Narendra Dave

faijaabaad sthit aachaarya Narendra Dave ka paarivaarik ghar

aachaarya nareindradev (1889-19 fravari 1956) Bhaarat ke pramukh svatantrata sangraam senaani, patrakaar, saahityakaar evam shikshaavid the. ve Congress samaajavaadi dal ke pramukh siddhaantakaar the.

vilkshan pratibha aur vyaktitv ke svaami aachaarya narendradev adhyaapak ke roop mein uchch koti ke nishthaavaan adhyaapak aur mahaan shikshaavid the. kaashi vidyaapeeth ke aachaarya banane ke baad se yeh upaadhi unke naam ka hi ang ban gayi. desh ko svatantr karaane ka junoon unhein svatantrata aandolan mein kheench laaya aur Bhaarat ki aarthik dasha va gareebon ki durdasha ne unhein samaajavaadi bana diya.

jeevan vrutt

aachaarya nareindradev ka janm sanvat 1949 (san 1890 E.) mein kaartik shukl ashtami ko uttar pradesh ke seetaapur mein hua tha. unke pita shri baladevaprasaad ji apne samay ke bade vakeelon mein the. ve dhaarmik vrutti ke the. Congress aur social kaanafareins ke kaamon mein bhi thodi bahut dilchaspi lete the. is naate upadeshak, sannyaasi aur pandit unke ghar aaya karte the. is tarah bachapan mein hi svaami raamateerth, pandit madanamohan maalaveeya, pan॰ deenadayaalu sharma aadi ke sampark mein aane ka mauka mila. pita ji ke prabhaav se aachaarya ji (tab avinaasheelaal) ke man mein bhaarateeya sanskruti ke prati anuraag upaja. isi kaaran aage chalakar aapne M.A. mein sanskrut li. iske poorv Allahabad vishvavidyaalaya se bi.A. kiya. bi.A. paas kar puraatatv padhne kaashi ke kveens kaalej mein aae. san 1913 mein M.A. paas kiya. gharwaalon ne vakaalat padhne ka aagrah kiya. nareindradev ji ko yeh pesha pasand naheen tha. kintu vakaalat karte hue raajaneeti mein bhaag le sakane ki drushti se kaanoon padha. 1915-20 tak paaainch varsh faijaabaad mein vakaalat ki. isi beech asahayog aandolan praarambh hua. asahayog aandolan ke shuroo hone ke baad shri javaaharalaal Nehru ki soochana aur apne mitr shri shivprasaad gupt ke aamantran par nareindradev ji vidyaapeeth aae.

is sambandh mein aachaarya nareindradev ji ne "mere sansmaran" sheershak radio vaarta mein kaha hai : "mere jeevan mein sada do pravruttiyaaain rahi hain - ek padhne-likhne ki aur, doosari raajaneeti ki ; aur in donon mein sangharsh rahata hai. yadi donon ki suvidha ek saath mil jaae to mujhe bada paritosh rahata hai aur yeh suvidha mujhe vidyaapeeth mein mili. isi kaaran vah mere jeevan ka sabse achha hissa hai jo vidyaapeeth ki seva mein vyateet hua."

vidyaapeeth mein daaktar bhagavaanadaas ji ki adhyakshata mein aachaarya ji ne kaam shuroo kiya. 1926 mein swayam adhyaksh hue. do varsh tak vidyaarthiyon ke saath hi nareindradev ji aur ham log rahate the. ek kutunb sa tha. saath-saath ham log raajaneetik kaarya bhi karte the. vidyaapeeth ke adhyaapakon aur vidyaarthiyon se aapka bada hi ghanishth sambandh raha hai. shri shreeprakaash ji ne unhein aachaarya kehna shuroo kiya aur fir to vah unke naam ka ek ang ban gaya. kaashi vidyaapeeth ke adhyaapakon aur vidyaarthiyon ne aachaarya ji ke netrutv mein desh ke svatantrata sangraam aur svatantr raashtreeya shiksha ke kshetr mein mahatvapoorn yogadaan kiya. svatantrataapraapti ke baad shaasak aur virodhi dalon ke yogya neta aur kaaryakarta, vidya aur aacharanasanpann adhyaapak, prakhar patrakaar aur rachanaatmak kaaryakarta bhi vidyaapeeth se nikle.

prayaag mein adhyayan ke sambandh mein rahate hue nareindradev ji ke vichaar pusht hue. hindu bordig house un dinon ugr vichaaron ka kendra tha. nareindradev ji vahaaain garam dal ke vichaaron ke ho gaye. 1906 mein aapne jo ugr vichaaradhaara apnaai to fir jeevan bhar usapar drudh rahe. 1905 mein aap Congress ke adhiveshanon mein garam dal ke hone ke kaaran jaana chhod diya. san 1916 mein jab Congress mein donon dalon mein mel hua tab fir kaangreins mein aa gaye. 1916 se 1948 tak aal India Congress committee ke sadasya aur javaaharalaal ki varkig committee ke sadasya bhi the.

bhagn svaasthya ke baavajood aapne 1930 ke namak satyaagrah, 1932 ke aandolan tatha 1941 ke vyaktigat satyaagrah aandolan mein saahas ke saath bhaag liya aur jail ki yaatanaaeain saheen. 1942 mein chaar maheene tak Gandhi ji ne apne aashram mein chikitsa ke liye rakha. adhik asvasth hone par Gandhi ji ne apna maun toda. fir, jab 8 August 42 ko Gandhi ji ne "karo ya maro" prastaav rakha, Mumbai mein aachaarya ji Congress kaaryasamiti ke sadasyon ke saath giraftaar he gaye. 1942-45 tak shri javaaharalaal Nehru ke saath ahamadanagar ke kile mein band rahe.

vaise, kraantikaari dal ke kabhi sadasya naheen hue, kintu unke kai netaaon se aapka ghanishth parichay tha. ve aapka vishvaas karte the, samay-samay par aapse sahaayata bhi lete the aur videshon se aanevaala saahitya le jaate the aur apne samaachaar dete the.

1934 mein aapne shri jayaprakaash Narayan, daaktar raamamanohar lohiya tatha anya sahayogiyon ke saath Congress soshalist party ki sthaapana ki. 1934 E. mein hue pratham adhiveshan ke adhyaksh aachaarya ji hi the. Congress se baahar aane par 1948 mein soshalist party ka jo sammelan Patna mein hua usaki adhyakshata bhi aachaarya ji ne hi ki. samaajavaadi aandolan mein aachaarya nareindradev ka vahi sthaan raha hai jo ek parivaar mein pita ka hota hai ya vyakti mein aatma ka hota hai. aachaarya ji maakrsavaadi samaajavaadi the, kintu baraabar kaha karte the ki is yug ki do mukhya preranaaeain raashtreeyata aur samaajavaad hai aur raashtreeya paristhitiyon aur aakaankshaaon ki drushti se hi samaajavaad ka arth karne par jor dete rahe. is drushti se aachaarya ji kisaanon ke savaal par vishesh jor dete the aur kisaanon ki bhoomika ka vishesh maan karte the, jab ki maakrsavaadi parampara ke anusaar kisaan ki bhoomika pratikriyaavaadi hi ho sakti hai. Bhaarat mein samaajavaad ko raashtreeyata aur kisaanon ke savaal se jodna, aachaarya ji ki bhaarateeya samaajavaad ko ek sthaayi den hai.

lekhan evam rachanaaeain

raajaneeti ke alaava, doosari pravrutti, unheen ke shabdon mein, "likhne padhne ki or" rahi hai. is disha mein aachaarya nareindradev ji ka yogadaan atyant mahatva ka hai. vidyaapeeth ke dvaara pichhle varshon mein raashtreeya shiksha ke kshetr mein jo mahatva ka kaam hua hai, usaki aaj bhi, jabki raashtreeya shikshaapranaali ki khoj hi chal rahi hai, vishesh upayogita hai. kaashi vidyaapeeth ke adhyaapak, aachaarya aur kulapati ki haisiyat se aapne apni vidvatta, udaarata aur charitra ke dvaara adhyaapan aur prashaasan ka jo uchch aadarsh kaayam kiya hai, vah anukaraneeya hai. apne sahayogi shri sanpoornaanand ji ke aagrah par aachaarya ji ne sanyukt praant ke fir naam badal jaane par, uttar pradesh ki maadhyamik shiksha samiti ki adhyakshata ki thi. is samiti ke jariye kai ek mahatvapoorn sujhaav aapne diye the. iske alaava, sanskrut vaaङamaya ke adhyayan aur anusandhaan ko badhaane par aap baraabar jor dete the.

bauddhadarshan ke adhyayan mein aachaarya ji ki vishesh ruchi aur gati rahi hai. aajeevan ve bauddhadarshan ka adhyayan karte rahe. apne jeevan ke antim dinon mein "bauddh-dharm-darshan" unhonne poora kiya. "abhidhrmakosh" bhi prakaashit karaaya tha. "abhidhmmatthasanhaho" ka bhi hindi anuvaad kiya tha. praakrut tatha paali vyaakaran hindi mein taiyaar kiya tha. kintu vah mil naheen raha hai. sambhav hai, unki kitaabon vagairah ke saath kaheen mile. bauddh darshan ke paaribhaashik shabdon ke kosh ka nirmaanakaarya bhi unhonne praanrabh kiya tha. perunduraai ke vishraamakaal mein aapne 400 shabdon ko vyaakhyaatmak kosh banaaya tha, kintu aakasmik nidhan se yeh kaam poora na ho saka.

kintu prakaashit rachanaaon se shaayad adhik bejod unke bhaashan rahe hain. is baat ka kai baar vichaar hua ki unke bhaashanon ka sangrah kiya jaae, kintu vyavastha na ho saki aur is tarah gyaan ki ek amoolya nidhi kho gayi.

aachaarya nareindradev ji ne "vidyaapeeth" traimaasik patrika, "samaaj" traimaasik, "janavaani" maasik, "sangharsh" aur "samaaj" saaptaahik patron ka sanpaadan kiya. inmein jo lekh, tippaniyaaain vagairah samay-samay par prakaashit hue hain, unke sangrah hain : raashtreeyata aur samaajavaad, samaajavaad : lakshya tatha saadhan, soshalist party aur maarksavaad, Bhaarat ke raashtreeya aandolan ka itihaas, yuddh aur Bhaarat, kisaanon ka savaal aadi.

baahari kadiyaaain