Guwahati

Guwahati
mahanagar
गुवाहाटी शहर का सिंहावलोकन
Guwahati shahar ka sinhaavalokan
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya asam
jila kaamaroop jila
mahaapaur
saansad
janasankhya
ghanatv
808,021 (2001 tak )
• 3,935 /kimi2 (10,192 /varg meal)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 55 meter (180 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: guwahatimunicipalcorporation.com

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a10′aN 91°a46′aE / 26.17°aN 91.77°aE / 26.17; 91.77 Guwahati asam raajya ki rajdhani shahar hai. yeh brahmaputr nadi ke kinaare basa, poorvottar Bhaarat ka mukhya shahar hai. yeh nagar praacheen hindu mandiron ke liye bhi jaana jaata hai. is aadhunik sansaar mein, jahaan sabhi kuchh haaitaik hai, vaha pikauk aailaind mein bane sundar Shiv mandir mein chheni ki dhaar aur haath ke kaushal se vaastukala ke aashcharyajanak kaam ki tulana karna ek kathin kaam hai. praacheen kaal me is mahaanagar ko praagjyotispur ke naam se jaana jaata tha, jo ki praacheen asam (kaamaroop) ki rajdhani thi.

anukram

itihaas

Guwahati ke mithk aur itihaas kai hajaaron saalo ki hai. haalaanki shahar ki shuruaat ki taareekh agyaat hai, mahaakaavyon, puraanon aur anya paramparaagat itihaas mein sandarbh, kai maan ki yeh Asia ke praacheen shaharon mein se ek ka netrutv karta hai. utkeern lekh sambandhi sroton me Guwahati ko kai praacheen raajyon ki raajadhaaniyon maana gaya hai. yeh 'pauraanik raaja narakaasur aur mahaabhaarat ke anusaar bhagadatt ki rajdhani tha. devi kaamaakhya ke praacheen sakti mandir neelaachal pahaadi (bhi taantrik vajrrayaana aur bauddh dharm ke mahatvapoorn sthaan), praacheen aur adviteeya jyotisheeya mandir chaitraachhal paahaar mein sthit navgrah, aur vashith aur anya sthaanon mein puraataatvik bani hui hai mein sthit shahar ke praacheen pauraanik daave ka samarthan pichhle. aambaari khudaai 6 veen shataabdi E. ke shahar ka pata lagaane. shahar ke alag - alag samay avadhi mein (yaani prakaash ke poorv) pragaajyotispur aur durjoy ke roop mein jaana jaata tha aur varman aur kaamaarupa raajya ke paala raajavanshon ke tahat rajdhani thi. uaan jaan g dvaara vivran hai ki sabse prabhaavashaali varman raaja bhaaskar varman (7 veen shataabdi E.) ke dauraan, yeh shahar 19 kimi faila hai aur shaayad jo adhikaariyon ke jaankaar the saath apne majaboot nausainik bal (naukaaon - tees hajaar yuddh ke liye pramukh aadhaar tha hind mahaasaagar se cheen ke liye samudri maargon - uaan jaan g). shahar paala raajavansh ke shaasakon ke adheen 10 - 11 veen shataabdi E. tak asam ki rajdhani ke roop mein bane rahe. aambaari mein khudaai aur int ki deevaar aur gharon mein upasthit kapaas visvavidaaly sabhaagaar ke nirmaan ke dauraan khudaai ka sujhaav hai ki yeh 9 11 veen shataabdi E. tak aarthik aur saamarik mahatva ke saath mahaan aakaar ka ek shahar tha.

udyog va vyavasaaya

Guwahati asam ka mahattvapoorn vyaapaar kendra tatha bandargaah hai. poorvottar ka pravesh dwaar Guwahati aaspaas ke kshetr ki vyavasaayik gatividhiyon ka kendra hai. ise vishv ka sabse bada chai ka baajaar maana jaata hai. yahaaain ek telashodhan sanyantr aur sarkaari krushi kshetr hai tatha udyogon mein chai tatha krushi utpaadon ka prasanskaran, anaaj pisaai tatha saabun banaana hain. yahaaain koi anya bade udyog naheen hain. lagbhag 17 pratishat aabaadi udyog, vyaapaar tatha vaanijya mein lagi hui hai tatha udyogon par Rajasthan se aae maaravaadiyon ka ekaadhikaar hai.

sanskruti

Guwahati ki aabaadi mileejuli hai, jismein asami, bangaali, punjabi, bihaari, nepaali, raajasthaani tatha baanglaadeshi shaamil hain. iske alaava yahaaain saare poorvottar Bhaarat ke aadivaasi samudaayon ke log bhi basate hain. yahaaain Guwahati vishvavidyaalaya (sthaapana 1948), arl law college, raajya uchch nyaayaalaya tatha anek hindu teerthasthal hain.

manoranjan

Guwahati khelon ki drushti se bhi mahattvapurn sthaan raha hai. Guwahati mein anek stadium sthit hai, yahaaain 2007 mein 33 vein raashtreeya khel aayojit huai the.

parivhan

Guwahati mein havaai adda aur chhoti tatha badi line ke relamaarg hain. borajhaar havaai adda shahar se 25 kilometer ki doori par sthit hai. nagar poorvottar ke anya raajyon ke saath bhali-bhaaainti juda hua hai. raajya parivhan nigam ki bason ke alaava niji basein tatha taiksiyaaain bhi upalabdh hain. vruhattar Guwahati ki nagarayojana mein 262 varg kilometer ka kshetr shaamil hai.

vaayu maarg

Guwahati se 18 kilometer door borajhaar sthit lokapriya gopeenaath baradalai antarraashtreeya vimaanakshetr niktatam havaai adda hai. is havaai adde se Delhi, Kolkata, Agartala, imfaal, aaijol, dibroogadh, jorahaat aur leelaabaari ki seedhi udaane hai.

rel maarg

Guwahati poorvottar seemaant railway ka mukhyaalaya hai. yaha Guwahati railway station aur kaamakhya railway station hai jo desh ke pramukh shaharon dvaara juda hua hai.

sadak maarg

Guwahati sadak maarg dvaara anek shaharon se juda hai. asam raajya parivhan nigam ki basein Shillong, tejapur, silchar, aaijol, dibroogadh, imfaal, Agartala aadi shaharon ko apni sevaaeain pradaan karti hain.

smaarak evam darshaneeya sthal

Guwahati nagar ka drushya

kaamaakhya mandir

desh ke pratyek mandir ki bhaanti is mandir ka bhi apna mahatva hai. kaha jaata hai ki sati paarvati ne apne pita dvaara apne pati, Bhagwan Shiv ka apamaan kiye jaane par havan kund mein koodakar apni jaan de di thi. Bhagwan Shiv ko aane mein thodi der ho gayi, tab tak unki ardhaangini ka shareer jal chuka tha. unhonne sati ka shareer aag se nikaala aur taandav nrutya aarambh kar diya. anya devataagan unka nrutya rokana chaahate the, at: unhonne Bhagwan vishnu se Shiv ko manaane ka aagrah kiya. Bhagwan vishnu ne sati ke shareer ke 51 tukade kar diye aur Bhagwan Shiv ne nrutya rok diya. kaha jaata hai ki sati ki yoni (srujak ang) Guwahati mein giri. yeh mandir devi ki prateekaatmak oorja ko samarpit hai.

Guwahati se 7 ki॰mee॰ door pashchim mein neelaachal hil par sthit yeh mandir asam ki vaastukala ka ek udaaharan hai, jiska gumbad madhumakkhiyon ke chhatte ki bhaanti hai. yahaan devi ko bakare ki bali di jaati hai.

yahaan poori dhaarmik shraddha aur vishvaas se mukhya roop se do tyauhaar manaae jaate hain. June/July maah ke ant mein pruthvi ke maasik chakr ki samaapti par amboochi parv ka aayojan kiya jaata hai. September mein manaasa parv ke dauraan shraddhaalu paaramparik veshabhoosha mein nrutya karke devi se duaa maangate hain.

navagrah mandir

Guwahati shahar ki jeevanarekha- brahmaputr nadi

chitraachal hil par sthit yeh mandir navagrahon ko samarpit hai, kyonki desh mein navagrahon ka bahut mahatva hai. maana jaata hai ki ye grah logon ke bhaagya ko prabhaavit karte hain at: unhein Bhagwan maana jaata hai aur unki pooja ki jaati hai.

umaananda mandir

nadi ke beech mein pikauk hil par sthit yeh ek sundar mandir hai. Bhagwan Shiv ke is mandir ka nirmaan 1594 mein hua tha. is mandir mein jaane ke liye aapko naav se jaana padega, jo praat: 7.00 baje se saayan 5.30 baje tak chalti hain.

vashishth aashram

yeh aashram vashishth muni ki smruti mein bana hai, jo ek prasiddh sant aur vichaarak the. inhonne mahaan dharmagranth raamaayan ki rachana ki thi.

asam joo evam bautanikl gardens

asam ke chidiyaaghar mein un jaanvaron ko saakshaat dekhiye, jinhein aap keval ti.vi. channelon par dekh paate hain. is chidiyaaghar mein bhaarateeya aur afreeki gainde, safed sher, cheete aur poorvottar Bhaarat mein pai jaane waali pakshiyon ki kuchh durlabh prajaatiyaan dekhne ko milti hai.

shankaradev kalaakshetr

shankaradev kalaakshetr asam ka saanskrutik sangrahaalaya hai. yeh Guwahati shahar ke panjaabaadi kshetr mein sthit hai.

haajo

kuchh logon ke anusaar Guwahati se 27 ki॰mee॰ door haajo naamak sthaan par hi Bhagwan buddh ne nirvaan praapt kiya tha.

paav makka masjid

"paav" ka arth hai "ek chauthaai" - aur aisa vishvaas hai ki yeh masjid makka sthit mukhya masjid ke ek chauthaai ke baraabar pavitra hai.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar Guwahati shahar ki janasankhya 8,08,021 hai.