Patiala

Patiala
shahar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Punjab
jila Patiala
janasankhya 302,870 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 250 meter (820 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 30°a20′aN 76°a24′aE / 30.33°aN 76.4°aE / 30.33; 76.4 Patiala Bhaarat ke Punjab (Bhaarat) praant ka ek nagar aur bhootapoorv raajya hai. Patiala jila poorvavarti Punjab ki ek pramukh riyaasat thi. aaj yeh Punjab raaj‍aaya ka paanchava sabse bada jila hai. Patiala ki seemaaen ut‍aatar mein fatehagadh, roopanagar aur Chandigarh se, pashchim mein sangaroor jile se, poorv mein Ambala aur kurukshetr se aur dakshin mein kaithal se milti hain. Patiala paig ke liye mashahoor yeh s‍aathaan shiksha ke kshetr mein bhi agrani raha. desh ka pehla degree college mohindar college ki s‍aathaapana 1870 mein Patiala mein hi hui thi.

Patiala ki apni ek alag sans‍aakruti hai jo yahaan ke logon ki visheshata ko darshaati hai. yahaan ke vaas‍aatushil‍aap mein rajput shaili ka put dikhaai padta hai lekin yeh shaili bhi s‍aathaaneeya paranparaaon mein dhlakar ek naya roop le chuki hai. Patiala ka kila mubaarak parisar to jaise sundarata ki Khan hai. ek hi jagah par kai khoobsoorat imaaraton ko dekhna apne aap ke anokha anubhav hai.

anukram

mukhya aakarshan

kila mubaarak parisar

raatri mein kila mubaarak
Patiala riyaasat ka raajadhvaja
mahaaraaja bhoopiundar Singh

10 ekad kshetr mein faila kila mubaarak parisar shahar ke beechon beech sthit hai. kila androon ya mukh‍aaya mahal, ges‍aatahaaus aur darbaar hall is parisar ke pramukh bhaag hain. is parisar ke baahar darshani gate, Shiv mandir aur dukaanein hain. kila androon sailaaniyon ko vishesh roop se aakarshit karta hai. iske vaas‍aatushil‍aap par ut‍aataramugalakaaleen aur raajas‍aathaani shil‍aap ka prabhaav s‍aapash‍aat roop se dekha ja sakta he. parisar mein ut‍aatar aur dakshin chhoron par 10 baraamade hain jinka aakaar prakaar alag hi prakaar ka hai. mukh‍aaya mahal ko dekh kar lagta hai ki jaise mahalon ka ek jhund ho. har kamre ka alag naam aur pehchaan hai. vaas‍aatav iska shil‍aap saundarya dekhte hi banta hai.

rang mahal aur sheesh mahal

in donon mahalon ko badi sankh‍aaya mein bhittichitron se sajaaya gaya hai, jin‍aahein mahaaraaja naren‍aadr Singh ki dekharekh mein banavaaya gaya tha. kila mubaarak ke andar bane in mahalon mein 16 range hue aur kaanch se sajaae gaye cheinbar hain. udaaharan ke liye mahal ke darbaar kaksh mein Bhagwan vish‍aanu ke avataaron aur veerata ki kahaaniyon ko darshaaya gaya hai. mahila cheinbar mein lokapriya romantic kahaaniyon chitrit ki gain hain. mahal ke an‍aaya do cheinbaron mein ach‍aachhe aur bure raajaaon ke gun-doshon par prakaash daala gaya hai. in mahalon mein bane bhittichitr 19 veen shataab‍aadi mein bane Bhaarat ke shresh‍aan bhittichitron mein ek hain. ye bhittichitr raajas‍aathaani, pahaadi aur avadhi sans‍aakruti ko darshaate hain.

darbaar hall

yeh hall saarvajanik samaarohon mein logon ke ekatrit hone ke liye banavaaya gaya tha. is hall ko ab ek sangrahaalaya mein tab‍aadeel kar diya gaya hai jismein aakarshan faanoos aur vibhin‍aan as‍aatr-shas‍aatron ko rakha gaya hai. is sangrahaalaya mein guroo govin‍aad Singh ki talavaar aur kataar ke saath-saath naadirshaah ki talavaar bhi dekhi ja sakti hai. yeh domanjila hall ek oonche chabootare par bana hua hai. hall mein lakdi aur kaanch ki shaanadaar kaareegari ki gayi hai.

ranabaas

favvaara chauk

is imaarat ko shaayad atithi gruh ke roop mein is‍aatemaal kiya jaata tha. iska vishaal praveshadvaar aur do aangan khaase aakarshak hain, vahaan fav‍aavaare aur tank aangan ki shobha badhaate hain. ranabaas ke aangan mein ek rangi hui deevaarein aur son jada sinhaasan bana hai jo logon ko kaafi lubhaata hai. rangi hui deevaaron ke saamane hi oopari khand mein kuchh mandap bhi hain, jo ek-doosare ke saamane bane hue hain.

las‍aasi khaana

is chhoti domanjili imaarat ke aangan mein ek kuaa bana hua hai. is imaarat ko kichn ke daur par is‍aatemaal kiya jaata tha. las‍aasi khaana ranabaas ke sata hua hai aur kila andaroon ke liye yahaan se raas‍aata jaata hai. s‍aathaaneeya nivaasiyon ka kehna hai ki ek jamaane mein yahaan 3500 logon ko khaana banaaya jaata tha.

moti baag mahal

moti baag mahal mein raashtreeya khel sansthaan bana hua hai.

is mahal ka nirmaan kaarya mahaaraaja naren‍aadr Singh ke kaal mein shuroo hua tha jo beesaveen shataab‍aadi mein jaakar mahaaraaja bhoopen‍aadrar Singh ke shaasanakaal mein poora hua. ol‍aad moti baag mahal ko ab raash‍aatreeya khel sans‍aathaan bana diya gaya hai. mahal ke raajas‍aathaani shaili ke jharokhe aur chhatari bahut sundar hain. saath‍aa hi mahal mein ek ek sundar bageecha, baraamada, paani ki naharein aur sheeshamahal bana hua hai.

panj bali gurudvaara

navaab saif Khan guru teg bahaadur ke bahut bade anuyaayi the. guruji ki yahaan ki yaatra ki yaad mein un‍aahonne do gurudvaaron ka nirmaan karavaaya. ek kile ke andar banaaya aur doosra sadak ke doosari or jise aaj panch bali gurudvaara kaha jaata hai.

kila bahaaduragadh

sik‍aakhon ke nauvein guru guru teg bahaadur apni yaatra ke dauraan saifaabaad mein thahare the. mahaaraaja amar Singh ne is jagah ka punarnimaan karavaaya aur is s‍aathaan ka naam bahaaduragadh rakh diya. bahaaduragadh ke vartamaan kile ka nirmaan mahaaraaja vikram Singh ne karavaaya tha. un‍aahonne Patiala-raajapura road par ek khoobsoorat gurudvaare ka bhi nirmaan karaaya.

kaali mandir

rajindar kothi

jab mahaaraaja bhupindar Singh ne mandir banaane ka nish‍aachaya kiya to un‍aahonne maan kaali ki pratima Bengal see Patiala mangavaai. yeh vishaal parisar hidu tatha sik‍aakh shraddhaaluon ko apni or aakarshit karta hai. door-door se bhak‍aatajan yahaan kaali maan ke darshan karne aate hain. is parisar ke beech mein kaali mandir se bhi puraana raaj raajesh‍aavari mandir bhi sthit hai.

gurudvaara du:khanivaaran saahib

lehal ke gaanvavaasiyon ne yeh jameen gurudvaara banaane ke liye daan ki thi. maana jaata hai ki guru teg bahaadur is jagah aae the. janashruti ke anusaar jo v‍aayakti gurudvaare mein praarthana karta hai, use kash‍aaton se mukti mil jaati hai. isliye gurudvaare ka naam du:khanivaaran pada. aajkal nai badi imaarat ka nirmaan kaarya pragati par hai.

ijalas-A-khaas s‍aate

is imaarat ka nirmaan riyaasat ke prashaasanim sachivaalaya ke roop mein kiya gaya tha. aaj yahaan Punjab s‍aatet ilaik‍aatreesiti board ke kaaryaalaya hain.

baaraadari udyaan

fulakaari ka ek namoona

puraane Patiala shahar ke baaraadari mahal ke aaspaas faila yeh udyaan sheraanvaala gate ke bil‍aakul baahar hai. is udyaan ka nirmaan mahaaraaja raajeindr Singh ke shaasanakaal mein kiya gaya tha. udyaan durlabh prajaati ke ped-paudhe dekhe ja sakte hain. iske alaava udyaan mein bani aupaniveshik imaaratein, fame house aur mahaaraaja raajeindr Singh ki sangamaramar pratima iski sundarata mein chaar chaand lagaate hain.

raajeindr kothi

raajeindr kothi baaraadari udyaan ke beech sthit hai. 19veen shataab‍aadi mein nirmit is imaarat ka nirmaan mahaaraaja raajeindr Singh ne karavaaya tha. ise dekhkar aupaniveshik vaas‍aatushil‍aap ki yaad taaja ho aati hai. kuchh samay pehle tak yahaan Punjab raaj‍aaya ka puraaabhilekhaagaar tha. Punjab urban p‍aalaining end develapameint athairiti ise ek heritej hotel mein badalne ki yojana bana rahi hai.

laksh‍aaman jhoola

sheesh mahal ke saamane bahti ek chhoti si jheel ke saath hi laksh‍aaman jhoola bana hua hai. is jhoole ka nirmaan rishikesh ke laksh‍aaman jhoole ki tarj par kiya gaya hai.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

dil‍aali se amrutasar aur dil‍aali se Chandigarh ke liye seedhi udaanein hain. vahaan se taik‍aasi aur basein Patiala ke liye jaati hain.

rel maarg

dil‍aali-bhatinda intar city ek‍aasapres ya shataab‍aadi ek‍aasapres se Ambala, vahaan se kiraae par taik‍aasi lekar Patiala tak pahuncha ja sakta hai. rel su‍aavidhaaen Patiala ko ut‍aatar Bhaarat ke pramukh paryatak s‍aathalon se jodti hain.

sadak maarg

Patiala raash‍aatreeya raajamaarg-1 ke paas hi hai. dil‍aali se keval 250 kimi. door hone ke kaaran yahaan aane mein j‍aayaada samay naheen lagta. Chandigarh se jeerakapur (ra.ra.22) aur raajapura hote hue bhi Patiala pahuncha ja sakta hai.

Patiala ke raaja

baahari kadiyaaain