Poland ka itihaas

Poland ka itihaas iski bhoomi par slaav jaati ke aagaman se shuroo hota hai. ye chhathi-saataveen shataabdi mein aaye yahaaain sthaayi nivaas banaaya aur iska vikaas kiya. piaast vansh (Piast dynasty) ke samay mein san 966 mein yahaaain isaai dharm faila.

  • piaast vansh 966 - 1370
  • jagiloniaai vansh (The Jagiellonian Dynasty) 1382-1572
  • shaahi ganatantr (The Royal Republic) 1572-1795

  • 1241 : mangol sena ne Poland par aakraman kiya aur ise raund daala.
  • 1364 : kreko academy ki sthaapana; baad mein isi vishvavidyaalaya mein nikolas koparaniks ne shiksha paayi.
  • 1388 : Poland ki raani ne lithuaaniya ke raaja se vivaah kiya aur is prakaar polaind aur lithuaaniya ek ho gaye. is prakaar Poland Europe ke sabse bade deshon ki shreni mein sammalit ho gaya jiska vistaar baaltik saagar se kaala saagar tak ho gaya.
  • 1493 : Poland mein dvisdaneeya sansad ki pehli baithak hui. iske baad raaja, praja ki sahamati se shaasan karne laga.
  • 1506 : sigismund pratham raaja bana. Poland ka svaran yug ka arambh.
  • 1772 : Poland ka pehla vibhaajan ; roos, prusiya aur aastriya ne Poland ka bahut saara bhaag apne-apne adheen kar liya.
  • 1791 : (3 May) Poland ka likhit samvidhaan laagoo. yeh Europe mein pratham aur America ke baad vishv ka doosra samvidhaan tha.
  • 1793 : Poland ka dviteeya vibhaajan; Poland mein likhit samvidhaan laagoo hone se roos ka raaja tilmila gaya aur usane Poland par aakraman karke samvidhaan ke nilmban ke liye vaadhya kar diya.
  • 1795 : roos ka truteeya vibhaajan ; iske baad agale 123 varshon tak Poland ka astitv samaapt raha.
  • 1918 : pratham vishvayuddh ke baad Poland ko svatantrata mili.
  • 1920 : bolsevikon ki sena ne poore Europe ko jeetne ki ichha se Poland par aakraman kiya. kintu paraajit ho gayi.
  • 1939 : hitlar ne 1 sitmbar ko pashchim se Poland par aakraman kar diya. dviteeya vishvayuddh shuroo.
  • 1945 : Poland soviyt prabhaav kshetr ke roop mein ghoshit ; communist shaasan ka aarambh
  • 1989 : communist shaasan ki samaapti
  • 1997 : deshavyaapi janamat sangrah ke baad naya samvidhaan laagoo
  • 1999 : Poland naito gut mein shaamil

baahari kadiyaaain