Hemant wikikosh

sankshepen
sa-3 esh: upayojak: uttam-sanskrute likhitun shaknoti.
pi-2 ayan yojako maajjhamik-paaliyan likhitun sakkoti.
yeh sadasya paali bhaasha ka madhyam star ka gyaan rakhate hain.
hi-3 yeh sadasya hindi bhaasha mein praveen hai.
en-3 This user is able to contribute with an advanced level of English.


pa-2 yeh sadasya punjabi bhaasha ka madhyam star ka gyaan rakhate hain.
ur-1 yeh sadasya urdoo bhaasha evam lipi ka praarambhik gyaan rakhate hain.
Engineering.png
yeh vikipeediya sadasya ek abhiyanta hain.



. vikipeediyaasaptakam .

prekshya jijnyaaasitaan lokaan, avidyaatraasitaaainstatha.

kaaainshchan tatr ajnyaaan nitraan, kaaainshchan ch svalpavidyakaan .1.

sansaar ke logon ko jijnyaaasa se poorn dekhkar, aur avidya se tang aaya dekhkar. kuchh ko nira naadaan aur kuchh ko alpajnyaaan wala dekhkar...

dhanaabhaave jnyaaanatrushitaan, sadhanaanapi saadhanaadvina.

drushtva lokajanaan bhraantaan, vidyaaneerapipaasitaan .2.

[kuchh ko] dhan ke abhaav mein gyaan ke liye tarasata dekhkar aur dhanavaanon ko bhi uchit saadhan ke abhaav mein [gyaan ki talaash mein dekhkar]. is prakaar is lok mein logon ko bhraant (confused) aur vidyaaroopi jal ka pyaasa jaanakar.

sarvasya tushtikaamen, shaantikaamen tathaiv ch.

prakalpoऽyan sadaaramy: kruto velsen soorina .3.

sabhi ki santushti ki kaamna se aur [is prakaar ashaant man vaalon ki] shaanti ki kaamna se, vels naamak vidvaan ne is sada ramaneeya prakalp (vikipeediya) ki rachana ki.

saiङagaren lerina tadvad aaneet: lakshyakan prati.

namastaabhyaam ubhaabhyaan ch sarvalekhakebhyastatha .4.

isi prakaar lairi seingar ne ise lakshya ki or pahuainchaaya. un donon ke liye namaskaar hai, saath hi sabhi lekhakon ke liye bhi.

yeshaan nityaprayaasebhy:, vardhate jnyaaanakoshak:.

vyayatoऽpi vardhamaanoऽyan, bhaaratyaa: kosh ev hi .5.

jinke lagaataar prayaason se yeh jnyaaanakosh badhta jaata hai. kharch karte hue bhi yeh badhta rahata hai, isliye nishchaya hi maaain sarasvati ka kosh hai.

hrudayapeedaahar: satatam, ayan vikipeediyaanaamak:.

svatantro vishvakoshastu, sarvajnyaaanasya sindhuvat .6.

is hrudayapeedaahaari kosh ka naam vikipeediya hai. yeh svatantr vishvakosh hai, aur saare gyaan ke samudra ke samaan hai.

pathanti va likhnti va, janeshu keertayanti va.

jnyaaanaratnaakaran yeऽpyetan, teshaan bhraantirn jaayate .7.

jo log is jnyaaanaratnaakar (gyaan ke samudra) ko padhte hain (reading), ya ismein likhte hain (editing), athva logon ke beech iski keerti failaate hain (outreaching), unhein [kaheen bhi] bhraanti (confusion or doubts) ka saamana naheen karna padta.
. iti hemantakrutan vikipeediyaasaptakam .

is prakaar hemantakrut vikipeediyaasaptak samaapt hua.


upaprushth

  • ऍdavaansd larnars tips
  • computer aadi se sambandhit hindi shabdaavali

jaari

  • Asia ki sankataapann bhaashaaon ki soochi
  • braahui bhaasha

mere vishay mein

namaskaar, mere sadasya prushth par aapka haardik svaagat hai. mera naam hemant hai. main saamaanyat: hindi va sanskrut vikipeediya par kaarya kiya karta hooain, parantu aavashyakataanusaar angreji vikipeediya par bhi kaarya karta hooain.


mujhe praarambh se hi sanskrut, sanskruti va praacheen gyaan mein ruchi rahi hai. iske liye mainne kuchh maatra mein tamil(lipi, tatha kuchh bhaasha), telugu (lipi va bhaashit bhaasha), malayalam (lipi), kannad (lipi) tatha paali bhi seekheen. at: inse sambandhit samasya aap mere vaartaaprushth par rakh sakte hain. yadi main sulajha saka to mujhe prasannata hogi. yadyapi kabhi-kabhi sandesh check(check) karne mein samay lag sakta hai, uske liye kshama chaahooainga. iske alaava shabdon ki vyutpatti mein meri vishesh ruchi hai. vikipeediya par bhaasha ki gunavatta sudhaarane mein yog dena main apna param karttavya samajhta hooain. mere vichaar se hindi vikipeediya par vibhinn pahaluon (bhaasha va anya pahaloo) ke maanakeekaran ki mahati jaroorat hai.


kuchh mahattvapoorn sthaanon par mere dvaara kiye gaye praamaanik sudhaar

main naye lekh kam banaata hooain. parantu vidyamaan lekhon ki bhaasha va shaili ko maanak/praamaanik banaane mein meri dilchaspi hai. yeh kaarya prathamadrushtya anupayogi lag sakta hai. parantu yeh atyant aavashyak hai, tatha kisi bhi vishvakosh ki reedh hai. kuchh mahattvapoorn sthaanon par mere dvaara kiye gaye praamaanik sudhaar is prakaar hain -

sheershakon mein kiye gaye sudhaar

kalpana keejiye yadi kisi vishvakosh mein lekh ka sheershak hi galat ho. yeh us lekh ki praasangikta ka hi haran kar lega. aisa lekh padhne vaale ko digbhramit kar sakta hai. haaain is bhram se paathak tab bach jaayega, jab galat sheershak hone ke kaaran vah lekh use mil hi na sake. sach to yeh hai ki vartaneegat ashuddhi wala sheershak paathak ka lekh par se vishvaas uda deta hai.

mere dvaara sheershakon mein kiye gaye sudhaar
poorv ka naam baad ka naam
antarraashtreeya parmaanu oorja adhikran antarraashtreeya parmaanu oorja abhikran
kaupeeraait pratilipyadhikaar
vishnu shreedhar vaakaङakar vishnu shreedhar vaakanakar
haramattam haramattan
faaainn faun
siraaainko siroko
svatantr raashtra raashtramandal svatantr deshon ka raashtrakul
pareekshit pareekshit
kaashaarpan kaarshaapan
hanumaan hanumaan
vyutpatti vyutpattishaastr
haasya parihaas
vainkataraman raamaakrushnan veinkataraaman raamakrushnan
..... nirmaanaadheen


saamaanya bhaashik galatiyaaain jo sabse pehle door ki jaani chaahiye

(is aur aage ke prabhaagon ko main yathaasanbhav naye va jaroori shabdon va jaankaari se update karta rahooainga. krupaya in tathyon ko mera vyaktigat drushtikon na samajhein, kyonki jin tathyon mein mujhe sandeh hota hai, unhein ya to main pun:pramaanit karke likhta hooain, ya fir likhta hi naheen hooain. yadi aapko koi jaankaari galat lage, ya koi sandeh ho to mere vaartaaprushth par prashn utha sakte hain.)

shabdon ke sahi roop yaad rakhane ka sabse achha tareeka hai ki unki vyutpatti ko samajh liya jaaye, isse galati hone ki sambhaavana bahut ghat jaati hai.

krupya naheen krupaya Yes check.svg - bahut se jan (praay: "maanak" paton par bhi) 'krupya' likhna pasand karte hain, jo ki poornataya galat hai. krupaya shabd sanskrut mein 'krupa' shabd ka truteeya vibhkti ekavachan ka roop hai, aur "please" ka hindi pratishbd hai.

prashansaneeya Yes check.svg - yahi iska sahi roop hai. 'prashansa' shabd se sanskrut ke aneeyar pratyaya (yogya ke arth mein) ke saath yeh shabd bana hai (pr + shans dhaatu + aneeyar pratyaya). is shabd mein aksar galati ho jaaya karti hai.

"mahati jimmedaari" Yes check.svg parantu "mahati daayitv" naheen - ismein aashcharya ho sakta hai. urdoo shabd 'jimmedaari' ke saath to fir bhi 'mahati' visheshan sahi hai, parantu sanskrut shabd 'daayitv' ke saath katai naheen. baat bhaashik mool ki naheen hai, ling ki hai. mahati shabd streevaachak hai, aur streevaachak shabdon ka hi visheshan ho sakta hai. fir bhi TV. par bhi kuchh sanchaalak yeh mahati bhool kar dete hain. .... aur agar purushavaachak shabd par yeh visheshan lagaana hi ho to? aji uske liye 'mahaan' shabd hai na. 'mahati' shabd 'mahaan' ka hi streevaachak hai. "mahaan daayitv" Yes check.svg sahi hai.

mantrimandal Yes check.svg na ki mantreemandal - baat yeh naheen ki mantri shabd galat hai. parantu jab samaas mein mantri shabd ke baad koi shabd aata hai, to mantri- rah jaata hai. kaaran yeh hai ki sanskrut mein iska moolashabd mantrin hai aur in par khatm hone vaale shabdon ke samaas mein baad mein koi shabd aane par i shesh rah jaata hai. jaise yogi Yes check.svg sahi hai, parantu yogeeraaj ki jagah yogiraaj Yes check.svg sahi hoga. isi tarah mantriprishd Yes check.svg sahi shabd hai.

sanyuktaakshar - ddh, dv, dya aadi ye sanyuktaakshar hain. dhyaan dein, ye naye akshar naheen hain, puraane aksharon ke milne se bane hain, aur inmein pehla akshar aadha hota hai antim akshar poora. kabhi kabhi do se jyaada aksharon ke milne se bhi sanyukt akshar ban jaate hain, jaise geetaapres Gorakhpur ki shreemadbhagavadgeeta ke shlokon mein aise akshar dekhe ja sakte hain, us sthiti mein antim akshar ko chhodkar baaki sab aadhe hote hain. yooneekod faunts mein ye akshar vartani ki jaroorat ke anusaar svat: judte jaate hain, jaise the dh lagaataar likhne par ddh ban jaata hai. at: vikipeediya par baai-difault sanyuktaakshar hi dikhaai deinge.
parantu yadi aap padhne ki spashtata ke liye kisi sanyuktaakshar ko todkar likhna chaahate hain, to uske liye bhi suvidha hai (haalaaainki vikipeediya par iski jaroorat naheen ke baraabar hai). yooneekod iske liye naun-jauinar (yaani jodne se rokane wala) kairaiktar deta hai, jiska code hai U+200C. is kairaiktar ko yadi halant ke baad likh diya jaaye to akshar judeinge naheen aur spasht dikheinge jaise ud‌aadhaar aur uddhaar mein antar dekhiye. yahaaain pehle vaale shabd mein d ke baad naun-jauinar type kiya gaya hai, jo adrushya rahakar kaam karta hai.
saavadhaani- vikipeediya par naun-jauinar ka upayog na hi karein to achha hai, kyonki isse paath ki sarchebiliti ghat jaati hai. keval aisi jagahon par jahaaain aksharon ki hi baat ho rahi ho vahaaain iski jaroorat pad sakti hai. iske alaava yadi aap kisi kalaatmak paath (jaise beeemapi chitr banaate samay) mein sundarata chaahate hain, tab yeh kaam aa sakta hai.

is prabhaag ko dhairyapoorvak pa‍aa‍aadhne ke liye bahut-bahut dhanyavaad.

vyutpatti-sambandhi aavashyak nyoonatam niyamon ka sangrah

sanskrut mein (aur at: hindi ke tatsam roop mein) saare shabd kuchh bahut tho‍aade mool shabdon se utpann hue hain. chaahe ve kitne bhi lambe dikhein, niyamon dvaara tootakar chhote, mool va saral shabdon mein vibhkt ho jaate hain. (bahut tho‍aade hi shabd hain jinki utpatti vartamaan mein agyaat hai.)

praay: saare shabd moolat: 2000 ke lagbhag kriyaaon se utpann hue hain, jinhein sanskrut mein 'dhaatu' kaha jaata hai. at: kisi shabd ki mool dhaatu jaan lene se us shabd se sambandhit anya saare shabdon par paka‍aad banaayi ja sakti hai. jaise- "bhaasha" shabd ko hi lein. yeh bhaash dhaatu se bana hai. isse in shabdon ko samajhna aasaan ho jaata hai- bhaashan (bhaash+ an pratyaya), bhaashit (bhaash+k‍aat pratyaya), bhaashya (bhaash+ yat pratyaya), bhaashi (bhaash+ in pratyaya) tatha in kam prachalit shabdon ko bhi jaroorat pa‍aadne par khel-khel mein vyutpann karke prayukt kiya ja sakta hai- bhaash+aneeyar pratyaya= bhaashaneeya (arthaat bolne yogya), sam+bhaashan= sanbhaashan, sam+(bhaash+ak)=sanbhaashak, aadi aadi. lekin...., lekin rukiye, ye niyam har baar seedhe-seedhe naheen lagaaye ja sakte, kai baar chhote mote anya niyam bhi paalan karne pa‍aadte hain. jaise- abhi-abhi humne bhaash shabd par an pratyaya lagaakar bhaashan naheen bhaashan banaaya, kaaran yeh hai ki sanskrut mein ‍ari,r,sh aadi ke saath vaale 'na' ka 'n' ho jaata hai. ye saare niyam bhaasha ki svaabhaavikta va uchchaaran ki saralata ko sanrakshit karte hain, kyonki vaise bhi ‍ari, r aur sh ke turant baad 'na' bolna kathin hai apekshaakrut 'n' ke.

k‍aat pratyaya- naam par mat jaaiye, sanskrut mein pratyayon ke naam alag ho sakte hain kaam alag. k‍aat pratyaya mein praay: it ya t ju‍aadta hai. yeh kriya ke saath ju‍aadta hai. jaise- bhaash se bhaashit. is pratyaya ka arth hota hai - "kriya kiya hua" yaani bahut kuchh angreji ki third form ke samakaksh hai, jaise - 'done' yaani kru+ k‍aat= krut, 'spoken' yaani bhaash+ k‍aat= bhaashit.

aneeyar pratyaya- ismein kriya ke saath 'aneeya' judta hai. iska arth hai 'ke yogya'. jaise- bhaashaneeya = bolne yogya (vachan aadi). yeh angreji ke '-able' ya '-worthy' pratyaya ke samakaksh hai. jaise- respectable (=aadaraneeya; dekhiye yahaaain fir r aane ke kaaran neeya ki jagah neeya ho gaya), changeable (parivrtaneeya), trustworthy (=vishvasaneeya, vishvaasaneeya isliye naheen aaya kyonki mool dhaatu shvas hai shvaas naheen, tatha usapar vi upasarg laga hai.)

lyut (an) pratyaya - yahaaain bhi lyut keval naam hai, judta 'an' hai. dhaatu + 'an' ka arth hai kriya swayam, yaani usaka koi modified utpaad naheen, balki kriya ko hi address karna hai, ya kriya hi hamaara mantavya hai. jaise- shvas+ an =shvasan. dekhiye yeh vahi shvas dhaatu hai, jispar vi jodkar ham vishvaas shabd banaate hain. upasarg kriya ke arth ko kaheen se kaheen le jaata hai, aur isi jaadoo ki chhadi se seemit sankhya mein dhaatueain asankhya kriyaaon ko utpann kar deti hain.

nvul (ak) pratyaya - ismein ak judta hai. yeh bahut kaam ka pratyaya hai. yeh kriya se karta bana deta hai. at: apne mitron aur shatruon ko jitne visheshan dene hon, is pratyaya mein unki Khan hai :-) . haaain niyamon ke prati thodi saavadhaani avashya rakhani hogi. is pratyaya ke udaaharan hain - paal se paalak (paalne wala)( an pratyaya se paalan), san+gan se sanganak (an pratyaya se sanganan), dhaar se dhaarak (an pratyaya se dhaaran, na ki dhaaran, kaaran poorvokt), ud+‌aghat se ud‌aghaatak (an pratyaya se ud‌aghaatan), ityaadi.

k‍aatin pratyaya - yeh bahut kaam ka pratyaya hai, aur yadi k‍aat pratyaya (poorvokt) ka gyaan ho to yeh bahut aasaan hai. iska vyaavahaarik niyam yeh hai, ki k‍aat pratyaya lag chuke shabdon ke ant mein a ki jagah i ki maatra laga dene se k‍aatin pratyaya wala shabd ban jaata hai. ab iske arth ki baat karte hain. yeh "kriya dvaara prabhaavit hone ka bhaav" hai, ya yeh ve shabd banaata hai jo kriyaakrut hone ke bhaav ko darshaata hai. arere... shabd to ulajha rahe hain. aaiye udaaharan se samajhein. jaise sthit se sthiti (stha dhaatu + k‍aatin), gat se gati (gam dhaatu + k‍aatin). sthit ka ek arth hai jama hua ya data hua at: sthiti ka arth hai- avichlata, date hue rahane ka gun, jaise- "is sansaar mein keval keerti ki kuchh sthiti hai, shesh sab asthaayi hai." ab 'gati' ko dekhein. gat ka arth hai, gaya hua ya gaman kiya hua. tatha gati ka arth hai "gaye hue ka gun". jaise- "aalasya ki antim gati hai asafalata, udyam ki antim gati hai safalta."

aise mahattvapoorn niyamon ka andaaja hone par, tatha apne lekhan kaarya mein aise shabd aane par unka kabhi-kabhi is prakaar vishleshan karte rahane se inka abhyaas badhaaya ja sakta hai, tatha isse shabd-chayan ki kshamata mein bhi sudhaar hota hai. iske liye saral-sanskrut-shikshan sambandhi websiton ki madad bhi li ja sakti hai.

is prabhaag ko dhairyapoorvak pa‍aa‍aadhne ke liye bahut-bahut dhanyavaad.