Nagpur

Nagpur
santaron ka shahar
shahar
नागपुर मॆं शून्य मील का पत्थर
Nagpur mॆn shoonya meal ka patthar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
kshetr Vidarbh
raajya Maharashtra
jila Nagpur
sthaapana 1702 E.

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mahaapaur maayaataai ivaanate
nigam aayukt aseem gupta[1]
janasankhya
ghanatv
24,20,000[2] (2006 tak )
• 11,101 /kimi2 (28,751 /varg meal)
aadhikaarik bhaasha(eain) maraathi, hindi, angreji
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
218 ki.mee² (84 varg meal)
• 310 meter (1,017 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: www.nagpur.nic.in
Nagpur raajachinh

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a04′aN 79°a16′aE / 21.07°aN 79.27°aE / 21.07; 79.27

Nagpur (angreji: Nagpur, maraathi: naagapoor) Maharashtra raajya ka ek pramukh shahar hai. Nagpur Bhaarat ke madhya mein sthit hai. Maharashtra ki is uparaajadhaani ki janasankhya 24 lakh (1998 janaganana ke anusaar) hai. Nagpur Bhaarat ka 13va va vishv ka 114 vaan sabse bada shahar hain. Nagpur ki lagbhag aadhi aabaadi maraathi bhaasha bolti hai. yeh nagar santaron ke liye kaafi mashahoor hai. isliye ise log santaron ki nagari bhi kehte hain.

haal hi mein is shahar ko desh ke sabse svachh va sudanr shahar ka inaam mila hai. Nagpur Bhaarat desh ka doosare number ka greenest (harit shahar) shahar maana jaata hai. badhte infraastrakachar ki vajah se Nagpur ki ginti jald hi mahaanagaron mein ki jaayegi.

Nagpur, ek jila hai va aitihaasik Vidarbh (poorv Maharashtra ka bhaag) ka ek pramukh shahar bhi. Nagpur shahar ki sthaapana gond raajya ne ki thi. fir vah raaja bhosale ke uparaant maraatha saamraajya me shaamil ho gaya. 19vi sadi main angreji hukumat ne use madhya praant va beraar ki rajdhani bana diya. aajaadi ke baad raajya punarrachana ne Nagpur ko Maharashtra ki uparaajadhaani bana diya.

Nagpur raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh aur vishv hindu parishad jaisi raashtravaadi sanghatanaao ka ek pramukh kendra hai.

anukram

naam

naag nadi. maana jaata hai ki Nagpur ka naam isi nadeen ke aadhaar par pada tha.

Nagpur ka naam naag nadi se rakha gaya hai. yeh nadi Nagpur ke puraane hisse se gujrati hai. Nagpur mahanagar paalika ke chinh par nadi aur ek naag hai. Nagpur santro ke liye mashahoor hai aur use santr nagari bhi kaha jaata hai. aur Nagpur me naag saap bahut paaya jaata tha is kaaran se Nagpur ka naam Nagpur rakh gaya.

itihaas

Nagpur shahar ki sthaapana devagad (chhindavaada) ke shaasak gond vansh ke raaja ne ki thi | santare ki rajdhani ke roop mein vikhyaat Nagpur Maharashtra ka teesara sabse bada shahar hai. paryatan ki drushti se yeh Maharashtra ke agrani shaharon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. yahaan bane anek mandir, aitihaasik imaaratein aur jheel yahaan aane vaale sailaaniyon ke kendra mein hote hain. is shahar se bahne waali naag nadi ke kaaran iska naam Nagpur pada. Nagpur ki sthaapana devagadh ke gaund raaja bakht buland shaah ne 1703 E. mein ki thi. yeh shahar 1960 tak madhya Bhaarat raajya ki rajdhani tha. 1960 ke baad yahaan ki maraathi aabaadi ko dekhte hue ise Maharashtra ke jile ke roop mein shaamil kar liya gaya. 9890 varg kimi. ke kshetr mein faile is jile mein 13 tahaseel aur 1969 gaanv shaamil hain.

bhoogol

Nagpur ka sthaan 21°aa06' uttar akshaansh, 79° 03' poorv rekhaansh hai.

