Google

yeh lekh Google naamak sanstha ke sanbanddh mein hai. sarch engine ke liye, Google sarch dekhein. anya ke liye, Google (spashteekaran) dekhein.

Google
prakaar saarvajanik
udmog Internet
computer sauftaveyar
sthaapana

menlo park, kailiforniya
(4 September 1998)

founder = sargei brin
lairi pej
mukhyaalaya googalapleks
maaunten vyoo, California,
sanyukt raajya America
kshetr vishvavyaapi
pramukh vyakti sundar pichaai
(sah-sansthaapak evam CEO)
erik shmit
(kaaryakaari adhyaksh)
sargei
(sah-sansthaapak)
utpaad Google utpaadon ki soochi dekhein.
raajasv Green Arrow Up Darker.svg US$ 29.321 arab (2010)[1]
prachaalan aay Green Arrow Up Darker.svg US$ 10.381 arab (2010)[1]
nivl aay Green Arrow Up Darker.svg US$ 8.505 arab (2010)[1]
karmachaari 26,316 (March 31, 2011)[1]
sahaayak kanpaniyaaain Youtube, dabalaklik, On2 teknolaujeej, Google vauyas, piknik (sauftaveyar), aadvark, aidamaub
website www.google.com

Google ek Amreeki bahuraashtreeya saarvajanik company hai, jisne Internet sarch, klaaud kanpyuting aur vigyaapan tantr mein poonji lagaai hai. yeh intaranet par aadhaarit kai sevaaeain aur utpaad[2] banaata tatha viksit karta hai aur yeh munaafa mukhyataya apne vigyaapan program aidavards (AdWords) se kamaati hai.[3][4] yeh company stainaford vishvavidyaalaya se Ph.D. ke do chhaatr lairi pej aur sargei brin dvaara sansthaapit ki gayi thi. inhein praay: "Google gaais"[5][6][7] ke naam se sambodhit kiya jaata hai. sitmbar 4, 1998 ko ise ek niji-aayojit company mein nigmit kiya gaya. iska pehla saarvajanik kaarya/seva 19 August 2004 ko praarambh hua. isi din lairi pej, sarji brin aur erik skhmidt ne Google mein agale bees varshon (2024) tak ek saath kaarya karne ki rajaamandi ki. company ka shurooaat se hi "vishv mein gyaan ko vyavasthit tatha sarvatr upalabdh aur laabhaprad karna" kathit mission raha hai. company ka gair-kaaryaalayeen naara, joki Google injeeniyr paul bukheet ne nikaala tha, hai – "dont bi ival (bura na banein)]". san 2006 se company ka mukhyaalaya maaunten vyoo, California mein hai.

Google vishv bhar mein faile apne data-keindron se das lakh se zyaada sarvar chalaata hai aur das arab se zyaada khoj-anurodh tatha chaubees petaabaait upabhokta-sambandhi data sansaadhit karta hai. Google ki sanyukti ke tatpashchaat iska vikaas kaafi teji se hua hai, jiske kaaran, company ki moolabhoot seva web-sarch-engine ke alaava, Google ne kai nae utpaadon ka utpaadan, adhigrahan aur bhaagi daari ki hain. company online utpaadak sauftver, jaise ki jeemel imel seva aur saamaajik network saadhan, orkut aur haal hi ka, Google baj pradaan karti hai. Google desktop kanpyutar ke utpaadak softver ka bhi utpaadan karti hai, jaise ki web braaujr Google krom, photo vyavasthaapan aur sanpaadan softver pikaasa aur sheegra sandeshan ऍplikeshan Google tauk. visheshat: Google, neksas van tatha motorola draued jaise fonon mein daale jaane vaale operating system ऍndroid, saath hi saath Google krom oes, jo filhaal bhaari vikaas ke antargat hai, par seeaar-48] ke mukhya operating system ke roop mein prasiddh hai, ke vikaas mein agrani hai. eleksa google.com ko Internet ki sabse zyaada darshit website bataati hai. iske alaava Google ki anya vebasaaitein (google.co.in, google.co.uk, aadi) choti ki sau vebaasaaiton mein aati hain. yahi haal Google ki site Youtube aur blaugar hai. braindaji ke anusaar Google vishv ka sabse taakatavar (naami) braand hai. baajaar mein Google ki sevaaon ka pramukh hone ke kaaran, Google ki aalochna kai samasyaaon, jinmein vyaktigtata, kaapeeraait aur censorship shaamil hain, se hui hai.

anukram

itihaas

Google ka praarambhik mukhaprushth ek saadhaaran design tha kyonki iske sansthaapak web pej dijaaining ki bhaasha, echateeemael (HTML) mein anubhavi naheen the.

Google ki shuruaat 1996 mein ek research pariyojana ke dauraan lairi pej tatha sargei brin ne ki. us vakt lairi aur sargi stainafaurd vishvavidyaalaya, kailiforniya mein Ph.D. ke chhaatr the. us samay, paaramparik sarch engine sujhaav (result) ki vareeyata web-pej par sarch-tarm ki ganana se tay karte the, jab ki lairi aur sargei ke anusaar ek achha sarch system vah hoga jo vebapejon ke taalluk ka vishleshan kare. is nae takaneek ko unhonein pejaraink (PageRank) ka naam diya. is takaneek mein kisi website ki praasangikta/yogyata ka anumaan, vebapejon ki ginti, tatha un pejon ki pratishtha, jo aarambhik website ko link karte hain ke aadhaar par lagaaya jaata hai.

1996 mein aaideedi informeshan sarvises ke raubin li ne “arainkadeks” naamak ek chhota sarch engine banaaya tha, jo isi takaneek par kaam kar raha tha. rainkadeks ki takaneek ko li ne peteint karva liya aur baad mein isi takaneek par unhonne baayadu naamak company ki cheen mein sthaapana ki. pej aur brin ne shuruaat mein apne sarch engine ka naam “abaikaraba” rakha tha, kyonki yeh sarch engine pichhli kadiyaaain (backlinks) ke aadhaar par kisi site ki vareeyata tay karta tha.

antat:, pej aur brin ne apne sarch engine ka naam Google (Google) rakha. Google angreji ke shabd “googola” ki galat vartani hai, jiska matlab hai− vah number jismein ek ke baad sau shoonya hon. naamnaam “agoogoogala” is baat ko darshaata hai ki company ka sarch engine logon ke liye jaankaari badi maatra mein upalabdh karne ke liye kaaryarat hai. apne shuruaati dinon mein Google stainafaurd vishvavidyaalaya ki website ke adheen google.stanford.edu naamak domen se chala. Google ke liye usaka domen naam 15 September 1997 ko panjeekrut hua. sitmbar 4, 1998 ko ise ek niji-aayojit company mein nigmit kiya gaya. company ka pehla kaaryaalaya susaan vojsiki (unki dost) ke garaaj [[menalo park, California] mein sthaapit hua. kreg silvarasteen va ek saathi Ph.D. chhaatr company ke pehle karmachaari banein.

vitteeyan aur aarambhik saarvajanik sevaaeain

Google ke nigman se pehle hi Andy bekhtolsheem, san maaikrosistams ke sahasansthaapak, ne August 1998 mein Google ko ek laakh dollar ki vitteeya sahaayata di. 1999 ke shuruaat mein, jab ve snaatak ke chhaatr the, brin aur pej ko laga ki ve sarch engine par kaafi samay vyateet kar rahe hain aur padhaai par dhyaan naheen de rahein. is kaaran unhonne ise bechne ka nirnaya liya aur eksaait company ke CEO George bail ko das laakh mein bechne ka prastaav rakha. unhone yeh prastaav thukara diya. aur baad mein apne is faisale ke liye vinod khosala ki aalochna ki. jabki, khosala ne 750,000 dollar mein company khareedne ki brin aur pej se baat bhi kar li thi. tab khosala eksaait ke udyam pooainjeepati the. 7 June 1999 ko company mein 250 laakh dollar lagaane ki ghoshana ki gayi, yeh ghoshana pramukh niveshakon ke sahit udyam poonji company kleenar parkins kaufeeld end baayars tatha seekoiya kaipeetal ke taraf se ki gayi.

Google ki aarambhik saarvajanik sevaaeain (IPO) paachain saal baad, 19 August 2004 se chaalu huin. company ne apne 1,96,05,052 sheyaron ka daam 85 dollar prati share rakha. sheyaron ko bechne ke liye ek anoothe onalain nilaami faurmet ka istemaal kiya gaya. iske liye maurgan stenali aur kredit suis, joki is nilaami ke bimaakarta the, dvaara banaaye gaye ek pranaali ka upayog kiya gaya. 1.67 arab dollar ki bikri ne Google ko baajaar mein 23 arab dollar se adhik ki raashi se baajaar poonjeekaran kiya. 2,710 lakh sheyaron ka vishaal bahumat Google ke niyantran mein raha aur kaafi Google karmachaari sheegra hi kaagaji lakhapati ban gaye. Yahoo! (Yahoo!), Google ka pratidvandvi, ko bhi bada faayda hua, kyonki us samay Yahoo! ke paas Google ke 84 lakh sheyaron ka svaamitv tha.

kuchh logon ko laga ki Google ka yeh aaipeeo nissandeh company sanskruti mein herafer karega. iske kai kaaran the, jaise ki, sheyaradhaarakon ka company par uske karmachaariyon ko hone vaale laabh mein katauti ke liye daab, kyonki yeh ek tathya tha ki company ko hue bade faayde se kai karmachaari sheegra kaagaji lakhapati ban gaye the. iski javaabadehi mein, sah sansthaapak sarji brin aur lairi pej ne ek report mein apne sambhaavit niveshakon ko yeh aashvasan diya ki company ke aaipeeo se company ke kaarya karne ki pranaali mein koi anchaaha badlaav naheen hoga. varsh 2005 mein, yadyapi, the New York times mein chhape lekhon tatha anya sootron se esa lagne laga ki Google apne "anti-kaurporet, no ival" siddhaant se bhatak raha hai. company ne is vishisht kaarya pranaali ko banaaye rakhane ke liye ek mukhya sanskruti adhikaari ka pad niyukt kiya. is pad ka adhikaari maanav sansaadhan nideshak bhi hota hai. mukhya sanskruti adhikaari ka uddeshya company mein company ke siddhaant ko viksit karna tatha use banaaye rakhana hai. iske saath-saath un vishyon par bhi kaam karna hai, jinse company apne moolabhoot siddhaant: ek spasht sangathan ke saath ek sahayogapoorn parivesh, par kaayam rahe. Google ko apne poorv karmachaariyon se laingik bhed bhaav tatha vruddhon ke prati anuchit vyavahaar jaise aaropon ka bhi saamana karna pada hai.

online vigyaapan se hui bhaari bikri aur aay se aaipeeo ke baad baaki bache sheyaron ka pradarshan bhi baajaar mein achha raha, us samay pehli baar 31 October 2007 ko sheyaron ka daam 700 dollar hua tha. sheyaron ke daam mein badhotari ka mukhya kaaran vyaktigat niveshak the, naahi ki pramukh sansthaagat niveshak aur myoochual fund. Google, ab naisdaik stock exchange mein tikr chinh GOOG tatha frainkafrt share baajaar mein tikr chinh GGQ1 se soocheebaddh hai.

vikaas

March 1999 mein, company ne apne kaaryaalayon ko [paalo alto, kailiforniya]] mein sthaanaantarit kiya, joki kai anya badi silikaun valley companyon ka thikaana hai. iske ek varsh baad, pej aur brin ke shuruvaati vimukhata ke baavajood, Google ne khoj-shabdon/sanketashabd (keywords) se jude vijnyaaapanon ko bechana shuru kiya. khoj-prushth ko saaf-suthara tatha gati banaaye rakhane ke liye, vigyaapan keval paath aadhaarit the. sanketashabd ki bikri usaki boli tatha klikon ke sanyojan ke aadhaar par ki jaati thi. iske liye nyoonatam boli paaainch sent prati klik thi. sanketashabd se vijnyaaapanon ko bechne ka yeh model pehli baar gotoo.com (Goto.com)—[[aaidiyaalaib] ke bill graus ka ek upotpaada—aadvaara kiya gaya. is company ne apna naam ovarachar sarvises rakh liya aur Google par uske rian-prati-klik aur boli ke peteints ka kathit ullaghan karne ka mukadama kiya. ovarachar sarvises baad mein Yahoo dvaara khareeda liya gaya aur iska naya naam Yahoo! sarch maarketing rakha gaya. peteints ke ullanghan ka maamala aapas mein sulajha liya gaya. iske liye Google ne apne saamaanya sheyaron mein se kuchh ki hissedaari Yahoo! ko di aur uske badle peteints ka shaashvat laaiseins apne naam karva liya.

usi samay, Google ko apne prushth-variyta (PageRank) tantr ke peteint ki praapti hui. yeh peteint aadhikaarik taur par stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ko saunpa gaya tha aur aavishkaarak ke roop mein Lawrence pej ko soocheebaddh karta hai. 2003 mein, do anya kaaryaalayon ko kam padta dekhte hue, company ne apna vartamaan kaaryaalaya silikaun graafiks se leej par 1600 emfeethiyetar paarkave, maaunten vyu, kailiforniya mein chaaloo kiya. Google ka yeh kaaryaalaya parisar googalapleks ke naam se jaana jaata hai, yeh angreji shabd googolplex ka tark hai, jiska matlab/maan hai 1010100. teen varsh pashchaat, Google ne 319 million dollar mein silikaun graafiks se apna kaaryaalaya parisar khareed liya. tab tak, “aGoogle” rojmarra mein istemaal kiya jaane wala shabd ban chuka tha. is kaaran shabd “aGoogle” meriym vebastar shabdakosh aurOxford angreji shabdakosh] mein “ajaanakaari praapt karne ke liye Google sarch engine ka prayoga” ke paribhaasha se shaamil kar liya gaya.

adhigrahan aur bhaageedaari

2001 se Google ne, mukhyataya laghu udyam poonji companiyon par apna dhyaan kendrit karte hue, kai companyon ko adhikrut kiya. 2004 mein Google ne keehol, nig ko adhikrut kiya. us samay keehol ne arth vyuvar naam se ek software taiyaar kiya tha jo pruthvi ka triaayaami drushya pradarshit karta tha. 2005 mein Google ne ise Google arth ka naam diya. 2007 mein Google ne online vidiyo site Youtube ko 1.65 arab dollar mein khareed liya. 13 April 2007 ko Google ne dabalaklik naamak company ko 3.1 arab dollar mein adhikrut kiya. is adhigrahan se Google ko dabalaklik ke saath-saath uske web prakaashakon aur vigyaapan agencyon se achhe sambandhon ki amoolya praapti hui. baad mein usi varsh, Google ne 50 million dollar mein graindaseintral ko khareeda. ise baad mein Google vauyas ka naam diya gaya. 5 August 2009 ko Google ne apni pehli saarvajanik company video software nirmaata ona2 teknolaujeej ko 106.5 million dollar mein adhikrut kiya. Google ne aardvark, ek saamaajik network khoj engine, ko 50 million dollar mein adhikrut kiya. Google ne apni aantarik blog mein tippani ki, “aham sahakaarita ke liye agrasar hain, taki ham dekh sakein ki ham ise kahaaain tak le ja paate hain”. aur, April 2010 mein, Google ne ek chhote haardaveyar udyam egnilks ke adhikran ki ghoshana ki.

kai companyon ko khareedne ke saath-saath, Google ne anya kai sangathanon ke saath shodh se le kar vigyaapan ke kshetr mein bhaageedaari ki. 2005 mein, Google ne naasa emes anusandhaan kendra ke saath 1,000,000 varg foot (93,000 varg meter) kaaryaalayi kshetr ke nirmaan ke liye bhaageedaari ki. in kaaryaalayon ka upayog bade paimaane par deta prabandhan, naino takaneek, vitrit sanganan, tatha antariksh udyog ke udyam se jude pariyojanaaon par shodh karne ke liye kiya jaayega. usi varsh October mein, Google ne san maaikrosistams se ek doosare ki takaneekon ka aadaan-pradaan aur vitran ke liye bhaageedaari ki. company ne time Warner ke eoel ke saath ek doosare ki video khoj sevaaon mein vruddhi ke liye bhaageedaari ki. Google ki 2005 mein hui kai bhaageedaariyon mein mobaail yantron ke liye .mobi sheersh stareeya domen ka vitteeyan tatha badi kampaniyaaain jaise maaikrosaaft, nokiya aur eriksan shaamil hain. Google ne mobaail vigyaapan baajaar ko dekhte hue, “aedseins for mobaail” chaaloo kiya. vigyaapan jagat mein apni pahuainch aage badhaate hue, Google aur news kaurporeshan ke fauks intaraektiv media ne lokapriya saamaajik networking site maaispes par khoj aur vigyaapan pradaan karne ke liye 900 million dollar ka samjhauta kiya.

October 2006 mein, Google ne vidiyo-sheyaring site yootyub ko 165 arab dollar mein adhikrut karne ki ghoshana ki. 13 November 2006 ko is saude ko antim roop diya gaya. Google Youtube chalaane ke kharch ka vistrut aankade prastut naheen karta hai aur 2007 mein yootyub ke raajasv ki ek niyaamak soochi mein Google ne use “anaavashyak” bataaya. June 2008 mein, angreji maigajeen faurbs mein chhape ek lekh ke anusaar vijnyaaapanon ki bikri mein hui vruddhi se 2008 mein yootyub ne 200 million Amreeki dollar kamaaya. 2007 mein, Google ne [[noraid traiks Santa], ek seva jo christmas ki purvasandhya par Santa klaus ke yaatra ka anukaran karne ka daava karti hai, ka prayojan bhootapoorv praayojak eoel ko visthaapit karte hue Google arth ke maadhyam se “aSanta ka anukarana” pehli baar 3-di mein chaaloo kiya. Google-svaamitv ke adheen Youtube par noraad traiks Santa ko ek naya channel bhi mil gaya.

2008 mein, Google ne jiyoaai se ek upagrah, jo Google arth ko uchch-vishleshan (0.41 meter monokrom aur 1.65 meter rageen) chitr upalabdh karaata hai, ke prakshepan ke liye saajhedaari ki. yeh upagrah vaindenabarg vaayusena kendra se 6 September 2008 ko prakshepit kiya gaya. 2008 mein Google ne yeh ghoshit kiya ki vah laaif (patrika) se saajhedaari karega aur uske tasveeron ke ek sangrah ki mejabaani bhi karega. sangrah ke chitron mein se kuchh ka prakaashan patrika mein kabhi hua hi naheen. ve chitr jalaankit the aur sab par kaupeeraait notice chhapa hua tha, iske baavajood ki ve lok prakshetr ke darje ki theen.

2010 mein, Google enarji ne apna pehla nivesh, ek Akshay-urja pariyojana mein, 38.8 million dollar ka uttar dakota mein do vaayu urja faarmon par kiya. company ne bataya ki in do faarmon se 169.5 megawatt ka power utpann hoga, joki 55,000 gharon ko bijli pradaan kara sakta hai. yeh firm, jo ki nekstaera enarji risorses dvaara viksit kiya gaya tha, us ilaake mein khanij indhan ke istemaal ko kam kar dega aur laabhaanvit bhi karega. nekstaera enarji risorses ne Google ko uske bees pratishat share ki hissedaari bechi, taaki ve us pariyojan ke vikaas mein aur paisa laga sakein. aur fir 2010 mein, Google ne global aaipi solyushans, joki Norway mein web-aadhaarit telekaunfreinsing aur anya sambandhit sevaaeain pradaan karti hai, ko khareeda. is adhigrahan se Google ne telephone shaili ki sevaaon ko apni utpaadon soochi mein jod liya. 27 May 2010 ko Google ne mobaail vigyaapan netvark, edmob ke adhigrahan ki ghoshana ki. yeh adhigrahan sangheeya vyaapaar aayog dvaara ki gayi is adhigrahan ke chhaanabeen ke baad hua. Google ne is adhigrahan ke laagat ki vyaakhya naheen ki. July 2010 mein, Google ne aayova vind firm se 114 megawatt ki urja agale 20 varshon tak khareedne ka samjhauta kiya.

4 April 2011 ko the globe end mel ki ek report mein kaha gaya ki Google ne chhah hajaar naurtel network peteint ke liye 900 million dollar ki boli lagaai hai.

utpaad aur sevaaeain

inhein bhi dekhein: Google utpaadon ki soochi

vigyaapan

Google ki aay ka ninyaanave pratishat bhaag uske vigyaapan kaaryakramon se aata hai. 2006 ke vitteeya varsh mein, company ne kul 10.492 arab dollar vigyaapan se aur keval 112 million dollar license praapti aur anya shroton se kamaane ki soochana di. online vigyaapan ke baajaar mein Google ne apne kai navotpaadon ko kaaryaanvit kiya hai, is kaaran Google baajaar ke sheersh brokeron mein se hai. dabalaklik company ke takaneek ka istemaal kar ke Google prayokta ke hit tatha un vijnyaaapanon ko lakshit karti hai jo apne tatha prayokta ke sandarbh mein praasangik hain. Google vishleshiki (Google analytics) website ke maalikon ko logon dvaara unki website ke istemaal ki jaankaari praapt karaata hai, udaaharan ke liye kisi pej par sabhi links ke klik dar parakhana. Google vigyaapan ek do-bhaag kaaryakram mein teesare paksh ki website par rakha ja sakta hai. Google aidavards vijnyaaapanakarta ko Google ke network mein vigyaapan pradarshit karne ki anumati rian-prati-klik ya rian-prati-darshan ki yojana ke dvaara deta hai. samaan seva, Google edasens, website dhaarakon ko vigyaapan unke website par pradarshit karne tatha vigyaapan ke prati klik par paise kamaane ki anumati deta hai.

klik dhokhaadhadi, kisi vyakti ya svachaalit script ka bina kisi dilchaspi se utpaadon ke vijnyaaapanon par “aklik” karna, se nipatne mein Google ki asamarthata is kaaryakram ke kai nuksaan aur aalochanaaon mein se ek hai, jis kaaran vijnyaaapanakarta ko anaavashyak bhugataan karna padata hai. 2006 ki udyog riporton mein yeh daava kiya gaya ki lagbhag 14 se 20 pratishat klik kapati ya amaanya the. iske alaava, Google ki “akhoj ke bheetar khoj” seva par bhi vivaad hua hai, jismein ek maadhyamik khoj box kisi website ke bheetar upayogakarta ko khoj karne mein madad karta hai. sheegra hi yeh bataaya gaya ki jab “akhoj ke bheetar khoj” seva ka prayog kisi vishesh company ke liye kiya jaata tab, sambandhit vijnyaaapanon ke saath-saath pratiyogi tatha pratidvandi companyon ke vigyaapan bhi darshit hote the, jis kaaran kai upayogakarta site se baahar nikal jaate the. Google ke vigyaapan kaaryakram ke khilaaf ek aur shikaayat vijnyaaapanadaataaon ki unke censorship hai, haalaaainki kai maamale digital mileniym kaupeeraait adhiniyam ke anupaalan mein dilchaspi rakhate hain. udaaharan ke liye, February 2003 mein, Google ne oshiyaana, ek gair sarkaari sanstha hai jo ek pramukh krooj jahaaj ki malajal upachaar paddhatiyon ka virodh kar rahi thi, ka vigyaapan dikhaana band kar diya tha. us samay Google ne sampaadkeeya neeti uddhrut karte hue kaha, “aGoogle aise vigyaapan ya site sveekaar naheen karta hai jo anya vyaktiyon, samoohon, ya sangathanon ke khilaaf vakaalat karta ho." is neeti ko baad mein badal diya gaya. June 2008 mein, Google ne Yahoo! ke saath ek vigyaapan sambandhi samjhauta kiya, jismein Yahoo! apne vebapejon par Google ko vigyaapan pradarshit karne ki anumati dega. donon companiyon ke beech yeh gathabandhan kabhi poora na ho saka kyonki amereeki nyaaya vibhaag ko laga ki yeh gathabandhan avishvasaneeyata (spardhaarodhi tatvon) ko janm dega. parinaamasvaroop, Google ne November 2008 mein sabhi saude vaapas le liye.

apne utpaadon ke vigyaapan ke ek prayaas mein, Google ne demo slam naamak website ka shubhaaranbh kiya jo uske utpaadon ke takaneeki ka varnan karne ke liye viksit kiya gaya. har saptaah, do teemon ko nae sandarbhon mein Google ki takaneek lagaane par pratispardha hoti hai. sarch engine journal ne bataaya ki demo slam, “aek AC jagah hai jahaaain rachanaatmak tatha takaneeki ki samajh rakhane vaale log duniya ke baaki logon ko duniya ki naveenatam aur mahaanatam praudyogiki samajhaane ke liye vidiyo bana sakte hain.”

sarch (khoj) engine

Google ke vebaprushth bhaarateeya sanskaran: google.co.in

Google sarch, ek web khoj engine, company ki sabse lokapriya seva hai. November 2009 mein kaumaskor (comScore) dvaara prakaashit ek shodh ke anusaar, Google sanyukt raashtra America ke baajaar mein pramukh khoj engine hai, jiski baajaar mein 65.6% ki hissedaari hai. Google arabon web prushthon ko anukramit karta hai, taaki upayogakarta, khojashabdon aur oparetaron ke prayog ke maadhyam se, sahi jaankaari ki khoj kar sakein. iski lokapriyta ke baavajood, Google sarch ko kai sangathanon se aalochaana mili hai. 2003 mein, New York times ne Google anukraman ke baare mein shikaayat ki, usane apne site ke saamagri ki Google [[|kaishe|kaishing]] ko us saamagri par laagoo unke kaupeeraait ka ullanghan bataaya. is maamale mein, nevaada ke sanyukt raajya jila nyaayaalaya ne field banaam Google aur paarkar banaam Google ka faisala Google ke paksh mein sunaaya. iske alaava, prakaashan 2600: the haikar kvaartarli ne un shabdon ki ek aisi soochi taiyaar ki hai jinmein is diggaj company ki nai tvarit khoj suvidha khoj naheen karegi. Google vauch ne Google pejareink elgorithm ki aalochna karte hue kaha ki yeh nai websiton ke khilaaf bhedabhaav aur sthaapit saaiton ke paksh mein hai aur Google aur NSA aur CIA ke beech sambandh hone ka aarop lagaaya. aalochna ke baavajood, buniyaadi khoj engine vishisht sevaaon, jaise ki chhavi khoj engine, Google samaachaar khoj site, Google maips aur anya sahit fail gaya hai. 2006 ki shuruaat mein company ne Google video ka shubhaaranbh kiya, jiska prayog upayogakarta Internet par video upload, khoj aur dekhne ke liye kar sakte hain. 2009 mein, tathaapi, khoj seva ke pahalu par dhyaan keindrit karne ke liye Google ne Google video mein upload ki band kar di. yahaaain tak ki upayogakarta ke computer mein faailon ki khoj ke liye Google ne Google deskataup viksit kiya. Google ki khoj mein sabse haalahi ki gatividhi sanyukt raajya peteint aur tredamaark kaaryaalaya se saajhedaari ki hai, jisse peteint aur tredamaark ke baare mein jaankaari muft mein upalabdh hogi.

Google buks, ek aur vivaadaaspad khoj seva hai jiski Google mejbaani karta hai. company ne pustakon ki skaining tatha seemit poorvaavalokan aur anumati ke saath pustakon ki poorn apaloding apne nae pustak khoj engine mein chaaloo kiya. 2005 mein, othars gild, ek samooh jo 8000 ameriki lekhakon ka pratinidhitv karta hai, ne New York shahar ke ek sangheeya adaalat mein is nai seva par Google ke khilaaf ek varg kaarravaai mukadama daayar kiya. pustakon ke sambandh mein Google ne kaha hai ki yeh seva kaupeeraait kaanoon ke sabhi maujooda aur aitihaasik anuprayogon ka anupaalan karti hai. antat: ek sanshodhit niptaan ke liye, 2009 mein Google ne skaining amareeka, Britain, Australia aur Canada ki kitaabon tak seemit kar diya. iske alaava, peris civil court ne 2009 ke ant mein Google ke khilaaf uske detaabes se la maartiniyr (edishn du siul) ka kaam hataane ka faisala sunaaya. amejn.com (Amazon.com) se aage nikalne ke liye Google nai kitaabon ka digital sanskaran bechne ki yojana kar raha hai. isi tarah, navaagantuk bing ke javaab mein, 21 July 2010 ko Google ne apne chhavi khoj mein thanbanel ka pravaahit kram chaaloo kiya, jo ingit karne par fail (bade ho) jaate hain. haalaanki web khoj abhi bhi ek thok (batch) prati prushth ke praaroop ke anusaar dikhaai dete hain, 23 July 2010 se, kuchh angreji shabdon ke shabdakosh paribhaasha web khojon ke liye link kiye gaye parinaamon ke oopar dikhne lage. uchch-gunvatta ko mahattv dete hue March 2011 mein Google ne apna elgorithm parivrtit kiya.

utpaadakata upakaran

apne maanak web khoj sevaaon ke alaava, Google ne pichhle kuchh varshon mein kai online utpaadakata upakaran jaari kiye hain. jeemel, Google dvaara ek mukt vebamel seva hai, jo us vakt nimantran-aadhaarit beeta kaaryakram ke roop mein 1 April 2004 ko shuroo kiya gaya aur 7 fravari 2007 ko aam janta ke liye upalabdh kar diya gaya. is seva ko beeta sthiti se 7 July 2009 ko unnat kiya gaya, us samay is seva ke 146 million maasik prayokta the. yeh online imel koi pehli AC seva hogi jo ek geegaabaait bhandaaran ke liye pradaan karegi, tatha kisi Internet forum ki tarah ek hi vaartaalaap ke liye bheje gaye imelon ko ek sootr mein rakhane waali pehli seva hogi. yeh seva vartamaan mein 7400 megaabaait se bhi adhik bhandaaran muft mein pradaan karti hai aur atirikt bhandaaran jo 20 jeebi se 16 teraabaait hai, 0.25 Amreeki dollar prati jeebi prati varsh ke dar se upalabdh hai. iske alaava, ejaiks, ek prograaming takaneek jo vebapejon ko bina taaja (rifresh) kiye sanvaadaatmak banaata hai, ke agrani istemaal ke liye jeemel software devalapars ke beech jaana jaata hai. jeemel ki aalochna sambhaavit deta prakateekaran, ek jokhim jo kai online web anuprayogon ke saath jooda hai, ke kaaran bhi hui hai. Steve baalmar (Microsoft ke CEO), lij figeroaa, mark raish aur Google vauch ke sampaadkon ka maanana hai ki jeemel mein imel sandeshon ka prasanskaran yathaarth upayog ki seema ke baahar hai, lekin Google ka daava hai ki jeemel ko ya usase bheja jaane wala mel kabhi bhi khaata dhaarak ke alaava kisi anya vyakti dvaara naheen padha jaata aur unka prayog keval vijnyaaapanon ki praasangikta mein sudhaar laane ke liye kiya jaata hai.

Google dauks, Google ki utpaadakata samooh ka ek utpaad hai, jo upayogakartaaon ko, maaikrosauft vard jaisa, ek online parivesh mein srujan, sanpaadan aur dastaavejon ke milaap ki suvidha deta hai. yeh seva moolat: raaitali ke naam se jaani jaati thi, lekin 9 March 2006 ko Google ne ise praapt kar liya aur aamantran-aadhaarit poorvaalokan ke roop mein jaari kiya. adhigrahan ke baad 6 June ko, Google ne ek praayogik spraidasheet sanpaadan program, jo 10 October ko Google dauks ke saath sanyukt kiya gaya tha, banaaya. 17 September 2007 ko prastutiyon ko sanpaadit karne ka kaaryakram set ko poora karta hai, yeh kaarya baaki teen sevaaon sahit jeemel, Google calendar, tatha Google eps suit ke anya sabhi utpaadon ka 7 July 2009 ke poorn sanskaran ke baad kiya gaya.

udyam utpaad

2008 ke aaraesae sammelan mein Google ka khoj upakaran.

Google ka udyam baajaar mein pravesh February 2002 mein Google khoj upakaran, jo bade sangathanon ko khoj takaneek pradaan karne ki or lakshit hai, ke saath hua. Google ne chhote sangathanon ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue, mini teen saal baad baajaar mein utaara. 2006 ke ant mein, Google ne custom khoj vyavasaaya sanskaran bechana chaaloo kiya, jisse graahakon ko Google.com ke soochi mein vigyaapan mukt vindo upalabdh hota hai. 2008 mein is seva ka naam Google site sarch rakh diya gaya. Google ke udyam utpaadon mein se ek utpaad Google aipps Premier sanskaran hai. yeh seva aur uske saath Google aipps shikshan sanskaran tatha saamaanya sanskaran, companiyon, schoolon aur anya sangathanon ko Google ke online anuprayogon ko, jaise ki jeemel aur Google daukyoomeints, apne domen mein daalne ki anumati dete hain. Premier sanskaran, vishesh roop se, saamaanya sanskaran se adhik suvidhaaeain, jaise ki adhik disk space, epeeaai ka upayog aur premium sahaayata 50 dollar prati upayogakarta prati varsh ke dar se pradaan karta hai. Google aipps ka ek bada kaaryaanvayan 38,000 upayogakartaaon ke saath thandar be, ontaario, Canada mein lekahed vishvavidyaalaya mein kiya gaya hai. usi varsh Google aipps shuru kiya gaya, Google ne postini ko adhikrut kiya aur Google ne is company ke suraksha praudyogiki ko Google aipps se Google postini sevaaen ke antargat sangathit kiya.

Google traansalet ek sarvar-side machine anuvaad seva hai, jo 35 alag bhaashaaon ke beech anuvaad kar sakta hai. braaujr eksateinshan braaujr se Google anuvaad aur aasaan kar dete hain. software kosh bhaasha vigyaan takaneek ka upayog karta hai, jahaaain program peshevar anuvaad dastaavejon se seekhata hai, vishesh roop se sanyukt raashtra aur Europeeya sansad ki kaaryavaahi se. iske alaava, ek “abehatar anuvaad sujhaaeain” suvidha anuvaadit paath ke saath joda gaya hai, jo upayogakarta ko galat ya amaanak anuvaad sanket karne ki anumati deta hai.

Google ne 2002 mein Google news seva praarambh kiya. is site ne ghoshana ki ki company ne ek “abehad asaamaanya” site banaai hai, jo “asamaachaar ke sankalan ki seva bina kisi maanaveeya hastakshep ke computer elgoridm dvaara pradaan karti hai. Google koi sampaadak, prabandhak sampaadak, ya kaaryakaari sampaadak niyukt naheen karta.” Yahoo! samaachaar ki apeksha Google news ne laaiseinsi samaachaar kam pradarshit kiya hai aur badle mein vishay ke aadhaar par samaachaar aur raayon se jodane vaale linkon ke saath unki surkhiyon, namoone aur tasveeron ko pradarshit karta hai. kaupeeraait ullanghan ke ulajhanon ko kam karne ke liye Google aamtaur par tasveeron ko thanbanel aakaar ka banaakar usi vishay par anya samaachaar sroton se liye gaye surkhiyon ke saamane lagaata hai. fir bhi, ejeins fraas press ne kaupeeraait ullanghan ke maamale mein Columbia jila ke sangheeya adaalat mein Google ke khilaaf mukadama daayar kiya, vah case jise Google ne ek agyaat raashi de kar ek niyam ke antargat eefpi ke lekhon ka poorn paathya license Google news par istemaal karne ke liye le liya.

2006 mein, Google ne sain fraansisko mein muft wireless braudbaind seva Internet seva pradaata arthalink ke madad se dene ka elaan kiya. kaumakaast aur vereejon jaise bade doorasanchaar companiyon ne is tarah ke prayaason ka virodh kiya aur kaha ki yeh “aanuchit pratispardhaa” hai tatha kai shahar apni pratibddhataaon ka ullanghan karte hue in companiyon ke samaksh ekaadhikaar ka prastaav rakh deinge. 2006 mein, network tatasthata par Congress ke saamane apni gavaahi mein, Google ke cheef Internet mat prachaarak vint sarf yeh tathya dete hue in rananitiyon ki ninda ki ki lagbhag kul mein se aadhe upabhogataaon ke paas saarthak braudabaind pradaataaon ke vikalp ka aabhaav hai. Google filhaal maaunten vyoo, California ke apne gruhanagar mein muft vaai-faai (Wi-Fi) seva pradaan kar raha hai.

ek saal baad, Google ka baajaar mein mobaail fon utaarane ki riportein saamane aain, sanbhavat: eppal aaifon (iPhone) ke pratiyogi ke roop mein. yeh pariyojana, jise endroid kaha gaya, mobaail upakaranon ke liye ek operating system nikla, jo Google ke adhigran ke baad Google dvaara apaache license ke antargat ek mukt srot pariyojana ke roop mein jaari kar diya gaya. endroid aadhaarit fon par chalne vaale epplikeshan baanaane ke liye Google devalapars ko sauftaver development kit pradaan karta hai. sitmbar 2008 mein, ti-mobaail ne pehla endroed fon G1 jaari kiya. 5 January 2010 ko Google ne apne naam ke tahat apna pehla endroid fon neksas van jaari kiya.

anya pariyojanaaeain jin par Google ne kaam kiya hai, unamein ek nayi sahayogapoorn sanchaar seva, ek web braaujr aur ek mobail operating system bhi shaamil hain. inmein se praarambhik seva ki ghoshana pehli baar 27 May 2009 ko ki gayi. Google vev ek aisa utpaad bataaya gaya jo upayogakartaaon ko web par sampark saadhane tatha sahayog dene mein madad karta hai. yeh Google ki “aimel pun: abhiklpit” seva hai, jo riylataaim mein sampaadan, audio, vidiyo, tatha anya media aur eksateinshanon ke saath sanchaar ke anubhav ko aur achha bana deta hai. Google vev devalapar poorvaalokan mein tha, jahaaain ichhuk upayogakartaaon ko is seva ke pareekshan ka adhikaar aamantran par milta tha, lekin 19 May 2010 ko yeh seva aam janta ke liye Google I/O ke bhaashan mein jaari kar di gayi. 1 sitmbar 2008 ko Google ne Google krom, ek mukt srot web braausar, ke aagaami upalabdhata ki poorv-ghoshana ki, jo 2 sitmbar 2008 ko jaari kar diya gaya. agale varsh, 7 July 2009 ko Google ne Google krom oes, ek mukt srot leenaks-aadhaarit operating system jismein keval ek web braaujr hai aur iska dijaain upayogakartaaon ko unke Google khaate mein laugin karne ke liye kiya gaya hai, ki ghoshana ki.

kaurporet maamale aur sanskruti

tatkaaleen CEO, ab Google ke adhyaksh erik shmit, 2008 mein, lairi pej aur sargei brin (daaeain se baaeain) ke saath.

Google ek anaupachaarik kaurporet sanskruti hone ke liye jaana jaata hai. faurchyoon (patrika) ki 'sabse achhi kanpaniyaaain jinmein kaam karein' ki soochi mein 2007 aur 2008 mein pehla aur 2009 tatha 2010 mein chautha sthaan praapt kiya. yoonivrsam kamyunikeshans ke pratibha aakarshan soochakaank mein Google 2010 mein snaatak chhatron ke liye vishv ki sabse aakarshak niyokta naamaankit ki gayi. Google ki kaurporet dhaarana dheele siddhaant jaise ki “aaap bina kuchh bura kiye paisa kama sakte hain”, “aaap kisi soot bina bhi gambhir ho sakte hain” aur “akaam chunauteepoorn ho aur chunauti manoranjaka” ko sammilit karti hai.

karmachaari

nae karmachaariyon ko "noogalars" kaha jaata hai aur unhein apne pehle teejeeaaief par propelar yukt ek beeni hait pahanane ke liye diya jaata hai.

aaranbhik saarvajanik peshakash ke baad Google ke share pradarshan ne kai praarambhik karmachaariyon ko ek achhe muaavaje ke liye saksham kiya hai. company ke aaipeeo ke baad, sansthaapak sergei brin aur lairi pej aur mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari erik shmit ne anurodh kiya ki unka aadhaar vetan kam kar L dollar kar diya jaae. vetan mein vruddhi ke liye company dvaara ki gain kai peshakashon ko unahonne thukaraaya hai, mukhyat: isliye ki unke vetan ki sanpoorti ab bhi Google ke share ke svaamitv se hoti hai. 2004 se poorv, shmit prati varsh 250, 000 dollar kama rahe the, tatha pej aur brin 150, 000 dollar pratyek vetan ke taur par arjit kar rahein the.

2007 mein tatha shuruaati 2008 ke dauraan, kai aala adhikaariyon ne Google chhod diya. October 2007 mein, Youtube ke poorv mukhya vitteeya adhikaari gidon you ne beinjaamin ling, ek varishth engineer, ke saath fesabuk mein sammilit ho gaye. March 2008 mein, sheril saindbarg, us samay online bikri aur parichaalan ki upaadhyaksh, ne fesabuk mein mukhya parichaalan adhikaari ke roop mein kaarya shuroo kiya, jabki aish eldifrovi, brand vigyaapan ke poorv adhyaksh, ne Google chhod netashaups, ek online khudara company jise 2009 mein heeneedal ka naam diya gaya, mein mukhya vipnan adhikaari banein. 4 April 2011 ko lairi pej Google ke CEO aur erik shmit Google ke kaaryakaari adhyaksh banein.

ek prerana takaneek ke roop mein, Google ek neeti ka upayog karta hai jise aksar inoveshan taaim of kaha jaata hai, jismein Google injeeniyron ko unke kaarya-samay ka 20 pratishat unki ruchi ki pariyojanaaon par kharch karne ke liye protsaahit karta hai. Google ki kuchh nai sevaaeain jaise ki jeemel, Google samaachaar, orkut aur aidaseins inheen svatantr prayaason se utpann hue hain. stainaford vishvavidyaalaya mein hui ek baatcheet mein, mairisa mayor, Google mein khoj utpaad aur upayogakarta anubhav ki upaadhyaksh, ne dikhaaya ki nae utpaadon mein aadhe se zyaada utpaad launch ke samay inoveshan taaim of ki utpatti the.

March 2011 ko, kansalting (paraamarsh) frm yoonivrsam ne aaainkade jaari kiye ki Google aadarsh niyoktaaon ki soochi mein pehle sthaan par poochhe gaye 10,000 yuva peshevar mein se lagbhag 25 pratishat dvaara chuna gaya. iska matlab lagbhag doguna yuvaaon ne Google ko doosari vareeyata ke liye chuna.

googalapleks

mukhya lekh: googalapleks

googalapleks, Google ka sarvapratham tatha sabse bada kaurporet parisar

kailiforniya ke maaunten vyoo, California mein sthit Google ke mukhyaalaya ko googalapleks ke naam se sambodhit kiya jaata hai, jo ki sankhya googalapleks ke angreji shabd googalapleks aur shabd complex, mukhyaalaya khud mein hi imaaraton ka ek complex hai, par kiya gaya ek tark hai. lobby ko ek piyaano, laava lainpon, puraane sarvar ke samoohon aur deevaar par khoj prashnon ke ek prakshepan se sajaaya gaya hai. galiyaare vyaayaam geindon aur saaikilon se bhare hue hain. pratyek karmachaari ko kaurporet manoranjan kendra mein pravesh ki anumati hai. manoranjan suvidhaaeain tamaam parisar mein faile hue hain aur inmein ek kasarat kamre ke saath vajn aur roing machine, laukar kamre, vaashar aur sukhaane ki masheenein, ek maalish kaksh, vividh video game, table football, ek bhavya baby piyaano, ek biliyrd table aur ping pong shaamil hain. manoranjan kamron ke saath-saath vahaaain jalapaan gruh vibhinn khaadya tatha peya padaarthon se bharpoor hain. 2006 mein, Google ne apna visthaapan new yaurk city mein 311,000 varg fit (28,900 varg meter) ke kaaryaalaya prasaar mein, 111 etth avenyu mainahattan mein kiya. yeh kaaryaalaya vishesh roop se Google ke liye dijaain tatha taiyaar kiya gaya, jo ab Google ki sabse badi vigyaapan bikri team, jo Google ke liye badi bhaageedaari haasil karne mein sahaayak rahi hai, ka thikaana hai. 2003 mein, Google ne new yaurk city ke kaaryaalaya mein ek engineering staaf joda, jo 100 se adhik injeeniyri pariyojanaaon, jaise ki Google maips, Google spredasheets aur anya, ke liye vikhyaat hai. yeh anumaan hai ki is kaaryaalaya ka kul kiraaya Google ko 10 million dollar prati varsh lagta hai aur is kaaryaalaya ki kaaryaatmakata aur dijaain Google ke maaunten vyoo mukhyaalaya ke, table football, air hockey aur ping-paaaing ki mej, saath hi saath veediyogem sthal sahit, samaan hai. khareedadaari sambandhi vigyaapan koding aur smaartafon anuprayogon aur prograamon par dhyaan keindrit karte hue, November 2006 mein, Google ne kaarnegi melaun, pitsabarg ke parisar mein apne ne kaaryaalaya khole. 2006 ke ant tak, Google ne N aarbar, Michigan mein apne aidavards vibhaag ke liye ek nae mukhyaalaya ki sthaapana kar diya tha. iske alaava, Google ke kaaryaalaya sanyukt raajya America mein Atlanta, ostin, boldar, sain fransisko, siyetal aur vaashingtan deesi sahit duniya bhar mein faile hain.

New York city mein Google ka kaaryaalaya jo Google ki sabse badi vigyaapan bikri team kaarya-sthal hai.

Google apne parichaalan ko paryaavaran ki drushti se sahi rakhane ko sunishchit karne ke liye kadam utha raha hai. October 2006 mein, company ne 1.6 megawatt ki beejali upalabdh karaane ke liye hajaaron ki maatra mein saurya urja panel lagaane ki yojana ki ghoshana ki, jo parisar ki lagbhag 30% oorja ki jaroorat ko poora karne ke liye kaafi hai. yeh kisi Amreeki kaurporet parisar mein sabse badi saurya oorja aur vishv mein kisi bhi kaurporet site par sabse badi. iske atirikt, Google ne 2009 mein ghoshana ki ki vah googalapleks ke aaspaas ke ghaas ke maidaan mein ghaas ki lanbaai kam karne ke liye bakariyon ke jhund ki tainaati karega, jo mausami jhaadi aag se khatra kam karte hue vyaapak maatra mein ghaas kaatne ki kaarban foot print ko kam karne mein madad karega. bakariyon dvaara maidaan ke ghaas kataran ka upaaya aar J vidlar, ek engineer jo pehle national semeekandaktar ke liye kaam karte the, ne sujhaaya. iske baavajood, Google ko haarpar patrika dvaara atyadhik oorja ke istemaal ke aarop ka saamana karna pada hai aur 'dont bi ival' aadarsh ke saath saath unke yathaarth oorja bachat abhiyaanon ka, unke sarvaron dvaara vaastavikta mein bhaari maatra mein oorja ki jarooraton ko gupt rakhane ya poorti karne ke liye, saadhan ke taur par istemaal karne ka aarop bhi laga hai.

istar ke ande aur April fools diwas ke chutakule

mukhya lekh: Google afavaahein

Google mein April fools diwas par chutakule banaane ki parampara rahi hai. udaaharan ke liye, Google meintalapleks ko maanasik shakti ka prayog kar web khoj karne ki seva bataai gayi. 2007 mein, Google ne ek muft Internet seva tisp (TiSP) ya shauchaalaya Internet seva pradaata, ki ghoshana ki, jahaan koi bhi vyakti faaibar optik kebal ka ek sira apne shauch mein daalkar kanekshan praapt kar sakta tha. 2007 mein hi, Google ke jeemel pej par seva: jeemel pepar ki ghoshana pradarshit ki gayi, jismein upayogakartaaon ko unke imel print tatha unhein pahuainchaane ki seva milti. 2008 mein Google ne jeemel custom time ki ghoshana ki, jiske upayog se upayogakarta bheje gaye imel ka samay badalne ki anumati milti. 2010 mein, Google ne, majaak mein, keinjs ke tapaaika shahar, jiske mayor ne kuchh samay ke liye shahar ka naam Google is prayaas mein kar diya ki Google apni nai Google faaibar pariyojana mein liye gaye apne nirnaya ko badle, ke sammaan mein apna naam tapaaika kar diya tha. 2011 mein, Google ne jeemel motion, jeemel aur computer ko vebakaim ki madad se shaareerik chaalon dvaara niyantrit karne ka ek sanvaadaatmak upaaya, ki ghoshana ki.

April fools diwas ke chutakulon ke alaava, Google ki sevaaon mein kai istari ande bhi hote hain. udaaharan ke liye, Google ne apne sarch engine ke bhaasha chunaav ke vikalpon mein svidish shef ke “abork bork bork”, pig laitin, “ahaikara” ya leetaspeek (leetspeak), ailmar fdd aur klingan bhaasha ke taur par shaamil kiya. iske alaava, sarch engine kailakulatar dagalas edams ki kitaab 'the hichhaaikars guide too the gailaksi' se liya gaya jeevan, brahmaand aur pratyek cheej ke param prashn ka uttar (Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything) pradaan karta hai. iske alaava, jab angreji shabd “arecursion” (punaraavrutti) ki khoj ki jaati hai tab, vartani-pareekshak ka parinaam, ek punaraavarti link banaate hue, bilkul vahi shabd rahata hai. isi tarah, jab angreji shabd “aanaagraama” (anagram), kisi shabd ke aksharon ki punarvyavastha ki prakriya jisse aur vaidh shabd bante hon, ki khoj ki jaati hai tab, Google ki sujhaav suvidha “akya aapka matlab hai: na a gram (nag a ram, naig a raim)?” darshaati hai. Google maips mein, do sthaanon, jo paani ke vishaal failaav se alag hon, jaise ki loss ainjelis aur tokyo, ke beech ke raaste ki khoj “aprashaant mahaasaagar naaainv se paar karein” ke nirdeshon ka parinaam deta hai. FIFA vishv cup 2010 ke dauraan, khoj poochh-taachh jaise ki “avarld cup”, “aFIFA”, aadi se parinaam prushth ke nichle bhaag mein dikhne wala prushth soochak “aGoooo...gle” ke bajaay “aGoooo...al!” pradarshit kiya jaata tha.

lokopakaar

2004 mein, Google ne lokopakaar ke liye 1 arab dollar ke shuruaati fund sahit, laabh-rahit site Google.org gathan kiya. is sangathan ka mission jalavaayu parivartan, vaishvik lok svaasthya aur vaishvik gareebi ke sambandh mein jaagarukata failaana hai. iski pratham pariyojanaaon mein se pehli ek saadhya plag-in haaibrid vidyut vaahan, jo 100 meal prati gailan tay karegi, ka vikaas tha. 2004 mein Google ne dau॰ lairi briliyant ko kaaryakram ke kaaryakaari nideshak ke roop mein chuna aur vartamaan mein megan smith kaaryakram ki nideshika hain.

2008 mein Google ne apni “apariyojana 10100” ki ghoshana ki, jo samudaaya ke madad ke mudde par vichaaron ko svikaarata tha aur fir Google upayogakarta ko apne pasandeeda vichaar par vote karne ki anumati deta tha. do varshon ki khaamoshi ke baad, jiske dauraan log sochane lage ki kaaryakram ka kya fal tha, Google ne is pariyojana ke vijetaaon, jinhonein vibhinn upaaya jaise ki shiksha ko badhaava dene vaale gair-laabh saganthan se lekar ek aisi website jo sabhi vaidh dastaavejon ko saarvajanik tatha online karne ke ka iraada rakhati ho ko, 10 million dollar dekar pratyaksh kiya.

2011 mein, Google ne 10 lakh Euro ka daan international maithamaitikl olanpiyaad ko uske agale paanch varsh ke international maithamaitikl olanpiyaadon (2011-2015) ke samarthan mein kiya.

network tatasthata

Google network tatasthata ka ek naami prasiddh samarthak hai. Google ki net tatasthata guide ke anusaar:

network tatasthata ka siddhaant yeh hai ki Internet upayogakarta ke niyantran mein yeh rahana chaahiye ki ve Internet par kya dekhte hain aur kaun se aippaleekeshan ka istemaal karte hain. apne shuruaati dinon se hi Internet isi siddhaant ke tahat sanchaalit hai... moolat:, net tatasthata Internet ke samaan aikses (pahuainch) ke sambandh mein hai. hamaari rai mein, braudabaind kairiyraon ko pratiyogi anuprayogon ya saamagri ke khilaaf pakshaapaat karne ke liye unhein apni baajaari paith ke istemaal ki anumati naheen milni chaahiye. jis prakaar telifon companiyon ko upayogakartaaon se ve kise call karein ya kya baatein karein kehne ki anumati naheen hai, usi prakaar braudabaind kairiyron ko is baat ki anumati naheen milni chaahiye ki ve apni baajaari paith ka istemaal kar online gatividhi niyantrit karein.

7 fravari 2006 ko, vint sarf ne, Internet protokaul (aaipi) ke ek sah-aavishkaarak aur Google ke vartamaan upaadhyaksh tatha “amukhya Internet prachaaraka”, Congress ke samaksh gavaahi mein, kaha ki, “abraudabaind kairiyron ko 'log online kya dekhte aur karte hain' ke niyantran ki anumati di jaati hai to yeh moolat: un siddhaanton ka ullaghan hoga jinki badaulat Internet aaj ek badi saflata hai.”

gopaniyta

airik shmit, Google ke mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, 2007 mein financial times ke saath hue ek interview mein kaha: “ahamaara lakshya Google upayogakartaaon ko us yogya karna hai ki vah 'kal mujhe kya karna chaahiye?' aur 'mujhe kaisa kaam karna chaahiye?' jaise prashn poochh sakein.” isi kathan par jor daalte hue 2010 mein Wall street journal ke saath hue ek interview mein shmit ne kaha: “amujhe vaastav mein lagta hai ki jyaadaatar log yeh naheen chaahate ki Google unke savaalon ka javaab de, balki ve chaahate hain ki Google unhein yeh bataae ki unhein aage karna kya hai.”

December 2010 mein, Google ke CEO, airik shmit, gopaniyaata ke muddon par yeh ghoshana karte hain: “aagar aapke paas kuchh aisa hai jo aap kisi aur se jataana naheen chaahate, to shaayad pehle sthaan mein aapko hi vah naheen karna chaahiye. agar aapko vaastavikta mein vaisi gopaniyta chaahiye, to fir sachchaai yeh hai ki khoj engine — Google sahit — kuchh samay ke liye vah jaankaari banaae rakhate hain aur yeh mahatvapoorn hai, udaaharan ke liye, kyonki sanyukt raajya America mein ham sab paitriyt act (deshbhakt adhiniyam) ke adheen hain aur yeh sambhav hai ki vah sab jaankaari adhikaariyon ko uplabdh karaai ja sakti hai.” praaivesi international ne Google ko “agopaneeyata ka pratipkshee” ki vareeyata di, unki report ka nyoonatam darja, jis kaaran Google hi ekamaatr aisi company hai jisne us soochi mein yeh vareeyata praapt ki hai.

2010 mein hue tekonaumi sammelan mein erik shmit ne yeh anumaan lagaaya ki “asahi paaradarshita aur gumanaami ka na honaa” Internet ke unnati ke liye sahi path hai: “aatulyakaalik khataron ki is duniya mein yeh bahut khatarnaak hoga ki aapke pehchaan ke liye koi upaaya ya raasta na ho. hamein logon ke liye ek [satyaapit] naam seva ki aavashyakta hai. sarkaarein iski maang kareingi.” unhonne yeh bhi kaha ki, “aagar main uchit maatra mein aapke sandeshan aur aapka thikaana dekhooain aur krutrim buddhi ka prayog kar, ham iska anumaan laga sakte hain ki aap kahaaain jaane vaale hain. hamein apni 14 tasveerein dikhaaie aur ham pehchaan leinge ki aap kaun hain. kya apako lagta hai ki aapki 14 tasveerein Internet par naheen hain? to jaan lein, aapki tasveerein Facebook par hain.”

saarvajanik soochana anusandhaan, ek gair laabh samooh, ne Google vauch, ek website jise “aGoogle ekaadhikaar, elgoridm aur gopaneeyata ke muddon par ek najra” ke naam se vijnyaaapit kiya gaya, ko aarambh kiya. is site ne Google mein kukeej ke bhandaaran, jinka 2007 mein bhandaaran jeevan kaal 32 varshon se adhik tha aur jinmein ek adviteeya aaidi sankalit ki gayi jo Google ko upayogakarta ka deta laug banaane mein saksham karta hai, se jude muddon par prashn uthaaye. Google ki uske saamaajik networking sanskaran, Google bajj, jahaaain agar jeemel upayogakarta ne chuna na ho to unki sampark soochiyon ko apne-aap saarvajanik kar diya jaata tha, ke release par bhi aalochna hui hai. Google ki aalochna vishisht deshon aur kshetron me uske dvaara kuchh saaiton ke censorship ke kaaran bhi hui hai. March 2010 tak, Google cheen ki censorship neetiyon ka paalan kiya, jo filtars, jinhein saamaanya bolachaal mein “cheen ka mahaan faayaravaul” kaha jaata hai, ke maadhyam se laagoo ki gain thi. 2010 mein leek huin kootaneetik kadiyon dvaara Google ke computeron ki haiking, jo cheeni politbyooro ne ek vishvavyaapi samanvit computer yantr bigaadne ke abhiyaan mein “acheeni sarkaar dvaara bharti kiye gaye sarkaari kaaryakartaaon, niji suraksha visheshajnyaon aur Internet aparaadhiyon” dvaara chalaaya gaya tha, ki riportein saamane aain.

sthaaneeya aur raashtreeya lok neeti mein atyant prabhaavashaali hone ke baavajood, Google apne raajaneetik kharch ka online khulaasa naheen karta hai. August 2010 mein, New York shahar ke lok adhivakta bill de blesio ne Google dvaara uske raajanaitik kharchon ke khulaasa ka aagrah karte hue ek raashtreeya abhiyaan chalaaya.

2006 se 2010 ke dauraan Google streetvyoo camera kaaron ne 30 se zyaada deshon se lagbhag 600 geegaabaait ka data anaenkripted saarvajanik tatha niji vaai-faai (Wi-Fi) netavarkon ke upayogkartaaon se data ekatrit kiya hai. is kaaryakram ke baare mein ya iski gopaniyta neeti prabhaavit logon aur na hi vaai-faai keindron ke maalikon ko diya gaya. ek Google pratinidhi ne daava kiya ki unhein apne data sangrah gatividhiyon ke baare mein pata tab chala jab unhein jarman niyaamakon dvaara bheja gaya ek jaanch patra mila aur yeh bhi kaha ki is data ka prayog Google ke sarch engine ya anya sevaaon mein naheen kiya gaya hai. kansyumar vauchadaug ke ek pratinidhi ne iske javaab mein kaha, “aek baar fir se, Google ne pradarshit kiya hai ki vah doosaron ki gopaneeyata ko zyaada mahatva naheen deta hai. iske computer engineer aapa kho kar, sab seemaaon ko laanghate hain aur kaisa bhi data tab tak ikattha karte hain jab tak ki ve range haathon pakade naheen jaate.” kaanooni dand parinaam ke sanketon ko dekhte hue, Google ne kaha ki vah un data ko nasht tab tak naheen karega jab tak niyaamak usaki anumati naheen dete.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

not: yeh angreji vikipeediya mein mukhya lekh Google ka hindi anuvaad hai. is lekh ko aur achha karne mein yogadaan dein.

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  2. dekhein: Google utpaad ki soochi
  3. "vitteeya taalika". Google, ink. praapti praaptiyon July, 2010.
  4. vaaij, David A (21 October 2005). "Online Ads Give Google Huge Gain in Profit". the vaashingtan post.
  5. ignaatiys, aadi (12 fravari 2006). "meet the Google gaais". time patrika.
  6. "the Google gaais". CBS News.com (CBS Interactive).
  7. bairet, Brian (4 fravari 2010). "Google Wants to Add Store Interiors to Maps". Gizmodo.

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