Pakistan aandolan

Pakistan aandolan ya takreer'A Pakistan (urdoo: تaaحaaرaaیaaک پaaاaaکaaسaaتaaاaaن) 20veen sadi ke bhaarateeya upamahaadveep mein hue ek raajaneetik aandolan ka naam tha, jisne antyat: bhaaratavarsh ko dhaaramik radhaankanon pe vibhaajit kar diya. iske parinaam svaroop upamahaadveep ke bhaarateeya british saamraraajya ke uttar pashchimi ke chaar praanton va poorv mein poorvi Bengal ki svatantrata sanyojan se sthaapana hui Pakistan naamak ek svatantr islaamik ganarajya ki. yeh aandolan bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan ke samaanaantar hi chala tha. haalaanki, dono aandolano ka uddeshya ek hi tha, panantoo, Pakistan aandolan ka mukhya uddeshya "bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ke musalmaanon ki dhaarmik pehchaan aur raajaneetik hiton ka sanrakshit va suraksha tha." is prasang ka pehla sangathit aandolan saiyad Ahmad Khan dvaara Aligadh mein hua tha, jise Aligadh aandolan ke roop mein jaana jaane laga tha. yeh aandolan Pakistan aandolan ka aadhaar tha. 1906 mein, ek shaikshik sammelan aayojit kiya gaya jo dheere dheere muslim sudhaarakon ke aandolan se raajaneetik charan mein tabdeel ho gaya. is beech mein, all India muslim league ka gathan kiya gaya tha. gurutvapoorn musalim netaaon dvaara iske gathan ke peechhe ka mool uddeshya british Bhaarat mein musalmaanon ke maulik adhikaaron ki raksha karna tha. aandolan ke praarambhik daur mein muslim league ke vaarshik satron ne allaama Iqbal ki daarshanik drushtikon va netritv ke antardat andolan ko aage badhaaya. jiske pashchaat muhammad Ali jinna ke samvaidhaanik prayaason ne aandolan ke liye janasamarthan banaane ke liye mahatvapoorn yogadaan diya. urdoo shaayar Iqbal aur faij ke saahitya, kavita evam bhaashanon ne bhi raajaneetik chetna ke gathan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai thi. inke alaava begam raana liyaakat Ali Khan aur Fatima jinnaah jaisi mahilaaon ne bhi apni bhoomika nibhaai thi. naukareepeshe vaale logon ne bhi Pakistan aandolan mein bhaag liya tha. baad mein, bhaarateeya svatantrata adhiniyam, 1947 paarit kiya gaya, jiske antargat Bhaarat adhiraajya aur Pakistan adhiraajya naamak do svatantr svaayatya-upanivesh(domeeniyn) ki sthaapana ki gayi. Pakistan aandolan kai maaenon mein, saamaajik, raajanaitik evam bauddhik prakriya ka parinaam tha. iske baad Pakistan ke sansthaapakon ne ek majaboot sarkaar banaane ki prayaas ki jo ki navasthaapit desh ke donon khandon par safal niyantran banaae rakh sake. 1958 mein baad mein, Pakistan mein sainya takhtaapalat hua aur raajaneetik evam aarthik bhedabhaav, evam anya kai masalon ke parinaamasvaroop Bangladesh 1971 mein ek svatantr raashtra ke roop mein ubhara jo ki us samay tak poorvi Pakistan tha. saaaincha:Pakistan

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