Nagpur
jalavaayu saarani (vyaakhya)
j f ma a m joo ju a si a na di
10
29
12
12
32
15
18
36
19
13
40
24
16
43
28
172
38
26
304
32
24
292
30
24
194
32
23
51
33
20
12
30
15
17
28
12
ausat adhiktam evam nyoonatam taapamaan (°ase.)
kul varsha (mi.mi)
srot: World Weather Information Service

paryatan sthal

anbaajaari jheel

shahar ke pashchimi hisse mein sthit yeh jheel 15.4 varg kimi. ke kshetr mein faili hui hai. chaaron or se khoobsoorat bageechon se ghiri is jheel mein naukaayan ka aanand liya ja sakta hai. jheel ke sangeetamaya favvaare is jheel ki sundarata mein chaar chaand laga dete hain. jheel ke saath hi ek behad khoobsoorat bageecha hai jise Nagpur ke sabse sundar sthalon mein shaamil kiya jaata hai.

Balaji mandir

semeenari pahaadiyon ke suramaya vaataavaran mein Bhagwan veinkatesh Balaji ka yeh mandir bana hua hai. mandir ki adbhut vaastukaari dekhne aur aadhyaatmik vaataavaran ki chaah mein uttar aur dakshin Bhaarat se hajaaron ki taadaad mein shraddhaaluon ka yahaan aagaman hota hai. mandir parisar mein Bhagwan kaartikeya ki pratima bhi sthaapit hai, jise devataaon ki sena ka senaapati kaha jaata hai.

poddaareshvar Ram mandir

is mandir ka nirmaan Rajasthan ke poddaar parivaar ke shri jamunaadhar poddaar ne 1923 E. mein karavaaya tha. mandir mein Bhagwan Ram aur Shiv ki pratimaaen sthaapit hain. safed sangamaramar aur laal baluaa patthar se bane is mandir mein khoobsoorat nakkaasi ki gayi hai. Ram navami ko hone waali Ram janmotsav shobhaayaatra ke dauraan yahaan badi sankhya mein shraddhaalu ekatrit hote hain.

deekshaabhoomi

pashchimi Nagpur mein raamadaas peeth ke nikat deekshaabhoomi sthit hai. isi sthaan par 14 October 1956 ko Bhaarat rat‍aan dau॰ bheemaraav ambedakar ne apne anuyaayiyon ke saath bauddh dharm apnaaya tha. tab se yeh sthaan bauddh teerthasthal ke taur par jaana jaata hai. is sthaan par ek memoriyl bhi bana hua hai. saanchi ke stoop jaisi ek shaanadaar imaarat ka yahaan nirmaan kiya gaya hai jise banavaane mein 6 karod roopaye kharch hue the. is imaarat ke pratyek khand mein ek saath 5000 bhikshu thahar sakte hain.

adaasa

yeh Nagpur ka ek chhota-sa gaanv hai. yahaan anek praacheen aur shaanadaar mandir dekhe ja sakte hain. yahaan ke ganapati mandir mein Bhagwan ganesh ki ekal shilaakhand se bani pratima sthaapit hai. adaasa ke sameep hi ek pahaadi mein teen lingon wala Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit mandir bana hua hai. maana jaata hai ki is mandir ke ling apne aap bhoomi se nikle the.

raamatek

is sthaan ko raamatek isliye kaha jaata hai kyonki yahaan Bhagwan Ram aur unki pat‍aani seeta ke pavitra charanon ka sparsh hua tha. yahaan ki pahaadi ke shikhar par Bhagwan Ram ka mandir bana hua hai, jo lagbhag 600 saal puraana maana jaata hai. raamanavami parv yahaan bade dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hai. sanskrut kavi kaalidaas ke meghadootam mein is sthaan ko raamagiri kaha gaya hai. isi sthaan par unhonne meghadootam ki rachana ki thi. pahaadi par kaalidaas ka samarpit ek smaarak bhi bana hua hai.

khekaraanaala

Nagpur se 55 kimi. door khekaraanaala mein ek khoobsoorat baandh bana hua hai. yahaan ke manoram aur shaant vaataavaran mein sukoon ke kuchh pal gujaarne ke log aate rahate hain. khekaraanaala ka svasth aur hara-bhara vaataavaran piknik ke liye bhi bahut anukool maana jaata hai.

