Mumbai bandargaah

Mumbai bandargaah
pados
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Maharashtra

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 18°a58′aN 72°a51′aE / 18.96°aN 72.85°aE / 18.96; 72.85

shahar ke poorv bandargaah

Mumbai bandargaah (maraathi: Mumbai bandar), ya frant be, ulhaas nadi ke dakshini bhaag ka muhaana hai, jiske uttari (aur sankare) hisse ko thaane kol kaha jaata hai. elifeinta ka aitihaasik dweep is bandargaah ke antargat aane vaale chhah dveepon mein se ek hai. yeh Mumbai port trast (Mumbai pattan nyaas) ka aavaas-sthal hai, jo bandargaah ke pashchimi chhor ke dakshini bhaag mein avasthit hai.

bandargaah ka aadhikaarik naam Front Bay (frant be) hai, yeh naam isliye pada kyonki Mumbai, bandargaah ki or munh kiye ek chhoti-si basti ke roop mein viksit hui thi. mool vyavasthaapan ke peechhe ka jalaadhaar, [poorv] kolaaba ke dweep aur Mumbai dweep ke beech maalaabaar hil ke uchch antareep ya praayadveep tak ek vrutt-khand banaata hai, jise isi tarah back be kaha jaata hai.

Jawahar laal Nehru port aur navi Mumbai (nai Mumbai) mukhya bhoomi ke poorv mein avasthit hai aur Mumbai shahar (pehle Mumbai) saalset dweep ke pashchim mein basi hai. bandargaah arab saagar ke dakshin ki or khulata hai. eleefeinta jaane ke liye apni jetti (ghaat) ke saath getave of India, saath hi saath jiske maarg mein bhaarateeya nausena pot vikraant ka samudri sangrahaalaya bhi hai, ek mahatvapoorn paryatan sthal ban gaya hai.

Mumbai upanagareeya railway pranaali ki haarbar line bandargaah ke pashchimi kinaare se hokar gujarati hai.

anukram

paryaavaraneeya paristhiti

kachh vanaspati ke daladalon ki pankti adhiktar bandargaah ke pashchimottar aur poorvi tat ki or chali gayi hai aur yeh maraal jaise hajaaron pravaasi pakshiyon sahit vanya praaniyon ke liye praakrutik paryaavaran sampann pravaas pradaan karti hain.

pradooshan

Mumbai mahaanagareeya kshetr ki vishaal janasankhya ke dabaav aur atyant vyast samudri vyaapaar ke kaaran, Mumbai haarbar ko bhayankar roop se pradooshit maana jaata hai.

bandargaah se sate naalon mein bhaari dhaatuon ke pravaah ka paaya jaana adhikaansh pradooshakon ke liye naabadaan (sink) ke roop mein bandargaah ka vyavahaar pradooshan ki is report mein bhi shaamil hai.[1]

Mumbai port trast

bandargaah ka ek drushya.chhavi ka kendra uttar pashchim hai.

Mumbai port trast (MbPT) (18° akshaansh 56.3 uttar', 72 deshaantara° 45.9'poorv) ke madhya Bhaarat ke pashchim tat par avasthit hai aur iske paas 400 km2 gahra ek praakrutik bandargaah hai, jiska poorvi bhaag konkan ki mukhya bhoomi se tatha pashchimi hissa Mumbai dweep se sanrakshit hai.[2]

yeh Mumbai shahar ke poorvi chhor se sata Mumbai haarbar ke pashchimi tat par avasthit hai. bandargaah dakshin disha mein arab saagar ki or khulata hai.

Mumbai shahar ke badhte hue vikaas ne, mumbai port ke vikaas ke path mein avarodh khada kar diya, jisne 1992 mein navi Mumbai mein jeenapeeti (JNPT) ki sthaapana ko disha di.

2007-2008 ke dauraan MbPT (mumbai port trast) ne 57 lakh tan se adhik kaargo ka bojh sambhaala. krooj laainar aamtaur par MbPT (mumbai port trast) ki belaard piyr godi mein Mumbai ka daura karta hai.

itihaas

MbPT (mumbai port trast) ki sthaapana 26 June 1873 ko, Bombay trast port ke roop mein ki gayi thi.[3] Colonel J.A. belaard iske pratham adhyaksh the.

tab se, yeh Bhaarat ke liye pravesh dwaar (getave too India) aur Bhaarat ki vaanijyik rajdhani ke roop mein Mumbai ke udbhav mein yogadaan kaarak raha hai.

suvidhaayein

MbPT (mumbai port trast) se sanlagn teen jalaashaya dauks (godiyaan) hain:

  • indira dauks
  • Rajkumar dauks (1885 saal mein banaaya gaya)
  • Victoria dauks (1891 saal mein banaaya gaya)

kachche tel aur petrolium utpaadon ko mumbai bandargaah ke ek dweep Jawahar dweep par bani chaar jetiyon (jetties), se sambhaala jaata hai aur rasaayanon ko peerapaaoo (Pirpau) se niyantrit kiya jaata hai.

MbPT (mumbai port trast) 63 langaravaani viraam-vinduon ki suvidha muhaiya karta hai. nivl 100 tan se adhik ke sabhi jahaajon ke liye ek pilot ka hona anivaarya hai.[4]

sandarbh

baahari links

saaaincha:Islands of Mumbai harbour