Libya

mahaan samaajavaadi janavaadi libiyaai arab jamhooriya
اaaلaaجaaمaaاaaهaaيaaرaaيaaة اaaلaaعaaرaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaلaaيaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaشaaعaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaإaaشaaتaaرaaاaaكaaيaaة اaaلaaعaaظaaمaaى
Al-Jamāahīariyyah al-ʿaArabiyyah al-Līabiyyah aš-Šaaaʿaabiyyah al-Išatirāakiyyah al-ʿaUẓamā
dhvaj
raashtragaan: allaaho Akbar
Bhagwan mahaanatam hai'
rajdhani tripli
32°a54′aN 13°a11′aE / 32.9°aN 13.183°aE / 32.9; 13.183
sabse bada nagar tripoli
raajabhaasha(eain) arabi1
nivaasi libiyaai
sarkaar jamhooriya
- kraanti ke neta aur maargadarshak muammar al-gaddaafi
- janavaadi Congress ke mahaasachiv imabaarek shaamekh
- pradhaanamantri bagadaadi mehamoodi
svatantrata
- Italy ki vaapasi 10 fravari 1947
- sanyukt raashtra nyaasita ke antargat United kingadam evam France se
24 December 1951
kshetrafal
- kul 1,759,541 varg kilometer (17 vaan)
679,359 varg meal
- jal (%) naganya
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 6,420,000 (105 vaan)
- 2006 janaganana 5,670,6881
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $88.133 billion Amreeki dollar (-)
- prati vyakti $14,192 Amreeki dollar (55 vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.784[1]
uchch · 55vaaain
mudra deenaar (LYD)
samay mandal EET (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
yaataayaat chaalan disha daahine
doorabhaash koot 218
Internet teeeladi .ly
1. arabi (de jure), libiyaai arabi (de facto)

Libya (arabi: لaaيaaبaaيaaا‎), aadhikaarik taur par 'mahaan samaajavaadi janavaadi libiyaai arab jamhooriya' (arabi: اaaلaaجaaمaaاaaهaaيaaرaaيaaة اaaلaaعaaرaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaلaaيaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaشaaعaaبaaيaaة اaaلaaإaaشaaتaaرaaاaaكaaيaaة اaaلaaعaaظaaمaaى ‎a‎ Al-Jamāahīariyyah al-ʿaArabiyyah al-Līabiyyah aš-Šaaaʿaabiyyah al-Išatirāakiyyah al-ʿaUẓamā), uttari afreeka mein sthit ek desh hai. iski seemaaen uttar mein bhoomadhya saagar, poorv mein misr, uttarapoorv mein soodaan, dakshin mein chaad va naaijar aur pashchim mein Algeria aur Tunisia se milti hai.

kareeban 1,800,00 varg kimi (694,984 varg meal) kshetrafal wala yeh desh, jiska 90 pratishat hissa marusthal hai, afreeka ka chautha aur duniya ka 17 vaan bada desh hai. desh ki 57 lakh ki aabaadi mein se 17 lakh rajdhani tripoli mein nivaas karti hai. sakal ghareloo utpaad ke lihaaj se yeh ikveetoriyl gini ke baad Africa ka doosra samruddh desh hai. iske peechhe mukhya kaaran vipul tel bhandaar aur kam janasankhya hai.

Libya 1951 me aajaad hua tha evam isk naam 'United leebiyn kingadam' (angreji: United Libyan Kingdom) rakha gaya. jiska naam 1963 me 'kingadam of Libya' (angreji: Kingdom of Libya) ho gaya. 1969 ke takhta-palat ke baad is desh ka naam 'libiyn arab ripblik' rakha gaya. 1977 mein iska naam badalkar 'mahaan samaajavaadi janavaadi libiyaai arab jamhooriya' rakh diya gaya.

parichay

libiya raajya uttar mein bhoomadhya saagar se, dakshin mein chaid prajaatantr evam naaijar prajaatantr se, pashchim mein tyunijiya evam ajaleeriya se tatha poorv mein sanyukt arab ganaraajya evam soodaan se ghira hua hai. is sangh raajya ka sampoorn kshetrafal 17,59,500 varg kimi. hai.

bhoomadhya saagar evam registaan ke prabhaav ke kaaran mausami parivartan hua karte hain. greeshm ritu mein tripolitainiya ke samudri kinaare ka taap 41 degree sein. se 46 degree sein. ke madhya rahata hai. sudoor dakshin mein taapt apekshaakrut ooaincha rahata hai. uttari sireneika ka taap 27 degree sein. se lekar 32 degree sein. ke madhya rahata hai. tobruk (Tobruk) ka January ka ausat taap 13 degree sein. tatha July aur ausat taap 26 degree sein. rahata hai. bhinn bhinn kshetron mein varsha ka ausat bhinn bhinn hai. tripolitainiya tatha sireneika ke jaabaal kshetr mein vaarshik varsha ka ausat 15 se 20 inch tak hai. anya kshetron mein aath inch se kam varsha hoti hai. varsha praaya: alpakaaleen sheet ritu mein hoti hai aur iske kaaran baadh aa jaati hai.

yahaaain anek prakaar ke aavardhit fal ke ped, chhuhaara, sadaabahaar vruksh tatha mastagi (mastic) ke vruksh hain. sudoor uttar mein bakariyaaain tatha maveshi paale jaate hain. dakshin mein bhedon aur ooton ki sankhya adhik hai. chamada kamaane, joote, saabun, jaitoon ka tale nikaalne tatha tel ke shodhan karne ke kaarkhaane hain. yahaaain san 1963 mein ek cement factory ki sthaapana ki gayi hai. jau aur gehooain ki kheti hoti hai.

yahaaain petrolium ke atirikt fausfet, mainganeej, maigneeshiym tatha potaishiym milte hain. khaanevaala samudri namak yahaaain ka pramukh khanij hai.

tripoli tatha beingaaji yahaaain ki sanyukt raajadhaaniyaaain hain. April, 1963 E. mein samvidhaan ka sanshodhan hua, jiske anusaar striyon ko mataadhikaar diya gaya aur sangheeya shaasanavyavastha ke sthaan par keindreeya shaasanavyavastha laagoo ki gayi. is nai vyavastha ki das ikaaiyaaain hain, jinke pradhaan adhikaari 'muhaafid' kahalaate hain.

sebaha se tripoli tak tat ke saath saath tatha desh ke bheetari bhaag mein achhi sadkein hain. yahaaain paryaapt sankhya mein halki rel laainein hain. tripoli, beingaaji tatha taabruk bandargaah hai. idris tatha benina yahaaain ke antararaashtreeya havaai adde hain.

prashaasan

is raashtra mein nimn likhit praant hai-

  • alabatanaan praant
  • daranaऩ praant
  • alajabal alanakhjr praant
  • alamarj praant
  • banagaaji praant
  • ulloo ahaat praant
  • alakafraऩ praant
  • surat praant
  • marajk praant
  • sabiya praant
  • vaadi alahayaaऩ praant
  • masaraataऩ praant
  • alamarakb praant
  • tarah bills praant
  • alajafaaraऩ praant
  • alajaaveeऩ praant
  • alanakaat alakhmas praant
  • alajabal alagar bi praant
  • naalot praant
  • gaat praant
  • alajafraऩ praant
  • vaadi alisha ti-A- praant

inhein bhi dekhein

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.