Hyderabad ke nijaam

Hyderabad ke nijaam–ul-mulk
poorv raajashaahi
Hyderabad Coat of Arms.jpg
kulachihn
usmaan Ali Khan
pratham raaja kmaruddeen Khan
antim raaja usmaan Ali Khan
prakaar hij ekjaulted haaines
aadhikaarik nivaas chaumahalla mahal
raajashaahi ki shuruaat 1720 se
raajashaahi ka ant 17 sitmbar 1948
Asaf Jah I

Hyderabad ke nijaam-ul-mulk (urdoo:نaaظaaاaaم - اaaل - مaaلaaک وaaف حaaیaaدaaرaaآaaبaaا, telugu: నaaిaaజaaాaaం - ఉaaలaa్ - మaaుaaలaa్aaకaa్ అaaఫaa్ హaaైaaదaaరaaాaaబaaాaaదaa్, maraathi: nijhaam-ul-mulk of Hyderabad, kannad: ನaaಿaaಜaa್aaಯaaಮaa್ - ಉaaಲaa್ - ಮaaುaaಲaa್aaಕaa್ ಆaaಫaa್ ಹaaೈaaದaaರaaಾaaಬaaಾaaದaa್), Hyderabad riyaasat ki ek poorv raajashaahi thi, jiska vistaar teen vartamaan bhaarateeya raajyon Andhra pradesh, Karnataka aur Maharashtra mein tha. nijaam-ul-mulk jise aksar sankshep mein sirf nijaam hi kaha jaata hai aur jiska arth urdoo bhaasha mein kshetr ka prashaasak hota hai, Hyderabad riyaasat ke sthaaneeya samprabhu shaasakon ki padavi ko kaha jaata tha. nijaam 1719 se Hyderabad riyaasat ke shaasak the aur aasaf jaah raajavansh se sambandhit the. is raajavansh ki sthaapana meer kmar-ud-deen Siddiqui, ne ki thi jo 1713 se 1721 ke beech mugl saamraajya ke dakkan kshetr ka soobedaar tha. kmar-ud-deen Siddiqui ne asantat roop se 1724 mein aasaf jaah ke khitaab ke tahat Hyderabad par shaasan kiya aur 1707 mein aurangajeb ki mrutyu ke baad jab mugal saamraajya kamzor ho gaya to yuva aasaf jaah ne khud ko svatantr ghoshit kar diya. 1798 se Hyderabad, british Bhaarat ki riyaasaton mein se ek tha, lekin usane apne aantarik maamalon par apna niyantran banaae rakha tha.

saat nijaamon ne lagbhag do shataabdiyon yaani 1947 mein Bhaarat ki svatantrata tak Hyderabad par shaasan kiya. aasaf jaahi shaasak saahitya, kala, vaastukala, sanskruti, javaaharaat sangrah aur uttam bhojan ke bade sanrakshak the. nijaam ne Hyderabad par 17 sitmbar 1948 tak shaasan kiya, jab inhone bhaarateeya balon ke samaksh aatmasamarpan kiya aur inke dvaara shaasit kshetr ko bhaarateeya sangh mein ekeekrut kiya gaya.

sandarbh