Delhi mein yaataayaat

yaataayaat suvidhaaen

Delhi parivhan nigam vishv ki sabse badi paryaavaran sahayogi bas-seva pradaan karta hai.[1]

bas seva:Delhi ka saarvajanik yaataayaat mukhyat: bas, autorickshaw aur metro rel seva. Delhi ki mukhya yaataayaat aavashyakta ka 60% basein hi poora karti hain.[2] Delhi parivhan nigam dvaara sanchaalit sarkaari bas seva hi Delhi ki pradhaan bas seva hai. |Delhi parivhan nigam vishv ki sabse badi paryaavaran sahayogi bas-seva pradaan karta hai.[3] haal hi mein bi aar ti ki seva anbedakar nagar aur Delhi gate ke beech aarambh hui hai.


Delhi metro rel corporation dvaara sanchaalit metro rel seva ausat 702,731 savaariyaan pratidin le jaati hai.[4]

metro seva: Delhi metro rel corporation dvaara sanchaalit Delhi metro rel ek maas raipid traanjit (tvarit paaragaman) pranaali hai, jo ki Delhi ke kai kshetron mein seva pradaan karti hai. iski shuruaat 24 December, 2002 ko shahaadara tees hajaari laain se hui. is parivhan vyavastha ki adhiktam gati 80kimee/ghanta (50meel/ghanta) rakhi gayi hai aur yeh har station par lagbhag 20 second rukati hai. sabhi trainon ka nirmaan dakshin Korea ki company ROTEM dvaara kiya gaya hai. Delhi ki parivhan vyavasatha mein metro rel ek mahatvapoorn kadi hai. isse pehle parivhan ka jyaadatar bojh sadak par tha. praarambhik avastha mein iski yojana chhah maargon par chalne ki hai jo Delhi ke jyaadaatar hisse ko jodegi. is praarambhik charan ke 2006 mein poora hone ki ummeed hai. baad mein iska vistaar raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr se sate shaharon Ghaziabad, Faridabad, gudgaaainv aur Noida ityaadi ko bhi jodne ki hai. is rel vyavastha ke phase I mein maarg ki kul lanbaai lagbhag 65.11 kimi hai jisme 13 kimi bhoomigat evam 52 kilometer eleeveted maarg hai.

phase II ke antargat poore maarg ki lanbaai 128 kimi hogi evam ismein 79 station honge jo abhi nirmaanaadheen hain, is charan ke 2010 tak poora karne ka lakshya rakha gaya hai.[5][6]

raayaseena ki pahaadiyaaain mein raajapath. Delhi ki kul gaadiyon ka 30% niji vaahan hain. Delhi mein ausat 963 nae vaahan pratidin panjeekrut hote hain.[7]

phase III (112 kimi) evam IV (108.5 kimi) lanbaai ki banaaye jaane ka prastaav hai jise kramash: 2015 evam 2020 tak poora kiye jaane ki yojana hai. in chaaron charano ka nirmaan kaarya poora ho jaane ke pashchaat Delhi metro ke maarg ki kul lanbaai 413.8 kilometer ki ho jaaegi jo London ke metro rel (408 kimi) se bhi bada bana degi.[6][8][9][10] Delhi ke 2021 master plaan ke anusaar baad mein metro rel ko Delhi ke upanagaron tak le jaae jaane ki bhi yojana hai.


auto riksha Delhi mein yaataayaat ka ek prabhaavi maadhyam hain, kyonki ye taxi se kaheen kam kiraaya lete hain. adhikaansh si N ji par chalte hain, va inka rang oopar peela va neeche hara hota hai. Delhi mein taisi seva bhi upalabdh hai, jismein ab niji companiyaan bhi utar chuki hain. ye taiksiyaan, sabhi prachalit kaarein va vain upalabdh karaateen hain, jo ki vaataanukoolan sahit aur bina, dono hi prakaar se milti hain. seva maatr ek phone call par upalabdh hai. inka kiraaya 7.50 se 15 Ru/ki.mi. tak hai.

nai Delhi railway station

rel seva: Delhi bhaarateeya rel ke nakshe ka ek pradhaan jankshan hai. yahaan uttar railway ka mukhyaalaya bhi hai. yahaan ke chaar mukhya railway station hain: nai Delhi railway station, Delhi jankshan, saraaya rohilla aur hajrat nijaamuddeen railway station.[2]

chitr:Old-delhi-railway-station.jpg
Delhi jankshan railway station

Delhi anya sabhi mukhya shaharon aur mahaanagaron se kai raajamaargon aur ekspresave (tvarit maarg) dvaara juda hua hai. yahaan vartamaan mein teen ekspresave hain aur teen nirmaanaadheen hain, jo ise samruddh aur vaanijyik upanagaron se jodeinge. Delhi Gurgaon ekspresave Delhi ko Gurgaon aur antarraashtreeya havaai adde se jodta hai. di N di flaaive aur nauyada-greater nauyada ekspresave Delhi ko do mukhya upanagaron se jodte hain. greater nauyada mein ek alag antarraashtreeya havaai adda yojanaabaddh hai aur nauyada mein Indian grand priks niyojit hai.

vaayu seva: indira gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya havaai adda Delhi ke dakshin-pashchim kon par sthit hai aur yahi antardesheeya aur antarraashtreeya vaayu-yaatriyon ke liye shahar ka mukhya dwaar hai. varsh 2006-07 mein havaai adde par 23 million savaariyaan darj ki gain theen,[11][12] jo ise dakshin Asia ke vyastatam vimaanakshetron mein se ek banaati hain. US$19.3 lakh ki laagat se ek naya terminal-3 nirmaanaadheen hai, jo 3.4 karod atirikt yaatri kshamata ka hoga, san 2010 tak poorn hona nishchit hai.[13] iske aage bhi vistaar kaaryakram niyojit hain, jo yahaan 100 million yaatri prativrsh se adhik ki kshamata deinge.[11] Safdarjung vimaanakshetr Delhi ka ek anya eyarafeeld hai, jo saamaanya vimaanan abhyaason ke liye aur kuchh VIP udaanon ke liye prayog hota hai.[14]

indira gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya havaai adda

Delhi ki kul vaahan sankhya ka 30% niji vaahan hain.[2] Delhi mein 1922.32 ki.mi. ki lanbaai prati 100 ki.mi.², ke saath Bhaarat ka sarvaadhik sadak ghanatv milta hai.[2] Delhi Bhaarat ke paanch pramukh mahaanagaron se raashtreeya raajamaargon dvaara juda hai. ye raajamaarg hain: raashtreeya raajamaarg sankhya: 1, 2, 8, 10 aur 24. Delhi ki sadkon ka anurakshan Delhi nagar nigam (M si di), Delhi chhaavani board, lok seva aayog aur Delhi vikaas praadhikran dvaara kiya jaata hai.[15]

Delhi ke uchch janasankhya dar aur uchch arth vikaas dar ne Delhi par yaataayaat ki vruhat maang ka dabaav yahaan ki avasanrachana par banaae rakha hai. 2008 ke anusaar Delhi mein 55 lakh vaahan nagar nigam ki seemaaon ke andar hain. is kaaran Delhi vishv ka sabse adhik vaahanon wala shahar hai. saath hi raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr mein 112 lakh vaahan hain.[16] san 1985 mein Delhi mein pratyek 1000 vyakti par 85 kaarein theen.[17] Delhi ke yaataayaat ki maangon ko poora karne hetu Delhi aur kendra sarkaar ne ek maas raipid traanjit system ka aarambh kiya, jise Delhi metro kehte hain.[2] san 1998 mein sarvochch nyaayaalaya ne Delhi ke sabhi saarvajanik vaahanon ko deejl ke sthaan par compressed natural gas ka prayog anivaarya roop se karne ka aadesh diya tha.[18] tab se yahaan sabhi saarvajanik vaahan si N ji par hi chaalit hain.


sandarbh

  1. "delheej si N ji sakses, inspaayaring maini kantreej: naaik". outlookindia.com. press trast of India (outlook pablishing (India) pra.li.). 11 December, 2002. http://www.outlookindia.com/pti_news.asp?gid=48&id=103516. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-02.
  2. a aa i E u "Chapter 12: Transport" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. pp130–146. http://delhiplanning.nic.in/Economic%20Survey/ES%202005-06/Chpt/12.pdf. abhigman tithi: 2006-12-21.
  3. "Citizen Charter". Delhi Transport Corporation. http://dtc.nic.in/ccharter.htm. abhigman tithi: 2006-12-21.
  4. "Delhi Metro records 10% rise in commuters-Delhi-Cities-the times of indiya". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/Delhi_Metro_commuters_up_10/articleshow/3185626.cms. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-03.
  5. the hindu : New Delhi News : Delhi Metro confident of meeting deadline
  6. a aa Delhi Metro Masterplan 2021
  7. "Study finds air quality in Delhi has worsened dramatically - International Herald Tribune". Iht.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. http://web.archive.org/web/20080706171906/http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/11/06/asia/delhi.php. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-04.
  8. map of extensions, DMRC
  9. the times of indiya
  10. Discovery channel : 24 hours with Delhi Metro
  11. a aa indira gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya havaai adda
  12. "Delhi – Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL) information". Essential Travel Ltd., UK.. http://parking.essentialtravel.co.uk/worldairport/india/delhi.htm. abhigman tithi: 2006-04-29.
  13. "Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan". Dailytimes.com.pk. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. https://archive.is/HOwy. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-03.
  14. "VIDD - Airport". Great Circle Search. Karl L. Swartz. http://gc.kls2.com/airport/VIDD. abhigman tithi: 2007-01-14.
  15. I.Prasada Rao; Dr. P.K. Kanchan, Dr. P.K. Nanda. "GIS Based Maintenance Management System (GMMS) For Major Roads Of Delhi". Map India 2006: Transportation. GISdevelopment.net. http://www.gisdevelopment.net/proceedings/mapindia/2006/transportation/mi06tran_200.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-01-14.
  16. "Traffic snarl snaps 42 Cr man-hour from Delhi, NCR workers at iGovernment". Igovernment.in. http://www.igovernment.in/site/traffic-snarl-snaps-42-cr-man-hour-from-delhi-ncr-workers/. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-03.
  17. "Every 12th Delhiite owns a car- Automobiles-Auto-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Every_12th_Delhiite_owns_a_car/articleshow/2667484.cms. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-03.
  18. Armin Rosencranz; Michael Jackson. "Introduction" (PDF). The Delhi Pollution Case: The Supreme Court of India and the Limits of Judicial Power. indlaw.com. pp. p.3. http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-69423_delhi_case.pdf. abhigman tithi: 2007-01-14.