Catholic dharm

"bishp" naamak uchch pad par niyukt ek Catholic paadari
Spain mein chalti do nanein

Catholic dharm ya roman Catholic dharm isaai dharm ki ek mukhya shaakha hai jiske anuyaayi rom ke vaitikn nagar mein sthit Pope ko apna dharmaadhyaksh maanate hain. isaai dharm ki doosari mukhya shaakha protestaint kahalaati hai aur uske anuyaayi Pope ke dhaarmik netrutv ko naheen sveekaarate. kaitholikon aur protestainton ki dhaarmik maanyataaon mein aur bhi bade antar hain.

anukram

parichay

roman kaathalik church isa ne apne bhaavi anuyaayiyon ki shiksha deeksha ke liye ek church ki sthaapana ki thi aur sant Peter ko iska adhyaksh niyat kiya tha. sant Peter ka dehaant rom mein hua tha jisse praarambh hi se rom ke bishp ko church ka paramaadhyaksh maana jaane laga. anek kaaranon se is church ki ekta akshunn naheen rah saki. pehle praachya church rom se alag ho gaye. baad mein protestaint dharm ka udaya hua jiske falasvaroop paashchaatya church ke ek mahatvapoorn ansh ne rom ke bishp ka adhikaar asveekaar kar diya. yeh sab hote hue bhi aajkal vishv bhar ke isaaiyon ke aadhe se kuchh adhik log roman kaathalik church ke sadasya hain.

yeh church roman kaha jaata hai kyonki rom ke vaitikn nagar se iska sanchaalan hota hai. kaathalik ka mool arth vyaapak hai. kaathalik church ka daava hai ki vah yugayugaantar tak arthaat 'sab samay' 'sabhi deshon' ke manushyon ke liye khula rahata hai aur isa dvaara prakat ki gayi 'sabhi' dhaarmik sachchaaiyaaain sikhlaata hai.

kaathalik church ka sangathan sudrudh aur keindreebhoot hai. iske paramaadhyaksh rom ke bishp hain jo sant Peter ke uttaraadhikaari maane jaate hain. (de. Pope). jahaaain kaheen bhi kaathalik isaaiyon ka koi samudaaya hai, vahaaain unke aadhyaatmik sanchaalan ke liye rom ki or se athva rom ke anumodan se ek bishp ki niyukti ki jaati hai. bishp ki adheenata mein purohit vibhinn sthaanon par rahakar isaaiyon ko upadesh diya karte hain aur sanskaar pradaan karte hain.

rom mein anek sthaayi samitiyaaain aur aayog hain jo kaardinlon ki adhyakshata mein samast roman kaathalik church ke sanchaalan tatha prashaasan ke liye Pope ki sahaayata karte hain.

anya bhaashaaoain mein

Catholic dharm ko angreji mein "kaithaulisijm" (Catholicism) bulaaya jaata hai. ismein 'th' ke uchchaaran aur ispar lagi 'o' ki maatra ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein. angreji mein sangathit Catholic dharm ko "Catholic church" (Catholic church) bhi bulaaya jaata hai. yeh gaur-talab baat hai ki yadyapi "church" (church) shabd ka arth "girja" hota hai, "Catholic church" ka arth "sampoorn Catholic dhaarmik samudaaya" bhi hota hai.

maanyataaeain aur reeti-rivaaj

Catholic maanate hain ki unka dhaarmik sangathan aaranbhik isaai sangathan ke rivaayat ko jaari rakhata hai aur usaka ekamaatr vaaris hai. ve maanate hain ki unki praarthana reetiyon mein jo roti aur madira ka paan kiya jaata hai vah dhaarmik arth mein isa maseeh ka maas aur rakt ban jaate hain jinhein praarthana karne vaale grahan karte hain.[1] protestainton ki reetiyon mein aisa naheen hota. Catholic Pope ko isaai dharm ka pruthvi par param adhyaksh maanate hain jo ki protestaint naheen maanate.[2] is dhaarmik sangathan mein har paadari ke oopar ek us se uchch koti ka paadari hota hai aur ant mein sabhi ke oopar Pope hota hai. Catholic mat mein paadariyon ko vivaah karne ki anumati naheen hai aur unhein aajeevan brahmacharya ka paalan karna hota hai. kuchh striyaaain bhi apna jeevan dharm ke naam kar deti hain aur aajeevan kuainvaari rahati hain. inhein "nan" (nun) kaha jaata hai. jab yeh nan banaane ki shapath leteen hain to ek aupachaarik samaaroh mein vivaah ke vastr dhaaran kiye inka "isa se vivaah" rachaaya jaata hai.[3] Catholic sangathanon dvaara chalaaye gaye paathashaalaaon mein aksar yahi nanein adhyaapikaaeain hua karti hain.

Catholic dharm mein kuchh bhakton ko aupachaarik roop se santon ka darja diya jaata hai aur kaitholikon ko anumati hai ki ve inki pooja kar sakein.[4] bahut se Catholic deshon mein kisi sthaaneeya Catholic sant ko bahut maanya samjha jaata hai, jaise ki Ireland mein "sant paitrik" (Saint Patrick) ko aur Poland mein "sant staanislaaus" (Stanislaus) ko. inhein un raashtron ka "paalak sant" (patron saint, petran seint) kaha jaata hai. Catholic vishvaas mein mariym (jo isa ki maata theen) ko bahut hi poojaneeya sant maana jaata hai. Catholic striyon mein "meri", "Maria" aur "mariym" jaise naam aam hain aur Catholic vidyaalayon mein "seint meri" jaise naam bhi aksar dekhe jaate hain. "aave Maria" (Ave Maria, arth: "Maria ko naman") naam ka laatini bhaasha ka stuti-gaan Catholic samudaayon mein kaafi lokapreeya hai. Catholic najriye mein aisi dhaarmik hastiyon ko curry pooja ishvar ko praapt hoti hain aur is se dharm aam janta ke sameep aata hai. protestaint drushtikon is se vipreet hai aur usamein aksar sant-pratha ko Europe ki praacheen gair-isaai rivaajon ka ek chhupa roop maana jaata hai jismein bahut se devi-devataaon hua karte the.[5]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. John Trigilio, Jr., Rev. Kenneth Brighenti, James Cafone. "Catholic Mass for Dummies". John Wiley and Sons, 2011. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780470767863. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ae5eHJWtkvsC. "... Christ himself bore witness to the reality of this unity when he said: He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood lives in me and I in him ..."
  2. John Redford. "What Is Catholicism?: Hard Questions-Straight Answers". Our Sunday Visitor Publishing, 1999. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780879735876. http://books.google.com/books?id=r8ci6kOxuS0C. "... the doctrine of papal infallibility ..."
  3. Jo Ann McNamara. "Sisters in arms: Catholic nuns through two millennia". Harvard University Press, 1996. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780674809840. http://books.google.com/books?id=gMk_ZujVEjUC. "... The prospective nun's male guardian gave her away. She was married to Christ with ring and crown. She was interrogated and her oath confirmed, and finally she proceeded in her new habit to the altar carrying a lighted candle ..."
  4. Constantine C. Kliora. "Catholics, Non-Catholics and Non-Catholic Catholics". Xlibris Corporation, 2009. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9781441596543. http://books.google.com/books?id=BdXFiuAwPEQC. "... The Canonization process allows and encourages the veneration of and prayer to a particular individual saint ... allowing us to pray to these saints and by making them part of the prayers of the Church and of Catholic Liturgy ..."
  5. American Baptist Publication Society. "The Baptist quarterly, Volume 6". American Baptist Publication Society, 1872. http://books.google.com/books?id=hJNLAAAAMAAJ. "... in its worship of angels and saints and relics, and of the virgin Mary, has in itself a polytheistic element ..."