Haryana

Haryana
Bhaarat ka raajya
हरियाणा सरकार की आधिकारिक मोहर
Seal
Bhaarat mein Haryana ka maanachitr
Haryana ka maanachitr
nirdeshaank (Chandigarh): 30°a44′aN 76°a47′aE / 30.73°aN 76.78°aE / 30.73; 76.78Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 30°a44′aN 76°a47′aE / 30.73°aN 76.78°aE / 30.73; 76.78
desh Bhaarat
kshetr uttar Bhaarat
sthaapana 1 November 1966
rajdhani Chandigarh
sabse bada nagar Faridabad
jila 21
shaasan
raajyapaal kaptaan Singh solanki
mukhyamantri manohar laal khattar
vidhaayika ekasadani (90 seat)
sansadeeya nirvaachan kshetr Rajyasabha 5
lok sabha 10
uchch nyaayaalaya Punjab aur Haryana uchch nyaayaalaya
kshetr
Bhaarat ka raajya 44,212
kshetr darja 20
• jangali kshetr 1,684
• kul buvaai kshetr 3,550
janasankhya (2011)
Bhaarat ka raajya 2,53,51,462
• darja 17
• ghanatv 573
• ghanatv darja 11
nagareeya 88,42,103.88
dehaat 1,65,10,978.12
bhaashaayein
• raajabhaasha hindi, punjabi
• kshetriya boli hariyaanvi
raajya prateek
• pakshi kaala teetar
• pashu neelagaaya
• fool kamal
• vruksh peepal
samay mandal bhaarateeya maanak samay (UTC +5:30)
ISO 3166 kut IN-HR
vaahan panjeekaran HR-xx
maanav vikaas soochakaank Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.644 (madhyam)
maavisoo sthaan 17vaaain (2011)
saaksharata 71.42% [graameen] 83.14% [nagareeya]
lingaanupaat 879
jeevan pratyaasha 66.2
GDP भारतीय रुपया3,093.26 arab (2011–12)
prati vyakti GDP भारतीय रुपया109,227 (2011–12)
vikaas dar 19 %
jaalasthal haryana.gov.in
^† Punjab (Bhaarat) ke saath sanyukt rajdhani

Haryana uttar Bhaarat ka ek raajya hai jiski rajdhani Chandigarh hai. iski seemaayein uttar mein Himachal pradesh, dakshin evam pashchim mein Rajasthan se judi hui hain. yamuna nadi iske uttaraakhand aur uttar pradesh raajyon ke saath poorvi seema ko paribhaashit karti hai. raashtreeya rajdhani Delhi Haryana se teen or se ghiri hui hai aur falasvaroop Haryana ka dakshini kshetr niyojit vikaas ke uddeshya se raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr mein shaamil hai.

yeh raajya vaidik sabhyata aur sindhu ghaati sabhyata ka mukhya nivaas sthaan hai. is kshetr mein vibhinn nirnaayak ladaaiyaaain bhi hui hain jismein Bhaarat ka adhikttar itihaas samaahit hai. ismein mahaabhaarat ka mahaakaavya yuddh bhi shaamil hai. hindu maton ke anusaar mahaabhaarat ka yuddh kurukshetr mein hua (ismein Bhagwan Krishna ne Bhagwat geeta ka vaadan kiya). iske alaava yahaaain teen Panipat ki ladaaiyaaain hui. britaani Bhaarat mein Haryana Punjab raajya ka ang tha jise 1966 mein Bhaarat ke 17vein raajya ke roop mein pehchaan mili. vartamaan mein khaadyaan aur dudh utpaadan mein Haryana desh mein pramukh raajya hai. is raajya ke nivaasiyon ka pramukh vyavasaaya krushi hai. samatal krushi bhoomi nimjjak kuon (samarsibl panp) aur nahar se sinchit ki jaati hai. 1960 ke dashak ki harit kraanti mein Haryana ka bhaari yogadaan raha jisse desh khaadyaan sampann hua.

Haryana, Bhaarat ke ameer raajyon mein se ek hai aur prati vyakti aay ke aadhaar par yeh desh ka doosra sabse dhani raajya hai. varsh 2012-13 mein desh mein iski prati-vyakti भारतीय रुपया 1,19,158 (arthavyavastha ke aakaar ke aadhaar par Bhaarat ke raajya dekhein) aur varsh 2013-14 mein भारतीय रुपया 1,32,089 rahi.[1] iske atirikt Bhaarat mein sabse adhik graameen karodpati bhi isi raajya mein hain.[2] Haryana aarthik roop se dakshin Asia ka sabse viksit kshetr hai aur yahaaain krushi evam vinirmaan udyog ne 1970 ke dashak se nirantar vruddhi ka praapt ki hai.[3] Bhaarat mein Haryana yaatri kaaron, dvichkr vaahanon aur traiktaron ke nirmaan mein sarvopari raajya hai.[4] Bhaarat mein prati vyakti nivesh ke aadhaar par varsh 2000 se raajya sarvopari sthaan par raha hai.[5]

anukram

itihaas

inhein bhi dekhein: Haryana ka itihaas

iski sthaapana 1 November 1966 ko hui. ise bhaashaayi aadhaar par poorvi Punjab se naye raajya ke roop mein banaaya gaya.[6][7][8] shabd Haryana sarvapratham 12veen sadi mein apabhransh lekhak vibudh shreedhar (visan 1189–1230) ne ullikheet kiya tha.[9]

vyutpatti

shabd Haryana ka arth "Bhagwan ka nivaas" hota hai jo sanskrut shabd hari (hindu devata vishnu) aur ayan (nivaas) se milkar bana hai.[10] muneelaal, murali chand sharma, echa॰ae॰ fadke aur sukhadev Singh chhib jaise vidvaanon ke anusaar Haryana mein shabd ki utpati hari (sanskrut harit, hara) aur aranya (jungle) se hui hai.[11]

sandarbh

  1. http://pib.nic.in/archieve/others/2014/aug/d2014070801.pdf
  2. aanand giridhr das (19 October 2005). "Poor rural India? It's a richer place [daridr graameen Bhaarat? yeh ameer sthaan hai]" (angreji mein). international heraald tribyoon. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070713185121/http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/10/18/business/rural.php.
  3. baayaras, tee॰aje॰. Rural labour relations in India [Bhaarat mein graameen shramik sambandh]. Taylor & Francis, 1999. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-7146-8046-X. ISBN 9780714680460.
  4. Government of India portal (Bhaarat sarkaar ka praveshadvaar)
  5. IndianExpress.com :: Haryana Hurricane
  6. echa॰ae॰ fadke (1990) (angreji mein). Haryana, ancient and medieval [Haryana, praacheen aur madhyakaaleen]. haraman pablishing house. pa॰ 33. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-85151-34-2. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=HxlIAAAAIAAJ. "As Haryana or the ancient Kuru janapada...." ISBN 978-81-85151-34-2
  7. devendr haanda (2004 (mool prakaashan Michigan vishvavidyaalaya dvaara 3 sitmbar 2008 ko ankeekrut kiya gaya.)). "Kuru Janapad (kuroo janapad)" (angreji mein). Buddhist remains from Haryana [Haryana se bauddh avashesh]. sandeep prakaashan. pa॰ 2, 3 & 7). aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788175741539. https://books.google.co.in/books?ei=BxbJVNmvGIH_8QWGzoDgBw. "If the Buddhist texts are to be relied upon, it may be said that Buddhism reached Haryana through the Buddha himself. (prushth 3)
    Dipavamsa refers to Buddha's visit to a city in the Kuru country where he received alms on the banks of the Anotatta lake which he crossed. The city may have been Kurukshetra..... (prushth 3)
    We shall see subsequently that Agroha was an important Buddhist centre of Haryana.....Buddhaghosha's candid confession that even a single monastery could not be set up in the Kuru country during the lifetime of Tathagata who was obliged to stay in the hermitage of a Brahmana.... (prushth 7)"
  8. dee॰asee॰ aheer (2003) (angreji mein). Buddhist sites and shrines in India: history, art and architecture [Bhaarat mein bauddh sthal evam mandir: itihaas, kala aur sthaapatya kala]. shri sataguru pablikeshans. pa॰ 115. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-7030-774-0. "The ancient Kuru janapada is said to have comprised Kurukshetra, Thanesar, Karnal, Panipat, Sonipat....." ISBN 978-81-7030-774-7
  9. richrd je॰ kohen (1989). "[Delhi sthaan ke praarambhik saakshya]". An Early Attestation of the Toponym Ḍaahillī,. journal of the American oriyntal society. p. 513–519. "hariyaanae dese asankhagaam, gaamiyn jani anavarath kaam.
    parachakk vihttanu sirisanghattanu, jo surav ina parigniyan.
    riu ruhiraavattanu biulu pavattanu, dhilli naamen ji bhaniyan.
    anuvaad: Haryana raashtra mein anginat gaaainv hain. vahaaain ke log kadi mehnat karte hain. vo anya prabhutv ko sveekaar naheen karte aur shatru ka rakt bahaane mein visheshagya hain. indr swayam is raashtra ki stuti karte hain. is desh ki rajdhani Delhi hai.".
  10. Haryana britaanika online ensaaiklopeediya
  11. Bijender K Punia (1993). Tourism management: problems and prospects. APH. pa॰ 18. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-81-7024-643-5.

baahari kadiyaaain

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg mukhaprushth vikiyaatra se Haryana hetu yaatra guide.


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