Denmark

Kongeriget Danmark
Denmark ki raajashaahi
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: Der er et yndigt land (raashtreeya);
kaang krishchayan
rajdhani kaupanahegan
55°a43′aN 12°a34′aE / 55.717°aN 12.567°aE / 55.717; 12.567
sabse bada nagar kopenahegan
raajabhaasha(eain) denish2
nivaasi denish
sarkaar samvaidhaanik raajashaahi
- raani maaragretha II
- pradhaanamantri Andres faag raasamusen
ekasootr
kshetrafal
- kul 43,094 varg kilometer (131vaan3)
16,639 3 varg meal
- jal (%) 1.6%3
janasankhya
- 2006 janaganana 56,33,228 (109vaan)
- 2006 janaganana 54,50,661
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul 187.9 arab $3 (45vaan)
- prati vyakti 34,700 $3 (6ta)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2003) 0.941
bahut uchch · 14vaan
mudra denish kron (DKK)
samay mandal seeiti3 (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+1)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) seeiesati3 (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
doorabhaash koot 453
Internet teeeladi .dk3
1 raani ka aadarsh-vaakya: Guds hjæaalp, Folkets kæaarlighed, Danmarks styrke (hindi: ishvar ki sahaayata, logo ka pyaar, Denmark ki shakti).
2 sah aadhikaarik greenalaind mein greenalaindik aur fro dweep mein frois ke saath. Denmark ke dakshin jootalaind kshetr mein jarman ko sanrakshit alpasankhyak bhaasha ke rup mein maanyata di gayi hai. denis ko Germany ke svaalsivg-haalsatin kshetr mein sanrakshit alpasankhyak bhaasha ke rup mein maanyata di gayi hai.
3 forai dweep aur greenalaind ki jaankaari shaamil naheen hai.

Denmark ya Denmark raajashaahi (dainish: Danmark ya Kongeriget Danmark) skaindineviya, uttari Europe mein sthit ek desh hai. iski bhooseema keval Germany se milti hai, jabaki uttari saagar aur baaltik saagar ise sveedan se alag karte hain. yeh desh jootalaind praayadveep par hajaaron dveepon mein faila hua hai. Denmark ne lambe samay tak baaltik saagar ko jaane vaale maargon ko niyantrit kiya hai aur is jalaraashi ko dainish khaadi ke naam se jaana jaata hai. iske chhote aakaar ke vipreet iski samudri seema bahut lambi hai lagbhag 7,314 kimi. Denmark adhikaanshat: ek samatal desh hai aur samudra tal se adhiktam ooainchaai wala sthaan keval 170 meter ooaincha hai. fro dweep samooh aur greenalaind Denmark ke adheenasth hai.

2008 ke vaishvik shaanti soochakaank ke anusaar Denmark, aaisalaind ke baad vishv ka sabse shaant desh hai.[1] 2008 ke hi bhrashtaachaar drushtikon soochakaank ke anusaar yeh vishv ke sabse kam bhrasht deshon mein se hai aur nyoojeelaind aur sveedan ke saath pehle sthaan par hai. monokl patrika ke 2008 ke ek sarvekshan ke anusaar iski rajdhani kaupanahegan rahane yogya sarvaadhik upayukt nagar hai.[2] varsh 2009 mein desh ki anumaanit janasankhya 55,19,259 hai.[3]

anukram

itihaas

puraataatvik khojon ke praacheenatam chinh 1,30,000-1,10,000 ipoo ke hain. maanav upasthiti ke chinh 12,500 ipoo ke hain aur 3900 ipoo ke baad se krushi gatividhiyon ke saakshya mile hain.

Denmark ke log usi nasl ke hain jiske skaindineviya vaaikings the. svatantr raashtra ke roop mein Denmark 8veen sadi mein astitv mein aaya. denish samudri-khojiyon ne vaaikings ke saath uttari Europe, mukhyat: England par chadhaai ki thi. 10veen sadi mein Denmark ke raaja hairaald ne isaai dharm sveekaar kar liya aur poore Denmark ka isaaikaran kar diya gaya. 1013 mein, raaja sveen, jo hairaald ka putr tha, ne England par vijay pai. sveen ke putr, kaanautos mahaan ne, vartamaan Britain, Denmark aur poore skaindineviya ko ekeekrut kar uttari Europe mein ek vishaal raajya ka nirmaan kiya.

1380 mein olaaf dviteeya ke praadhikran mein, Denmark ko naarve aur aaisalaind aur fro dweep samooh ke saath sayunkt kar diya gaya. 1389 mein mahaaraani maargaret pratham, jo olaaf ki maata theen, ne sveedan ko jeet liya. aur tab teenon saamraajyon (Denmark, naarve, sveedan) ko ekeekrut karne ka prayaas kiya gaya jisse antat: 1397 mein kaalmar sangh parinit hua. sangh mein Denmark ke paas adhik satta shakti thi.

13veen sadi mein Denmark ne greenalaind ka aupanivesheekaran aarambh kiya, jispar 1380 tak adhikaar kar liya gaya. 16veen sadi ke aarambh mein sveedan ne svaayatta praapt ki aur 1523 mein pratham raaja, gustaav A ke dvaara svatantrata prapt ki.

nepoliyaai yuddhon mein, Denmark napoliyn ki or tha aur 1813 ki keel sandhi mein naarve ko sveedan se haar baitha. 1864 mein jarman bismaark ne apni Germany ke ekeekaran ki yojana ko aage badhaane ke liye, aastriya aur prusiya se gathabandhan kar Denmark ke viruddh yuddh chhed diya.

pratham vishv yuddh (1914-1919) ke dauraan Denmark tatasth desh tha. 1939 mein Denmark ne hitlar ke saath ek 10-varsheeya sandhi ki, lekin vah kuchh maheenon baad hue jarman aakraman se bach gaya. naaji adhikran ke dauraan aaisalaind svatantr ho gaya, jispar 1380 se Denmark ka adhikaar tha. 1945 mein Denmark ko british sainiko dvaara svatantr karavaaya gaya. usi varsh Denmark ne sayunkt raashtra aur 1949 mein naato ki sadasyata grahan ki.

1953 mein samvidhaan mein sanshodhan kiya gaya jismein mahilaaon ko sansad mein bhaageedaari karne ka adhikaar diya gaya. 1972 mein Ireland aur Britain ke saath Denmark iisi ka sadasya bana aur 1973 mein poorn aur samaan sadasya bana. greenalaind ko 1979 mein svaayatta di gayi. 1992 mein denamaarkavaasiyon ne maastikt sandhi ko khaarij kar diya lekin agale hi varsh kuchh badlaavon ke baad us sandhi ko sveekaar kar liya. 28 September, 2000 ke ek janamat sangrah mein adhisankhya logon ne Euro kshetr se judne ke virodh mein matadaan kiya jiske parinaamasvaroop yahaaain ki mudra abhi bhi dainish kraaun hai.

19 March, 2009 ko, yahaaain ki sansad ne 62-53 ke bahumat se samalaingikon jodo ko Denmark aur baahar se bachche god lene ka adhikaar diya.

bhoogol

jootalaind praayadveep, Denmark ki mukhya bhoomi hai jiski lanbaai 300 kimi hai. mukhyabhoomi Denmark ka pashchimi tat nimn hai, lekin bandargaah ret ke teelon se dhake hue hai jo lagbhag 30 meter tak ooainche hain. ve sardiyon ke toofaanon aur bahut tej havaaon ke sampark mein rahate hain. iske vipreet, baaltik se lagta poorvi tat apekshaakrut ooaincha hai jahaaain par bahut se kolposees (kolposeis) hain. kul milaakar, Denmark bade-chhote 405 dveepon ko milaakar bana hai jinmein se 75 abasaasit hain.

yahaaain bahut-si lekin chhoti-2 nadiyaaain hain. poore Denmark mein bahut si chhoti-2 jheelein bhi hain. dainish rileef him yug ke dauraan bana tha, isliye yeh desh adhikaanshat: chapata hai. desh ka sabse ooaincha pahaad keval 170 meter ooaincha hai.

Mexico ki khaadi se aane waali dhaaraaon ke kaaran yahaaain ki jalavaayu samasheetoshn hai. poore varshabhar tej havaaeain bahti hain, mukhyat: sardiyon mein aur isliye Denmark vishv ke un kuchh deshon mein hai jo pavan oorja ka upayog karte hain. varsha poore varshabhar aur samaan roop se hoti hai. ausat varshaakaal 121 dinon ka hai.

Denmark ka sabse bada nagar hai kopanahegan jahaaain ki janasankhya 11,00,000 hai. doosra sabse bada nagar hai aarhas (2,85,000) aur fir hai odensi (1,45,000).

arthavyavastha

Denmark ek krushi upayukt desh hai kyonki yahaaain ki bhoo-rachana is prakaar ki hai jo krushi kaaryo ke liye upayukt hai. denamaarkavaasiyon ka jeevan star bahut ooaincha hai. desh ki nimnabhoomi, graameen paramparaaen, bhaageedaari ki shakti aur krushi ke aadhunik dhang aur aujaar yahaaain kheti aur pashupaalan ki ooainchi dar ke pramujh kaaran hain. yahaaain mukhyat: anaaj (jaise jau, jai, gehooain) ugaaya jaata hai aur suaron, bakariyon aur ghodon ka paalan kiya jaata hai. yahaaain ki fsal paidaavaar Europe mein sarvaadhik hai jabki krushi shiksha ka star bhi bahut ooaincha hai. machhaleepaalan ka bhi yahaaain ki arthavyastha mein bahut yogadaan hai. vishv soochana praudyogiki prativedan 2008-2009 ke anusaar takaneeki roop se unnt deshon ki soochi mein Denmark, sveedan ke saath aath varsho se nirantar sheersh par hai.

yeh ek pooainjeevaadi mukt baajaar waali arthavyastha hai aur ek kalyaanakaari raajya bhi hai.

udyog evam vyaapaar

krushi aur pashupaalan ke atirikt yahaaain aadhunik, viksit udyog-dhandhe bhi hain jaise khaadya udyog, rasaayan udyog, vastr udyog, vaidyuteeya udyog, dhaatukarm aur jahaajraani. mukhya utpaad hain beer, kaagaj aur kaath utpaad. yahaaain khanij padaarth bahut kam paae jaate hain. uttari saagar mein thodi maatra mein kachcha tel nikaala jaata hai, lekin vah desh ki apni aavashyakataaon ki poorti ke liye bhi paryaapt naheen hai. vyaapaar santulan aamtaur par denadaariyon aur jahaajraani vinimay dvaara antarlamb hai. Denmark mukhyat: krushi aur pashudhan utpaad, jahaaj: nirmaan aur pavan chakkiyon sambandhi machinery ka niryaat karta hai. apni saamarik sthiti ke kaaran poorvi aur pashchimi Europe ka bahut sa samudri yaataayaat yahaaain se hokar gujarata hai. vaanijyik lenaden mukhyat: sveedan, Germany aur Britain karte hain. baaki ke Europe ki tulana mein berojgaari dar (4.8%) apekshaakrut roop se kam hai.

paryatan

haal ke varshon mein paryatan udyog ka Denmark ki arthavyavastha mein mahatva badha hai. varsh 1999 mein 30 lakh videshi paryatak Denmark aae the, jinmein se ek tihaai yaani 10 lakh jarman the. vastut paryatan udyog se praapt hone wala raajsv 3 arab ameriki dollar hai.

janasaankhyiki

varsh 2009 ke anumaanaanuaar Denmark ki janasankhya 55,00,510 hai. yahaaain ke nivaasi nasleeya roop se jarman hain. keval 4% log apravaasi hain.

2009 ke anumaanaanusaar yahaaain jeevan pratyaasha 78.3 varsh hai (purush 75.96 aur mahila 80.78)

dharm

yahaaain ki 98% janasankhya protestent hai aur roman Catholic isaai keval 1% hain.

bhaasha

Denmark ki aadhikaarik bhaasha hai dainish. yeh hind Europeeya aur jarmanek bhaasha parivaar ki bhaasha hai. yeh sveedish, jarman, naarvejiyaai aur aaislaindik bhaashaaon se milti-julati hai.

sanskruti

saahitya

Denmark me saahityik utpaadan madhya kaal mein aarambh hua aur yeh fraanseesi, jarman aur angreji se prabhaavit hai. denish madhya kaal ka sabse pramukh saahitya hai jesta daanoram jo aaranbhik 13veen sadi se hai.

prashaasanik prabhaag

Denmark paaainch bhaagon mein vibhkt hai. yeh kshetr 1 January, 2007 ko 13 puraani kaauntiyon, do nagaron aur ek kshetreeya nagar nigam ko badalkar sthapit kiye gaye the. pichhla prashaasakeeya vibhaag 31 December, 2006 tak prabhaavi tha. pratyek kshetr raashtrapati dvaara shaasit hota hai. ye paaainch kshetr hain:

  • dainish rajdhani kshetr (Hovedstaden)
  • madhya jootalaind (Midtjylland)
  • uttari jootalaind (Nordjylland)
  • jeelaandi (Sjæalland)
  • dakshini Denmark (Syddanmark)

prashaasan

Denmark raajashaahi ek samvaidhaanik raajashaahi hai. jaisa ki Denmark ke samvidhaan mein nirdhaarit hai, yahaaain ka shaasak apne kaaryakalaapon ke liye uttaradaai naheen hai aur uske dvaara nirdhaarit vyakti puneet hota hai. aupachaarik roop se shaasak pradhaanamantri aur anya mantriyon ki niyukti aur aniyukti karta/ti hai. pradhaanamantri ka chunaav prathaanusaar sansadeeya dalon ke netaaon ke beech baatcheet ke dvaara kiya jaata hai. vartamaan mein yahaaain ki shaasak kai mahaaraani maargaret dviteeya aur pradhaanamantri hai laars raasmusen loke (Lars Rasmussen Loke)

chunaav

Denmark mein 18 varsh se oopar ke sabhi dainish naagrik matadaan kar sakte hain.

chunaav 2007

antim sansadeeya chunaavon mein, jo 13 November, 2007 ko hue the, sattaaroodh gathabandhan ko lagaataar teesari baar jeet mili thi.

chunaav parinaam

sansad (Folketing), 13 November 2007

dal neta mat % seatein +/–
Denmark
udaaravaadi (Venstre) (V) endars faug raasmusen (Anders Fogh Rasmussen) 9,08,472 26.2% 46 –6
saamaajik lokatantravaadi (Socialdemokraterne) (A) chaili taurningk-skmeed(Chele Torningk-Schmidt) 8,81,037 25.5% 45 –2
dainish janta dal (Dansk Folkeparti) (O) piya kiaarsgko (Pia Kiarsgko) 4,79,532 13.9% 25 +1
samaajavaadi janta dal (Socialistisk Folkeparti) (F) vili seeountal (Willy Seountal) 4,50,975 13.0% 23 +12
roodhivaadi janta dal (Det Konservative Folkeparti) (C) bent bentasan (Bent Bentsen) 3,59,404 10.4% 18 ±a0
saamaajik udaaravaadi dal (Det Radikale Venstre) (B) maargkreet vestaaor (Margkrete Vestaouer) 1,77,161 5.1% 9 –8
naveen morcha (Ny Alliance) (Y) naijer kaandar (Nazer Kander) 97,295 2.8% 5 +5
laal-hara gathabandhan (Enhedslisten) (Ø) saamoohik netrutv 74,982 2.2% 4 –2
isaai dal (Kristendemokraterne) (K) bontil kornmpek (Bontil Kornmpek) 30,013 0.9% 0 ±a0
nirdaleeya pratyaashi 543 0.0% 0 ±a0
upakul 34,58,847 100.0% 175
fro dweep samooh
ganatantravaadi dal (Tjóaðaveldi) (E) hogni hoyadl (Høagni Hoydal) 5,949 25.4 1 ±a0.0 %
sangh dal (Sambandsflokkurin) (B) kaai liyo jiochaansen (Kai Leo Giochansen) 5,413 23.5 1 +2.1 %
janta dal (Fóalkaflokkurin) (A) enfin kaalsmpargk (Anfin Kalsmpergk) 4,726 20.5 0 -3.6 %
saamaajik lokataantrik dal (Javnaðaarflokkurin) (C) jioaanes eintesgkaarnt (Gioanes Eintesgkarnt) 4,702 20.4 0 -1.8 %
kendreeya dal (Miðaflokkurin) (H) elvur kirke (Áaalvur Kirke) 1,577 6.8 0 +3.5 %
sv-shaasan dal (Sjáalvstýarisflokkurin) (D) kaari pi. hojgaard (Káari P. Høajgaard) 797 3.5 0 +1.1 %
upakul 2
greenalaind
inooit samudaaya (Inuit Ataqatigiit) josaf motsfelt(Joseph Motsfelt) 7,107 1
aage (Siumut) haans inoksen (Hans Enoksen) 6,658 1
samudaaya ki bhaavana (Atassut) finn kaarlsen (Finn Carlsen) 4,004 0
lokatantravaadi (Demokraatit) bartelsen (Bertelsen) 3,436 0
upakul 2
kul (bhaageedaari: 86.6 %) 179

uttaraadhikaar par janamat sangrah adhiniyam 2009

7 June, 2009 ko dainish matadaataaon ne raaja ke uttaraadhikaari chune jaanein ke dhang par is paksh mein matadaan kiya ki ismein keval purushon ke atirikt mahilaaon aur bachchon ko bhi sammilit kiya jaae. kul 59.37% logon me matadaan kiya aur 85.35%[4] ne paksh aur 14.65% ne vipaksh mein matadaan kiya. kul 23,99,913 mat pade jismein se 18,58,180 paksh mein aur 3,18,929 vipaksh mein the aur 2,22,804 bekaar mat the.

parivhan

Denmark mein gaadiyaaain baayi or chalti hain.

nots aur sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain