Delhi darbaar

Delhi darbaar ka vihangam drushya
san 1877 ka Delhi darbaar , Bhaarat ke vaaisarauya baanyeen or chabootare par baithe hain.

Delhi darbaar, Delhi, Bhaarat mein raajasi darbaar hota tha. yeh ingalaind ke mahaaraaja ya mahaaraani ke raajatilk ki shobha mein sajate the. british saamraajya charam kaal mein, san 1877 se 1911 ke beech teen darbaar lage the. san 1911 ka darbaar ekamaatr aisa tha, ki jismein samraat swayam, George pancham padhaare the.

anukram

1877 ka darbaar

san 1877 ka darbaar, jise proklemeshan darbaar, ya ghoshana darbaar kaha gaya hai, 1 January 1877 ko mahaaraani Victoria ko Bhaarat ki saamraajnyai ghoshit aur raajatilk karne hetu laga tha. 1877 ka darbaar, mukhyat: ek aadhikaarik ghatna maatr thi, jismein 1903 evam 1911 jaisi raunak naheen thi. ismein laaytan ke pratham arl, Robert balvar laaetan, Bhaarat ke vaaisarauya, kai mahaaraaja, navaab aur buddhijeevi padhaare the. is darbaar ka mukhya bindu tha- british East India company se adhikaansh satta parivartan bartaaniya sarkaar ko hona tha. yahi darbaar, Bhaarat ke mahaan parivartan ka aarambh tha. ismein svatantr Bhaarat ka abhiyaan, aupachaarik taur par aarambh hua tha.[1]

Victoria memoriyl, kolkata ke andar moorti ke daanyeen or shilaalekh hai.

Victoria memoriyl, Kolkata ke andar mahaaraani Victoria ke sandesh ka ansh, shilaalekhit hai, jo ki Bhaarat ki janta ko 1877 ke darbaar mein prastut kiya gaya tha:

" hamein vishvaas hai, ki yeh avsar hamaare aur hamaari praja ke beech aapasi sambandhon ko madhur aur pragaadh karne ka prayaas karega. isse sabhi ko yeh prateet hoga, ki ve ek shaasan ke adheen hain, jismein svechhaachaarita, samaan hissa aur nyaaya sabke liye nishchit hai; evam unki khushi ka vardhan karne, unki sampannata ko badhaane, evam unke hiton ke sanrakshan, hamaare saamraajya ke dhyeya aur lakshya sada raheinge."

sabhi sammaanit atithiyon ko mahaaraani ko Bhaarat ki saamraajnyai banane ki is ghoshana ke smaarak roop mein ek padak bheint kiya gaya tha.[2]
raamanaath Tagore ko Lord littan, Bhaarat ke vaaisarauya dvaara, mahaaraaja banaaya gaya.[3]

yeh vahi jagamagaata darbaar tha, jismein ghar ke kate hue svachh khaadi mein aaya ek yuvak utha aur Pune saarvajanik sabha ki or se ek drushtaant padha. ganesh vaasudev Joshi ne, ati shisht bhaasha mein apni ek maang padhi:

" ham mahaaraani se praarthana karte hain, ki ve Bhaarat ko vahi raajanaitik evam saamaajik star pradaan karein, jaisa ki unki british praja ke paas hai."

is maang se, yeh kaha ja sakta hai, ki ek svatantr Bhaarat ka abhiyaan aupachaarik taur par aarambh ho gaya tha..[4]

1903 ka darbaar

Lord karjan evam ledi karjan, 1903 ke Delhi darbaar mein aaye the

yeh darbaar Edward saptam evam mahaaraani elekjaindra ko Bhaarat ke samraat evam samraajnyai ghoshit karne hetu laga tha. Lord karjn dvaara do poore saptaahon ke kaaryakram aayojit karavaaye gaye the. yeh shaan shaukat ke pradarshan ka ek bada mauka tha. is dhoom dhaam ka mukaabala na to 1877 ka, na hi aanevaala 1911 ka darbaar kar paaya. 1902 ke antim kuchh hi maheenon mein, ek nirvaasit samatal maidaan ko ek sundar bhavya asthaayi nagar mein parivrtit kar diya gaya tha. ismein ek asthaayi chhoti relagaadi pranaali logon ki badi bheed ko Delhi ke baahar se yahaan tak laane-le jaane hetu chalaayi gayi thi. ek post office, jiski apni muhar thi; doorabhaash evam betaar suvidhaaen, vishesh roop se nirdharit vardi mein ek police bal, tarah tarah ki dukaanein, aspataal, maijistret ka darbaar, jatil svachhata pranaali, vidyut prakaash prayojan, ityaadi, bahut kuchh yahaan tha. is camp maidaan ke smaraneeya nakshe evam maargadarshikaaem baante gaye. vishesh kaaryon ke liye padak nirdhaaran, pradarshaniyaan, atishbaaji evam bhadkeele nrutya aayojan bhi kiye gaye the.

reevaan ke mahaaraaja ki haathi ki savaari, Delhi darbaar, 1903.

lekin karjn ko gahan niraasha hui, jab Edward saptam ne is aayojan mein swayam na aakar, apne bhaai, Duke of kanaat ko bhej diya. vah Mumbai se train se, kai badi hastiyon sahit ekdam tabhi aaya, jab karjn aur usaki sarkaar ke log, doosari disha se, Calcutta sepahunche. unki prateekshaarat samooh mein heere javaaharaaton ka shaayad sabse bada pradarshan upasthit tha. pratyek bhaarateeya Rajkumar evam raaja, sadiyon se sanchit javaaharaaton se saje hue the. ye sabhi mahaaraajaagan Bhaarat ke sabhi praanton se aaye hue the, kai to aapas mein pehli baar mil rahe the. vaheen bhaarateeya sena ne apne senaadhyaksh (kamaandar-in-cheef) Lord kishnar ki aguaai mein parade nikaali, baind bajaaye, evam janasaadhaaran ki bheed ko sambhaala.[5]

pratham din karjan is dhoomadhaam mein haathi par savaar mahaaraajaaon sahit, nikle. inmein se kai haathiyon ke daanton par sona madha hua tha. darbaar ki rasm nav varsh ke din padi, jiske baad kai dinon tak polo kreeda, anya khel, mahaabhoj, baul nrutya, sena avlokan, baind, pradarshaniyon ka taanta chala. is ghatna ki chalachitr smruti Bhaarat ke cinemagharon mein kai dinon tak chali. yahi shaayad desh mein aarambhik film udyog ka kaaran raha.[6][7]

aaga Khan truteeya ne is avsar ko Bhaarat paryant shikshan suvidhaaon ke prasaar ke baare mein bolne ke liye prayog kiya.[8]

yeh ghatan apni paraakaashth par tab pahunchi, jab ek maha nrutya (baul) sabha ka aayojan hua, jismein sabhi uchch shreni ke atithiyon ne bhaag liya, evam sbase oopar Lord evam ledi karjn ne apne jagar magar karte javaaharaaton se paripoorn shaahi mayoor choge mein nrutya kiya.[9]

1911 ka darbaar

1911 mein Delhi heraald ekstraaordinri ke sahaayak, malik umar hayaat Khan

December mein mahaaraaja George pancham evam mahaaraani mairi ke Bhaarat ke samraat evam samraajnyai banane par raajatilk samaaroh hua tha. vyavahaarik roop se pratyek shaasak Rajkumar, mahaaraaja evam navaab tatha anya ganamaanya vyakti, sabhaapatiyon ko apna aadar vyakt karne pahunche. samraatgan apni shaahi raajatilk veshabhoosha mein aaye the. samraat ne aath meharaabon yukt Bhaarat ka impeeriyl mukut pahana, jismein chh: hajaar ek sau sattar utkrusht taraashe heere, jinke saath neelam, panna aur maanikya jade the. saath hi ek shaneel aur minivr topi bhi thi, jin sab ka bhaar 965 gram tha. fir ve laal kile ke ek jharokhe mein darshan ke liye aaye, jahaan das lakh se adhik log darshan hetu upasthit the.[10] [11]


Delhi darbaar mukut ke naam se samraajnyai ka ek bhavya mukut tha. mahaaraani ko Patiala ki mahaaraani ki or se gale ka khoobsoorat haar bheint kiya gaya tha. yeh Bhaarat ki sabhi striyon ki or se mahaaraani ki pehli Bhaarat yaatra ke smaarak svaroop tha. samraajnyai ki vishesh aagrah par, yeh haar, unki darbaar ki panne yukt shesh bhoosha se mel khaata banavaaya gaya tha. 1912 mein geraard company ne is haar mein ek chhota sa badlaav kiya, jisse ki poorv panne ka lolak (peindeint) hataane yogya ho gaya aur uske sthaan par ek doosra hatne yogya heere ka lolak lagaaya gaya. yeh ek 8.8 kairet ka maarkyooj heera tha, jise kulinain saptam bulaaya gaya. yeh kulinain heere mein se kate nau mein se ek bhaag se bana tha. yeh haar mahaaraani dvaara 1953 mein sambhaala gaya.[12] aur haal hi mein daches of kaurnavaal dvaara ek baul mein dhaaran kiya gaya, jahaan ve ek naurvejiyaai parivaar se mileen theen.

Delhi darbaar 1911 mein lagbhag 26,800 padak diye gaye, jo ki adhikaanshat: british rejimeint ke adhikaari evam sainikon ko diye gaye the. bhaarateeya rajavaadon ke shaasakon aur uchch padasth adhikaariyon ko bhi ek chhoti sankhya mein svarn padak diye gaye the.[13]

aaj Delhi ka koroneshan park uttari Delhi mein khaali pada ek maidaan maatr hai, jiska rikt sthaan, Delhi ke ateev traffic evam shahari failaav ke baavajood, aashcharyajanak hai. yeh adhiktar jangali jhaadiyon se dhanka, upekshit pada hai. yeh maidaan, yada kada dhaarmik aayojanon, ya nagaramahaapaalika ki sabhaaon hetu prayog mein aata hai.[14]

sandarbh

  1. KESAVAN MUKUL(Sunday, May 29, 2005) "STORY OF THE CONGRESS - Three pivotal moments that shaped early nationalism in India", The Telegraph, Calcutta, retrieved 3/19/2007 nationalism
  2. The Illustrated London News Jan, 20 - Feb. 17, (1877) retrieved 3/18/2007 medal
  3. Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p596, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  4. The Delhi Durbar, Dimdima.com, magazine of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, free india
  5. De Courcy Anne (2003) "The Viceroy's Daughters: The Lives of the Curzon Sisters", Harper Collins, 464 pages, ISBN 0-06-093557-X, 61 page Abstract(biography) retrieved from Google 3/14/2007
  6. Holmes Richard, "Sahib: The British Soldier in India 1750-1914". HARPERCOLLINS. 571 pages.
  7. Bottomore Stephen (Oct, 1995) "An amazing quarter mile of moving gold, gems and genealogy": filming India's 1902/03 Delhi Durbar, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, includes extensive bibliography of the event, retrieved 3/18/2007 filming the Durbar
  8. Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan (Dec. 4, 1911) Speeches of Aga Khan III, Inaugural Speech at the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference, Delhi (Full text) retrieved 3/18/2007 Aga Khan speech
  9. Cory, Charlotte (2002) Sunday Times, December 29th, retrieved 3/14/2007 "The Delhi Durbar 1903 Revisited",1903 Durbar, extensive description
  10. The Royal Ark, Royal and Ruling Houses of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas royal jewels
  11. Filming the Delhi Durbar 1911 filming
  12. The Royal Collection, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, RCIN 200134 royal jewels
  13. Delhi Durbar Medals of 1911 1911 medal
  14. Mukherjee Sanjeeb (Oct. 2001) CORONATION PARK - the Raj junkyard, the-south-Asian.com, retrieved 3/18/2007 Coronation Park

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaan