. Ram ki patni seeta ko raavan haran(chura) kar le gaya. Ram ne us samay ki ek janajaati vaanar ke logo ki madad se seeta ko dhoondha. samudra mein pul bana kar raavan ke saath yuddh kiya. use maar kar seeta ko vaapas laaye. jungle mein Ram ko hanumaan jaisa dost aur bhakt mila jisne Ram ke saare kaarya pure karaaye. Ram ke aayodhya lautane par bharat ne raajya unako hi saup diya. Ram nyaaya priya the bahut achha shaasan kiya. isliye aaj bhi achhe shaasan ko raamaraajya ki upama dete hain. Ram ki mrutyu hindu dharm ke kai tyauhaar, jaise dashahara aur deepaavali, Ram ki jeevan-katha se jude hue hai.

anukram

janm

naumi tithi madhumaas puneeta, sukal pachh abhijit haripreeta.

madhya diwas ati seet na ghaama, paavan kaal lok bishraama..

raamacharitmaanas baalakaand se.

vaigyaanik tatha pleniteriym software ke anusaar Ram janm 4 December 7,393 i° poorv hua tha, yeh ganana hindu kaalaganana se mel khaata hai.[1] vaalmeeki puraan ke anusaar Ram janm ke din paaainch grah apne uchch sthaan mein sthaapit the, naumi tithi chaitr shuklapaksh tatha punarvasu nakshatr tha. jiske anusaar soorya mesh mein 10 degree, mangal makar mein 28 degree, brahaspati kark mein 5 degree par, shukr meen mein 27 degree par evam shani tula raashi mein 20 degree par tha.

vaalmeeki tatha tulaseedaas nein apne granthon mein likha hai ki raamajanm madhyaanh mein hua tha. PV vartak ke anusaar vaalmeeki raamaayan jaisi paristhitiyaaain Ram janm ke din dopahar 12:25 baje drushya theen.[2]

Ram ke jeevan ki pramukh ghatanaaeain

Ram ka baalapan aur seeta-svayanvar ===

puraanon tatha kivdantiyon mein shri Ram ke janm ke baare mein spasht pramaan milte ki shri Ram ka janm uttar pradesh ke faijaabaad jile ke ayodhya namak nagar mein hua tha|ayodhya jo ki bhagavaan Ram ke poorvajo ki hi rajdhani thi|Ram chandr ji ke poorvaj raghu the| bachapan se hi shaan‍aat s‍aavaabhaav ke veer puroosh the. un‍aahone maryaadaaon ko hamesha sarvochch sthaan diya tha. isi kaaran un‍aahe maryaada purooshottam Ram ke naam se jaana jaata hai. unka raajya n‍aayaayapriya aur khushahaal maana jaata tha. isliye Bhaarat mein jab bhi suraaj ki baat hoti hai, raamaraaj ya raamaraajya ka udaaharan diya jaata hai. dharm ke maarg par chalne vaale Ram ne apne teeno bhaaiyon ke saath guroo vashish‍aath se shiksha praap‍aat ki. kishoravaya mein vishvaamitr un‍aahe van mein raakshason dvaara machaae ja rahe utpaat ko samaapt karne ke liye le gaye. Ram ke saath unke chhote bhaai Lakshman bhi is kaam mein unke saath the. taadka naamak raakshasi baksar (Bihar) me rahati thi.[krupaya uddharan jodein] vaheen par usaka vadh hua. Ram ne us samay taadka naamak raakshasi ko maara tatha maareech ko palaayan ke liye majaboor kiya. is dauraan hi vish‍aavaamitr unhein mithila le gaye. vahaaain ke videh raaja janak ne apni putri seeta ke vivaah ke liye ek samaaroh aayojit kiya tha. jahaun Shiv ka ek dhanush tha jiski prat‍aayancha chadhaane vaale shooraveer se seeta ka vivaah kiya jaana tha. bahut saare raaja mahaaraaja us samaaroh mein padhaare the. bahut se raajaaon ke prayatn ke baad bhi jab dhanush par prat‍aayancha chadhaana to door dhanush utha tak naheen sake, tab vish‍aavaamitr ki aajnyaa paakar Ram ne dhanush utha kar prat‍aayancha chadhaane ki prayatn ki. unki prat‍aayancha chadhaane ki prayatn mein vah mahaan dhunush ghor dh‍aa‍aavani karte hue toot gaya. maharshi parashuraam ne jab is ghor dh‍aavani suna to vahaaain aagaye aur apne guroo (Shiv) ka dhanush tootanein par rosh v‍aayak‍aat karne lage. laksh‍aaman ugr s‍aavaabhaav ke the. unka vivaad parashuraam se hua. tab Ram ne beech-bachaav kiya. is prakaar seeta ka vivaah Ram se hua aur parashuraam sahit samas‍aat logo ne aasheervaad diya. ayodhya mein Ram seeta sukhapoorvak rahane lage. log Ram ko bahut chaahate the. unki mrudul, janasevaayuk‍aat bhaavana aur n‍aayaayapriyta ke kaaran unki vishesh lokapriyta thi. raaja dasharath vaanapras‍aath ki or agrasar ho rahe the. at: un‍aahone raaj‍aayabhaar Ram ko saunpanein ka socha. janta mein bhi sukhad lahar daud gayi ki unke priya raaja unke priya Rajkumar ko raaja niyuk‍aat karanevaale hain. us samay Ram ke an‍aaya do bhaai bharat aur shatrugh‍aan apne nanihaal kaikeya gaye hue the. kaikeyi ki daasi manthara ne kaikeyi ko bharamaaya ki raaja tum‍aahaare saath galat kar rahein hai. tum raaja ki priya raani ho to tum‍aahaari santaan ko raaja banana chaahiye par raaja dasharath Ram ko raaja banaana chaa‍aahate hain.

Ram ke bachapan ki vistaar-poorvak vivran svaami tulaseedaas ki raamacharitmaanas ke baalakaand se milti hai.

vanavaas

raaja dasharath ke teen raaniyaaain theen: kaushalya, sumitra aur kaikeyi. Ram kaushalya ke putr the, sumitra ke do putr, Lakshman aur shatrughn the aur kaikeyi ke putr bharat the. raajya niymo se raaja ka jyeshth ladka hi raaja banane ka paatr hota hai at: Ram ko ayodhya ka raaja banana nishchit tha . kaikeyi jinhone do baar dasharath ki jaan bachaai thi aur dasharath ne unhein yeh var diya tha ki vo jeevan ke kisi bhi pal unase do var maang sakti hai . Ram ko raaja bante hue aur bhavishya ko dekhte hue kaikeyi chaahati thi usaka putr bharat hi raaja banein, isliye unhone raaja dasharath dvaara Ram ko 14 varsh ka vanavaas dilaaya aur apne putr bharat ke liye ayodhya ka raajya maang liya . vachanon mein bande raaja dasharath ko majabooran yeh sveekaar karna pada . Ram ne apne pita ki aajnyaa ka paalan kiya. Ram ki patni seeta aur unke bhaai Lakshman bhi vanavaas gaye the.

seeta ka haran

Ram evam sugreev ki bheint.

vanavaas ke samay, raavan ne seeta ka haran kiya tha. raavan ek raakshas tatha lanka ka raaja tha. raamaayan ke anusaar, jab Ram , seeta aur Lakshman kutiya mein the tab ek hiran ki vaani sunakar seeta vyaakul ho gayi. vah hiran raavan ka maama maareech tha| usane raavan ke kehne par sunahare hiran ka roop banaaya| seeta use dekh kar mohit ho gayi aur shreeraam se us hiran ka shikaar karne ka anurodh kiya| shreeraam apni bhaarya ki ichha poori karne chal pade aur Lakshman se seeta ki raksha karne ko kaha| maareech shreeraam ko bahut door le gaya| mauka milte hi shreeraam ne teer chalaaya aur hiran bane maareech ka vadh kiya| marate marate maareech ne jor se "he seeta ! he Lakshman" ki aavaaj lagaayi| us aavaaj ko sun seeta chintit ho gayeen aur unhonne Lakshman ko shreeraam ke paas jaane ko kaha | Lakshman jaana naheen chaahate the, par apni bhaabhi ki baat ko inkaar na kar sake| Lakshman ne jaane se pehle ek rekha kheechi, jo Lakshman rekha ke naam se prasiddh hai.

Ram, apne bhaai Lakshman ke saath seeta ki khoj me dar-dar bhatak rahe the. tab ve hanumaan aur sugreev naamak do vaanaron se mile. hanumaan, Ram ke sabse bade bhakt bane.

raavan ka vadh

bhavaanaraav baalaasaaheb pantapratinidhi krut raavan-vadh.

seeta ko ko pun: praapt karne ke liye bhagavan Ram ne hanumaan , vibheeshan aur vaanar sena ki madad se raavan ke sabhi bandhoo-baandhavo aur uske vanshajoain ko paraajit kiya tha aur lautate samay vibheeshan ko lanka ka raaja banaakar achhe shaasak ke liye maargadarshan kiya.

ayodhya vaapasi

Bhagwan Ram ne jab raavan ko yuddh mein paraast kiya aur uske chhote bhaai vibheeshan ko lanka ka raaja bana diya. Ram, seeta, lakshaman aur kuchh vaanar jan pushpak vimaan se ayodhya ki or prasthaan kiya. vahaan sabse milne ke baad Ram aur seeta ka ayodhya me raajyaabhishek hua. poora raajya kushal samay vyateet karne laga. Ram ki mrutyu

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain