Lebanon

اaaَaaلaaْaaجaaُaaمaaْaaهaaُaaوaaرaaِaaيaaَaaّaaة اaaَaaلaaلaaُaaّaaبaaْaaنaaَaaاaaنaaِaaيaaَaaّaaة (arabi)
al-Jumhūarīayah al-Lubnāanīayah
Réapublique libanaise (fraansisi)

Lebanon ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: lebanaani raashtragaan
लेबनान की स्थिति
Lebanon ki sthiti
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
beroot
33°a54′aN 35°a32′aE / 33.9°aN 35.533°aE / 33.9; 35.533
raajabhaasha(eain) arabi, fraansisi1
boli jaane waali bhaashaaa arabi (lebanaani bhaasha), fraansisi, angreji, aarmeniyn
maanavajaateeya varg 95% Arab2, 4% Armenian, 1% other
nivaasi lebanaani
sarkaar kanfeshanalist, lokataantrik, sansadeeya ganaraajya
- raashtrapati Michelle sulemaan
- pradhaanamantri saad hareeri
- sansad ke adhyaksh nabi beri
svatantrata France se
- ghoshana 26 November 1941
- maanyata 22 nanvabar 1943
kshetrafal
- kul 10,452 varg kilometer (166 vaan)
4,035 varg meal
- jal (%) 1.6
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 4,224,000 (124 vaan)
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2009 praakkalan
- kul $51.474 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $13,374 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.765[1]
uchch · 65vaaain
mudra lebanaani pound (LBP)
samay mandal EET (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) EEST (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+3)
doorabhaash koot 961
Internet teeeladi .lb
1. ^ Article 11 of the Constitution of Lebanon states that "a law shall determine the cases in which the French language is to be used."[2]
2. ^ Many Christian Lebanese do not identify as Arab, and prefer to be called Phoenician.[3]

lebanaun, aadhikaarik roop se lubanaun ganaraajya, pashchimi Asia mein bhoomadhya saagar ke poorvi tat par sthit ek desh hai. iske uttar aur poorv mein Syria aur dakshin mein isaraail sthit hai. bhoomadhya besin aur arab ke bheetari bhaag ke beech mein setu bane is desh ka itihaas samruddh aur mishrit hai. yeh bhoomi feenisiynon ki ati-praacheen (2500 isaapoorv - 539 isaapoorv) sanskruti ka sthal thi jahaaain se lekhan kala ke vikaas ki kadi judi hai. iske baad faarasi, yoonaani, roman, arab aur usmaani turkon ke kabje mein rahane ke baad yeh France ke shaasan mein bhi raha. isi aitihaasik vajah se desh ki dhaarmik aur jaateeya vividhta iski anoothi saanskrutik pehchaan banaati hai.

yahaaain 60 pratishat log muslim hain jinmein shiya aur sunni ka lagbhag samaan hissa hai aur lagbhag 38 pratishat isaai. 1943 mein France se svatantrata milne ke baad yahaaain ek gruhayuddh chala tha aur 2006 mein isaraail ke saath ek yuddh. yahaaain ek vishesh praakar ki ganataantrik sarkaar ka shaasan hai jismein raashtrapati ek isaai hota hai, pradhaan mantri ek sunni muslim, nivraachit pratinidhiyon ki sabha ka adhyaksh ek shiya muslim aur up pradhaan mantri ek greek paranparaavaadi dharm ka hota hai. arabi yahaaain ki sabse bole jaane waali aur saanvaidhaanik bhaasha hai.

itihaas

lebanaun ki bhoomi ka itihaas isaapoorv 2500 isvi ke aaspaas ki feenik sanskruti se shuru hota hai jo saamudrik shakti the. inhonne bhoomadhya saagar mein Spain aur afreeka ke taton par apne upanivesh banaae the jismein aadhunik Libya ka kaarthej sabse prasiddh hai. in jagahon par feenisiyn apne vyaapaar ke silsile mein basate bhi gaye. inhonne ek 24 aksharon ki varnamaala banaai jo aadhunik kai Asiaee aur Europeeya varnamaalaaon ki poorvaj maani jaati hai. ismein roman, greek, arabi, hibroo, aaraamaaik aur devanaagari shaamil hain. aseeriya tatha bebeelon ke saamraajyon ke ye sahaayak bhi rahe par inka rishta utana saamanjasyapoorn naheen tha.

isa ke 539 saal pehle jab dakshini Iran ke faars praant ke ek saamraajya ke Rajkumar kurosh (saayasas) ne aseeriya ke saamrajya ko haraakar is pradesh ko jeetne ke abhiyaan par nikla to feenishiya ko jeetne ke baad ise ek kshatrap (raajya) bana diya gaya. iske baad is par faarasiyon ka shaasan koi 200 saalon tak raha. par pashchim me shaktishaali ho rahe meseedon ke sikandar ne 331 isaapoorv mein ise jeet liya. uske marne ke baad yeh selyukas ke pradesh ka hissa bana. romanon ne yoonaaniyon ko san 24 isaapoorv mein hara diya jiske baad yeh romanon ke shaasan kaal mein aa gaya aur agale 6 sadiyon tak raha. isi dauraan yahaaain isaai dharm ka prasaar hua.

muslim shaasan

arabon ne is pradesh ke upar saataveen sadi ke uttaraardh mein dhyaan diya jab umayyadon ki rajdhani poorv mein damishk mein bani. madhya kaal mein lebanaun kroos yuddhon (kroosed) mein lipt raha. salaadeen ne isko isaai kroosadaaron se mukt karavaaya. 139 0 mein misr ke maamaluk shaasakon ne Lebanon par kabja kar liya. usmaani turkon ne jab solahaveen sadi mein bhoomadhyasaagar ke poorvi tat par kabja kiya to Lebanon bhi sisli se lekar kaispiyn saagar tar faile automan (usmaani) saamraajya ka ang bana. pratham vishvayuddh ke baad yeh France ke shaasan mein aaya. san 1975-90 tak yahaaain ek gruhayuddh chala jiska mukhya kaaran - falsateen se aae sharanaarthi, arab-isaraayal yuddh, Iran ki islaamik kraanti aur dhaarmik takaraav the.

inhein bhi dekhein

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.
  2. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; constitution naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  3. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; cia naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.