marakad

venaganga nadi ke baane tat par sthit marakad ek dhaarmik sthal ke roop mein lokapriya hai. sant maarkadeinya ke naam par is jagah ka naam pada. yahaan lagbhag 24 mandiron ka samooh hai. maana jaata hai ki yahaan ke shivling ki maarkadeinyane pooja ki thi. yahaan ke mandiron ki vaastukaari khajuraaho ke mandiron se milti hai. Gopil

naagaradhan

naagaradhan ek mahatvapoorn praagaitihaasik nagar hai. shail saamraajya ke raaja nandavardhan ko is nagar ka mool sansthaapak maana jaata hai. naagaradhan mein bhonsalon dvaara s‍aathaapit ek kila hai jiski deevaarein inton se bani hui hain. yahaan ek vanyajeev abhyaaranya bhi hai. yahaan jangali jaanvaron ko khule mein vichran karte dekha ja sakta hai. gaur yahaan ka mukhya aakarshan hai. saath hi saanbhar, hirn aur anya bahut se jeevon ko dekha ja sakta hai.

navegaanv baandh

navegaanv baandh ko Vidarbh ke sabse lokapriya faurest rijaurt mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. yahaan saahasik khelon ke anek avsar upalabdh hain. is baandh ko 18veen shataabdi ki shurooaat mein koloo Patel Kohli ne banavaaya tha. yahaan ki pahaadiyon ke beech ek behad khoobsoorat jheel bhi bani hui hai. navegaanv baandh ke vaachatauvar se yahaan ke vanyajeevon ki gatividhiyaan dekhi ja sakti hain. yahaan ek deeyar park bhi bana hua hai.

sevaagraam

mahaatma Gandhi ne 1933 mein sevaagraam aashram sthaapit kiya tha. yahaan unhonne apne jeevan ke 15 varsh vyateet kiye the. kaha jaata hai ki is sthaan par mahaatma Gandhi samaaj seva ke vividh kaaryakram sampann karte the. isi kaaran ise sevaagraam kaha jaata hai. yahaan ke yaatri nivaas mein logon ke thaharane ki vyavastha hai.

seetaabaldi kila

yeh kila do pahaadiyon par bana hai. kile ko 1857 mein ek british afsar ne banavaaya tha. tab se yeh kila Nagpur aane vaale sailaaniyon ko lubha raha hai.

shiksha aur vaanijnya

Nagpur mein lagbhag 100 se bhi adhik abhiyaantreeki (engineering) mahaavidyaalaya hai. Nagpur vish‍aavavidyaalaya mahaaraash‍aatr ka ek bahut bada vish‍aavavidyaalaya hai.

aavaagaman

Nagpur ka dau॰aabaabaasaahab anbedakar antarraashtreeya vimaanakshetr mein Bhaarat ka sabse vyas‍aat ear traffic kaantrol room hai.
vaayu maarg

dau॰aabaabaasaahab anbedakar antarraashtreeya vimaanakshetr jise sonegaanv airport bhi kehte hain, yahaan ka sabse najadeeki airport hai jo city center se 6 kimi. ki doori par hai. is ghareloo airport se desh ke kai shaharon ke liye flaaitein hain.

rel maarg

Nagpur jankshan railway station raajya ka ek pramukh railway jankshan hai. Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, chennai, kolhaapur, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, bhuvanesh‍aavar, trivendram, kocheen, bangaluroo, mangalaur, Patna, Indore aur seetaamadhi[3] aadi shaharon se yahaan ke liye seedhi trainein hain. yeh madh‍aaya rel ka ek bahut bada aur v‍aayast divishn (bhaag) hai.


sadak maarg

raashtreeya raajamaarg 6 aur 7 Nagpur ko desh ke pramukh shaharon se jodta hai. Mumbai, sanbhalapur, Kolkata, Varanasi aur kanyaakumaari jaise shaharon se yahaan sadak maarg dvaara pahuncha ja sakta hai. Nagpur mein seeti bas ka seva bhi upalab‍aadh hai jo shahar mein logon ko shahar mein ek jagah se doosari jagah tak le jaata hai.

sandarbh