Koreai bhaasha

Koreai
한aa국aa어, 조aa선aa말
Hangugeo, Chosŏanmal
Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png
boli jaati hai
kshetr
kul bolne vaale
bhaasha parivaar
  • Koreai
bhaasha koot
ISO 639-1 ko
ISO 639-2 kor
ISO 639-3 kor
Map of Korean language.png
]]

Koreai bhaasha dakshin Korea aur uttar Korea ki aadhikaarik bhaasha hai aur ise bolne vaalon ki sankhya lagbhag 8 karod hai. is bhaasha ka vikaas 1443 i0 mein kingasejong ke shaasanakaal mein hua. is bhaasha ki lipi hangul (Hangul 한aa글) hai. Korean mein 한 (haan/Haan) ka arth hai - Korea athva mahaan aur 글/gul/geul ka arth hai - lipi. is prakaar hangul ka arth hua - "mahaan lipi" athva "Korean lipi".

koriyaayi bhaasha altaaik kul ki bhaasha hai jo cheeni ki bhaaainti sansaar ki praacheen bhaashaaon mein gini jaati hai. cheeni ki bhaaainti yeh bhi daae se baai or likhi jaati hai. iska itihaas Korea ke itihaas ki tarah hi 4000 varsh praacheen hai. praacheen kaal mein cheeni log Korea mein jaakar bas gaye the, isaliye vahaaain ki bhaasha bhi cheeni bhaasha se kaafi prabhaavit hai. cheeni aur koriyaayi ke anek shabd milte julate hain :

cheeni (peeking boli) koriyaayi arth
vaan maan das hajaar
naan naam dakshin
ma maal ghoda
i il ek

us samay Korea ke vidvaanon ki bolachaal ki bhaasha to koriyaayi thi lekin ve cheeni mein likhte the. cheeni lipi mein likhi jaanevaali koriyaayi bhaasha ki lipi haanamoon/hanmun kahi jaati thi. jabatak koi vidvaan praacheen cheeni ka jnyaaata na ho tab tak vah poorn vidvaan naheen maana jaata tha. koriyaayi bhaasha apni shishtata aur vinmrata ke liye prasiddh hai. shishtata aur vinmrataasoochak kitne hi shabd is bhaasha mein paae jaate hain. Korea ke log abhivaadan ke samay "aap shaantipoorvak aaeain", "aap shaantipoorvak soeain" jaise aadarasoochak shabdon ka prayog karte hain.

anukram

lipi ka saraleekaran

san 1446 mein Korea ke raaja sejong ne koriyaayi bhaasha ko saral banaane ke liye ek ghoshana ki jismein kaha gaya ki Korea ki raashtrabhaasha cheeni se bhinn hai aur cheeni lipi se usaki samaanata naheen hai, isaliye Korea ki janta cheeni bhaasha ke tareekon ko naheen apna sakti. is samay hangul lipi mein 28 aksharon ka samaavesh hua jinmein 17 vyanjan aur 11 svar the. baad me vyanjanon ko ghataakar 14 kar diya gaya. dheere-dheere pustakein aur akhbaar bhi is lipi mein chhapane lage.

vyaakaran

Koreai bhaasha ka vyaakaran niymabaddh aur saral hai. ek hi kriya bina kisi parivartan ke anek roopon mein prayukt hoti hai. koriyaayi ki vaakya rachana Japani ki bhaaainti hain--

  • (k) vaakyon mein pehle 'karta' fir 'karm' aur ant mein 'kriya' hoti hai.
  • (kh) visheshan visheshya ke pehle hota hai.
  • (g) praaya: sanjnyaaaon aur kriyaaon mein vachan aur purush naheen rahate hai.
  • (gh) dhaatu mein sahaayak dhaatuon ke pratyaya jodne se kriyaaroop bante hain.


vyanyajan
hangul
hindi b / p the ch k p t ch k f th chh kh s h s m na an r / l
RR b d j g pp tt jj kk p t ch k s h ss m n ng r, l
IPA p t t͡aaɕ k t͡aaɕaa͈ t͡aaɕaaʰ s h m n ŋ ɾ, l
svar
hangul
hindi i A oe ai aa O u au a yi ye yai ya yo yu yau vi ve vai va vo
RR i e oe ae a o u eo eu ui ye yae ya yo yu yeo wi we wae wa wo
IPA i e ø ɛ a o u ʌ ɯ ɰaai je ja jo ju ɥaai we wa


koriyaayi saahitya

== Korean varnamaala ==

vistrut vivran ke liye hangul dekhein.

baahari kadiyaaain