Manmohan Singh

Manmohan Singh
मनमोहन सिंह

kaaryakaal
22 May 2004 – 26 May 2014
poorvavarti atal bihaari Vajpayee
paravarti Narendra Modi

janm (1932-09-26) 26 sitmbar 1932 (aayu 83 varsh)
Punjab (Pakistan), Pakistan
raajanaitik dal bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress
jeevan sangi Gursharan Kaur

Manmohan Singh (punjabi: ਮaaਨaaਮaaੋaaਹaaਨ ਸaaਿaaੰaaਘ; janm : 26 September 1932) Bhaarat ganaraajya ke 13vein pradhaanamantri the. saath hi saath ve ek arthashaastri bhi hain. Loksabha chunaav 2009 mein mili jeet ke baad ve javaaharalaal Nehru ke baad Bhaarat ke pehle aise pradhaanamantri ban gaye hain, jinko paaainch varshon ka kaaryakaal safalta poorvak poora karne ke baad lagaataar doosari baar pradhaanamantri banane ka avsar mila hai. inhein 21 June 1991 se 16 May 1996 tak pi vi narasinh Rao ke pradhaanamantritv kaal mein vitt mantri ke roop mein kiye gaye aarthik sudhaaron ke liye bhi shreya diya jaata hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

anukram

sankshipt jeevani

Manmohan Singh ka janm british Bhaarat (vartamaan Pakistan) ke Punjab praant mein 26 sitmbar,1932 ko hua tha. unki maata ka naam amrut Kaur aur pita ka naam gurumukh Singh tha. desh ke vibhaajan ke baad Singh ka parivaar Bhaarat chala aaya. yahaaain Punjab vishvavidyaalaya se unhonne snaatak tatha snaatakottar star ki padhaai poori ki. baad mein ve Cambridge vishvavidyaalaya gaye. jahaaain se unhonne peeech. di. ki. tatpashchaat unhonne aaksaford vishvavidyaalaya se di. fil. bhi kiya. unki pustak indiyaaj eksaport treinds end prospekts for self sasteind growth Bhaarat ki antarmukhi vyaapaar neeti ki pehli aur sateek aalochna maani jaati hai. dau॰ Singh ne arthashaastr ke adhyaapak ke taur par kaafi khyaati arjit ki. ve Punjab vishvavidyaalaya aur baad mein pratishthit Delhi school of ikanaamiks mein praadhyaapak rahe. isi beech ve sanyukt raashtra vyaapaar aur vikaas sammelan sachivaalaya mein salaahakaar bhi rahe aur 1987 tatha 1990 mein jeneva mein south commission mein sachiv bhi rahe. 1971 mein dau॰ Singh Bhaarat ke vaanijya evam udyog mantraalaya mein aarthik salaahakaar ke taur par niyukt kiye gaye. iske turant baad 1972 mein unhein vitt mantraalaya mein mukhya aarthik salaahakaar banaaya gaya. iske baad ke varshon mein ve yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh, reserve bank ke Governor, pradhaanamantri ke aarthik salaahakaar aur vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ke adhyaksh bhi rahe hain. Bhaarat ke aarthik itihaas mein haal ke varshon mein sabse mahatvapoorn mod tab aaya jab dau॰ Singh 1991 se 1996 tak Bhaarat ke vitt mantri rahe. unhein Bhaarat ke aarthik sudhaaron ka praneta maana gaya hai. aam janamaanas mein ye saal nishchit roop se dau॰ Singh ke vyaktitv ke ird-gird ghoomta raha hai. dau॰ Singh ke parivaar mein unki patni shreemati Gursharan Kaur aur teen betiyaaain hain.

raajaneetik jeevan

1985 mein Rajiv Gandhi ke shaasan kaal mein Manmohan Singh ko bhaarateeya yojana aayog ka upaadhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. is pad par unhonne nirntar paaainch varshon tak kaarya kiya, jabki 1990 mein yeh pradhaanamantri ke aarthik salaahakaar banaae gaye. jab pi vi narasinharaav pradhaanamantri bane, to unhonne Manmohan Singh ko 1991 mein apne mantrimandal mein sammilit karte hue vitt mantraalaya ka svatantr prabhaar saunp diya. is samay dau॰ Manmohan Singh na to Loksabha aur na hi Rajyasabha ke sadasya the. lekin samvaidhaanik vyavastha ke anusaar sarkaar ke mantri ko sansad ka sadasya hona aavashyak hota hai. isliye unhein 1991 mein asam se Rajyasabha ke liye chuna gaya.

Manmohan Singh ne aarthik udaareekaran ko upachaar ke roop mein prastut kiya aur bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ko vishv baajaar ke saath jod diya. dau॰ Manmohan Singh ne aayaat aur niryaat ko bhi saral banaaya. license evam paramit gujre jmaane ki cheej ho gayi. niji poonji ko utsaahit karke rugn evam ghaate mein chalne vaale saarvajanik upakramon hetu alag se neetiyaaain viksit keen. nai arthavyavastha jab ghutanon par chal rahi thi, tab pi. vi. narasimha Rao ko katu aalochna ka shikaar hona pada.[krupaya uddharan jodein] vipaksh unhein nae aarthik prayog se saavdhaan kar raha tha. lekin shri Rao ne Manmohan Singh par poora yakeen rakha.[krupaya uddharan jodein] maatr do varsh baad hi aalochakon ke muainh band ho gaye aur unki aaainkhein fail gain. udaareekaran ke behatareen parinaam bhaarateeya arthavyavastha mein nazar aane lage the aur is prakaar ek gair raajaneetijnya vyakti jo arthashaastr ka profesar tha, ka bhaarateeya raajaneeti mein pravesh hua taaki desh ki bigdi arthavyavastha ko patari par laaya ja sake.

pad

Singh pehle Punjab university aur baad mein Delhi school of ikaunaumiks mein professor ke pad par the. 1971 mein Manmohan Singh Bhaarat sarkaar ki Commerce ministri mein aarthik salaahakaar ke taur par shaamil hue the. 1972 mein Manmohan Singh vitt mantraalaya mein cheef ikaunaumik adavaaijr ban gaye. anya jin padon par vah rahe, ve hain– vitt mantraalaya mein sachiv, yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh, bhaarateeya rijrv bank ke Governor, pradhaanamantri ke salaahakaar aur vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ke adhyaksh. Manmohan Singh 1991 se Rajyasabha ke sadasya hain. 1998 se 2004 mein vah Rajyasabha mein vipaksh ke neta the. Manmohan Singh ne pratham baar 72 varsh ki umr mein 22 May 2004 se pradhaanamantri ka kaaryakaal aarambh kiya, jo April 2009 mein safalta ke saath poorn hua. iske pashchaat Loksabha ke chunaav hue aur bhaarateeya raashtreeya kaaaingres ki aguvaai wala sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan pun: vijayi hua aur Singh dobaara pradhaanamantri pad par aaseen hue. pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ki do baar baaipaas surgery hui hai. doosari baar fravari 2009 mein visheshagya shalya chikitsakon ki team ne akhil bhaarateeya aayurvigyaan sansthaan mein inki shalya-chikitsa ki. pradhaanamantri Singh ne vittamantri ke roop mein pi. Chidambaram ko arthavyavastha ka daayitv saunpa tha, jise unhonne kushalata ke saath nibhaaya. lekin 2009 ki vishvavyaapi aarthik mandi ka prabhaav Bhaarat mein bhi dekhne ko mila. parantu Bhaarat ki banking vyavastha ka aadhaar majboot hone ke kaaran use utana nuksaan naheen uthaana pada, jitna America aur anya deshon ko uthaana pada hai. 26 November 2008 ko desh ki aarthik rajdhani Mumbai par Pakistan dvaara praayojit aatankiyon ne hamla kiya.[krupaya uddharan jodein] dil dahala dene vaale us hamle ne desh ko hilaakar rakh diya tha.[krupaya uddharan jodein] tab Singh ne shivraaj Patil ko hataakar pi. Chidambaram ko gruh mantraalaya ki jimmedaari saunpi aur pranav mukharji ko naya vitt mantri banaaya.

jeevan ke mahatvapoorn padaav

  • 1957 se 1965 - Chandigarh sthit Punjab vishvavidyaalaya mein adhyaapak
  • 1969-1971 - Delhi school of economics mein antarraashtreeya vyaapaar ke profesar
  • 1976 - Delhi ke javaaharalaal Nehru vishvavidyaalaya mein maanad profesar
  • 1982 se 1985 - bhaarateeya rijrv bank ke Governor
  • 1985 se 1987 - yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh
  • 1990 se 1991 - bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri ke aarthik salaahakaar
  • 1991 - narasinharaav ke netrutv waali kaaaingres sarkaar mein vitt mantri
  • 1991 - asam se Rajyasabha ke sadasya
  • 1995 - doosari baar Rajyasabha sadasya
  • 1996 - Delhi school of economics mein maanad profesar
  • 1999 - dakshin Delhi se Loksabha ka chunaav lada lekin haar gaye.
  • 2001 - teesari baar raajya sabha sadasya aur sadan mein vipaksh ke neta
  • 2004 - Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri

iske atirikt unhonne antarraashtreeya mudra kosh aur Asiaee vikaas bank ke liye bhi kaafi mahatvapoorn kaam kiya hai.

puraskaar evam sammaan

san 1987 mein uparokt padm vibhooshan ke atirikt Bhaarat ke saarvajanik jeevan mein dau॰ Singh ko anekon puraskaar va sammaan mil chuke hain jinmein pramukh hain: -

  • 2002 - sarvashreshth saansad
  • 1995 mein indiyn science Congress ka javaaharalaal Nehru puraskaar,
  • 1993 aur 1994 ka Asia mani award for faainens ministar of the iyar,
  • 1994 ka Euro mani award for the faainens ministar aaf the iyar,
  • 1956 mein Cambridge vishvavidyaalaya ka Adam smith puraskaar

dau॰ Singh ne kai raashtreeya va antarraashtreeya sangathanon mein Bhaarat ka pratinidhitv kiya hai. apne raajanaitik jeevan mein ve 1991 se raajya sabha ke saansad to rahe hi, 1998 tatha 2004 ki sansad mein vipaksh ke neta bhi rah chuke hain.


vivaad aur ghotaale

2-ji spectrum ghotaala

tooji spectrum ghotaala, jo svatantr Bhaarat ka sabse bada vitteeya ghotaala hai us ghotaale mein Bhaarat ke niyntrak evam mahaalekha pareekshak ki report ke anusaar ek lakh chhihttar hajaar karod rupaye ka ghapala hua hai. is ghotaale mein vipaksh ke bhaari davaav ke chalte Manmohan sarkaar mein sanchaar mantri e0 raaja ko na keval apne pad se isteefa dena pada, apitu unhein jail bhi jaana pada. keval itna hi naheen, bhaarateeya uchchatam nyaayaalaya ne is maamale mein pradhaanamantri Singh ki chuppi par bhi savaal uthaaya. iske atirikt tooji spectrum aavantan ko lekar sanchaar mantri e0 raaja ki niyukti ke liye hui pairavi ke sambandh mein neera raadiya, patrakaaron, netaaon aur udyogapatiyon se baatcheet ke baad dau॰ Singh ki sarkaar bhi kataghare mein aa gayi hai.

koyala aabantan ghotaala

abhi haal mein yeh tathya prakaash mein aaya hai Manmohan Singh ke kaaryakaal mein desh mein koyala aavantan ke naam par kareeb 26 lakh karod rupaye ki loot hui aur saara kuchh pradhaanamantri ki dekharekh mein hua kyonki yeh mantraalaya unheen ke paas hai.

is mahaaghotaale ka raaj hai koyale ka kaiptiv block, jismein niji kshetr ko unki marji ke mutaabik block aavantit kar diya gaya. is kaiptiv block neeti ka faayda Hindalco, JP power, jindal power, GVK power aur essaar aadi jaisi companiyon ne jordaar tareeke se uthaaya. yeh neeti khud pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ki dimaag ki upaj thi.

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain