George pancham

George pancham
sanyukt raajashaahi evam uske sudoor adhiraajya ke mahaaraaja
Bhaarat ke samraat
mahaaraaja (King) George pancham
shaasanakaal 6 May 191020 January 1936
raajyaabhishek 22 June 1911
poorvaadhikaari Edward saptam
uttaraadhikaari Edward ashtam
jeevanasaathi taik ki mairi
poora naam
George fredarik arnest albart
pita =Edward saptam
maata Denmark ki elekjeindra

George pancham (George fredarik arnest albart; 3 June 186520 January 1936) pratham british shaasak the, jo house of vindasar se sambandhit the. sanyukt raajashaahi evam anya raashtramandal samooh ke mahaaraaja hone ke saath saath, George Bhaarat ke smraat evam svatantr aayarish raajya ke raaja bhi the. George ne san 1910 se pratham vishv yuddh (1914–1918) ke dauraan aur baad mein 1936 mein apni mrutyu paryant raajya kiya.


George ke pita mahaaraaj Edward saptam ki 1910 mein mrutyu hone par, ve mahaaraaja-samraat bane. ve ekamaatr aise samrat the, jo ki apne swayam ke Delhi darbaar mein, apni bhaarateeya praja ke saamane prastut hue, jahaan unka Bhaarat ke raajamukut se raajatilk hua. pratham vishv yuddh ke dauraan, unhonne saari jarman upaadhiyaan, vaapas kar Dean. inke shaasan ne faseevaad, naajeevaad, samaajavaad ityaadi dekhe; evam pratham majadoor mantraalaya bhi, jin sabhi ghatnaaon ne raajanaitik kram ko badal diya. George ko unke antim dinon mein pleg va anya beemaariyon ne gher liya tha; jab unki mrutyu par unke jyeshth putr Edward ashtam ne raajagaddi sambhaali.

anukram

jeevan evam shiksha

George ka janm 3 June, 1865 ko London ke maarlaboro house mein hua tha. inke pita prince of vels (baad mein Edward saptam, sanyukt raajashaahi ke mahaaraaja the, jo mahaaraani Victoria evam saikse-kobarg evam gotha ke prince albart ke putr the. inki maata prinses of vels baad mein queen elekjeindra, Denmark bani, jo Denmark ke mahaaraaja kristiyn navam ki jyeshth putri theen. mahaaraani Victoria ke pautr, George ko janm se hi, “ahij royal haaines prince George of velsa” kaha gaya.

inka baiptaaijeshan vindasar chaipal mein 7 July, 1865 ko hua tha[1]. prince of vels ke kanishthatam putr hone ke kaaran, George ke mahaaraaja banane ke bilkul bhi aasaar naheen the. inke jyeshth bhraata prince albart Victor, mahaaraaja pad ke prabal daavedaar the.

George, yuva baalak roop mein, 1870

kyonki George apne bhraata prince of Victor se maatr pandrah maheene hi chhote the, donon raajapumaaron ki shiksha ka ek saath hi prabandh tay hua. John neeyal daaltan ko inka shikshak niyukt kiya gaya, haalaanki donon hi bhaai shiksha mein khaas praveen naheen the.[2] In September 1877 both brothers joined the training ship HMS Britannia at Dartmouth. Their father thought that the navy was "the very best possible training for any boy".[3] 1879 mein british saamraajya ka bhraman kiya. unhonne norfok mein varjeeniya, kairibiyn saagar mein british upanivesh, dakshin Africa, Australia, bhoomadhya saagar kshetr, dakshin amareeka, sudoor poorv evam misr ki yaatraaen keen. Japan mein George ne apni baanh par ek neele va laal rang ka ajdaha (draigan) bhi gudavaaya.[4] daaltan ne is yaatra ka vrutaant bhi likha hai, jo “ad krooj of H.M.S. beshainta” ke naam se hai.[5] apni ingalaind vaapasi par donon bhaaiyon ko alag kiya gaya, jismein albart Victor ko triniti kaalij, Cambridge bheja gaya, va George ko shaahi nausena mein jaari rahane ko kaha gaya. ve yahaan 1891 tak rahe, va uchch padasth bhi hue, jo ki sammaan ke saath, maatr tha.

vivaah

ve apne nausainik ankal alfred, Duke of edinboro ki beti mairi se prem karne lage. is rishte ko vivaah ki sveekruti inke sabhi Patrick sanbandhiyon, evam ankal ne di, kintu in dono ki maanon, prinses of vels evam daches of edinboro ne bharsak virodh kiya. donon ek doosare ke deshon ki kattar virodhi theen (ingalaind va Germany). George ke prastaav ko mairi ne thukara diya. vah baad mein romaaniya ki raani bani.[6]

san 1891 mein inka rishta prinses Victoria mairi of taik se tay hua, jo prince Francis, Duke o taik tatha prinses mairi aidaled of Cambridge, ki ikalauti putri thi, va jinhein inke parivaar ki prathaanusaar naam mein mairi ke baad janm ka maas joda jaata tha, to ye me (May maheena) kahalaati theen. is sagaai ke chhah saptaah ke bheetar hi albart Victor ki mrutyu nyoomoniya ke kaaran ho gayi. is kaaran jauj ka raajagaddi ko raasta spasht ho gaya. isse George ka nausainik pesha samaapt ho chala, kyonki ab unhein raajaneeti mein chhavi nikhaarani thi.[7]

mahaaraani Victoria ab bhi Rajkumari me ke paksh mein theen. unke aagrah se George ne me ko pranaya-prastaav kiya, jo ki ek aajeevan safal vivaah mein parinaamit hua.[8]

George sang me ka vivaah 6 jilaai, 1893 ko shaifal (chaipal) royal, seint James pailes, London mein sampann hua. is vivaah mein, angreji dainik “ad times" ke anusaar George ko logon ne unki daadhi va veshabhoosha ke kaaran roos ke nikolas dviteeya (baad mein jaar bane) samjha.[9] keval unke chehare ki shakl alag thi, jo ki keval nikat se hi drushya thi.[10]

Duke of yaurk

24 May,1892 ko mahaaraani Victoria ne George ko Duke of yaurk, arl of invarnes tatha bairan killaarne ghoshit kiya |ref name="creation">"Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage". http://mypage.uniserve.ca/~canyon/peerage_titles.htm#Holders. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-02. </ref>. George se vivaahoparaant me bhi daches of yaurk kahalaayeen.

yeh yugal mukhyat: yaurk kautej mein hi rahate the.[11] jo ki norfok mein sthit ek apekshaakrut chhota nivaas tha.

George ek jaane maane daak-ticket sangrahakarta bhi the.[12] George pancham va mahaaraani mairi yahaan 1926 tak rahe.

charchil ke anusaar, George ek sakht pita the, ki unke bachche unase bahut darate the. George evam me ke paaainch putr va ek putri thi.

prince of vels

mahaaraani Victoria ki 22 January,1901 ko mrutyu ke baad, George ke pita Edward saptam ne gaddi sambhaali. George ko Duke o kaurnavaal va Duke of rodese ki upaadhi mileen. aage ke kai varshon tak ve Duke of kaurnavaal end yaurk hi kahalaaye the. 1901 mein, is yugal ne british saamraajya ki yaatra ki, jab ve Australia bhi gaye. vahaan unhonne sansad ke pratham satr ka aarambh kiya. iske saath hi Australia ko raashtramandal deshaon mein shaamil kiya. iske baad ve dakshin areeka, Canada, New Zealand bhi gaye.

9 November, 1901 ko inhein prince of vels va arl of chaistar, banaaya gaya.[13] Edward saptam chaahate the, ki George raajakaaj ke kaaryon mein bhi ruchi le, jiske vipreet, mahaaraani Victoria ne kabhi Edward ko raajakaaj mein sammilit naheen kiya tha.[7] George in turn allowed his wife access to his papers,[14] as he valued her counsel and May often helped write her husband's speeches.[15]

1901 mein George ne Bhaarat ki yaatra ki. yahaan unhonne prajaateeya bhedabhaav dekha, jisse unhein apaar ghruna hui. unhonne bhaarateeya logon ko Bhaarat sarkaar mein shaamil karne ka abhiyaan chalaaya.[16][17]

mahaaraaja evam samraat

6 May,1910 ko Edward saptam ki mrutyu hui. iske baad George ko mahaaraaja George pancham ghoshit kiya gaya. iske saath hi me ko bhi mahaaraani mairi banaaya gaya[18]. inka tilk vestaministar abe mein 22 June,1911 ko hua tha.[7]

agale varsh 1911 mein mahaaraaja George pancham va mahaaraani mairi ne Bhaarat ki yaatra ki. yahaan unke tilk hetu Delhi darbaar saja, jahaan un donon ko Bhaarat ke samraat va samraajnyai ghoshit kiya gaya. George ne nav-nirmit Bhaarat ka impeeriyl mukut pahana. tab is yugal ne poore Bhaarat ki yaatra ki.

pratham vishv yuddh

1914 se 1918 tak Britain Germany ke saath yuddh mein sanlagn tha. jarman shaasak kaisar William dviteeya, George ka kajn bhaai tha. mahaaraani mairi, haalaanki apni maan ke samaan british thi, kintu Duke of taik, jo jarman vansh se the, ki putri theen.

mahaaraaja ke kai vanshaj va rishtedaar, Germany se the. unke vansh naam bhi jarman the. is yuddh ke kaaran 17 July,1917 ko George ne jarman naam _haaus of saikse kobarga_ se badal kar house of vindasar karne ka aadesh nikaala. usane swayam apna va aage aane vaale vanshajon ka jaatinaam (saranem) vindasar rakha. keval baahar vivaahit mahilaayein apavaad rakheen.[19]

aur antat: usane apne bahut se anbandhiyon ki or se sabhi jarman naam, upaadhiyaan va shailiyaan tyaageen, va british naam rakhe.

is yuddh ke ant ke do maah baad, George ka chhota putr terah varsh: ki aayu mein, kharaab svaasthya se mrutyu ko praapt hua.

saaaincha:Infobox British Monarch Styles

Ancestors

Issue

Name Birth Death Notes
Edward, Prince of Wales
Later Edward VIII
23 June 1894 28 May 1972 later the Duke of Windsor; married Wallis Simpson; no issue
Prince Albert, Duke of York
Later George VI
14 December 1895 6 fravari 1952 married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon; had issue (including Elizabeth II)
Mary, Princess Royal
Later Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
25 April 1897 28 March 1965 married Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood; and had issue
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester 31 March 1900 10 June 1974 married Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott; had issue
Prince George, Duke of Kent 20 December 1902 25 August 1942 married Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark; had issue
Prince John 12 July 1905 18 January 1919 Died from seizures

Notes and sources

  1. His godparents were the King of Hanover, the Queen and Crown Prince of Denmark, Ernst, 4th Prince of Leiningen, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Duchess of Cambridge, Princess Alice and the Duke of Cambridge. Source: The Times (London), Saturday, 8 July 1865, p.12
  2. Sinclair, David (1988). Two Georges: The Making of the Modern Monarchy. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. pp.46–47. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-340-33240-9.
  3. Sinclair, pp.49–50
  4. Rose, Kenneth (1983). King George V. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. pp. p.13. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-297-78245-2.
  5. Sinclair, p.55
  6. Pope-Hennessy, James (1959). Queen Mary. London: George Allen and Unwin, Ltd. pp. pp.250–251.
  7. a aa i Matthew, H. C. G. (Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006), "George V (1865–1936)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33369, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/33369, abhigman tithi: 2007-03-19
  8. Sinclair, p.178
  9. The Times (London) Friday, 7 July 1893, p.5
  10. See a photograph of them side-by-side
  11. Renamed from Bachelor's Cottage
  12. "The Royal Philatelic Collection". http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page4979.asp. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-02.
  13. "The Prince of Wales – Previous Princes of Wales". Household of HRH The Prince of Wales. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/theprinceofwales/abouttheprince/previousprincesofwales/. abhigman tithi: 2007-09-27.
  14. Rose, p.289
  15. Sinclair, p.107
  16. Rose, pp.65–66
  17. George Frederick Abbott's Through India with the Prince (1906) describes the tour.
  18. Pope-Hennessy, p.421
  19. "The official website of the British Monarchy". http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/page3379.asp. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-02.

References

External links

George pancham
House of Windsor
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
janm: 3 June 1865 mrutyu: 20 June 1936
raajasi upaadhiyaaain
poorvaadhikaari
Edward VII
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions
1910 – 1927
Name of title changed by the
Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
Emperor of India
1910 – 1936
uttaraadhikaari
Edward VIII
naya pad
Name of title changed by the
Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
King of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions
1927 – 1936
uttaraadhikaari
Edward VIII
British royalty
poorvaadhikaari
Albert Edward, Prince of Wales
later became King Edward VII
Heir to the Throne
as heir apparent
1901 – 1910
uttaraadhikaari
Edward, Prince of Wales
later became King Edward VIII
Honorary titles
poorvaadhikaari
Prince George, Duke of Cambridge
Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George
1904 – 1910
khaali
Title next held by
Edward, Prince of Wales
poorvaadhikaari
The Lord Curzon of Kedleston
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1905 – 1907
uttaraadhikaari
The Earl Brassey
Peerage of the United Kingdom
poorvaadhikaari
Prince Albert Edward, Duke of Cornwall
later became King Edward VII
Prince of Wales
1901 – 1910
uttaraadhikaari
Prince Edward, Duke of Cornwall
later became King Edward VIII
nai rachana Duke of York
6th creation
1892 – 1910
Merged in the Crown

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