Damodar ghaati nigam

vardhamaan shahar ke nikat Damodar nadi par 'krushak baandh'

Damodar ghaati nigam (Damodar Valley Corporation ya DVC) Bhaarat ka bahooddeshyeeya nadi ghaati pariyojana hai. nigam 7 July 1948 ko svatantr Bhaarat ki pratham bahooddesheeya nadi ghaati pariyojana ke roop mein, astitv mein aaya.

anukram

parichay evam itihaas

Bhaarat ke janamaanas ki dharohar, deeveesi, ka udbhav, uchhrunkhal tatha aniyamit Damodar nadi ko niyantrit karne ke liye shataabdi se adhik tak kiye gaye prayaason ke sanchayan ke roop mein hua tha. yeh nadi Bihar (ab Jharkhand) tatha pashchim Bengal ke raajyon ko aavrutt karte hue 25,000 varg kimi ke kshetr mein faili hui hai.

Damodar ghaati ko prabalata ke baadh dvaara nirantar vidhvans ka saamana karna pada jismein se iske vidhvansakaari pramukh pralaya ko pratham baar 1730 mein rikaard kiya. iske pashchaat niyamit antaraal par vidhvansak baadh aayi parantu 1943 ki baadh ne apni prachand tabaahi ki chhaap hamaare smruti patal par chhod diya. iske parinaamasvaroop Bengal ke raajyapaal ne bardavaan ke mahaaraaj ki adhyakshata tatha bhautik vigyaani Dr meghanaad saaha ko sadasya bataur jaaainch board ka gathan kiya. apne report mein, board ne sanyukt raashtra America ke tenisi ghaati praadhikran (teeveee) ke anuroop ek praadhikran ke gathan ka sujhaav diya. tatpashchaat Bhaarat sarkaar ne shri dablyoo.L. vurduin, teeveee ke varishth abhiyanta ko ghaati ki samekit vikaas hetu apni anushansa prastut karne ke liye niyukt kiya. tadanusaar, August 1944 mein shri vurduin ne Damodar nadi ke ekeekrut vikaas par praarambhik gyaapan prastut kiya.

shri vurduin ke praarambhik gyaapan ne Damodar ghaati mein baadh niyantran, sinchaai, vidyut utpaadan tatha nauchaalan hetu abhiklapit ek bahooddesheeya vikaas yojana ka sujhaav diya. Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara niyukt chaar paraamarshakon ne iski jaaainch ki. unhonne bhi vurduin ki yojana ke pramukh takaneeki vishishtataaon ka anumodan kiya tatha tilaiya se shuroo kar maithan tak nirmaan ko sheegra praarambh karne ki anushansa ki.

April 1947 tak yojana ke kriyaanvayan ke liye kendreeya, pashchim Bengal tatha Bihar sarkaaron ke beech vyavahaarik roop se poornataya karaar nishpaadit kiya gaya tatha March 1948 mein Damodar ghaati nigam ke gathan ke uddeshya hetu teen sarkaaron-kendreeya sarkaar tatha pashchim Bengal sarkaar aur Bihar (ab jhaarakhand) ke raajya sarkaaron ki sanyukt sahabhaagita ki aavashyakta ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue kendreeya vidhaanamandal dvaara Damodar ghaati nigam adhiniyam (1948 ka) paarit kiya gaya.

uddeshya va drushti

durdamya Damodar nadi ko vash mein karne tatha ghaati mein baar-baar honevaali bhayankar baadh se hone waali kshati ko niyantrit karne ke liye deeveesi ki sthaapana hui. yeh tenisi valley kaurporeshan ke pratimaan par aadhaarit hai. deeveesi ke praathamik uddeshya nimnalikhit hain-

  • baadh niyantran va sichaai
  • vidyut ka utpaadan, paareshan va vitran
  • paryaavaran sanrakshan tatha vaneekaran
  • Damodar ghaati ke nivaasiyon ka saamaajik-aarthik kalyaan
  • audyogik aur ghareloo upayog hetu jalaapoorti
drushti

apne anya uddeshyon ki jimmedaariyon ko paryaapt roop se nirvaah karte hue poorvi Bhaarat mein ek sabse bade vidyut yutiliti ke roop mein deeveesi ko sthaapit karna.

mahatvapoorn upalabdhiyaaain

  • deeveesi Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara shuroo ki jaanevaali pratham bahooddesheeya nadi ghaati pariyojana.
  • koyala, jal tatha taral rindhan teenon stroton se vidyut utpaadan karanevaala Bhaarat sarkaar ka pratham sangathan.
  • maithan mein Bhaarat ka pratham bhoomigat panavidyut kendra.
  • vigat shataabdi ke pachaavein dashak mein bokaaro ङakaeङak taavike raashtra ka bruhat taapeeya vidyut sayantr.
  • beeteepeees ङakaeङak bauyalar indhan farneins mein anataipd nimn star koyala jalaane mein pratham.
  • chandrapura taavike mein uchch taap praachalon ka prayog karte hue Bhaarat ki pratham ri-hit ikaaiyaaain.
  • mejiya ikaai jeero kol reject hetu seva mein tube milon sahit poorvi Bhaarat mein apne prakaar ki pratham.

upabhokta poorvaalokan

vidyut ki bikri

deeveesi udyogon tatha vitrak laaiseinsadhaari ko vibhinn avasthaanon par 33 kivo, 132 kivo tatha 220 kivo par adhik maatra mein vidyut ki aapoorti karta hai. in udyogon mein railway, ispaat, koyala aadi jaise pramukhya udyog hain jo hamaari raashtreeya arthavyavastha ka abhinn ang hai.

jal ki bikri

deeveesi audyogik tatha ghareloo uddeshyon hetu kachche jal ki aapoorti kiya tatha 7.21 karod Ru?paye ka raajasv arjit kiya. filhaal deeveesi dvaara prati 1000 gailan 2.50 Ru?. jal shulk prabhaarit kiya jaata hai.

prabhaari vibhaag

deeveesi ka vaanijyik abhiyaantriki vibhaag vidyut tatha gair-krushigt jal ki bikri se sambandhit takaneeki, vitteeya, vaanijyik tatha kaanooni pahalooon par vichaar karta hai.

baahari kadiyaaain