Karachi

Karachi
کaaرaaاaaچaaی Karachi
oopar se: jinnah ka makabara, mohata pailes, vitteeya jila, habeeb back plaaja, teen talavaar
Official logo of Karachi
Logo
Karachi ki sindh, Pakistan mein sthitiPakistan.
nirdeshaank : 24°a51′a36″aN 67°a00′a36″aE / 24.86°aN 67.01°aE / 24.86; 67.01Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 24°a51′a36″aN 67°a00′a36″aE / 24.86°aN 67.01°aE / 24.86; 67.01
Country Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
praant sindh
Municipal Committee 1853
Municipal Corporation 1933
Metropolitan Corporation 1976
City District Government 14th August 2001
City Council city complex, gulashan taaun
Towns
shaasan[1]
• pranaali City District
• shahar ka naajim Sayyed mustafa kamaal
• naayab naajim nasareen jaleel
kshetr[2]
• kul [
ooainchaai 8
janasankhya (2009)[3]
• kul 1,28,27,927
• ghanatv 5,099
samay mandal PST (UTC +5)
doorabhaash code 021
jaalasthal http://www.karachicity.gov.pk

Karachi Pakistan ka sabse bada nagar hai aur sindh praant ki rajdhani hai. yeh arab saagar ke tat par basa hai aur Pakistan ka sabse bada bandaragaah bhi hai. iske upanagaron ko milaakar yeh vishv ka doosra sabse bada shahar hai. yeh 3527 varg kilometer mein faila hai aur kareeb 1.45 karod logon ka ghar hai. yahaaain ke nivaasi is shahar ki jindaadili ki vajah se ise raushaniyon ka shahar aur kaid-A-aazam jinna ka nivaas sthaan hone ki vajah se ise shahar-A-kaid kah kar bulaate hain. jin‍aanaah ki jan‍aamas‍aathali ke liye prasiddh Karachi paakis‍aataan ke sindh praant ki rajdhani hai. yeh paakis‍aataan ka sabse bada shahar hai. arab saagar ke tat par basa Karachi paakis‍aataan ki saans‍aakrutik, aarthik aur shaikshanik rajdhani maani jaati hai. yeh paakis‍aataan ka sabse bada bandargaah shahar bhi hai. yeh shahar paakis‍aataan aane vaale paryatakon ke beech bhi khaasa lokapriya hai. paryatak yahaan beech, m‍aayoojiym aur masjid aadi dekh sakte hain.


aaj ke Pakistani bhoobhaag ka maanaveeya itihaas kam se kam 5000 saal puraana hai, yadyapi itihaas Pakistan shabd ka janm san 1933 mein Cambridge vishvavidyaalaya ke chhaatr chaudhari rahamat Ali ke dvaara hua. aaj ka Pakistani bhoobhaag kai sanskrutiyon ka gavaah raha hai.

isaapoorv 3300-1800 ke beech yahaaain sindhughaati sabhyata ka vikaas hua. yeh vishv ki chaar praacheen taamr-kaansyakaaleen sabhyataaon mein se ek thi. iska kshetr sindhu nadi ke kinaare avasthit tha par Gujarat (Bhaarat) aur Rajasthan mein bhi is sabhyata ke avashesh paae gaye hain. mohenjo-daaro, hadppa ityaadi sthal Pakistan mein is sabhyata ke pramukh avashesh-sthal hain. is sabhyata ke log kaun the iske baare mein vidvaanon mein mataikya naheen hai. kuchh ise aaryon ki poorvavarti shaakha kehte hain to kuchh ise Dravid. kuchh ise balochi bhi thaharaate hain. is matabhed ka ek kaaran sindhu-ghaati sabhyata ki lipi ka naheen padha jaana bhi hai.

aisa maana jaata hai ki 1500 isaapoorv ke aaspaas aaryon ka aagaman Pakistan ke uttari kshetron ke maarft Bhaarat mein hua. aaryon ka nivaas sthaan kaispiyn saagar ke poorvi tatha uttari hisson mein maana jaata hai jahaaain se ve isi samay ke kareeb Iran, Europe aur Bhaarat ki or chale gaye the. san 543 isaapoorv mein Pakistan ka adhikaansh ilaaka Iran (faaras) ke hakhaamani saamraajya ke adheen aa gaya. lekin us samay islaam ka udaya naheen hua tha; Iran ke log jradosht ke anuyaayi the aur devataaon ki pooja karte the. san 330 isaapoorv mein makadooniya (yoonaan) ke vijeta sikndar ne daara truteeya ko teen baar haraakar hakhaamani vansh ka ant kar diya. iske kaaran misr se Pakistan tak faile hakhaamani saamraajya ka patan ho gaya aur sikndar Punjab tak aa gaya. greek sroton ke mutaabik usane sindhu nadi ke tat par bhaarateeya raaja puru (greek - poras) ko hara diya. par usaki sena ne aage badhne se inkaar kar diya aur vah Bhaarat mein pravesh kiye bina vaapas laut gaya. iske baad uttari Pakistan aur Afghanistan mein yoonaani-baiktriyn sabhyata ka vikaas hua. sikndar ke saamraajya ko uske senaapatiyon ne aapas mein baaaint liya. selyukas nektar sikndar ke sabse shaktishaali uttaraadhikaariyon mein se ek tha.

mauryon ne 300 isaapoorv ke aaspaas Pakistan ko apne saamraajya ke adheen kar liya. iske baad pun: yeh greeko-baiktriyn shaasan mein chala gaya. in shaasakon mein sabse pramukh minaandar ne bauddh dharm ko protsaahit kiya. paarthiynon ke patan ke baad yeh faarasi prabhaav se mukt hua. sindh ke rai raajavansh (san 489-632) ne ispar shaasan kiya. iske baad yeh uttar Bhaarat ke gupt aur faaras ke saasaani saamraajya ke beech bainta raha.

san 712 mein faaras ke senaapati muhammad bin kaasim ne sindh ke raaja ko hara diya. yeh faarasi vijay na hokar islaam ki vijay thi. bin kaasim ek arab tha aur poorvi Iran mein arabon ki aabaadi aur niyantran badhta ja raha tha. haalaanki isi samay kendreeya Iran mein arabon ke prati ghruna aur dvesh badhta ja raha tha par is kshetr mein arabon ki prabhusatta sthaapit ho gayi thi. iske baad Pakistan ka kshetr islaam se prabhaavit hota chala gaya. Pakistani sarkaar ke anusaar isi samay 'Pakistan ki neenv' daali gayi thi. iske 1192 mein Delhi ke sultaan pruthveeraaj chauhaan ko haraane ke baad hi Delhi ki satta par faaras se aae turkon, arabon aur faarasiyon ka niyantran ho gaya. Pakistan Delhi saltanat ka ang ban gaya.

solahaveen sadi mein madhya-Asia se bhaag kar aae hue baabar ne Delhi ki satta par adhikaar kiya aur Pakistan mugal saamraajya ka ang ban gaya. mugalon ne Kabul tak ke kshetr ko apne saamraajya mein mila liya tha. athaarahaveen sadi ke ant tak videshiyon (khaaskar angrejon) ka prabhutv bhaarateeya upamahaadveep par badhta gaya . san 1857 ke gadar ke baad sampoorn Bhaarat angrejon ke shaasan mein aa gaya.

angrejon ke shaasan kaal mein, khaasakar Punjab mein kai virodh aandolan hue. is dauraan Punjab aur sindh mein achhi khaasi hindu aabaadi thi. par jantantra ki maang ko lekar aur muslimon ke alpamat mein hone ke kaaran alag muslim raashtra ki maang hone lagi. pehle san 1930 mein shaayar muhammad ikbaal ne Bhaarat ke uttar-pashchimi chaar praanton -sindh, baloochistaan, Punjab tatha afgaan (sooba-A-sarhad)- ko milaakar ek alag raashtra ki maang ki thi. 1947 August mein Bhaarat ke vibhaajan ke falasvaroop Pakistan ka janm hua. us samay Pakistan mein vartamaan Pakistan aur Bangladesh donon sammilit the. san 1971 mein Bhaarat ke saath hue yuddh mein Pakistan ka poorvi hissa (jise us samay tak poorvi Pakistan kaha jaata tha) Bangladesh ke roop mein svatantr ho gaya.

anukram

mausam aur jalavaayu

shahar ka kshetrafal 3,527 varg kilometer hai. yeh ek maidaani kshetr jis ki uttari aur pashchimi kshetr mein pahaadiyaan hain. shahar ke madhyabhaag se do badi nadiyaan gujrati hain, maleer nadi aur liya ri nadi. us ke saath saath shahar se kai aur chhoti badi nadiyaan gujrati hain. Karachi ki bandargaah shahar ke dakshin pashchimi kshetr mein avasthit hai. nagar ke uttari va pashchimi bhaag ke bandargaah ko sundar praakrutik bandargaah maana jaata hai.

shahar mein varsha kam hoti hain, vaarshik vrushti karib 250 milimeetar hai jis ka adhiktam hissa manasoon mein hota hai. Karachi mein grushmakaal April se August tak hota hain aur is dauraan vaayu mein saapekshik aadrata zyaada rahata hai. November se February shahar mein sardi ka mausam maana jaata hai. December aur January shahar mein sab se zyaada aaraamadeh mausam ke maheene hain aur is vajah se shahar mein in hi dinon mein sab se is nagar mein zyaada paryatak jaate hai.

taapakram (1931-2002) January February March april May jun July August September aktubar November December vaarshik
sabse adhiktam (°aC) 32.8 33.5 34.0 34.4 40.8 39.0 33.2 33.7 36.8 40.1 32.5 31.5 34.1
sabse nyunatam (°aC) 5.0 6.3 7.0 12.2 17.7 22.1 22.2 20.0 18.0 10.0 6.1 5.3 12.7

bhraman yogya sthal

beech- samudra tat par sthit hone ke kaaran Karachi mein tatha iske aas-paas kaafi beech hain. yahaan ke kuchh pramukh beech hain havaakas‍aab, saindas‍aapeed, maauntakebh, soom‍aayaani, French beech, gadaani tatha tooratal beech. yeh sabhi beech tairaaki tatha raat ka samay bi‍ataane ke liye kaafi ach‍aachhi maani jaati hain. raat ko thaharane ke liye yahaan par kai kautej hain. lekin iske liye pehle se booking karavaana aavash‍aayak hai. seev‍aayoo yahaan ka ek an‍aaya beech hai, jo kaafi khoobsoorat hai. yahaan din mein mukh‍aaya rup se ladke aur la‍aadkiyaan aate hain.

air fors m‍aayoojiym: yeh m‍aayoojiym sher-ai--Faizal rod par sthit hai. is m‍aayoojiym ke saamane ke park mein vaayuyaanon ka sundar sangrah hai. vibhin‍aan prakaar ke vaayuyaanon ke model, photo tatha ek chhota sa vaayuyaan is m‍aayoojiym mein rakha hua hai.

maari time m‍aayoojiym: maari time m‍aayoojiym bhi sher-ai-Faizal rod par sthit hai. is m‍aayoojiym ke saamane ke park mein paani ke puraane ladaakoo jahaaj, puraane v‍aayaapaarik jahaaj tatha vishaal bandookon ka adbhut sangrah hai. is sangrahaalaya mein ek vishaal hvel ki khaal bhi dekhi ja sakta hai. pravesh shul‍aak: 20 rupae

national m‍aayoojiym of paakis‍aataan: paakis‍aataan ka national m‍aayoojiym Karachi mein hai. is m‍aayoojiym ki s‍aathaapana 17 April 1950 ko ferar bhavan mein ki gayi thi. lekin ise 1970 E. mein jiya-uddeen rod sthit naye bhavan mein s‍aathaanaantarit kar diya gaya. us samay is m‍aayoojiym mein maatr chaar gailariyaan theen. parantu vartamaan mein is m‍aayoojiym mein 11 gailariyaan hain. iske atirik‍aat yahaan ek Quraan gailari bhi hai. is m‍aayoojiym mein pavitra Quraan ki 300 pratiyaan hain. jinmein se 52 pratiyaan has‍aatalikhit hain. is m‍aayoojiym mein paakis‍aataan ki kala sans‍aakruti se sanbanddh vas‍aatuon ka sangrah bhi hai. yahaan saindhav sabh‍aayata, gaandhaar sabh‍aayata, is‍aalaamik kala, praacheen sik‍aakon tatha durlabh has‍aatashil‍aapon ka sundar sangrah hai.

iske alaava Karachi mein majaar-A-kaayad, mohaata pailes aur m‍aayoojiym, aaga Khan university aadi bhi dekhi ja sakta hai.

kaise aaen Karachi aane ke liye sabse badhiya maarg vaayu maarg hai. yahaan jin‍aana anrtaraash‍aatreeya havaai adda hai. yeh havaai adda vibhin‍aan desho se niyamit flaaiton ke maadh‍aayam se juda hua hai.

hakoomat

chitr:Karachi, civic centre.jpeg
suk saintar, shiri hakoomat ka daftar

Karachi shir ki baladeeh ka aagaaj 1933i. main hava. ibatada main shir ka ik mear, ik naaib mear aur 57 kaunsalar hote the. 1976i. main baladeeh Karachi ku baladeeh ajmi Karachi bana deeaa giaa. san 2000i. main hakoomat paakistaan ne siaasi, itajaami aur maali vasaail aur jima daareeun ku nichli sata tak manatakal karne ka manasooba banaaiaa. us ke baaad 2001i. main us manasoobe ke nafaaj se pahile Karachi itajaami dhaanche main doosare daraje ki itajaami vahadat yaani daveejn, Karachi daveejn, tha. Karachi daveejn main paanch ajla, jilha Karachi janoobi, jilha Karachi sraki, jilha Karachi grabi, jilha Karachi vasati aur jilha maler saamil the.

san 2001i. main in tamaam jlaaon ku ik jile main jod liaa giaa. ab Karachi ka itajaami nijaam tin satahon par vaakia hai.

  • city dasatarakat gauramit
  • taaoon mioonsapal aidamanistaresn
  • yooneean kaunsil aidamanistaresn

jilha Karachi ku 18 taaoon main takaseem kiaa giaa he. in sab ki mutakhb baladeeaati itajaameeaa maujood hain. in ki jima daareeun aur ikhatiaaraat main paani ki fraahami, nikaasi aab, kaude ki safaai, sadkon ki muramat, baagaat, taraifik signal aur chad digr jmare aate hain. bakaaa ikhatiaaraat jilaai itajaameeaa ke havaale hain.

chitr:Karachi Municipal Corporation Headoffice.jpeg
Karachi mioonsapal kaaraporesn ka sadar daftar

ye taaunaj majeed 178 yooneean konasalon main takaseem hain jo mukaami hakomaton ke nijaam ki buniaadi ikaai hai. har yooneean kaunsil 13 afraad ki baadi par mastamal hai jis main naajim aur naaib naajim bhi saamil hain. yosi naajim mukaami itajaameeaa ka sarabaraah aur shiri hakoomat ke manasooba jaat aur baladeeaati khidmaat ke ilaava avaam ki skaaiaat hukaam baala tak pahanachaane ka bhi jima daar hai.

2005i. main mukaami hakomaton ke itakhaabaat main saiad musatafa kamaal ne kaamayaabi haasal ki or naamat alha Khan ki jagha Karachi ke naajim karaar paae jabaka nasareen jaleel shir ki naaib naajma karaar paain. musatafa kamaal naajim ka uhada sabhaalane se kabal sooba sidh ke vajeer baraae anafaarameesn taikanaaloji the. in se kabal Karachi ke naajim naamat alha Khan 2004i. aur 2005i. ke leee eseeaa ke bihtareen naajmeen mein se ek karaar paae the. musatafa kamaal naamat alha Khan ka suroo karada safr jaari rakhe hoe hain aur shir main tarakeeaati kaam teji se jaari hain.

Karachi shir madaraja jail kasabaat main takaseem hai[4]:

Karachi shir ke kasabaat
  1. baladeeh taaoon
  2. ban kaasim taaoon
  3. gadaap taaoon
  4. gulabarag taaoon
  5. gulasn taaoon
  6. jamased taaoon
  1. keemaadi taaoon
  2. koranagi taaoon
  3. laandhi taaoon
  4. liaakat aabaad taaoon
  5. leeaari taaoon
  6. maler taaoon
  1. nioo Karachi taaoon
  2. naarath naajim aabaad taaoon
  3. uranagi taaoon
  4. sadar taaoon
  5. saah faisal taaoon
  6. saait taaoon

vaajih rahe ki difains haaoosig athaarati Karachi main kaaim hai lekin voh Karachi ka taaoon naheen aur na hi kisi taaoon ka hisa hai balaki Pak afvaaj ke jer itajaam hai.

aadaad va sumaar

saal shiri aabaadi

1856 56,875
1872 56,753
1881 73,560
1891 105,199
1901 136,297
1911 186,771
1921 244,162
1931 300,799
1941 435,887
1951 1,068,459
1961 1,912,598
1972 3,426,310
1981 5,208,132
1998 9,269,265
2006 11,969,284
chitr:Karachi population increase history.svg
Karachi ki aabaadi 1860. 2006

gajsta 150 saalon main Karachi ki aabaadi va digr aadaad va sumaar main vaajih tabadeeli vaakia hoi hai. geerasarakaari aur bin alaakavaami jraa‏aaa ke mutaabik Karachi ki maujooda aabaadi 20 se 25 maleen hai [havaala durakaar]. jo 1947i. ke mutaabik main 37 guna jiaada hai. aajaadi ke vakat Karachi ki aabaadi mahij 4 lakh thi. shir ki aabaadi us vakat 5 feesad saalaana ke hisaab se bda rahi hai jis main ahim tareen kirdaar dihaat se shiron ku manatakali hai. ik adaaje ke mutaabik har maah 45 hajaar afraad shir kaaid pahuchate hain. Karachi duneeaa ke bade shiron mein se ek hai.

Karachi ik kaseer alanasali, kaseer alalasaani aur kaseer alasakaafti bin alaakavaami shir hai. 1998i. ki maradam sumaari ke mutaabik Karachi ki 94 aasaaraaa 04 feesad aabaadi shir main kiaam pajeer hai. is tarhaan voh sooba sidh ka sab se jadeed ilaaka hai.

Karachi main sab se jiaada aabaadi uradoo bolane vaale mahaajareen ki hai jo 1947i. main takaseem bar-A-sageer ke baaad hidusataan ke mukhtalif ilaakon se aakar Karachi main aabaad hoe the. hidusataan se aae hoe in musalim mahaajareen ku noo aamoj mamalakat paakistaan ki hakoomat ki madad se mukhtalif rihaais gaahein nivaaji gein jan mein se aksar paakistaan chhod kar Bhaarat jaane waali hidoo aur sikh baraadari ki thi.

shir ke digr baaseeun main sidhi, balochi, pajaabi, pathaan, gujaraati, kasmeeri, saraaiki aur 10 lakh se jaaid afgaan mahaajareen saamil hain jo 1979i. main afgaanistaan par soveeat yooneean ki jaariheeat ke baaad hijrat karke shir kaaid pahuche aur ab yahaan ke musatakil baasi ban chuke hain. in mahaajareen main pakhtun, taajik, hajaara, ajbak aur turakamaan saamil the. in ke ilaava hajaaron bagaali, arab, Irani, araakaani ke musalim mahaajareen (barama ki raakhaain riaasat ke) aur afreeki mahaajareen bhi Karachi main kiaam pajeer hain. aatis prasat paaraseeun ki badi taadaad bhi takaseem hid se kabal se Karachi main rihaais pajeer hai. Karachi ke paaraseeun ne shir ki taareekh main ahim kirdaar ada kiaa hai aur ahim sarkaari uhadon aur kaarobaari saragarameeun main bharpoor tareeke se saamil rahe hain. aajaadi ke baaad in ki akasareeat magribi mamaalik ku hijrat karagai taaham ab bhi shir main 5 hajaar paarasi aabaad hain. ilaava ajein shir main guaa se taaaluk rakhane vaale Catholic esaaiun ki bhi badi taadaad aabaadi hai jo barataanavi raaj ke jmaane main yahaan pahuchi thi.

1998i. ki maradam sumaari ke mutaabik shir ki lisaani takaseem is tarhaan se hai: uradoo bolane vaale 65 feesad, pajaabi 8 feesad, sidhi 7.22 feesad, pasto 11.42 feesad, balochi 4.34 feesad, saraaiki 2.11 feesad, digr 7.4 feesad. digr main gujaraati, daaudi bohara, maiman, ghaanachi, baraahavi, makaraani, barossaki, arabi, faarasi aur bagaali saamil hain. shir ki akasareeat musalmaan hai jan ki taadaad 96.49 feesad hai. isaai 2.35 feesad, hidoo 0.83 feesad, ahamadi 0.17 feesad aur digr 0.13 feesad hain. digr main paarasi, yahoodi aur budh saamil hain.

akatasaadeeaat

Karachi ki bulad amaaraat ka ik majr

Karachi paakistaan ka tajaarati daarul hakoomat hai aur ji di pi ke bestar hisa ka haamal hai. kaumi mahasolaat ka 65 feesad Karachi se haasal hota hai. paakistaan ke tamaam sarkaari va niji beenakon ke dafaatar Karachi main kaaim hain. jan mein se takareeba tamaam ke dafaatar paakistaan ki vaal asatareet "I I chanadareegar road" par kaaim hain.

dubai ka maaaroof taameeraati adaara imaar paraaparateej Karachi ke do jajaair badal aur bado par 43 arab Amreeki daalaraj ki laagat se taameeraati kaam ka aagaaj kararaha hai. Karachi porat tarasat 20 arab rupae ke ik manasoobe porat tower kamapaleekas ka aagaaj kararahi hai jo ik hajaar 947 fut buladi ke saath paakistaan ki sab se bulad imaarat hogi. is main ik hotel, ik saapig saintar aur ik numaaisi marakaj saamil hoga. imaarat ki ahim tareen khoobi is ka ghomata hava raisatoraan hoga jis ki gailari se badaulat Karachi bhar ka najaara kiaa jaasake ga. majkoora tower kalaftan ke saahil par taameer kiaa jaae ga.

chitr:Karachi City view towards port.jpeg
paakistaan ki vaal asatareet "I I chanadareegar road", raat ke vakat

bainkig aur tajaarati daarul hakoomat hune ke saath saath Karachi main paakistaan main kaam karne vaale tamaam kaseer alakomi idaaron ke bhi dafaatar kaaim hain. yahaan paakistaan ka sab se bada baajaar hasas Karachi asataak aikasacheinj bhi maujood hai jo 2005i. main paakistaan ke ji di pi main 7 feesad ajaafe main ahim tareen kirdaar karaar deeaajaataahe.

anafaarameesn aind kameevaneekeesnaj teekanaalojeej (I si ti), ilaikatraanik meedeeaa aur kaal seenataraj ka naya rahajaan bhi shir ki taraki main ahim kirdaar ada kararaha hai. geeramalaki kamapaneeun ke kaal seenataraj ku taraki ke leee buniaadi hadaf karaar deeaa giaa he aur hakoomat ne I ti soabe main gair mulaki saramaaiaa kaari ke leee mahasolaat main 80 feesad tak kami ke leee kaam kararahi hai [havaala durakaar]. Karachi paakistaan ka saaft vear marakaj bhi hai. paakistaan ke kai niji taili vijn aur redeeo cheenalon ke sadar dafaatar bhi Karachi main hain jan mein se jeev, A aar vaai, ham aur aaj ti vi mashoor hain. mukaami sidhi channel ke ti ain, sidh ti vi aur kasis ti vi bhi maaaroof channel hain.

Karachi main kai sanaati jun vaakia hain jan main kapde, adaveeaat, dhaaton aur auto mubaail ki sanaatein buniaadi ahimeeat ki haamal hain. majeed buriaan Karachi main ik numaaisi marakaj ikasapo saintar bhi hai jis main kai ilaakaai va bin alaakavaami namaaisein munaakid hoti hain. taveevata aur sojoki motaraj ke kaarakhaane bhi Karachi main kaaim hain. is sanaat se mataalik digr idaaron main malat taraikataraj, aadam motor kapani aur heeno Pak ke kaarakhaane bhi yaheen maujood hain. gaadeeun ki tiaari ka suaba paakistaan main sab se jiaada teji se abharati hava sanaati suaba hai jis ka marakaj Karachi hai.

Karachi badaragaah aur muhamad bin kaasim badaragaah paakistaan ki do ahim tareen banadaragaahein hain jabaka jinaah bin alaakavaami havaai ada mulak ka sab se bada havaai ada hai.

1960i. ki duhaai main Karachi ku taraki pajeer duneeaa main taraki ka rol maadal samjha jaata hai. jis ka adaaja is baat se lagaaiaa jaasakata hai ki janoobi koreeaa ne shir ka doosra paj saala manasooba baraae 1960i. ta 1965i. nikal kiaa.

taameeraat

chitr:Creek Vista towers, Karachi.jpeg
kareek taavaraj (jer taameer)

porat tower kamapaleekas (majoja)

kareesanat be (manajoor suda)

Karachi kareek mareena (jer taameer)

dolameen taavaraj (jer taameer)

I ti tower (manajoor suda)

badal jajeera (manajoor suda)

bado jajeera (manajoor suda)

asakavaair van taavaraj (jer taameer)

Karachi maas taraanjit nijaam

asa taavaraj (manajoor suda)

aif pi si si I tower (majoja)

sakaaft

hidoo jim khaana (naapa)

Karachi paakistaan ke chad ahim tareen sakaafti idaaron ka ghar hai. tajeen va aaraais ke baaad hidoo jim khaana main kaaim karada naisnal academy aaf parafaaramanag aaratas (naapa) kalaasiki mauseeki aur jadeed thetar samet digr suaba jaat main do saala diploma koras pes karta hai. aal paakistaan mioojeekal kaanafras 2004i. main aapane kiaam ke baaad saalaana mioojik faisateeval munaakid kararaha hai. ye faisateeval shiri jidgi ke ik ahim juj ki haiseeat ikhtiaar kar giaa hai jis ka sidt se itajaar kiaa jaata hai aur 3 hajaar se jaaid shiri is main sirkat karte hain jabaka digr shiron se bhi mahimaan tasreef laate hain.

koocha sakaaft main masaaaare, daraame aur mauseeki pes ki jaati hai. Karachi main kaaim chad ajaaib gharon main maaamool ki baneeaadon par namaaisein munaakid hoti hain jan main mohata pailis aur kaumi ajaaib ghar saamil hain. saalaana baneeaadon par manaakada kaara film faisateeval main paakistaani aur bin alaakavaami aajaad aur dasataaveji filmeen pes ki jaati hain. Karachi ki sakaaft masrak vasati, janoobi eseeaai aur magribi tahajeebon ke milaap se taskeel pai hai. Karachi main paakistaan ki sab se badi midl kalaas aabaadi kiaam pajeer hai. Karachi sooba sidh ka sadar mukaam hai.

taaleem

faasat isateechioot. naisnal yooneevarasiti ka Karachi kainpas

paakistaan main sab se jiaada sra khvaanadagi Karachi shir mein hai jahaan kai jaamaaaat aur kaalaj kajaaim hain. Karachi apani kaseer naujavaan aabaadi ke baais mulak bhar main jaana jaata hai. Karachi ki kai jaamaaaat mulak ke bihtareen taaleemi idaaron main sumaar hoti hain.

khel

chitr:56635.jpg
Karachi main bin alaakavaami krikt ka marakaj, naisnal asateedeem

Karachi ke mashoor khelon main cricket, hockey, make baaji, fut baal aur ghad daud saamil hain. mashoor national stadium, Karachi ke ilaava cricket ke meechaj you bi ail asaporatas kamapaleekas, A O krikt stadium, ke si si A krikt garaaoond, Karachi jim khaana garaaoond aur di aich A krikt stadium par munaakid hote hain. shahar main hockey ke leee hockey kalab aaf paakistaan aur you bi ail hockey garaaoond, baakasig ke leee ke pi ti asaporatas kamapaleekas, asakavaas ke leee jahaangeer Khan asakavaas kamapalakees aur ftabaal ke leee peepalaj fut baal asateedeem aur polo garaaoond, Karachi jaise saanadaar maraakaj kaaim hain. 2005i. main shahar ke peepalaj fut baal asateedeem main saaf cup ftabaal toranaamanat munaakid hava. kusti raani bhi Karachi ki kheelon ki saragarameeun ka ik aham hisa hai.

chitr:Karachi Golf Club.jpg
Karachi kaarasaaj gaalaf kalab

Karachi jim khaana, sidh kalab, Karachi kalab, musalim jim khaana, kareek kalab aur di aich A kalab samet digr khelon ke kalab aapane mainbaraan ku tainis, baidamitn, asakavaas, tairaaki, daud, asanokar aur digr kheelon ki saholeeaat muhaiaa karte hain. Karachi main do aalami miaar ke gaalaf kalab di aich A aur aur kaarasaaj kaaim hain. ilaava ajein shahar main chhote paimaane par kheelon ki saragarameeaan bhi urooj par hoti hain jan main sab se mashoor naait krikt hai jis main har ikhtataam hafta par chhote mote meedaanon aur galeeun main buraki kamakamon main cricket kheli jaati hai.

dilchasap makaamaat

majaar kaaid. baabaae kaum muhamad Ali jinaah ki aakhri aaraam gaah
  • majaar kaaid. baabaae kaum muhamad Ali jinaah ki aakhri aaraam gaah
  • koocha sakaaft
  • masajid toba. vaahad gubad ki duneeaa ki sab se badi masajid
  • I I chanadareegar road. paakistaan ki vaal asatareet
  • aaga Khan yooneevarasiti hasapataal

saahil Karachi

Clifton Beach, Karachi.jpg
chitr:DHA Marina Club.jpg
di aich A mareena kalab
  • kalaftan aur jahaangeer kothaadi peereed
  • si vev, kalaftan
  • di aich A mareena kalab
  • haakas be
  • pairaadaaij pavaainat
  • seenadaj pat pavaainat
  • franach beech
  • raseen beech
  • porat faaunateen. 600 fut bulad fvaara
  • jmajma tajaarati marakaj. aapane bautik aur kaife ke leee mashoor
  • abadula saah gaaji ka majaar

ajaaib ghar

  • paakistaan ear foras mioojeeam
  • kaumi ajaaib ghar
  • meri taaim mioojeeam
  • mohata pailis, Karachi va khite ki taareekh ka ajaaib ghar
  • Karachi ikasapo saintar

barataanavi raaj ke door ki amaaraat

chitr:EmpressMarket1995.jpg
imaparees maarakeet
  • meri vidur tower
  • freear haal
  • khaalakadeena haal
  • jahaangeer kothaadi peereed
  • gavaranar haaoos
  • seint peetarakas keetheedaral
  • saabak viktoreeaa mioojeeam (baaad ajaan adaalat ajmi ke jer isatamaal)
  • hidoo jim khaana (ab naisnal academy aaf parafaaramanag aaratas ke jer isatamaal hai)
  • imaparees maarakeet
  • sidh kalab

jajaair

  • kalaftan aasatar raukas
  • badal
  • bhat saah

baagaat

  • ban kaasim paarak (saabak kalaftan paarak)
  • safaari paarak (yooneevarasiti road)
  • ala den paarak (raasd minhaas road)
  • sad baad
  • Karachi chideeaa ghar (Gandhi gaaradan)
  • si vev paarak
  • ajeej bhati paarak
  • puraani sabaji madi paarak (yooneevarasiti road)
  • hal paarak

kastajaar (faaram haausaj)

°avilej gaaradan

  • maiman faaram haaoos

mile (reejoratas)

  • dareem varalad reejorat
  • rees koras
  • rees koras yooneevarasiti road

ivaan akas (cinema)

  • keepari sinma
  • nisaat sinma
  • pris sinma

yooneevaras saneepaleekas (kalaftan)

srab va taaam (food aind driks)

  • Hyderabad kaaloni
  • baranas road

ilaava ajein kalaftan, di aich A, saar faisal, naarath naajim aabaad, kareem aabaad, gulasn Iqbal, gulistaan jauhar vagaira main bhi kai maraakaj hain.

kalaftan ka saahil maaji kareeb main do marataba tel ki rasaai ke baais mutaasir hoochaka hai jis ke baaad saahil ki safaai karadi gayi hai. ilaava ajein raat ke vakat tafreeh ke leee saahil par buraki kamakame bhi nasab kae gaye hain. hakoomat ne Karachi ki saahali pati ki khoobasoorati ke leee kalaftan main beech paarak kaaim kiaa hai jo jahaangeer kothaari peereed aur baag iban kaasim se munasalik hai. shir ke kareeb digr saahali tafreehi makaamaat bhi hain jan main seenadajpat, haakas be, franach beech, raseen beech aur pairaadaaij pavaainat maaaroof hain.

khreedaari ka marakaj

aitavaar baajaar main kapadon ki frokht

Karachi paakistaan main khreedaari ka marakaj tasavar kiaa jaata hai jahaan rojaana laakhon saarafeen apani jurooreeaat ki aseeaa khreedate hain. sadar, galaf saapig maal, bahaadar aabaad, taarik road, jmajma, jeb ulanisa asatareet aur Hydari is havaale se mulak bhar main maaaroof hain. in maraakaj main kapadon ke ilaava duneeaa bhar se jurooreeaat jidgi ki tamaam aseeaa haasal ki jaasakati hain. barataanavi raaj ke jmaane ki imaparees maarakeet masaalaha jaat aur digr aseeaa ka marakaj hai. sadar main hi kaaim rainabo saintar duneeaa main chori suda si deej ke bade maraakaj mein se ek hai. digr ahim ilaakon main paapos maarakeet aur Hydari saamil hain. har aitavaar ku liaakat aabaad main paranadon aur paalatoo jaanvaron ke ilaava podon ka baajaar bhi lagta hai.

Karachi main jadeed taameeraat ke haamal khreedaari maraakaj ki bhi kami naheen jan main paarak taavaraj, di foram, maleeneem maal aur dolameen maal khsosa kaabal jikr hain. is vakat jer taameer itareem maal, jameera maal, I ti tower aur dolameen city maal bhi taameeraat ke saahakaar hain.

aavaagaman

jinaah itaranaisnal earaporat

Karachi ka jinnaah antarraashtreeya vimaanakshetr jo paakistaan ka masaroof tareen havaai ada hai. shir ka kadeem earaporat tarameenal ab haj paravaajon, kaarago aur sarabaraahaan mamalakat ke leee isatamaal hota hai. naya havaai ada 1993i. main ik fraanseesi adaare ne tiaar kiaa. mulak ki sab se badi banadaragaahein bhi Karachi main kaaim hain jo Karachi porat aur porat kaasim kahalaati hain. ye banadaragaahein jadeed saholeeaat se majeen hain aur na sirf paakistaan ki tamaam tajaarati jurooreeaat ke mutaabik kaam kirti hain balaki afgaanistaan aur vasat eseeaa ke mamaalik ki samudari tajaarat bhi unhi banadaragaahon se hoti hai.

Karachi paakistaan reelaveej ke jaal ke jreee bajreeaa rel mulak bhar se munasalik hai. shir ke do bade railway isatesn city aur kaint railway isatesn hain. railway ka nijaam Karachi ki badaragaah ke jreee mulak bhar ku saamaan pahanachaane ki khidmaat ajaam dita hai. is vakat shir main bason aur mani bason ne avaami nikal va hamal ka beda athaarakha hai lekin musatakabil main shir main tej aur aaraam da safr ke leee maas taraanjit nijaam ki taameer ka manasooba bhi maujood hai.

jmeeni malakeeat

Karachi saahil ke saath name sahiraai ilaake par kaaim hain jahaan sirf do nadeeon maler aur leeaari ke saath saath maujood ilaake ki jameen hi jraait ke kaabal hai. aajaadi se kabal Karachi ki aksar aabaadi maahi geeron aur khaana badoson par mastamal thi aur bestar jameen sarkaari malakeeat thi. aajaadi ke baaad Karachi ku mulak ka daarul hakoomat karaar deeaa giaa to jmeeni ilaake riaasat ke jeeraanatajaam aagae. 1988i. main Karachi divailapamaint athaarati ke muhaiaa karada aadaad va sumaar ke mutaabik 4 lakh 25 hajaar 529 ekad (1722 marab kilometer) mein se takareeba 4 lakh ekad (1600 marab kilometer) kisi na kisi tarhaan sarkaari malakeeat hai. hakoomat sidh ik lakh 37 hajaar 687 ekad (557 marab kilometer), ke di A ik lakh 24 hajaar 676 ekad, Karachi porat tarasat 25 hajaar 259 ekad, Karachi meetaropoleetan kaaraporesn (ke aim si) 24 hajaar 189 ekad, aarami kanatonamanat borad 18 hajaar 569 ekad, paakistaan asateel mil 19 hajaar 461 ekad, difains haaoosig susaaiti 16 hajaar 567 ekad, porat kaasim 12 hajaar 961 ekad, hakoomat paakistaan 4 hajaar 51 ekad aur paakistaan railway 12 hajaar 961 ekad rakabe ki haamal hai. 1990i. ki duhaai main ke di A ki gair taameer jameen maler deeolapamanat athaarati (aim di A) aur leeaari divailapamaint athaarati (ail di A) ku manatakal karadi gayi.

misaail

chitr:I.I. Chundrigarh Road, Karachi.jpeg
I I chanadareegar road par taraifik jaam ka ik majr

Karachi duneeaa main teji se feelate hoe shiron mein se ek hai is leee ise badhati hoi aabaadi, taraifik, aaloodagi, gurabat, dahist garadi aur jaraaim jaise misaail ka saamanaahe.

us vakat Karachi ka sab se bada masaala taraifik ka hai. sarkaari aadaad va sumaar ke mutaabik Karachi main har saal 550 afraad taraifik haadason main apani jaan ganavaatehein. shir main kaaroo ki taadaad sadkon ke taameer karada dhaanche se kaheen jiaada hai. taraifik ke in misaail se namatane ke leee shir main naamat alha Khan ke door main kai manasoobe suroo kae gaye jan main flaai uoraj aur adar paasaj saamil hain.

badhate hava taraifik aur dhooaan chhodti gaadeeun ku khuli chhut ke baais shir main aaloodagi badhati jaarahi hai. Karachi main fjaai aaloodagi aalami adaara siht (dabaleev aich O) ke mataain karada miaar se 20 guna jiaada hai. taraifik ke ilaava kaude krikt ku aag lagaana aur avaami soor ki kami bhi aaloodagi ka bada sabab hai.

ik aur bada masaala saaharaahon ku chauda karne ke leee darakhton ki kataai hai. Karachi main pahile hi darakhton ki kami heaavar maujood darakhton ki kataai par maaholeeaati tanajeemon ne sdeed ihatajaaj kiaa hai. jis par shiri hakoomat ne satabar 2006i. se tin maah ke leee sjarakaari muhim ka ailaan kiaa.

paakistaan ke doosare shiron ki tarhaan seeaasatadaanon aur sarkaari ahalakaaron ki mili bhugat se khuli jagahon par naajaaij tajaavaajaat taameer ka masaala Karachi main bhi avaam aur aane waali nasalon ke leee presaan kan hai.[5]

in ke ilaava fraahami aab aur bijli ki fraahami main taatal shir ke do bade misaail hain khsosa 2006 ke mausam garama main Karachi main bijli ki lod saidig ne aalami suharat haasal ki.

chitr deergha

bandhu shahar

dekhein

sandarbh

  1. "Government". City District Government of Karachi. http://125.209.91.254/cdgk/Home/Government/tabid/99/Default.aspx. abhigman tithi: 2007-11-28.
  2. "About Karachi". City District Government of Karachi. http://125.209.91.254/cdgk/Home/AboutKarachi/tabid/221/Default.aspx. abhigman tithi: 2007-11-28.
  3. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; worldgazetteer1 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  4. http://www.karachicity.gov.pk/
  5. rojnaama daan, 19 July 2009i., "Cowasjee:'I own Karachi, and can sell it!' – 4 "
  6. "Karachi: Sister-city accord with Port Louis". Dawn Group of Newspapers. 2007-05-01. http://www.dawn.com/2007/05/01/local17.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-12-31.
  7. http://www.shanghai.gov.cn/shanghai/node17256/index.html
  8. York-declared-sister-cities.html "Karachi and New York declared sister cities". Pakistan Daily, daily.pk. http://www.daily.pk/pakistan/international-level/42-international-level/3462-karachi-and-New York-declared-sister-cities.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-10.
  9. "Karachi News, Pakistan Observer Newspaper online edition". pakobserver.net. http://pakobserver.net/200805/10/news/Karachi05.asp. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-17.
  10. "Many US investors soon to visit Karachi". topix.com. http://www.topix.com/forum/world/pakistan/TE18D9UGSS1E6LRA4. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-17.

vistrut pathan

baahari kadiyaaain