Kabul

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 34°a31′a59″aN 69°a09′a58″aE / 34.533°aN 69.166°aE / 34.533; 69.166

Kabul
Kabul / کaaاaaبaaل
काबुल शहर
Kabul shahar
Afghanistan locator map.svg
Red pog.svg

Kabul

praant Kabul
nirdeshaank 34°a31′a59″aN 69°a09′a58″aE / 34.533°aN 69.166°aE / 34.533; 69.166
janasankhya (2005)[1]
29,94,000 (1st)
shahar ka UN anumaan
City Districts 18 sector ya boro
Area
- Elevation

1,790 mi (5,873 fut)
Time zone UTC+4:30 Kabul
mahaapaur rohullaah amaan
police mukhya Asmatullah Dawlatzai[2]

Kabul Afghanistan ki rajdhani hai. Kabul afagaanis‍aataan ka sabse bada shahar aur rajdhani hai. yeh afagaanis‍aataan ka aarthik aur saans‍aakrutik kendra bhi hai. yeh shahar samudra tal se 1800 meter ki oonchaai par sthit hai. Kabul safed kho pahaadi aur Kabul nadi ke beech basa hua hai. yeh paryatan ki drush‍ait se madh‍aaya Asia ka ek mahat‍aapapoorn kendra maana jaata hai. yahaan kai pramukh paryatan s‍aathal hain. jismein Afghan national m‍aayoojiym, daarul aman pailes, baag-A-baabar, idagaah masjid, omar maain m‍aayoojiym yahaan ke pramukh darshaneeya s‍aathal hai.

anukram

itihaas

is shahar ka itihaas 3000 varsh puraana hai. is dauraan yahaan kai shaasak vanshon ka shaasan raha. apne saamarik mahat‍aav ke kaaran yeh hamesha madh‍aaya Asia ka ek pramukh kendra bana raha. 1504 E. mein is par baabar ne kabja kar liya. 1526 E. mein Bhaarat vijay tak yeh baa‍aabar ke saamraaj‍aaya ke prashaasan ka kendra bana raha. 1776 E. mein taimoora shaah durraani ne ise afagaanis‍aataan ki rajdhani banaaya.

aakarshan

Afghan national m‍aayoojiym

ise Kabul m‍aayoojiym bhi kaha jaata hai. yeh aitihaasik do manjila imaarat Kabul mein sthit hai. is m‍aayoojiym ko madh‍aaya Asia ka sabse samruddh sangrahaalaya maana jaata hai. yahaan kai sahasraabdik poorv ke lagbhag ek lakh dularbh vas‍aatuon ka sangrah hai. is m‍aayoojiym ki s‍aathaapana 1920 E. mein hui thi. 1973 E. mein ek dach vaas‍aatuvid ko is sangrahaalaya ki nai imaarat ka design taiyaar karne ke liye bulaaya gaya tha. lekin raajaneetik asthirta ke kaaran yeh yojana poorn na ho saki. 1996 E. mein Taliban shaasan ke dauraan is m‍aayoojiym ko loota gaya. is m‍aayoojiym ko pun: apne vaas‍aatavik rup mein laane ke liye anrtaraash‍aatreeya samudaaya ne 2003 E. mein 350000 ameriki dollar ka sahayog diya. videshi sahaayata se bane nae is sangrahaalaya ka udaghaatan 29 September 2004 E. ko kiya gaya. is sangrahaalaya mein kushaan kaal se sam‍aaban‍aadhit vibhin‍ana bauddh s‍aamruti chin‍aahon ka ach‍aachha sangrah hai. iske alaava yahaan is‍aalaam dharm ke praarambhik kaal se sanbanddh das‍aataavejon ka sangrah bhi hai.

daarul aman pailes

Kabul ki sadkon par bhaai-bahan

yeh yooropiyn shaili mein bana hua mahal hai jo Kabul se 10 meal ki doori par sthit hai. daarul aman pailes ka nirmaan 1920 E. mein sudhaaravaadi raaja amaanul‍aalaah Khan ne karavaaya tha. yeh bhavan ek pahaadi par bana hua hai. yahaan se poori ghaati ka sundar najaara dikha ja sakta hai. is imaarat ka nirmaan afagaanis‍aataan ki sansad ke liye karavaaya gaya tha. lekin amaanul‍aalaah ke shaasan se hatne ke baad yeh imaarat kai varshon tak bina upayog ke padi raha. 1969 E. mein is imaarat mein aag lag gayi. 1970 tatha 80 ke dashak mein is imaarat ko raksha mantraalaya dvaara upayog kiya gaya. vartamaan mein is imaarat ka upayog naato senaaon dvaara kiya ja raha hai. afagaanis‍aataan ki vartamaan sarkaar is imaarat ko naya rup dekar sansad bhavan ke rup mein tab‍aadeel karne waali hai.

idagaah masjid

yeh afagaanis‍aataan ki doosari sabse badi masjid hai. is masjid mein ek saath 20 lakh log namaaj ada karte hain. is masjid ka nirmaan 1893 E. ke aas-paas yahaan ke taat‍aakaaleek shaasak ab‍aadur Rahman Khan ne karavaaya tha. yeh Kabul ke shahar Barack kshetr mein sthit hai. is masjid ka afagaanis‍aataan ki raajaneeti par v‍aayaapak prabhaav hai.

baala hisaar

yeh afagaanis‍aataan ka praacheen kila hai. is kile ka nirmaan 5veen shataab‍aadi E. poo. ke aas-paas hua tha. baala hisaar vartamaan Kabul shahar ke dakshin mein khuh-A-sheradaravaaj pahaadi ke paas sthit hai. yeh kila mool rup se do bhaagon mein vibhk‍aat tha. kile ke ni‍achale bhaag mein bairak tatha teen raajakeeya bhavan the. jabki oopari bhaag mein shas‍aatraagaar tatha kaaraagaar tha. is kaaraagaar ko kaala gadha ke naam se jaana jaataa‍ tha.

Kabul city center

yeh afagaanis‍aataan ka pehla aadhunik mall hai. iska udaghaatan 2005 E. ko kiya gaya. yeh nau manjila mall Kabul ke nichle his‍aase mein sthit hai.

baag-A-baabar

yeh Kabul aane vaale paryatakon ka sabse pasandeeda s‍aathaan hai. isi baag mein pratham mugal baadshah baabar ki kabr hai. yeh baag kai bageechon ko milaakar banaaya gaya hai. is baag ki baahari deevaar ka punarnirmaan 2005 E. mein puraani shaili mein hi kiya gaya tha. is deevaar ko 1992-96 E. mein yuddh ke dauraan kshati pahunchi thi. yeh baag Kabul ke chechalas‍aatan kshetr mein sthit hai. baabar ki mrut‍aayu ke baad un‍aahein Agra mein dafnaaya gaya tha. lekin baabar ki yeh ich‍aachha thi ki un‍aahein Kabul mein dafnaaya ja. is kaaran unki ich‍aachhaanusaar un‍aahein Kabul laakar is baag mein dafnaaya gaya. isi baag ki prerana se Bhaarat mein mugal baadashaahon ne kai baagon ka nirmaan karavaaya.

Kabul chidiyaaghar

yeh chidiyaaghar Kabul nadi ke tat par sthit hai. is chidiyaaghar ko 1967 E. mein aam logon ke liye khola gaya tha. is chidiyaaghar mein 116 jaanavar hain. in jaanvaron ki dekhbhaal ke liye yahaan 60 karmachaari kaaryarat hain. samay: subah 6 baje se shaam 6 baje tak, pratidin. shul‍aak: afagaaniyon ke liye 10 afagaani mudra tatha videshiyon ke liye 100 afagaani mudra.

omar maain m‍aayoojiym

yeh apne aap mein ek anokha m‍aayoojiym hai. is m‍aayoojiym mein prasiddh kalaakrutiyon ya has‍aatashil‍aapon ko naheen balki vibhin‍aan prakaar ke bamon ko dekha ja sakta hai. is m‍aayoojiym mein paryatak un sabhi prakaar ke hathiyaaron ko dekh sakte hain, jinka upayog yahaan hone vaale yuddhon mein kiya gaya hai. is m‍aayoojiym ko ghoomane ke liye pehle se anumati leni hoti hai.

paghamaan garden

yeh garden Kabul mein chhuttiyaan bitaane ke liye sabse khoobsoorat s‍aathal hai. yahaan log apne mitron tatha sanbandhiyon ke saath chhuttiyaan bitaane aate hain. is garden ka nirmaan 1927-28 E. mein baadshah amaanul‍aalaah ne karavaaya tha.

iske alaava haaji ab‍aadul Rahman masjid, pul-A kis‍aati masjid, oragha jheel, baag-A-janaana, baag-A-baala aadi bhi darshaneeya hai.

chitr deergha

sandarbh

  1. UN World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision Population Database...link
  2. Pajhwok Afghan News, Coordination among forces top priority (January 17, 2007}