George Abraham griyrsan

George Abraham griyrsan (1851-1941) angrejon ke jamaane mein "Indian civil service" ke karmachaari the. bhaarateeya vidyaavishaaradon mein, visheshat: bhaashaavijnyaaan ke kshetr mein, unka sthaan amar hai. sar George Abraham griyrsan "lingvistik sarve ov India" ke praneta ke roop mein amar hain. griyrsan ko bhaarateeya sanskruti aur yahaaain ke nivaasiyon ke prati agaadh prem tha. bhaarateeya bhaashaavijnyaaan ke ve mahaan unnaayak the. navya bhaarateeya aaryabhaashaaon ke adhyayan ki drushti se unhein beems, bhaandaarakar aur haarnali ke samakaksh rakha ja sakta hai. ek sahrudaya vyakti ke roop mein bhi ve bhaaratavaasiyon ki shraddha ke paatr bane.

anukram

jeevani

griyrsan ka janm dablin ke nikat 7 January 1851 ko hua tha. unke pita Ireland mein kveens printar the. 1868 se dablin mein hi unhonne sanskrut aur hindustaani ka adhyayan praarambh kar diya tha. beej (Bee's) school shyoojabari, trinti kaalej, dablin aur keinbrij tatha hale (Halle) (Germany) mein shiksha grahan kar 1873 mein ve Indian civil service ke karmachaari ke roop mein Bengal aae aur praarambh se hi bhaarateeya aarya tatha anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke adhyayan ki or ruchi prakat ki. 1880 mein inspector ov skools, Bihar aur 1869 tak Patna ke aidishnal commissioner aur aupiym ejeint, Bihar ke roop mein unhonne kaarya kiya. sarkaari kaamon se chhutti paane ke baad ve apna atirikt samay sanskrut, praakrut, puraani hindi, bihaari aur bangala bhaashaaon aur saahityon ke adhyayan mein lagaate the. jahaaain bhi unki niyukti hoti thi vaheen ki bhaasha, boli, saahitya aur lokajeevan ki or unka dhyaan aakrusht hota tha.

kaarya

1873 aur 1869 ke kaaryakaal mein griyrsan ne apne mahatvapoorn khoj kaarya kiye.

  • uttari Bengal ke lokageet, kavita aur rangapur ki baingala boli - journal ov di eshiyaatik society ov Bengal, 1877, ji. 1 san. 3, pru. 186-226
  • raaja Gopichand ki katha; vahi, 1878, ji. 1 san. 3 pru. 135-238
  • maithili graamar (1880)
  • seven graamars aav di daayalekts ov di bihaari laingvej (1883-1887)
  • introduction tu di maithili laingvej;
  • A hand book tu di kaithi kairektar,
  • Bihar pejeint life,
  • beeig deskriptiv kaitelaag ov di saraaundingj ov di varnaakyulars, journal ov di jarman oriental society (1895-96),
  • Kashmiri vyaakaran aur kosh,
  • Kashmiri mainuel,
  • padmaavati ka sanpaadan (1902) mahaamahopaadhyaaya sudhaakar Dwivedi ki sahakaarita mein,
  • bihaareekrut satasai (lalloolaalakrut teeka sahit) ka sanpaadan,
  • nots on tulaseedaas,
  • di maadarn varnaakyular literature ov Hindustan (1889)

aadi unki kuchh mahatvapoorn rachanaaeain hain.

unki khyaati ka pradhaan stambh lingvistik sarve ov India hi hai. 1885 mein praachya vidyaavishaaradon ki antarraashtreeya Congress ne viyena adhiveshan mein bhaaratavarsh ke bhaasha sarvekshan ki aavashyakta ka anubhav karte hue bhaarateeya sarkaar ka dhyaan is or aakrusht kiya. falat: bhaarateeya sarkaar ne 1888 mein griyrsan ki adhyakshata mein sarvekshan kaarya praarambh kiya. 1888 se 1903 tak unhonne is kaarya ke liye saamagri sankalit ki. 1902 mein naukri se avakaash grahan karne ke pashchaat 1903 mein jab unhonne Bhaarat chhoda sarve ke vibhinn khand kramash: prakaashit hone lage. vah 21 jildon mein hai aur usamein Bhaarat ki 179 bhaashaaon aur 544 boliyon ka savistaar sarvekshan hai. saath hi bhaashaavijnyaaan aur vyaakaran sambandhi saamagri se bhi vah poorn hai. griyrsan krut sarve apne dhang ka ek vishisht granth hai. usamein hamein bhaaratavarsh ka bhaasha sambandhi maanachitr milta hai aur usaka atyadhik saanskrutik mahatva hai. dainik jeevan mein vyavahrut bhaashaaon aur boliyon ka itna sookshm adhyayan pehle kabhi naheen hua tha. buddh aur ashok ki dharmalipi ke baad griyrsan krut sarve hi ek aisa pehla granth hai jismein dainik jeevan mein boli jaanevaali bhaashaaon aur boliyon ka digdarshan praapt hota hai.

inhein sarkaar ki or se 1894 mein si.I.E. aur 1912 mein "sar" ki upaadhi di gayi. avakaash grahan karne ke pashchaat ye kainbale mein rahate the. aadhunik bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke adhyayan kshetr mein sabhi vidvaan unka bhaar sveekaar karte the. 1876 se hi ve Bengal ki royal eshiyaatik society ke sadasya the. unki rachanaaeain pradhaanat: society ke journal mein hi prakaashit huin. 1893 mein ve mantri ke roop mein society ki kaunsil ke sadasya aur 1904 mein aanareri felo manoneet hue. 1894 mein unhonne hale se pi.H.di. aur 1902 mein triniti kaalej dablin se di.lit. ki upaadhiyaaain praapt keen. ve royal eshiyaatik society ke bhi sadasya the. unki mrutyu 1941 mein hui.

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