Hindustan Republican aisosiyeshan

Hindustan Republican aisosiyeshan, jise sankshep mein echa॰aaara॰ae॰ bhi kaha jaata tha, Bhaarat ki svatantrata se pehle uttar Bhaarat ki ek pramukh kraantikaari party thi jiska gathan Hindustan ko angrejon ke shaasan se mukt karaane ke uddeshya se uttar pradesh tatha Bengal ke kuchh kraantikaariyon dvaara san 1924 mein Kanpur mein kiya gaya tha. iski sthaapana mein laala haradayaal ki bhi mahatvapoorn bhoomika thi. kaakori kaand ke pashchaat jab chaar kraantikaariyon ko faaainsi di gayi aur echa0aara0e0 ke solah pramukh kraantikaariyon ko chaar varsh se lekar umrakaid ki saja di gayi to yeh sangathan chhinn-bhinn ho gaya. baad mein ise chandrashekhar aajaad ne bhagat Singh ke saath milkar punarjeevit kiya aur ek naya naam diya Hindustan soshalist Republican association. san 1924 se lekar 1931 tak lagbhag aath varsh is sangathan ka poore bhaaratavarsh mein dabadaba raha jiske parinaamasvaroop na keval british sarkaar apitu angrejon ki saaainth-gaaainth se 1885 mein sthaapit chhiyaalis saal puraani Congress party bhi apni moolabhoot neetiyon mein parivartan karne par vivsh ho gayi.

anukram

itihaas

January 1923 mein Motilal Nehru va deshabandhu chitranjan das sareekhe dhanaadhya logon ne milkar Swaraj party bana li. navayuvakon ne tadarth party ke roop mein rivolyooshanari party ka ailaan kar diya. sitmbar 1923 mein hue Delhi ke vishesh Congress adhiveshan mein asantusht navayuvakon ne yeh nirnaya liya ki ve bhi apni party ka naam va samvidhaan aadi nishchit kar raajaneeti mein dakhal dena shuroo kareinge anyatha desh mein lokatantr ke naam par lootatantr haavi ho jaayega. laala haradayaal, jo un dinon videsh mein rahakar Hindustan ko svatantr karaane ki rananeeti banaane mein jute hue the, Ram prasaad 'bismil' ke sampark mein svaami somadev ke samay se the. laala ji ne hi patra likhkar bismil ko shacheendranaath saanyaal va yadu gopaal mukharji se milkar nayi party ka samvidhaan taiyaar karne ki salaah di thi. laala ji ki salaah maankar bismil Allahabad gaye aur shacheendranaath saanyaal ke ghar par party ka samvidhaan taiyaar kiya.[1]

navagathit party ka naam sankshep mein echa॰aaara॰ae॰ rakha gaya va iska samvidhaan peele rang ke parche par type karke sadasyon ko bheja gaya. 3 October 1924 ko is party ki ek kaaryakaarini-baithak Kanpur mein ki gayi jismein shacheendranaath saanyaal, yogesh chandr chatarji va Ram prasaad bismil aadi kai pramukh sadasya shaamil hue. is baithak mein party ka netrutv bismil ko saunpakar saanyaal va chatarji Bengal chale gaye.

party ke liye paisa

party-fnd ekatr karne mein in yuvakon ko achhi khaasi kathinaai ho rahi thi. angrejon ke dar se koi inhein chanda deta na tha aur yuvakon ke apne gharon ki maali haalat achhi na thi. aakhirkaar inhonne aayaralaind ke kraantikaariyon ka tareeka apnaaya aur party-fnd ke liye paisa ugaahane ki neeyat se pehli dakaiti 25 December 1924 (christmas) ki raat ko bamarauli mein daali jiska netrutv bismil ne kiya tha.[2].

ghoshana-patra ka prakaashan

echa0aara0e0 ki or se 1 January 1925 ko kraantikaari (ghoshana patra) ke naam se chaar prushth ka ek ishtahaar chhaapa gaya. ise 28 se 31 January 1925 ke beech Hindustan ke sabhi pramukh sthaanon par vitrit kiya gaya. yeh is dal ka khula ghoshana-patra tha jo jaanaboojh kar angreji mein di rivolyooshanari ke naam se chhaapa gaya tha taaki angrej bhi iska aashay samajh sakein. ismein vijay Kumar ke chhadm naam se echa0aara0e0 ki vichaar-dhaara ka khulaasa karte hue saaf shabdon mein ghoshit kiya gaya tha ki kraantikaari is desh ki shaasan vyavastha mein kis prakaar ka badlaav karna chaahate hain aur iske liye ve kya-kya kar sakte hain. is patra mein gaandhi ji ki neetiyon ka majaak banaate hue yeh prashn bhi uchhaala tha ki "yeh vyakti swayam ko to aadhyaatmik bataata hai par angrejon se khulkar baat karne mein iski hava niklati hai. iska rahasya kya hai?" ghoshana-patra mein Hindustan ke sabhi naujavaanon ko "aise chhadmaveshi mahaatma" ke bahakaave mein na aane ki salaah bhi di gayi thi. iske atirikt sabhi navayuvakon se is gupt kraantikaari party mein shaamil ho kar angrejon se do-do haath karne ka khula aavaahan bhi kiya gaya tha. di rivolyooshanari ke naam se angreji mein prakaashit is ghoshanaapatr mein kraantikaariyon ke vaichaarik chintan[3] ko bhali-bhaaainti samjha ja sakta hai.

kaakori kaand


Hindustan Republican aisosiyeshan ki or se prakaashit ghoshanaapatr aur party ke samvidhaan ko lekar Bengal pahuainche dal ke do neta- shacheendranaath saanyaal baaainkura mein parche baaaintate hue girftaar ho gaye aur yogeshachandr chatarji haavada station par train se utarate hi pakad liye gaye. un donon ko alag-alag jailon mein band kar diya gaya.

in donon netaaon ke girftaar ho jaane se bismil ke kandhon par poori party ka uttaradaayitv aa gaya. party ke kaarya hetu dhan ki aavashyakta to pehle se hi thi kintu ab aur badh gayi thi. kaheen se bhi dhan praapt hota na dekh 7 March 1925 ko bichpuri tatha 24 May 1925 ko dvaarakaapur mein do dakaitiyaaain daaleen parantu unamein kuchh vishesh dhan haath na aaya. ulte in donon dakaitiyon mein ek-ek vyakti bhi mauke par maara gaya. aakhirkaar unhonne yeh nishchaya kiya ki ab keval sarkaari khajaana looteinge.

antatogatva shaahajahaaainpur mein bismil ke ghar par hui ek aapaatkaaleen baithak mein angreji sarkaar ka khajaana lootane ki yojana bani. is yojanaanusaar 9 August 1925 ko Lucknow jile ke kaakori railway station ke aage aath daaun sahaaranapur-Lucknow paisenjar train ko chen kheench kar rok liya aur usamein rakha hua sarkaari khajaana loot kar sabhi das kraantikaari fraar ho gaye. angrej sarkaar ne Hindustan Republican aisosiyeshan ke kul 40 kraantikaariyon ko poore Hindustan mein sthaan-sthaan par chhaapa maarkar giraftaar kiya aur un sabko Lucknow laakar kaakori kaand ko saajish karaar diya.

iske baad british sarkaar ne dal ke saragana Ram prasaad 'bismil' va anya sabhi echa॰aaara॰ae॰ sadasyon par samraat ke viruddh sashastr yuddh chhedne, sarkaari khajaana lootane va musaafiron ki hatya karne ka mukadama chalaaya. lagbhag athaarah maheene tak chale is mukadamein mein raajendranaath laahidi, Ram prasaad bismil, Ashfaq ulla khaaain tatha roshan Singh ko faaainsi saja di gayi jabki 16 anya kraantikaariyon ko kam se kam 4 varsh ki saja se lekar adhiktam aajeevan kaaraavaas tak ka dand diya gaya. is ghatna ne aisosiyeshan ko tahas-nahas kar diya.

dal ka punargathan

kaakori kaand se faraar bismil ke sachche uttaraadhikaari pandit chandrashekhar aajaad ne yuva kraantikaari bhagat Singh ke saath milkar Delhi ke feerojashaah Kotla maidaan mein ek gupt meeting karke is dal ko punarjeevit kiya aur sangathan ko ek naya naam diya Hindustan soshalist Republican association. is prakaar san 1924 se lekar 1931 tak lagbhag 8 varsh is sangathan ka poore bhaaratavarsh mein davadava raha jiske parinaam svaroop na keval british sarkaar ko apitu angrejon ki saaainth-gaaainth se 1885 mein sthaapit us samay ki 46 saal puraani Congress party ko bhi apni moolabhoot neetiyon mein parivartan karna pada.

sandarbh

  1. jitendr naath saanyaal. amar shaheed sardaar bhagatasinh.
  2. cheef court of avadh jajameint 1927 navalakishor press Lucknow prushth 62 (Kept with political file 53/27 of Home department in the National Archives of India)
  3. sarafaroshi ki tamanna (bhaag-ek) prushth 170 se 174 tak

inhein bhi dekhein