Krishna

Krishna
श्रीकृष्ण
shreekrushn
devanaagari Krishna
sahabaddhata [swayam Bhagwan]
aavaas vrundaavan, dvaaraka, gokul, vaikunth
shastr sudarshan chakr
patni rukmini, satyabhaama, jaanbavati, nagnajitti, lakshana, kaalindi, bhadra, mitravrunda.
vaahan garud
paathya Bhagwat puraan, bhagavadgeeta
baal Krishna ka laddoo gopaal roop, jinki ghar ghar mein pooja sadiyon se ki jaati rahi hai.

Krishna hindu dharm mein vishnu ke avataar hain. sanaatan dharm ke anusaar Bhagwan vishnu sarvapaapahaari pavitra aur samast manushyon ko bhog tatha moksh pradaan karne vaale pramukh devata hain. jab-jab is pruthvi par asur evam raakshason ke paapon ka aatank vyaapt hota hai tab-tab Bhagwan vishnu kisi na kisi roop mein avatarit hokar pruthvi ke bhaar ko kam karte hain. vaise to Bhagwan vishnu ne abhi tak teis avataaron ko dhaaran kiya. in avataaron mein unke sabse mahatvapoorn avataar shreeraam aur shreekrushn ke hi maane jaate hain. shri Krishna ka janm yaduvanshi kshatriya kul mein raaja vrushni ke vansh mein hua tha .

anukram

janm

yeh avataar unhonne vaivasvat manvantar ke atthaaisavein dvaapar mein shreekrushn ke roop mein devaki ke garbh se Mathura ke kaaraagar mein liya tha. vaastavikta to yeh thi is samay chaaron or paap krutya ho rahe the. dharm naam ki koi bhi cheej naheen rah gayi thi. at: dharm ko sthaapit karne ke liye shreekrushn avatarit hue the. brahma, vishnu tatha Shiv -prabhrutti devata jinke charanakamalon ka dhyaan karte the, aise shreekrushn ka gunaanuvaad atyant pavitra hai. shreekrushn se hi prakruti utpann hui. sampoorn praakrutik padaarth, prakruti ke kaaryakaarya kiya use apna mahatvapoorn karm samjha, apne kaarya ki siddhi ke liye unhonne saam-daam-dand-bhed sabhi ka upayog kiya, kyonki unke avateern hone ka maatr ek uddeshya tha ki is pruthvi ko paapiyon se mukt kiya jaae. apne is uddeshya ki poorti ke liye unhonne jo bhi uchit samjha vahi kiya. unhonne karmavyavastha ko sarvopari maana, kurukshetr ki ranabhoomi mein arjun ko karmajnyaaan dete hue unhonne geeta ki rachana ki jo kalikaal mein dharm mein sabse mahatvapoorn granth maana jaata hai.

sampoorn pruthvi dushton evam patiton ke bhaar se peedit thi. us bhaar ko nasht karne ke liye Bhagwan vishnu ne ek pramukh avataar grahan kiya jo krushnaavataar ke naam se sampoorn sansaar mein prasiddh hua. us samay dharm, yagya, daya par raakshason evam daanavon dvaara aaghaat pahuainchaaya ja raha tha.

pruthvi paapiyon ke bojh se poornat: dab chuki thi. samast devataaon dvaara baarambaar Bhagwan vishnu ki praarthana ki ja rahi thi. vishnu hi aise devata the, jo samay-samay par vibhinn avataaron ko grahan kar pruthvi ke bhaar ko door karne mein saksham the kyonki pratyek yug mein Bhagwan vishnu ne hi mahatvapoorn avataar grahan kar dusht raakshason ka sanhaar kiya. vaivasvat manvantar ke atthaaisavein dvaapar mein Bhagwan vishnu ke avataar shreekrushn avatarit hue. hindu kaalaganana ke anusaar Krishna ka janm aaj se lagbhag 5,235 varsh poorv hua tha, kai vaigyaaniko tatha puraanon ka yahi maanana hai. jo mahaabhaarat yuddh ki kaalaganana se mel khaata hai.[1]

Bhagwan Krishna ke janm ka sateek andaaja shaayad hi koi laga paae. is vishay par kai matabhed hain parantu saaragarbhit dhyaan daalein to saare nateeje apne sthaan par satya hain.

Bhagwat mahaapuraan ke dvaadash skandh ke dviteeya adhyaaya ke anusaar kaliyug ke aarambh ke sandarbh mein bhaarateeya ganana ke anusaar kalayug ka shubhaaranbh isa se 3102 varsh poorv 20 fravari ko 2 bajkar 27 minute tatha 30 second par hua tha. puraanon mein bataaya gaya hai ki jab shri Krishna ka svargavaas hua tab kalayug ka aagaman hua, iske anusaar Krishna janm 4,500 se 3,102 i° poorv ke beech maanana theek rahega. is ganana ko satyaapit karne waali khoj mohanajodaado sabhyata ke vishay mein 1929 mein hui. maike dvaara mohanajodaado mein hue utkhanan mein ek puraatan tablet (bhittichitr) mila jismein do vrukshon ke beech khade ek bachche ka chitr bana hua tha, jo hamein Bhagwat aadi puraanon mein likhe Krishna dvaara yamalaarjun ke uddhaar ki katha ke or le jaata hai. iske anusaar mahaabhaarat ka yuddh 3000 i° poorv hua hoga jo puraanon ki ganana mein sateek baithata hai.[2] isse Krishna janm ka sateek andaaja milta hai.

shreekrushn se srushti ka aarambh

is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

Om
itihaas · devata
sampradaaya · aagam
vishvaas aur darshanashaastr
punarjanm · moksh
karm · pooja · maaya
darshan · dharm
vedaant ·yog
shaakaahaar · aayurved
yug · sanskaar
bhakti {{hindu darshan}}
granth
vedasanhita · vedaang
braahmanagranth · aaranyak
upanishd · shreemadbhagavadgeeta
raamaayan · mahaabhaarat
sootr · puraan
shikshaapatri · vachanaamrut
sambandhit vishay
daivi dharm ·
vishv mein hindu dharm
guru · mandir devasthaan
yagya · mantr
shabdakosh · hindu parv
vigrah
praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

HinduSwastika.svg

hindu maapan pranaali

Bhagwan ne dekha ki sampoorn vishv shoonyamaya hai. kaheen koi jeev-jantu naheen hai. jal ka bhi kaheen pata naheen hai. sampoorn aakaash vaayu se rahit aur andhakaar se aavrutt ho ghor prateet ho raha hai. vruksh, parvat aur samudra aadi shoonya hone ke kaaran vikrutaakaar jaan padta hai. moorti, dhaatu, shasya tatha trun ka sarvatha abhaav ho gaya hai. is prakaar jagat‌ ko shoonya avastha mein dekh apne hrudaya mein sabhi baaton ki aalochna karke doosare kisi sahaayak se rahit ekamaatr svechhaamaya prabhu ne svechha se hi is srushti ki rachana praarambh ki.

sarvapratham un param purush shreekrushn ke dakshin paarshv se jagat ke kaaran roop teen moortimaan gun prakat hue. un gunon se mahattattv ahankaar paanch tanmaatraaen roop, ras, gandh, sparsh aur shabd ye paanch vishay kramash: prakat hue. iske uparaant hi shreekrushn se saakshaat Bhagwan Narayan ka praadurbhaav hua. jinki angakaanti shyaam(saavali)[kaali] thi, ve nitya tarun peetaambaradhaari aur vibhinn vanamaalaaon se vibhooshit the. unki chaar bhujaaen theen, un bhujaaon mein kramash: shankh, chakr, gada aur padm viraajamaan the. unke mukhaarabind par mand-mand muskaan ki chhata chha rahi thi. ve ratnamaya aabhooshanon se vibhooshit the. shaarangadhanush dhaaran kiye hue the.

kaustubh mani unke vakshasthal ki shobha badha rahi thi. shreevatsabhooshit vaksh mein saakshaat lakshmi ka nivaas tha. ve shreenidhi apoorv shobha ko prastut kar rahe the. sharat‌aakaal ki poornima ke chandrama ki prabha se sevit mukhachandr ke kaaran ve manohar jaan padte the. kaamadev ki kaanti se yukt roop-laavanya unke saundarya ko aur bhi badha raha tha. Narayan shreekrushn ke samaksh khade hokar donon haathon ko jodkar unki stuti karne lage. geetaaji mein bhi Bhagwan ne arjun ko bataaya ki " mayaadhyakshen prakrutim sooyate s charaacharam | ", arthaat meri adhyakshata mein prakruti samast charaachar jagat arthaat srushti ki rachana karti hai | Krishna ne hi arjun ko bhagavadgeeta ka sandesh sunaaya tha.

unki katha krushnaavataar mein milti hai.

yadukul ke raaja.

achintya bhedaabhed darshan ke anusaar parabrahm ka doosra naam.

Krishna leelaaon mein chhipa sandesh

shreekrushn leelaaon ka jo vistrut varnan Bhagwat granth me kiya gaya hai, usaka uddeshya kya keval Krishna bhakton ki shraddha badhaana hai ya manushya maatr ke liye iska kuchh sandesh hai? taarkik man ko vichitr-si lagne waali in ghatnaaon ke varnan ka uddeshya kya aise man ko atimaanaveeya paraashakti ki rahasyamayata se vimoodhvat bana dena hai athva use uske taarkik star par hi kuchh gahra sandesh dena hai, is par hamein vichaar karna chaahiye.

shri Krishna ek aitihaasik purush hue hain, iska spasht pramaan hamein chhaandogya upanishd ke ek ullekh mein milta hai. vahaan (3.17.6) kaha gaya hai ki devaki putr shreekrushn ko maharshidev:koti aangirs ne nishkaam karm roop yagya upaasana ki shiksha di thi, jise grahan kar shreekrushn 'trupt' arthaat poorn purush ho gaye the. shreekrushn ka jeevan, jaisa ki mahaabhaarat mein varnit hai, isi shiksha se anupraanit tha aur geeta mein usi shiksha ka pratipaadan unke hi maadhyam se kiya gaya hai.

kintu inke janm aur baal-jeevan ka jo varnan hamein praapt hai vah moolat: shreemad Bhagwat ka hai aur vah aitihaasik kam, aadhyaatmik adhik hai aur yeh baat granth ke aadhyaatmik svaroop ke anusaar hi hai. granth mein chamatkaari bhautik varnanon ke parde ke peechhe gahan aadhyaatmik sanket sanjoe gaye hain.

vastut: Bhagwat mein srushti ki sampoorn vikaas prakriya ka aur us prakriya ko gati dene waali paramaatm shakti ka darshan karaaya gaya hai. granth ke poorvaardh (skandh 1 se 9) mein srushti ke kramik vikaas (jad-jeev-maanav nirmaan) ka aur uttaraardh (dasham skandh) mein shreekrushn ki leelaaon ke dvaara vyakti ke aadhyaatmik vikaas ka varnan prateek shaili mein kiya gaya hai. Bhagwat mein varnit shreekrushn leela ke kuchh mukhya prasangon ka aadhyaatmik sandesh pahachaanane ka yahaaain prayaas kiya gaya hai.


shreekrushn janm

krushnake janmakaal ki kuchh ghatnaaon ka niroopan
trigunaatmak prakruti se prakat hoti chetna satta!

shreekrushn aatm tatv ke moortimaan roop hain. manushya mein is chetan tatv ka poorn vikaas hi aatm tatv ki jaagruti hai. jeevan prakruti se udbhut aur viksit hota hai at: trigunaatmak prakruti ke roop mein shreekrushn ki bhi teen maataaeain hain. 1- rajoguni prakrutiroop devaki janmadaatri maaain hain, jo saansaarik maaya gruh mein kaid hain. 2- sataguni prakruti roopa maaain yashoda hain, jinke vaatsalya prem ras ko peekar shreekrushn bade hote hain. 3- inke vipreet ek ghor tamas roopa prakruti bhi shishubhakshak sarpini ke samaan pootana maaain hai, jise aatm tatv ka prasfutit ankuran naheen suhaata aur vah vaatsalya ka amrut pilaane ke sthaan par vishpaan karaati hai. yahaaain yeh sandesh preshit kiya gaya hai ki prakruti ka tamas-tatv chetan-tatv ke vikaas ko rokane mein asamarth hai.

gokul-vrundaavan ki leelaaeain
sambhavat: rajmanaama ki paandulipi se uddhrut chitr

shishu aur baal vaya mein hi shreekrushn dvaara anek raakshason ke vadh ki leelaaon tatha sahaj-saral-hrudaya mitron aur graamavaasiyon mein aanand aur prem baantane waali kreedaaon ka vistrut varnan Bhagwat mein hua hai. shishu charitra gokul mein aur baal charitra vrundaavan mein sampann hone ka jo ullekh hai, vah aadhyaatmik arth ki or sanket karta hai.

go-shabd ka arth indriyaaain bhi hain, at: gokul se aashay hai hamaari panchedriyon ka sansaar aur vrundaavan ka arth hai tulaseevan arthaat man ka uchch kshetr (tureeyaavastha vaale 'tur' se 'turas' aur 'tulasi' shabd ki vyutpatti vyaakaranasammat hai). gokul mein pootana vadh, shakat bhanjan aur trunaavart vadh ka tatha vrundaavan mein bakaasur, adhaasur aur dhenukaasur aadi anek raakshason ke hanan ka varnan hai.

vyakti aur samaaj ko apne andar vyaapt aasuri vruttiyon ke roop mein inki pehchaan karna hoga tabhi aadhyaatmik-naitik shakti se inka hanan sambhav hoga aur tab hi is baalaroop shreekrushn ka udbhav mahaabhaarat ke sootradhaar, dharmasthaapak, shreekrushn ke roop mein hona sambhav hoga.




vrundaavan ki kathaaon mein kaaliya naag, govardhan, raasaleela aur mahaaraas waali kathaaeain adhik prasiddh hain. shreekrushn ne yamuna ko kaaliya naag se mukt-shuddh kiya tha. yamuna, ganga, sarasvati nadiyon ko kramash: karm, bhakti aur gyaan ki prateek maana gaya hai. gyaan athva bhakti ke abhaav meinkarm ka parinaam hota hai, karta mein kartaapan ke ahankaar-vish ka sanchaya. yeh ahankaar hi karm-nad yamuna ka kaaliya naag hai. sarvaatm roop shreekrushn bhaav ka udaya is ahankaar-vish se karm aur karta ki raksha karta hai (geeta- 18.55.58).

govardhan dhaaran katha ki aarthik, neeti-parak aur raajaneetik vyaakhyaaen ki gayi hain. is katha ka aadhyaatmik sanket yeh dikhta hai ki go arthaat indriyon ka vardhan (paalan-poshan) karta, arthaat indriyon mein kriyaasheel praan-shakti ke srot parameshvar par hamaari drushti hona chaahiye. isi prakaar gopiyon ke saath raasaleela ke varnan mein man ki vruttiyaan hi gopikaaon ke roop mein moortimaan hui hain aur pratyek vrutti ke aatm-ras se saraabor hone ko raasaleela ya rasanrutya ke roop mein chitrit kiya gaya hai. isse bhi uchch avastha ka- prem aur virh ke baahya dvait ka ek aantarik aanand mein samaahit ho jaane ki avastha ka varnan 'mahaaraas' mein hua hai.

Mathura aagaman aur kans vadh
mathuraake liye apne raaste par Krishna aur balaraam

shreekrushn ko kishor vaya hote na hote kans unhein marava daalne ka ek baar fir shadyantr rachakar Mathura bulavaata hai, kintu shreekrushn usako uske mahaabali saathiyon sahit maar daalte hain. kans shabd ka arth aur usaki katha bhi sanket karti hai ki kans dehaasakti ka moortimaan roop hai, jo sambhaavit mrutyu se bachane ke liye kitne hi kutsit karm karta hai. Mathura ka shabdaarth hai- 'vikshubdh kiya hua.' at: Mathura hai dehaasakti se vikshubdh man. shreekrushn ka kans vadh karne ke uparaant dvaarika mein raajya sthaapana karne ka arth hai ki aatmabhaav mein pravesh ke poorv dehaasakti ki samaapti aavashyak hai.

samudra mein dvaarika nirmaan aur raajya sthaapana

kans vadh ke baad shreekrushn samudra ke bheetar (ant: samudre-bha. 10/50/50) dvaarika ka nirmaan karavaate hain aur vahaan raajya sthaapit karte hain. itihaas ke mahaapurush shreekrushn dvaara dvaaraka nagar ka samudra kinaare ya dweep par nirmaan karavaana aur kaalaantar mein usaka samudra mein doob jaana (jiske kuchh avashesh abhi haal mein hi khoje gaye hain) us kaal ki vaastavik ghatna hogi, kintu Bhagwat ne 'samudra ke andar' dvaarika nirmaan ka varnan karke spashtat: yahaan usaka aadhyaatmik roopaantaran prastut kiya hai.

dvaarika shabd mein dwaar ka arth hai- saadhan, upaaya ya pravesh maarg. samudra vyaktitv ke gahre tal- aatm kshetr ko ingit karta hai. at: aatm kshetr ka pravesh dwaar hai dvaarika. is kshetr mein chetna ka pravesh hone par jeevan jeene ka jaisa svaroop hoga, usaka niroopan dvaarika par shreekrushn raajya ke roop mein kiya gaya hai. is kshetr ka parichay hamein mahaabhaarat mein shreekrushn ke lokahitaarth aur dharmasthaapanaarth kiye gaye kaaryon dvaara tatha geeta ke antargat unki vaani dvaara karaaya gaya hai. saaraansh yeh ki vyakti bhi sankalp kare to usaki chetna bhi Krishna sam viksit ho sakti hai. shreekrushn jinka naam hai, gokul jinka dhaam hai! aise shri bhagvaan Dave:koti ko barambaar pranaam hai !!!!

mahaabhaarat

Krishna dvaara shankhanaad karke mahaabhaarat yuddh ke ant ki ghoshana

shri Krishna ki mahaabhaarat mein bhi bahut badi bhoomika thi. ve mahaabhaarat ke yuddh mein arjun ke saarathi the. unki bahan subhadra arjun ki patni theen. shri Krishna ne hi yuddh se pehle arjun ko geeta upadesh diya tha.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain