Malaysia

Malaysia
dhvaj
raashtravaakya: "berasekutu bartaambaah mutu" (malaya)
"ekta mein shakti hai"1
raashtragaan: negaaraaku (mera desh)
rajdhani kuaala lanpur
3°a08′aN 101°a42′aE / 3.133°aN 101.7°aE / 3.133; 101.7
sabse bada nagar kvaala lamapur
raajabhaasha(eain) malaya
raashtreeya dharm islaam
nivaasi maleshiyaai
sarkaar sangheeya samvaidhaanik chuni hui raajashaahi va sansadeeya lokatantr
- yaang di-partuaan agong meejaan jainal abideen
- pradhaanamantri najeeb tun rajk
svatantrata sanyukt raajashaahi se
- tithi 31 August, 1957
- sangh (sabaah, saraavaak va Singapore ke saath 4) 16 sitmbar, 1963
kshetrafal
- kul 329,845 varg kilometer (66 vaaain)
127,355 varg meal
- jal (%) 0.3
janasankhya
- June 2009 janaganana 28,276,000 (43 vaaain)
- 2000 janaganana 24,821,286
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $384.119 karod (-)
- prati vyakti $14,071 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.773[1]
uchch · 62vaaain
mudra ringgit (RM) (MYR)
samay mandal MST (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+8)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) - (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+8)
yaataayaat chaalan disha baaen
doorabhaash koot 60
Internet teeeladi .my
2. Putrajaya is the primary seat of the federal government.
3. The current terminology as per government policy is Bahasa Malaysia (literally Malaysian language) but legislation continues to refer to the official language as Bahasa Melayu (literally Malay language). English may continue to be used for some official purposes under the National Language Act 1967.
4. Singapore became an independent country on 9 August 1965.
Malaysian Flag and Crest from www.gov.my.
Malaysia adhiniyam 1963 (dastaavej)
angreji granthon mein Malaysia se sambandhit samjhaute (dastaavej)

Malaysia dakshin poorv Asia mein sthit ek ushnakatibandheeya desh hai. yeh dakshin cheen saagar se do bhaagon mein vibhaajit hai. malaya praayadveep par sthit mukhya bhoomi ke pashchim tat par malakka jaladamaroo aur iske poorv tat par dakshin cheen saagar hai. desh ka doosra hissa, jise kabhi-kabhi poorv Malaysia ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai, dakshin cheen saagar mein borniyo dweep ke uttari bhaag par sthit hai. malaya praayadveep par sthit Kuala Lumpur desh ki rajdhani hai, lekin haal hi mein sangheeya rajdhani ko khaastaur se prashaasan ke liye banaae gaye nae shahar putrajaya mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya hai. yeh 13 raajyon se banaaya gaya ek ek sangheeya raajya hai.

Malaysia mein cheeni, malaya aur bhaarateeya jaise vibhinn jaateeya samooh nivaas karte hain. yahaan ki aadhikaarik bhaasha malaya hai, lekin shiksha aur aarthik kshetr mein jyaadaatar angreji ka istemaal kiya jaata hai. Malaysia mein 130 se jyaada boliyaan boli jaati hain, inmein se 94 maleshiyaai borniyo mein aur 40 praayadveep mein boli jaati hain. yadyapi desh sarkaari dharm islaam hai, lekin naagrikon ko anya dharmon ko maanane ki svatantrata hai.

anukram

itihaas

Malaysia, cheen aur Bhaarat ke beech praacheen kaal se vyaapaarik kendra tha. jab Europeeya log is kshetr mein aae to unhonne malakka ko mahatvapoorn vyaapaar bandargaah banaaya. kaalaantar mein Malaysia british saamraajya ka ek upanivesh ban gaya. iska praayadveepeeya bhaag 31 August 1957 ko federation malaaya ke roop mein svatantr hua. 1963 mein malaaya, Singapore aur borniyo hisse saath milkar Malaysia ban gaye. 1965 Singapore alag hokar apni svatantrata ki ghoshana ki.

raajaneeti aur arthavyavastha

Malaysia 13 raajya hain aur teen sangheeya pradesh hai. Malaysia ka pramukh yaang di-pertuaan agaang ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, jise saamaanyat: "Malaysia ka raaja" kaha jaata hai. yeh padavi vartamaan mein sultaan mijaan jainul abeedeen dhaaran kiye hue hain. Malaysia mein shaasan ke pramukh pradhaanamantri hain. Malaysia aasiyaan ka sadasya hai. iski arthavyavastha lagaataar badh rahi hai aur yeh dakshin poorv Asia mein ek apekshaakrut samruddh desh hai. desh ke pramukh shaharon mein Kuala Lumpur, George taaun, ipoh aur johor baaharu hain.

dharm

Malaysia ek bahu dhaarmik samaaj hai aur Malaysia mein pramukh dharm islaam hai. 2010 mein sarkaar ki janaganana ke aankadon ke anusaar, yahaan ke pramukh dharmaavalanbiyon mein muslim (61.3%), bauddh (19.8%), isaai (9.2%), hindu (6.3%) aur kanfyoosheevaad, taao dharm aur anya paaramparik cheeni dharmon (1.3%), shaamil hain.

sanskruti

Malaysia ek bahu jaateeya, bahu saanskrutik aur bahubhaashi samaaj hai, jahaan malaya aur anya deshi janajaati 65%, cheeni 25% aur 7% bhaarateeya shaamil hai. desh ki bahusankhyak samudaaya ke roop mein sabhi malaya muslim hain, kyonki maleshiyaai kaanoon ke tahat malaya hone ke liye muslim hona jaroor hai. malaya raajaneeti mein aham bhoomika nibhaate hain aur inki bhoomiputr ke roop mein pehchaan hoti hai. unki mool bhaasha malaya (Bahasa Melayu) hai.

darshaneeya sthal

kuaalaalam‍aapur

kuaalaalampur shahar mein sadkon ka jaal bichha hua hai. sab kuchh itna suniyojit hai ki aagantuk ko koi dikkat naheen hoti. shahar ko jaanane ke liye sabse pehli jagah hai istaana nigaara. yeh Malaysia ke raaja ke rahane ka sthaan hai. iske alaava shahar ki pehchaan petronas judva meenaar se bhi hai, jo kuaalaalampur shahar mein kaheen se bhi thodi si ooainchaai se najar aa jaate hain. 451.9 meter ooainche in tauvars mein 86 manjilein hain, parantu paryatakon ko 41veen manjil par sthit pul tak jaane diya jaata hai. iske liye koi bhi shulk naheen liya jaata aur ek din mein nishchit sankhya mein hi paryatak ja sakte hain. petronas tauvars ke paas hi kuaalaalampur city sentar park banaaya gaya hai, jismein 1900 se jyaada paum ke ped lagaae gaye hain. iske alaava keel tauvar, keelaseesi ekveriym dekhne laayak hain. paaainch hajaar ske.foot mein faile is ekveriym mein 150 tarah ki machhaliyaaain hain. ismein ek 90 meter ki tanal bhi hai, jismein aisa ehsaas hota hai ki aap samudra ke bheetar se hi inhein dekh rahe hain. iske alaava national plenetoriym, aarkid park, bataraflaai park aadi bhi kaafi khoobsoorat hain.

kuaalaalampur mein shopping karne ke liye kaafi saare mauls hain. 3450000 ske. foot mein faile barajaaya time skvear mall Malaysia ka sabse bada mall hai. ismein vishv ke sarvashreshth braands upalabdh hain. yahaaain ke kuchh chhote mauls mein mol-bhaav bhi kiya ja sakta hai. san ve city hotel mein sthit vautar park kaafi bada hai. iske paas hi laga hua mall chh: manjila hai tatha ismein aais sketing karne ki vyavastha bhi hai.

putrajaya

Malaysia ki rajdhani kuaalaalampur hai, parantu badhti jarooraton ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue kuaalaalampur se aadhe ghante ki doori par prashaasanik rajdhani putrajaya ko banaaya gaya hai. yeh itni bhavya hai ki ise dekhkar sahasa vishvaas naheen hota ki koi bhi sarkaari kaam itne kam samay mein kaise poorn ho sakta hai. yahaaain jheel bhi banaai gayi hai aur aadhunik suvidhaaon se laise bahut bade kanveshan center bhi hain.

sarkaari karmachaariyon ke rahane ke liye jheel ke kinaare makaan banaae gaye hain to pradhaanamantri kaaryaalaya bhi kaafi khoobsoorat hai. dheere-dheere yahaaain vibhinn deshon ke dootaavaas bhi banaae ja rahe hain. sampoorn putrajaya ghoomane ke liye kruj yaatra kaafi achhi suvidhaajanak hai.

lankaavi

kaimarun haailainds se 5 ghante ka safar tay kar kuvaala kaiddaah pahuncha ja sakta hai. yahaaain se lankaavi aailaind lagbhag dedh ghante ki doori par hai. yeh safar fairi se tay karna padta hai. fairi sampoorn suvidhaayukt hoti hai tatha ismein baakaayada film dikhaane ki vyavastha hoti hai. lankaavi duty free aailaind hai.

yeh bhi dekhiye

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.