Hyderabad

yeh lekh Bhaarat ke ek nagar ke baare mein hai, anya ke liye dekhein Hyderabad (bahuviklpi).
Hyderabad
హaaైaaదaaరaaాaaబaaాaaదaa్
حaaیaaدaaرaaآaaبaaاaaد
mahanagar
हैदराबाद शहर से संबंधित छवियों की एक झांकी।
sheersh baaeain se dakshinaavart: Charminar, lainko hills, husain saagar, golakunda ka kila, chaumuhalla pailes evam Birla mandir.
upanaam: motiyon ka shahar
हैदराबाद is located in Telangana
Hyderabad
Hyderabad, telangaana, Bhaarat ka drushya.
nirdeshaank : 17°a21′a58″aN 78°a28′a34″aE / 17.366°aN 78.476°aE / 17.366; 78.476Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 17°a21′a58″aN 78°a28′a34″aE / 17.366°aN 78.476°aE / 17.366; 78.476
desh Bhaarat
raajya telangaana
kshetr Deccan
jila Hyderabad jila, rangaareddi jila aur medak jila
sthaapit 1591 isvi
sansthaapak mohammad kuli kutub shaah
shaasan
• pranaali mayor parishad
• sabha greater Hyderabad nagar nigam
Hyderabad mahanagar vikaas praadhikran
saansad bandaaroo dattaatreya aur asaaduddeen ovaisi
mahaapaur mohammad maajid husain
• police aayukt ema॰ Mahendra Reddy
kshetr
mahanagar 650
• nagar 7,100
ooainchaai 505
janasankhya (2011)
mahanagar 68,09,970
• darja chaturth
• ghanatv 18,480
nagareeya 77,49,334
• mahanagar raink
vaaseenaam haidaraabaadi
samay mandal bhaarateeya maanak samay (IST) (yooteesi +5:30)
pinkod 500 xxx, 501 xxx, 502 xxx, 508 xxx, 509 xxx
doorabhaash code +91–40, 8413, 8414, 8415, 8417, 8418, 8453, 8455
vaahan panjeekaran TS-07,TS-08,TS-09,TS-10,TS-11,TS-12,TS-13,TS-14,TS-15
aadhikaarik bhaasha telugu bhaasha, urdoo bhaasha
jaalasthal ghmc.gov.in

Hyderabad (telugu: హaaైaaదaaరaaాaaబaaాaaదaaు,urdu: حaaیaaدaaر آaaبaaاaaد) Bhaarat ke raajya telangaana tatha aandhr pradesh ki sanyukt rajdhani hai, jo dakkan ke pathaar par moosi nadi ke kinaare sthit hai. iska doosra naam bhaagyanagar hai. kaha jaata hai ki kisi samay mein is khoobasoorat shahar ko kutubashaahi parampara ke paaainchavein shaasak muhammad kuli kutubashaah ne apni premika bhaagamati ko upahaar svaroop bheint kiya tha, us samay yeh shahar bhaaganagar ke naam se jaana jaata tha. bhaaganagar samay ke saath Hyderabad ke naam se prasiddh hua. ise 'nijaamon ka shahar' tatha 'motiyon ka shahar' bhi kaha jaata hai.

yeh Bhaarat ke sarvaadhik viksit nagaron me se ek hai aur Bhaarat mein soochana praudhogiki evam jaiv praudyaugiki ka kendra banta ja raha hai. husain saagar se vibhaajit, Hyderabad aur Secundarabad judvaan shahar hain. husain saagar ka nirmaan san 1562 mein ibraaheem kutub shaah ke shaasan kaal mein hua tha aur yeh ek maanav nirmit jheel hai. Charminar, is kshetr mein pleg mahaamaari ke ant ki yaadagaar ke taur par muhammad kuli kutub shaah ne 1591 mein, shahar ke beechon beech banavaaya tha. golakunda ke kutubashaahi sultaanon dvaara basaaya gaya yeh shahar khoobasoorat imaaraton, nijaami shaano-shaukt aur lajeej khaane ke kaaran mashahoor hai aur Bhaarat ke maanachitr par ek pramukh paryatan sthal ke roop mein apni alag ahamiyt rakhata hai. nijaamon ke is shahar mein aaj bhi hindu-muslim saampradaayik sauhaardr se ek-doosare ke saath rahakar unki khushiyon mein shareek hote hain. apne unnat itihaas, sanskruti, uttar tatha dakshin Bhaarat ke sthaapatya ke maulik sangam, tatha apni bahubhaashi sanskruti ke liye bhaugolik tatha saanskrutik donon roopon mein jaana jaata hai. yeh vah sthaan raha hai jahaan hindu aur musalmaan shaantipoorvak shataabdiyon se saath saath rah rahe hain.

nijaami thaath-baat ke is shahar ka mukhya aakarshan Charminar, husain saagar jheel, bidla mandir, saalaarajang sangrahaalaya aadi hai, jo desh-videsh is shahar ko ek alag pehchaan dete hain. yeh bhaarateeya mahanagar bangalaur se 574 kilometer dakshin mein, Mumbai se 750 kilometer dakshin-poorv mein tatha chennai se 700 kilometer uttar-pashchim mein sthit hai. kisi samay navaabi parampara ke is shahar mein shaahi haveliyaaain aur nijaamon ki sanskruti ke beech heere javaaharaat ka rang ubhar kar saamane aaya to kabhi svaadisht navaabi bhojan ka svaad. is shahar ke aitihaasik golakunda durg ki prasiddhi paar-dwaar tak pahuainchi aur ise uttar Bhaarat aur dakshinaanchal ke beech samvaad ka avsar saalaajaar sangrahaalaya tatha Charminar ne pradaan kiya hai. varsh 2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar is mahanagar ki janasankhya 68 lakh se adhik hai.

anukram

sthaapana

golakonda ka puraana kila raajya ki rajdhani ke liye aparyaapt siddh hua aur isliye lagbhag 1591 mein kutubashaahi vansh mein paaainchavein, muhammad kuli kutubashaah ne puraane golakonda se kuchh meal door moosa nadi ke kinaare Hyderabad naamak naya nagar banaaya.

chaar khuli meharaabon aur chaar meenaaron waali bhaarateeya-arabi shaili ki bhavya vaastushilpeeya rachana Charminar, kutubashaahi kaal ki sarvochch upalabdhi maani jaati hai. yeh vah kendra hai, jiske aaspaas banaai gayi makka masjid 10 hajaar logo ko samaahit kar sakti hai. Hyderabad apne saundarya aur samruddhi ke liye jaana jaata hai. Charminar ke bagal mein laad-baajaar, gulajaar hauj, mashahoor vikraya kendra hai. Charminar ke ek taraf bhaagyalakshmi ka prasiddh mandir hai.

naamakaran

haidarabaad naam ke peechhe kai dhaaranaayein hain. ek prasiddh dhaarana hai ki is shahar ko basaane ke baad muhammad kuli kutub shaah ek sthaaneeya banjaara ladki bhaagamati se prem kar baitha tha, ladki se shaadi ke baad usane is shahar ka naam bhaagyanagaram rakha. islaam sveekaar karne ke baad, bhaagamati ka naam haidar mahal hua - aur shahar ka bhi naya naam Hyderabad ("haidar ka basaaya gaya shahar") [1]

itihaas

apne lajeej mugalai bhojan ke saath-saath Hyderabad nijaami tahajeeb ke kaaran bhi duniya bhar mein mashahoor hai. svaadapremiyon ke liye to Hyderabad jannat ke samaan hai. yahaaain ki lajeej biryaani aur paaya ki khooshaboo door-door se paryatakon ko Hyderabad kheench laati hai.

web duniya hindi[2]

sultaan kuli kutub mulk, golakunda saltanat ke shaasak parivaar, "kutub shaahi" raajavansh ka sansthaapak tha. 1512 me svatantr saltanat banane se pehle yeh raajavansh bahamani saltanat ke aadheen tha. 1591 mein is raajavansh ke ek shaasak muhammad kuli kutub shaah ne moosi nadi ke tat par Hyderabad shahar ki sthaapana ki, yeh sthaan parivartan, puraane mukhyaalaya golakonda mein raajavansh ko ho rahi paani ki kami ke kaaran karna pada. kaha jaata hai ki, isse pehle ki pleg ki mahaamaari usaki naye basaaye shahar mein fail paati, us par kaaboo paaya ja saka, isaliye usane, sarvashaktimaan ishvar ke prati krutajnyaata jnyaaapit karte huye, usi saal, Charminar banavaane ka bhi aadesh diya.

16veem shataabdi aur shuruaati 17veen shataabdi mein, jaise jaise kutub shaahi raajavansh ki shakti aur satta badhati gayi, Hyderabad heeron ke vyaapaar ka keinndr banta gaya. mahaaraani eleejaabeth ke raajamukut mein jada vishv mein sarvaadhik prasiddh koh-A-noor, golakunda ki heeron ki khaanein se hi nikla hai. kutub shaahi raajavansh ne Hyderabad mein hindustaani-faarasi aur hindustaani-islaami saahitya ke vikaas mein bhi sahayog kiya. kuchh sultaan sthaaneeya telagoo sanskruti ke sanrakshak bhi maane jaate hain. 16veen shataabdi mein shahar golkunda ki janasankhya ke basane ke liyebadha aur flat: kutub shaahi shaasakon ki rajdhani ban gaya. Hyderabad apne baagon aur sukhad mausam ke liye jaana jaane laga.

1687 mein, mugal shaasak ऒrangajeb ne Hyderabad par adhikaar kar liya. is kam samay ke mugal shaasan ke dॊraan, Hyderabad ka sॊbhaagya kshaya hone laga. jald hi, mugal shaasak ke dvaara niyukt shahar ke soobedaar ne adhik svaayatta pa li. 1724 mein asaf jaah pratham, jise mugal samraat ne "nijaam-A-mulk" ka khitaab diya tha, ne ek virodhi adhikaari ko Hyderabad par adhikaar sthaapit karne mein hara diya. is tarah aasaf jaah raajavansh ka praarambh hua, jisne Hyderabad par Bhaarat ki angrejon se svatantrata ke ek saal baad tak shaasan kiya. aasaf jaah ke uttaraadhikaareeyon ne Hyderabad par raajya kiya, ve nijaam kahalaaye. in saat nijaamon ke raajya mein Hyderabad saanskrutik aur aarthik donon bhaanti viksit hua. Hyderabad raajya ki aadhikaarik rajdhani ban gaya aur puraani rajdhani golakunda chhond di gayi. bade bade jalaashaya jaise ki nijaam saagar, tungabaadr, osamaan saagar, himaayat saagar aur bhi kai banaaye gaye. nagaarjun saagar ke liye sarve bhi isi samay shuru kiya gaya, jise Bhaarat sarkaar ne 1969 mein poora kiya.

jab 1947 mein Bhaarat svatantr hua, british shaasan se huyi sharton ke tahat Hyderabad ne; jiska pratinidhitv mukhya mantri, mantrimndal aur 'nijaam' kar rahe the, svatantr hone ko chuna, ek mukt shaasak ki bhaanti ya british saamraajya ki riyaasat ki bhaanti Bhaarat ne Hyderabad par aarthik naakaabandi laga di | parinaamat: hairadaraabaad raajya ko ek viraam samajhauta karna pada | Bhaarat ki svatantrata ke kareeb ek saal baad, 17 sitmbar 1948 ke din nijaam ne adhimiln prapatr par hastaakshar kiye | 1 November 1956 ko Bhaarat ka bhaashaayi aadhaar par purnasangathan kiya gaya | Hyderabad raajya ke pradesh naye bane aandhr pradesh, Mumbai (baad me Maharashtra) aur Karnataka raajyon me telugubhaashi logan ke anusaar baant diye gaye | is tarah Hyderabad naye bane raajya aandhr pradesh ki rajdhani bana |[2]

bhoogol aur paryaavaran

Hyderabad shahar dakshin Bhaarat ke telangaana raajya me sthit hai | yeh dekkan kshetr me hai jo, samudra tat se 541 meter, 625kimi2 kshetr oopar sthit hai |

husain saagar jheel

mool Hyderabad shahar moosi nadi ke kinaare sthaapit hua tha. ise ab aitihaasik puraana shahar kaha jaata hai, jahaan Charminar, makka masjid aadi bane hain, vah nadi ke dakshini kinaare par basa hai. nagar ka kendra nadi ke uttar mein sthaanaantarit ho gaya hai. yahaan kai sarkaari imaaratein va mukhya sthal bane hain, khaaskar husain saagar jheel ke dakshin mein. is nagar ki tvarit pragati saath jude Secundarabad va anya padosi kshetron sahit hui hai, jisse yeh mahaanagaron ki shreni mein aa gaya hai. yahaan ka mausam is prakaar se hai:

  • greeshm kaal (May): ausat adhiktam taapamaan: 40 degree se0 ausat nyoonatam : 25 degree se0
  • hemant kaal (December): ausat adhiktam taapamaan 28 degree se0, ausat nyoonatam: 13 degree se0
  • adhiktam ankit : 45.6 shigri se0, nyoonatam ankit:6.1 degree se0
  • vaarshik varsha: 79 se.mi.
  • bhugarbheeya pranaali: aarkiyn
  • mruda: laal baluaa, saath hi kaali kautan mruda ke kshetr bhi hain.
  • niktavarti bhoobhaag: pathareela/pahaadi (Hyderabad ke niktavarti kshetr apni sandar paashaan banaavat ke liye prasiddh hain.)
  • jalavaayu: ushnakatibndheeya nam evam shushk

chikitsakeeya paryatan

yadi kisi ko koi badi svaasthya samasya hai, to Hyderabad, ubharata hua sarvashreshth sthaanon mein se ek hai, upachaar hetu. nagar pehle hi aushadhi ka kendra hai, jahaan aushadhiyon ka kai karod ka vyaapaar hai. yahaan kai saste va achhe aspataal bhi hain.

naagrik prashaasan

nagar ka prashaasan greater haidaraabad nagaramahaapaalika dvaara sanchaalit hai. [3] is paalika ke adhyaksh yahaan ke mahaapaur hain, jinhein kai kaaryapaalak kshamataaen nihit hain. paalika ki mukhya kshamata nagaramahaapaalika aayukt, ek aai A S ke paas hai, jo Andhra pradesh sarkaar dvaara niyukt hota hai.

Hyderabad ek sau 50 myunisipl vaards mein banta hua hai. pratyek ward ka ek kaurporetar hota hai, jo paalika ke chunaavon mein chayanit hota hai. Hyderabad mein ek jila hai, jo jila maijistret ke adheen aata hai. inhein collector bhi kaha jaata hai. collector sampatti aankadon va raajasv sangrahan ka prabhaari hota hai. yahi nagar mein hone vaale chunaavon ki prakriya ka nireekshan bhi karta hai. mahaanagareeya kshetr mein rangaareddi jila bhi aata hai, jo poorv Hyderabad mein se kaat kar bana tha.

anya mahaanagaron ki bhaanti, yahaan bhi ek police aayukt, I pi S hota hai. Hyderabad police raajya gruh mantraalaya ke adheen aati hai. Hyderabad mein paaainch police mandal hain, pratyek ka ek police upaayukt hai. yahaan ki yaataayaat police bhi Hyderabad police ke adheen, ardh-svaayattata praapt sanstha hai.

yahaan ek raajya uchch nyaayaalaya hai. iske saath hi do nichle nyaayaalaya bhi hain. ye hain: smaul kaujej court: naagrik (deevaani) maamalon hetu, va saishan court: aaparaadhik (faujadaari) maamalon hetu.

Hyderabad mein do lok sabha nirvaachan kshetr hain: Hyderabad evam Secundarabad. saath hi shahar ke kai bhaag, do anya nirvaachan kshetron ke bhi bhaag hain. yahaan terah vidhaan sabha nirvaachan kshetr hain.

aadhikaarik roop se Bhaarat sarkaar Hyderabad ko mahanagar maanati hai.

arth vyavastha

Hyderabad Andhra pradesh ki vitteeya evam aarthik rajdhani bhi hai. yeh shahar raajya ke sakal ghareloo utpaad, kar evam raajasv ka sarvaadhik anshadaata hai. 1990 ke dashak se is shahar ka aarthik praaroop badal kar, ek praathamik seva nagar se bahu-seva varnakram svaroop ho gaya hai, jismein vyaapaar, yaataayaat, vaanijya, bhandaaran, sanchaar, ityaadi sabhi sammilit hain. seva udyog mukhya anshadaata hai, jismein shahari shramashakti kul shakti ka 90% hai.

Hyderabad ko moteeyon ka nagar bhi kaha jaata hai. aur soochana praudyogiki mein to isne bangalaur ko bhi pachhaad diya hai. motion ka baajaar chaar meenaar ke paas sthit hai. motion se bane aabhooshan chaarakamaan baajaar se ya anya mukhya baajaaron se bhi liye ja sakte hain. chaaaindi ke utpaad (bartan va moortiyaan, ityaadi), saadiyaan, nirmaal evam kalamakaari peintings va kalaakrutiyaan, anupam bidri hastakala ki vastuen, lakh ki ratn jadit choodiyaaain, reshami va sooti hathakaragha vastr yahaan bante hain, va inka vyaapaar sadiyon se chala aa raha hai.

Andhra pradesh ko poorv Hyderabad raajya se kai bade shikshan sansthaan, anusandhaan prayogashaalaaen, anekon niji evam saarvajanik sansthaan mile hain. mool shodh hetu avasanrachana suvidhaaen yahaan desh ki sarvashreshth hain, jiske kaaran hi ek badi sankhya mein shikshit log desh bhar se yahaan aakar base hue hain.

Hyderabad aushadheeya udyog ka bhi ek pramukh kendra hai, jahaan dau0 reddeej lab, maitriks laiboretareej, haitaro drags li0, daaivis laibs aurobindo pharma li0 tatha vimta laibs jaisi badi companiyaan sthaapit hain. jeenom valley evam nainotaiknolauji park, jaisi pariyojanaaon dvaara, jaiv praudyogiki ki atyadhik sanrachanaaen yahaan sthaapit hone ki bharpoor aasha hai.[4]

Hyderabad mein bhi, Bhaarat ke kai anya shaharon ki hi bhaanti, bhoo-sanpada vyaapaar (real estate) bhi khoob panapa hai. iske liye soochana praudyogiki ko dhanyavaad hai, jiske kaaran yahaan ki pragati kuchh hi varshon mein chahumukhi ho gayi hai. shahar mein kai bade shopping mall bhi bane hain.

soochana praudyogiki udyog

Hyderabad shahar, apni soochana praudyogiki evam I ti enebald sevaaen, aushadhi, manoranjan udyog (film) ke liye prasiddh hai. kai call center, bijnes proses aautasorsing (bi pi O) companiyaan, jo soochana praudyogiki va anya takaneeki sevaaon se sambandhit hain, yahaan 1990 ke dashak mein sthaapit ki gayeen, jinhonne ise Bhaarat kke call center setap shaharon mein se ek banaaya.

ek up-shahar bhi basaaya gaya hai- high-tech city, jahaan kai soo.prau, evam I ti E S companyon ne apne prachaalan aarambh kiye. soochana prau. ke is tvarit vistaar ki kaaran kabhi-kabhi is shahar ko saaibaraabaad bhi kaha gaya hai. saath hi ise bangalaur ke baad dviteeya cyber valley bhi kah jaata hai.[5] is shahar mein digital moolasanrachana mein kaafi nivesh hua hai. is nivesh se kai badi companiyon ne apne parisar bhi basaaye hain. kai bahuraashtreeya companyon ne apne kendra shahar mein khole hain. aise mukhya kendra maadhaapur va gaacheebaavali mein adhik hain.

Hyderabad vishv ki faurchoon 500 companyon ko bhi aakarshit kar yahaan nivesh kara chuka hai. intalekt inkau, ki semiindiya mein achhi dil hone ke baad se Hyderabad ek vaishvik shahar ban gaya hai. yaheen par Bhaarat ki pratham faib city, jismein silikaun chip utpaadan suvidha ho, 3 billion dollar ke e॰ ema॰ dee॰-semeeindiya kaunasaurshiym ke nivesh se sthaapit ho rahi hai[6]

bhoo sampada

yahaan ke shahareekaran, va logon ke chhote shaharon ko vyavasaaya ke liye chhodkar yahaan basane se, yahaan ki janasankhya mein ek badi vruddhi hui hai. isi ka parinaam hai greater Hyderabad, jismein padosi gaaainv bhi shaamil hain. inke saath hi yahaan ek mudrika maarg, baahari mudrika maarg, kai setu va nee:shulk-path bhi hain. is kaaran kai baahari kshetr apni seemaaen khote ja rahe hain, va bhoo sanpada ke bhaav oonche uthate ja rahe hain. saath hi yahaan anekon gagan chunbi attaalikaaen uthateen ja raheen hain.

aavaagaman

M M ti S naikales road maitro station

sadak

Hyderabad shesh Bhaarat se raashtreeya raajamaargon dvaara juda hua hai. mukhya raajamaarg hain:- N H 7, N A 9 evam N H 202 (Andhra pradॆsh sadak raajya parivn nigam) aadi.[7] 1932 mein nijaam raajya rel-sadak yaataayaat prabhaag ki ikaai ke roop mein sthaapit hua tha, jismein aaranbhik 27 basein theen, jo ab badhkar 19,000 ka aankada paar kar chuki hai. yahaan Asia ka teesara sabse bada bason ka beda hai. ismein 72 bas platform hain, jahaan itni hi basein ek hi samay mein yaatriyon ko chadha sakateen hain. iska aadhikaarik naam hai mahatma gaaaindhi bas station, jise sthaaneeya log imaleevan bas station kehte hain. raajya parivhan nigam point se point bas seva pradaan karta hai, jo sabhi mukhya nagaron ko jodti hai. shahar mein nigam ki 4000 se adhik basein daudteen hain.[8] peele rang ka autorickshaw, jise auto kaha jaata hai, adhiktar prayukt taisi seva hai. haal hi mein car va motorcycle taisi sevaaen bhi aarambh huin hain.

rel seva

yahaan laait rel yaataayaat pranaali hai, jise malti model taaansport system (M M ti S) kehte hain. yeh rel va sadak yaataayaat ko jodta hai. dakshin madhya railway ka mukhyaalaya Secundarabad mein sthit hai. teen mukhya railway station hain:- Secundarabad jankshan, Hyderabad dekan railway station (ya naamapalli) aur kaachiguda railway station.

vaayu seva

pehle begamapet havaai adda antardesheeya va antarraajeeya vimaan seva deta tha. ek naya vimaanakshetr Rajiv gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya havaai adda shamsaabaad mein ban chuka hai. pehle sabhi bade shaharon ki bhaanti yahaan vayu yaataayaat sankulan samasya hoti thi, parantu naya havaai adda ban jaane se vah door ho chuki hai. yahaan traffic sankulan ki samasya sadkon par bahut dikhaayi deti hai. yeh auto, car, ityaadi ki atyadhik sankhya ke kaaran hoti hai. isse nibtaane ke liye anekon setu, flyover nirmaan hue, parantu yeh vaisi ki vaisi bani hui hai. Andhra pradesh sarkaar ne isse nibatne ke liye Delhi va Kolkata ki bhaanti hi yahaan bhi maitro train shuru karne ki manjoori de di hai.[9] iske poorn ho jaane par aasha hai, ki yeh samasya kaafi had tak sulajh jaaye gi.

janasaankhyaki

2006 mein nagar ki janasankhya 36 lakh aakalit ki gayi thi jabki bruhattar mahaanagareeya kshetr ki janasankhya 61 lakh se adhik aakalit ki gayi hai. dhaarmik tatha saanskrutik roop se yeh shahar hindu, muslim va isaaiyon se juda hua hai. yahaaain boli jaane waali mukhya bhaashaaeain hain- telugu, hindi, urdoo va dakkani. yahaaain janajaateeya mool ke logon ki bhi khaasi janasankhya hai, jo ki kaam ki talaash mein yahaaain aavrajit hue hain. yahaaain banajaare bhi milte hain, jo apni ek bhinn sanskruti va bhaasha vaale hain. unki bhaasha ko Gorboli kaha jaata hai, jo Europe mein roma logon dvaara boli jaane waali roma bhaasha se nikat sambandh rakhati hai. telugu, hindi va dakkani mool janasankhya ki sthaaneeya bhaashaaeain hain. vyaapaar mein paryaapt maatra mein angreji bhi boli jaati hai. Bhaarat ke vibhinn bhaagon ke logon ne Hyderabad ko apna gruhanagar banaaya hai.

sanskruti

Birla mandir, Hyderabad

Hyderabad anek vibhinn sanskrutiyon va paranparaaon ka milan-sthal hai. aitihaasik roop se yeh vah shahar raha hai, jahaaain uttar va dakshin Bhaarat ki bhinn saanskrutik va bhaashik paranparaaeain mishrit hoti hain. at: yeh dakshin ka dwaar ya uttar ka dwaar kaha jaata hai. yahaaain dakshin bhaarateeya sanskruti ke beech Hyderabad ki muslim sanskruti bhi antarvisht hai.

yeh ek anupam vishvabandhu nagar (cosmopolitan) hai, jahaaain isaaiyat, hindu dharm, islaam, jainadharm va jarathushtr dharm ko maanane vaale log rahate hain. haidaraabaadiyon ne apni khud ki ek bhinn sanskruti viksit kar li hai, jismein praacheen telugu logon ki hindu paranparaaon tatha sadiyon puraani islaami paranparaaon ka mishran hai. telugu, urdoo va hindi yahaaain ki pramukh bhaashaaeain hain (yadyapi baad ki do apne maanak svaroop mein naheen paayi jaateen aur dakkani boli ki or agrasar rahati hain). yahaaain boli jaane waali telugu bhaasha mein anek urdoo shabd bhi mil sakte hain. tatha yahaaain boli jaane waali urdoo bhi maraathi va telugu se prabhaavit hai, jisse ek boli bani hai jise haidaraabaadi urdoo ya dakkani kaha jaata hai. yahaaain ka prasiddh usmaaniya vishvavidyaalaya Bhaarat ka pehla urdoo maadhyam vishvavidyaalaya hai. yahaaain ki ek badi janasankhya angreji bolne mein bhi kushal hai.

Hyderabad ki lagbhag sabhi sanskrutiyon ki mahilaaeain ya to paramparaagat bhaarateeya paridhaan saadi pahanati hain, ya salavaar kameej (visheshakar yuvatar janasankhya). muslim mahilaaon ka ek bada bhaag buraka ya hijaab pahanata hai. purush praay: aaj ka suvidha ka paridhaan paint-shart pahanate hain, parantu lungi va shart, dhoti kurta (donon hindu) tatha kurta paajaama (praay: muslim) bhi bahut pahana jaata hai.

pramukh vyanjan

मसालेदार भारतीय खाद्य युक्त तीन बर्तन
haidaraabaadi biryaani (baain or) aur anya vyanjan

apne lajeej mugalai bhojan ke saath-saath Hyderabad nijaami tahajeeb ke kaaran bhi duniya bhar mein mashahoor hai. svaadapremiyon ke liye to Hyderabad jannat ke samaan hai. yahaaain ki lajeej biryaani aur paaya ki khooshaboo door-door se paryatakon ko Hyderabad kheench laati hai. is par Hyderabad ke navaabi aadar-satkaar va Khan-paan ko dekhkar aapko bhi lagega ki vaakai mein aap kisi nijaam ke shahar mein aa gaye hain. haidaraabaadi vyanjan mein paramparaagat Andhra aur telangaana vyanjan par vyaapak islaami prabhaav hai. haidaraabaadi vyanjanon ke yahaan kai restraan hain. shahar ke sabhi hotelon mein ek ya isse jyaada restraan hain jo lokapriya hai. baavarchi, paaraadaaid, Hyderabad house haidaraabaadi vyanjanon ko upalabdh karaane vaale kuchh mashahoor restraan hain.

Hyderabad ka sabse pramukh vyanjan haidaraabaadi biryaani hai. anya vyanjanon mein khubaani, feni, paaya naahari aur haleem (ramajaan ke maheene ka pramukh maansaahaari vyanjan).

bhaarateeya mithaai ki dukaanein ghi ki mithaaiyon ke liye mashahoor hain. pulla Reddy mithaaiyaan shuddh ghi ki mithaaiyon ke liye prasiddh hai. naamapalli ka Karachi bakery fal biskuton, osmaaniya biskut aur dilkhush ke liye mashahoor hain. puraane shahar ke ajeej baag pailes mein rahane wala parivaar baadaam ki jaili banaata hai.

shiksha aur shodhakaarya

aarambh mein Hyderabad mein Madras vishvavidyaalaya se sambaddh do mahaavidyaalaya the. lekin 1918 mein nijaam ne usmaaniya vishvaavidyaalaya ki sthaapana ki aur ab yeh Bhaarat ke shreshth vishvavidyaalayon mein se ek hai. Hyderabad vishvavidyaalayon ki sthaapana 1974 mein hui. ek krushi vishvavidyaalaya aur kai gair sarkaari sansthaan, jaise American stadeej research center aur jarman Institute of oriental research bhi hain.

Hyderabad mein saarvajanik va niji saanskrutik sangathan badi sankhya mein hain, jaise raajya dvaara sahaayata praapt naatya, saahitya va lalit kala akaadamiyaaain. saarvajanik sabhaagruh rabeendr bhaarati nrutya va sangeet mahotsavon ke liye manch pradaan karta hai aur saalaarajang sangrahaalaya mein durlabh vastuon ka sangruh hai, jinmein sangeyashab, aabhooshan, chitr aur frneechar shaamil hain.

kshetreeya kendra

Hyderabad kshetreeya kendra ki sthaapana January, 1987 mein ki gayi thi. do uttari tateeya jile shreekaakulam aur vijyanagaram ko chhodkar yeh kshetreeya kendra poore Andhra pradesh ko samaahit karta hai. is kshetreeya kendra ka aupachaarik udghaatan ignoo ke sansthaapak vi. si profesar ji. raama Reddy dvaara 2 fravari 1987 ko kiya gaya tha. kuchh hi varshon mein isne 60 adhyayan kendron ki sthaapana ki aur 120 se zyaada kaaryakram adhyayan kendron mein upalabdh karaane laga.

hindi sansthaan

Hyderabad kendra ki sthaapana varsh 1976 mein hui. shikshan-prashikshan kaaryakramon ke antargat yeh kendra schoolon/collegeon evam svaichhik hindi sansthaaon ke hindi adhyaapakon ke liye 1 se 4 saptaah ke laghu avadheeya naveekaran kaaryakramon ka aayojan karta hai, jismein hindi adhyaapakon ko hindi ke vartamaan parivesh ke antargat bhaashaashikshan ki aadhunik takaneekon ka vyaavahaarik gyaan karaaya jaata hai. vartamaan mein Hyderabad kendra ka kaaryakshetr aandhr pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Maharashtra evam kendra shaasit pradesh paandicheri evam andamaan nikobaar dweep samooh hain. Hyderabad kendra par hindi shikshan paarangat paathyakram bhi sanchaalit kiya jaata hai.

saalaarajang sangrahaalaya

media

Hyderabad optikl faaibar kebal ke ek bade network dvaara kavar kiya jaata hai. shahar ke telephone pranaali chaar laindalaain companiyon dvaara sevit hai, yatha: BSNL, tata indikaum, Reliance aur Airtel. kai companiyon ke dvaara braudabaind Internet ka upayog pradaan kiya jaata hai. shahar mein prasaarit efaem radio channel kramash: radio mirchi, aakaashavaani indradhanush efaem, vividh bhaarati, aakaashavaani, radio city, big efaem, S efaem aur air jnyaaanavaani efaem aadi hai. raajya ke svaamitv waali dooradarshan do sthaleeya television channelon aur Hyderabad se ek upagrah television channel prasaarit karta hai. saath hi san network ke mithun, teja ke alaava maan TV, iteevi urdoo, iteevi (Bhaarat) sahit Hyderabad se prasaarit kai kai anya niji kshetreeya television channelon mein pramukh hai raaj network ka veesa, ji TV ka ji telugu, san network ka mithun sangeet, mithun samaachaar channel, ti vi 5, aap tak aadi hai.

Hyderabad se angreji, telugu aur urdoo bhaashaaon mein kai akhbaaron aur patrikaaon ka prakaashan hota hai. telugu dainik samaachaar patron mein pramukh hai enaadu, vaarta, Andhra jyoti, prajaashakti, Andhra bhoomi aur Andhra prabha. yahaaain se prakaashit angreji dainik samaachaar patron mein pramukh hain Deccan kraunikl, business standard, hindu, times of India aur Indian express aadi. jabki yahaaain se prakaashit pramukh urdoo dainik samaachaar patron mein siyaasat dainik, munsif dainik, ettemaad urdoo dainik, rahanumaai, Deccan aur dainik milaap aadi. in pramukh samaachaar patron ke alaava, vahaaain se kai pramukh patrikaaeain prakaashit hoti hai, jismein pramukh hai- chandaamaama, vanita, vipula, chatura, navya, Andhra prabha, Andhra jyoti, svaati aadi tatha filmi patrikaaon mein jyoti chitra santosham, superhit, chitraanjali, sitaara aadi shaamil hain.

Hyderabad telugu film udyog ki maatrubhoomi hai. saradhi studio, annapoorna studio, raamaanaayidu studio, raamakrushn studio, padamaalaya studio, raamoji film city is shahar ka ullekhaneeya film studio hain.

cinema

Hyderabad Bhaarat ke doosare sabse bade chalachitr udyog ka gruh bhi hai:- telugu cinema. yahaan prativrsh sainkadon filmein banaayeen jaateen hain. .

khelakood

indor stadium

Hyderabad mein anya khelon ki tulana mein cricket sarvaadhik lokapriya khel hain. cricket ke saath-saath hockey ki bhi lokapriyta yahaaain kam nahi hai. 2005 mein Premier hockey league mein Hyderabad sultaans vijayi huye the. Hyderabad ko haal hi mein ek naya cricket stadium vishaakha international cricket stadium mila hai, jiska naam parivrtit karke Rajiv Gandhi antarraashtreeya cricket stadium rakha gaya hai. indor khelon ko protsaahan dene ke uddeshya se yahaaain ek indor stadium bhi banaaya gaya hai. varsh 2002 mein 'raashtreeya khel' ke mejabaan ke roop mein is shahar ka chayan kiya gaya tha aur desh mein vishv stareeya stadium hetu pahal ki gayi thi. baad mein is stadium ko 2003 mein aayojit efro Asiaee khelon ki mejabaani ka saubhaagya praapt hua. aaj Hyderabad mein antararaashtreeya maanak ke kai bade aur vividh stadium hain. Indian Premier league mein shahar ki team hain sunrisers Hyderabad.

Hyderabad ke prasiddh khilaadi

2012 mein batting karti hui mitaali raaj
tennis star saaniya mirja
  1. Abbas Ali beg , poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  2. si. ke. Naidu, poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  3. aabid Ali, poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  4. Abu taayeb yaahya mohammad , junior table tennis khilaadi
  5. Arshad aki, poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  6. gagan naarang, vishv star ke nishaanebaaj
  7. gulaam Ahmad , poorv bhaarateeya cricket team ke kaptaan
  8. meer kaasim Ali , poorv bhaarateeya table tennis champion
  9. mitaali raaj, bhaarateeya mahila cricket team ki khilaadi
  10. mohammad ajaharuddeen, poorv bhaarateeya cricket team ke kaptaan
  11. nandaanoori mukesh Kumar , olanpiyn aur poorv bhaarateeya hockey khilaadi
  12. pulela Gopichand, badminton khilaadi
  13. pee॰ Krishna moorti, poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  14. saaina Nehwal, badminton khilaadi
  15. saaniya mirja, tennis khilaadi
  16. Shiv laal Yadav , poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi aur cricket team ke chayanakarta
  17. Sayyed mohammad haadi , olanpik tennis khilaadi
  18. vi vi S Lakshman, bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  19. veinkatapati raajoo, poorv bhaarateeya cricket khilaadi
  20. koneru hampi, antarraashtreeya shataranj khilaadi

stadium

Hyderabad shahar mein banaaya gaya praarambhik stadium laal bahaadur shaastri stadium hai, jo poorv mein fateh maidaan ke roop mein jaana jaata tha aur yeh haal tak antarraashtreeya cricket maichon ka sanchaalan karta raha hai. is maidaan par pehla cricket match 19 November 1955 ko khela gaya tha. uppal mein Rajiv Gandhi antarraashtreeya cricket stadium ke nirmaan ke saath ab is maidaan par cricket match aayojit kiye jaane ki sambhaavana naheen hai.

aakarshan

chaar meenaar Hyderabad ke sabse pramukh evam lokapriya aakarshanon mein se hai
N ti aar baag
  • chaar meenaar – nagar ka mukhya chinh, jismein chaar bhavya meenaarein hain. shahar ke beechonbeech bani is bhavya imaarat ka nirmaan kuli kutub shaahi navaab ne karaaya tha. yeh kaha jaata hai ki Hyderabad mein pleg jaisi bhayaanak mahaamaari par vijay paane ki khushi mein navaab ne Charminar ka nirmaan karaaya tha. Charminar se laga hua hi ek prasiddh choodi baajaar hai, jahaaain aapko anginat vairaayatiyon ki sundar choodiyaaain dekhne ko mil jaaegi.
  • falakanuma mahal – navaab vikaar-al-umara dvaara banavaaya hua, sthaapatyakala ka anokh udaaharan.
  • golakunda kila – shahar ke kinaare sthit, golakunda ka kila, Bhaarat ke prasiddh va bhavya kilon mein se ek hai.
  • chaumahala mahal- yeh aasaf jaahi vansh ka sthaan tha, jahaan nijaam apne shaahi aagantukon ka satkaar kiya karte the. 1750 mein nijaam salaabat jang ne ise banavaaya tha, jo isfahaan shahar ke shaah mahal ki tarj par bana hai. yahaan ek mahalon ka samooh hai, jo darbaar hall ke roop mein prayukt hote the.
  • salaarajang sangrahaalaya – yeh puraatan vastuon ka ek vyakti sangrah wala sabse bada sangrahaalaya hai. kai shataabdiyon ke sangrah yahaan milte hain.
  • makka masjid – yeh patthar ki bani hai, va Charminar ke dakshin-poorv mein sthit hai. yeh apne aakaar, sthaapatya evam nirmaan mein adviteeya hai.
  • bidla mandir (Hyderabad, Andhra pradesh) – yeh hindu mandir, nagar mein ek oonche pahaad par sthit hai, jahaan se nagar ka najaara dikhaai deta hai, va poore nagar se yeh dikhaai deta hai. yeh shvet sangamarmar ka bana hai.
  • bidla taaraamandal – nagar ke beech mein naubat pahaad par sthit, taaraamandal khagol vigyaan ko nagar ka naman hai.
  • chilkur Balaji – shri veinkateshvar svaami ko samarpit yeh mandir mehandeepatanam se 23 ki॰amee॰ door hai. ise veesa-Balaji bhi kehte hain, kyonki logon ki yeh maanyata hai, ki Amreeki veeja ka interview inki krupa se sakaaraatmak parinaam deta hai.
  • Nehru praani sangrahaalaya- Hyderabad ke is praani sangrahaalaya ki visheshata hai iski lauyan safaari tatha safed sher, iske alaava yahaaain aapko Africa tatha Australia ke bhi kai vanya praani dekhne ko mil jaaeainge. kai ekad mein faile is praani sangrahaalaya mein aap apne vaahan se bhi ghoom sakte hain.
  • husain saagar – yeh krutrim jheel Hyderabad ko Secundarabad se alag karti hai. iske andar, beech mein Gautam buddh ki ek 18 mi. oonchi pratima sthaapit hai. is dweep par jis patthar par yeh bani hai, use sthaaneeya log jibraaltar ka patthar kehte hain.
  • laad baajaar - yahaaain choodi baajaar hai, jo chaar meenaar ke pashchim mein hai.
  • kamal sarovar - jubali hills par sthit, taalaab ke chaaron or bana ek sundar bageecha hai, jise ek itaalavi abhiklpak dvaara banaaya hua bataaya jaata hai. yeh vartamaan mein Hyderabad nagarapaalik nigam dvaara anurakshit hai. yeh kuchh durlabh prajaatiyon ke pakshiyon ka ghar bhi hai.
  • puraani haveli - nijaam ka aadhikaarik nivaas.
  • kutub shaahi makabare - kutubashaahi vansh ke shaasakon ke makabare yahaiain sthit hain, yeh golakonda kile ke nikat shaaikapet mein hai.
  • paigaah makabara-paigaah makabara ka sambandh paigaah ke shaahi parivaar se hai, jise shams ul umaraahi parivaar ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. Hyderabad ke upanagar peesaal banda mein sthit is makabare ko makabara shams ul umara ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. is makabare ke nirmaan ka kaam 1787 mein navaab tegajang bahaadur ne shuroo karavaaya tha aur fir baad mein iske nirmaan kaarya mein unke bete Aamir A kabeer pratham ne haath bantaaya.
  • sanghi mandir - Bhagwan veinkateshvar ko samarpit ek mandir hai.
  • sno world - yeh ek manoranjan park hai, jo ki is ushnakatibandheeya shahar mein logon bahut kam taapamaan va him ka anubhav deta hai.
  • vargal sarasvati devi mandir - yeh Hyderabad se 50 kimi. doori par medachal mahaamaarg par sthit mandir hai. yeh ek badi shila par sthit hai. is maarg par aarateesi basein upalabdh hain.
  • maadhaapur - Hyderabad ke anek soochana-praudyogiki tatha soochana-praudyogiki-samartheekrut-sevaaon sanbadhit kaaryaalayon ka sthaan.
  • raamoji film city sansaar ka sabse bada samaakalit film studio sammishr hai jo lagbhag 2000 ekad mein faila hai. yeh Asia ke sabse lokapriya paryatan evam manoranjan keindron mein se ek hai. 1996 mein udghaatit. yeh Hyderabad se 25 kimi. door vijyanagar raashtreeya raajamaarg (enaech-9) par sthit hai.
झील के तट पर स्थित साथ इमारतों का एक दृश्य
husain saagar jheel ke kinaare base Hyderabad ka vyaapak drushya

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain