Bikaner

Bikaner
nagar
लालगढ़ महल, बीकानेर
laalagadh mahal, Bikaner
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Rajasthan
jila Bikaner
saansad arjun meghavaal
nagar paalika adhyaksh
janasankhya
ghanatv
529,007 (2001 tak )
• 1960
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
270 ki.mee²
• 242 meter

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 28°a01′a00″aN 73°a19′a00″aE / 28.016667°aN 73.333333°aE / 28.016667; 73.333333 Bikaner Rajasthan raajya ka ek shahar hai. Bikaner raajya ka puraana naam jaangal desh tha. iske uttar mein kuru aur madr desh the, isliye mahaabhaarat mein jaangal naam kaheen akela aur kaheen kuru aur madr deshon ke saath juda hua milta hai. Bikaner ke raaja jungle desh ke svaami hone ke kaaran ab tak "jungle dhar baadshah' kahalaate hain.[1] Bikaner raajya tatha Jodhpur ka uttari bhaag jaangal desh tha[2]

Rao beeka dvaara 1485 mein is shahar ki sthaapana ki gayi. aisa kaha jaata hai ki nera naamak vyakti is sampoorn jagah ka maalik tha tatha usane Rao beeka ko yeh jagah is shart par di ki uske naam ko nagar ke naam se joda jaae. isi kaaran iska naam beeka+ner, Bikaner pada.[1] Akshay truteeya ke yeh din aaj bhi Bikaner ke log patang udaakar smaran karte hain. Bikaner ka itihaas anya riyaasaton ki tarah raajaaon ka itihaas hai. mahaaraaja gangaasinh ji ne naveen Bikaner rel nahar va anya aadhaarbhoot vyavasthaaon se samruddh kiya. Bikaner ki bhujiya mithaai va jipsam tatha kle aaj bhi poore vishv mein apni vishisht pehchaan rakhati hain. yahaan sabhi dharmon va jaatiyon ke log shaanti va sauhaardr ke saath rahate hain yeh yahaan ki doosari mahatvapoorn vishishtata hai. yadi itihaas ki baat chal rahi ho to Italy ke taiseetori ka naam bhi Bikaner se bahut prem se juda hua hai. Bikaner shahar ke 5 dwaar aaj bhi aantarik nagar ki parampara se jeevit jude hain. kotaget, jassoosaraget, natthoosaraget, gogaaget va sheetalaaget inke naam hain.[3]

Bikaner ki bhaugolik stithi 73 degree poorvi akshaans 28.01 uttari deshantaar par sthit hai. samudra tal se oonchaai saamaanya roop se 243meetar athva 797 feet hai

anukram

itihaas

Bikaner ek alamast shahar hai, alamast isliye ki yahaaain ke log befikr ke saath apna jeevan yaapan karte hai. iska kaaran yeh bhi hai ki Bikaner ke sainsthaapak Rao beekaaji alamast svabhaav ke the alamast naheeain hote to ve Jodhpur raajya ki gaddi ko yo heeain baat baat me chhod dete. us samay to beta baap ko maar kar gaddi pe baith jaata tha. jaisa ki itihaas me milta hai yatha Rao maaladev ne apne pita Rao gaaainga ko gadh ki khidki se neeche feink kar kiya tha aur Jodhpur ki satta hathiya li thi. iske virooddh beekaaji ne apni ichha se Jodhpur ki gaddi chhodi.
iske peechhe do kahaaniyaaain lok me prachalit hai. ek to yeh ki, naapa saaainkhala jo ki beekaaji ke maama the unhonne jodhaaji
se kaha ki aapne bhale hi saantal ji ko Jodhpur ka uttaraadhikaari banaaya kintu beekaaji ko kuchh sainik sahaayata sahit
saaruainde ka patta de deejiye. vah veer tatha bhaagya ka dhani hai. vah apne boote khud apna raajya sthaapit kar lega.
jodhaaji ne naapa ki salaah maan li. aur pachaas sainikon sahit patta naapa ko de diya.
beekaaji ne yeh faisala raaji khushi maan liya. us samay kaandhal ji, roopa ji, maandal ji, nathu ji aur nanda ji ye paaainch
sardaar jo jodha ke sage bhaai the saath hi naapa saaainkhala, bela padihaar, laala lakhan Singh baid, chauthamal kothaari, naahar Singh bachhaavat, vikram Singh purohit, saaloo ji raathi aadi kai logon ne beekaaji ka saath diya.
in saradaaron ke saath beekaaji ne Bikaner ki sthaapana ki.
saaloo ji raathi Jodhpur ke onsiya gaaainv ke nivaasi the. ve apne saath apne aaraadhaya Dave maroonaayak ya moolanaayak ki moorti saath laayein aaj bhi unke vanshaj saale ki holi pe holika dahan karte hai. saale ka arth bahan ke bhaai ke roop me na hokar saaloo ji ke apabhransh ke roop me hota hai

Bikaner ki sthaapana ke peechhe doosari kahaani ye hai ki ek din Rao jodha darbaar me baithe the beekaaji darbaar me der se aaye tatha pranaam kar
apne chaacha kaandhal se kaan me dheere dheere baat karne lage yeh dekh kar jodha ne vyaingya me kaha “amaaloom hota hai ki chaacha-bhateeja kisi naveen raajya ko vijit karne ki yojana bana rahe hain." is par beeka aur kaandhal ne kahaaain ki yadi aap ki krupa ho to yahi hoga. aur isi ke saath chaacha – bhateeja donon darbaar se uth ke chale aaye tatha donon ne Bikaner raajya ki sthaapana ki. is sambandh me ek lok doha bhi prachalit hai
' pandrah sau paintaalave, sud baisaakh sumer thaavar beej tharapiyo, beeka Bikaner '

is prakaar ek taane ki pratikriya se Bikaner ki sthaapana hui. vaise ye kshetr tab bhi nirjan naheen tha is kshetr me jaat jaati ke kai gaaainv the| is samay se pehle Bikaner me runiya ka baarah baas vikhyaat the jinme sherera, hemera, bada baas, raajera, aasera, bhojera jese 12 gaaainv shaamil the jinme saarasvat aur godaaron ka varchasv tha. aadikaal me is jagah par inka hi raajya tha, jinme saras gad ke raaja saras ji mahaaraaj aur anya kai raaja raajya karte the. tadantar Rao beeka ji ne Bikaner nagar ki sthaapana ki|

bhoogol

aitihaasik Bikaner raajya ke uttar mein Punjab ka firojapur jila, uttar-poorv mein hisaar, uttar-pashchim mein bhaavalapur raajya, dakshin mein Jodhpur, dakshin-poorv mein Jaipur aur dakshin-pashchim mein jaisalamer raajya, poorv mein hisaar tatha lohaaru ke paragane tatha pashchim mein bhaavalapur raajya the.

vartamaan Bikaner jila Rajasthan ke uttar-pashchimi bhaag mein sthit hai. yeh 27 degree 11 aur 29 degree 03 uttar akshaansh aur 71 degree 54 aur 74 degree 12 poorv deshaantar ke madhya sthit hai. iska kul kshetrafal 32,200 varg kilometer hai. Bikaner ke uttar mein gangaanagar tatha firojapur, pashchim mein jaisalamer, poorv mein naagaur env dakshin mein Jodhpur sthit hai.


jalavaayu

yahaan ki jalavaayu sookhi, panratu adhiktar arogyaprad hai. garmi mein adhik garmi aur sardi mein adhik sardi padana yahaan ki visheshata hai. isi kaaran May, June aur July maas mein yahaan loo (garm hava) bahut joron se chalti hai, jisse ret ke teele ud-udkar ek sthaan se doosare sthaan par ban jaate hain. un dinon soorya ki dhoop itni asahmahaya ho jaati hai ki yahaan ke nivaasi dopahar ko ghar se baahar nikalte hue bhi bhaya khaate hain. kabhi-kabhi garmi ke bahut badhne par akaal mrutyu bhi ho jaati hai. bahudha log gharon ke neeche bhaag mein tahakhaane banava lete hain, jo thande rahate hai aur garmi ki visheshata hone par ve unamein chale jaate hain. kadi bhoomi ki apeksha ret sheeghrata se thanda ho jaata hai. isliye garmi ke dinon mein bhi raat ke samay yahaan thandak rahati hai. sheetakaal mein yahaan itni sardi padti hai ki ped aur paudhe bahudha paale ke kaaran nasht ho jaate hai.

Bikaner mein registaan ki adhikta hone ke kaaran kueain ka bahut adhik mahatva hai. jahaan kaheen kuaaain khodane ki suvidha hui athva paani jama hone ka sthaan mila, aarambh mein vahaan par basti bas gayi. yahi kaaran hai ki Bikaner ke adhikaansh sthaanon mein naamon ke saath sar juda hua hai, jaise kodamadesar, naurangadesar, loonakaranasar aadi. isse aashay yahi hai ki is sthaan par kuen athva taalaab hain. kuen ke mahatva ka ek kaaran aur bhi hai ki pehle jab bhi is desh par aakraman hota tha, to aakramanakaari kuon ke sthaanon par apna adhikaar jamaane ka sarv pratham prayatn karte the. yahaan ke adhiktar kuen 300 ya usase foot gahre hain. iska jal bahudha meetha env svaasthyakar hota hai.

varsha

jaisalamer ko chhodkar rajputana ke anya kshetron ki apeksha Bikaner mein sabse kam varsha hoti hai. varsha ke abhaav mein nahare krushi sinchaai ka mukhya srot hai. vartamaan mein kul 23712 hekteyar bhoomi ki sinchaai naharon dvaara ki jaati hai.

krushi

adhikaansh hissa anupajaaoo env jalaviheen marubhoomi ka ek ansh hai. jagah-jagah reteele teelein hain jo bahut ooainche bhi hain. Bikaner ka dakshin-pashchim mein magara naam ki pathareeli bhoomi hai jahaan achhi varsha ho jaane par kisi prakaar paidaavaar ho jaati hai. uttar-poorv ki bhoomi ka rang kuchh peelaapan liye hue hai tatha upajaaoo hai.

yahaan adhikaansh bhaagon mein khareef fasal hoti hai. ye mukhyat: baajara, moth, jvaar,til aur rui hai. rabi ki fasal arthaat geinhu, jau, saraso, chana aadi keval poorvi bhaag tak hi seemit hai. nahar se seenchi jaanevaali bhoomi mein ab geinhu, makka, rui, ganna ityaadi paida hone lage hai.

khareef ki fasal yahaan pramukh gini jaati hai. baajara yahaan ki mukhya paidaavaar hai. yahaan ke pramukh fal tarabooj evam kakadi hain. yahaan tarabooj ki achhi ki bahutaayat se hoti hai. ab naharon ke aa jaane ke kaaran naarangi, neenboo, anaar, amarud, aadi fal bhi paida hone lage hain. shaakon mein mooli, gaajar, pyaaj aadi saralata se utpann kiye jaate hai.

jungle

Bikaner mein koi sadhan jungle naheen hai aur jal ki kami ke kaaran ped bhi yahaan kam hai. saadhaaran tatha yahaan 'khejada (shami)' ke vruksh bahutaayat mein hain. usaki faliyaan, chhaal tatha patte chaupaaye khaate hain. neem, sheesham aur peepal ke ped bhi yahaan milte hain. ret ke teelon par babool ke ped paae jaate hain.

thodi si varsha ho jaane par yahaan achhi ghaas ho jaati hai. in ghaason mein pradhaanat: 'bhoorat' naam ki chipkane waali ghaas bahutaayat mein utpann hoti hai.

pashu-pakshi

yahaan pahaad va jungle na hone ke kaaran sher, cheete aadi bhayankar jantu to nahi par jarakh, neelagaaya aadi praaya: mil jaate hai. ghaas achhi hoti hai, jisse gaaya, bail, bhains, ghode, ooaint, bhed, bakari aadi chaupaaya jaanavar sab jagah adhikta se paale jaate hain. ooaint yahaan bade kaam ka jaanavar hai tatha ise savaari, bojha dhone, jal laane, hal chalaane aadi mein upayog kiya jaata hai. pakshiyon mein teetar, bater, batabad, tilor, aadi paae jaate hain.

dharm

raajya mein hindu env jain dharm ko maanane vaale log ki sankhya sabse adhik hai. sikh aur islaam dharm ko maanane vaale bhi achhi sankhya mein hai. yahaan isaai evam paarasi dharm ke anuyaayi bahut kam hain.

hinduon mein vaishnavon ki sankhya adhik hai. jain dharm mein shvetaabar, diganbar aur thaanakavaasi (dhoondhiya) aadi bhed hain, jinmein thaanakavaasiyon ki sankhya adhik hai. musalmaanon me sunniyon ki sankhya adhik hai. musalmaanon mein adhikaansh raajapooton ke vanshaj hain, jo musalmaan ho gaye. unke yahaan ab tak kai hindu reeti-rivaaj prachalit hain. iske atirikt yahaan alakhagiri naam ka naveen mat bhi prachalit hai tatha bisnoi naam ka doosra mat bhi hinduon mein vidyamaan hai.

jaatiyaaain

hinduon mein suthaar,kumhaar, vaalmiki, braahman, raajapurohit, rajput, mahaajan, kaayasth, jaat, chaaran, bhaat, sunaar, daroga, darji, luhaar, khaati (badhi), bishnoi, teli, maali, naai, dhobi, goojar, aheer, bairaagi, gonsaai, svaami, daakot, kalaal, lekhara, chheenpa, sevak, bhagat, bhadbhoonja, raigar, mochi, chamaar aadi kai jaatiyaaain hain. brahman, mahaajan aadi kai jaatiyon ki anek upajaatiyaaain bhi ban gayi hai, jinmein paraspar vivaah sambandh nahi hota. aadivaasiyon mein meena, baavari, thori aadi hain. ye log kheti aur majadoori karte hain. musalmaanon mein shekh, Sayyed, mugal, pathaan, kaayamakhaani, raath, johiya, rangarej, bhishti aur kunjade aadi kai jaatiyaaain hain.

yahaan ke adhikaansh log kheti karte hain. shesh vyaapaar, naukri, dastakaari, majadoori athva len-den ka kaarya karte hain. pashu paalan yahaan ka mukhya pesha hai. pareejaade aur raadh jaati ke musalmaan is dhandhe mein lipt hai. vyaapaar karanevaali jaatiyon mein pradhaan mahaajan hain, jo door-door sthaanon mein jaakar vyaapaar karte hain aur ye varg sampann varg bhi hai. braahman visheshakar pooja-paath tatha purohitaai karte hain, parantu koi-koi vyaapaar, naukri tatha kheti bhi karte hain. kuchh mahaajan krushi se bhi apna nirvaah karte hain. raajapootein ka mukhya pesha sainik-seva hai, kintu kai kheti bhi karte hai.

raajaneeti

Bikaner raajaneeti ke lihaaj se bhi mahatvapoorn bhumika nibhaata hai| Rajasthan ke pratham neta-pratipaksh jasavantasihji Bikaner ke hi the| Bikaner ek Loksabha nirvaachan kshetr hai aur yahaaain se vartamaan saaainsad arjun Ram meghavaal hain jo bhaarateeya janta party se sambaddh hain. Bikaner Loksabha nirvaachan kshetr mein saat vidhaanasabha kshetr aate hain.[4]

  1. khaajoovaala
  2. Bikaner pashchim
  3. Bikaner poorv
  4. kolaayat
  5. loonakaranasar
  6. doongaragadh
  7. nokha

prashaasan

Rajasthan ko prashaasan ki suvidha ke liye jin 7 mandalon mein vibhaajit kiya gaya hai unamein se ek Bikaner mandal hai. Bikaner mandal mein Bikaner, chooroo, shreegangaanagar, hanumaanagadh jile hain.

Bikaner jile ka kul kshetrafal 27,244 varg ki.mi. hai aur 2011 janaganana ke anusaar kul janasankhya 2367745 hai.


sanskruti

poshaak

shaharon mein purushon ki poshaak bahudha lamba angarakha ya kot, dhoti aur pagadi hai. musalmaan log bahudha paajaama, kurata aur pagadi, saafa ya topi pahanate hain. sampann vyakti apni pagadi ka vishesh rup se dhyaan rakhate hain, parantu dheere-dheere ab pagadi ke sthaan par saafe ya topi ka prachaar badhta ja raha hai. graameen log adhiktar mote kapde ki dhoti, bagalabandi aur feinta kaam mein laate hain. sriyo ki poshaak lahanga, choli aur dupatta hai. musalmaan auraton ki poshaak chust paajaama, lamba kurata aur dupatta hai unamein se kai tilk bhi pahanati hai.

bhaasha

yahaan ke adhikaansh logon ki bhaasha maaravaadi hai, jo raajapootaane mein boli jaanevaali bhaashaaon mein mukhya hai. yahaan uske bhed thali, baagadi tatha shekhaavati ki bhaashaaen hain. uttari bhaag ke log mishrit punjabi athva jaaton ki bhaasha bolte hain. yahaan ki lipi naagari hai, jo bahudha ghaseet rup mein likhi jaati hai. raajakeeya daftaron tatha karyaalayon mein angreji evam hindi ka prachaar hai.

dastakaari

bhedo ki adhikta ke kaaran yahaan oon bahut hota hai, jiske kabanl, laaiyaan aadi ooni samaan bahut achhe bante hai. yahaan ke galeeche evam dariyaan bhi prasiddh hai. iske atirikt haathi daant ki choodiyaaain, lakh ki choodiyaaain tatha lakh se rangi hui lakdi ke khilaune tatha palang ke paaye, sone-chaaaindi ke jevar, ooaint ke chamade ke bane hue sunahari kaam ke tarah-tarah ke sundar kuppe, ooainto ki kaathiyaan, laal mitti ke barttan aadi yahaan bahut achhe banaae jaate hain. Bikaner shahar mein baahar se aane waali shakkar se bahut sundar aur svachh mishri taiyaar ki jaati hai jo door-door tak bheji jaati hai.

saahitya

saahitya ki drushti se Bikaner ka praacheen raajasthaani saahitya jyaadaatar chaaran, sant aur jainon dvaara likha gaya tha.
chaaran raaja ke aashrit the tatha dingal shaili tatha bhaasha me apni baat kehte the. Bikaner ke sant lok shaili me likhtein the.
Bikaner ka lok saahitya bhi kaafi mahatvapoorn hai.
raajasthaani saahitya ke vikaas me beekaner ke raajaaon ka bhi yogadaan raha hai unke dvaara saahityakaaron ko aashray milta raha tha.
raajaparivaar ke kai sadasyon ne khud bhi saahitya me jauhar dikhlaayein.
Rao beekaaji ne maadhoo laal chaaran ko khaari gaaainv daan me diya tha.
baarahath chauhath beekaaji ke samakaleen prasiddh chaaran kavi the.
isi prakaar beekaane ke chaaran kaviyon ne bithoo soojo ka naam bade aadar se liya jaata hai.
unka kaavya ' Rao jaitasi ke chhand ' dingal saahitya me uaincha sthaan rakhati hai.
Bikaner ke raaj raayasinh ne bhi granth likhe the unke dvaara jyotish ratan maala naamak granth ki raajasthaani me teeka likhi thi.
raayasinh ke chhote bhaai pruthveeraaj raathaud raajasthaani ke sirmaur kavi the ve Akbar ke darbaar me bhi rahe the veli krisn rukmani ri naamak rachana likhi jo raajasthaani ki sarvakaalik shreshthatam rachana maani jaati hai.

Bikaner ke jain kavi udayachand ne Bikaner gajal (nagar varnan ko gajal kaha gaya hai)rachakar naam kamaaya tha. ve mahaaraaja sujaan Singh ki taareef karte the.

j‍aayotishiyon ka gadh

Bikaner j‍aayotishiyon ka gadh hai. yahaan poorv raajagharaane ke raajaguroo gos‍aavaami parivaar mein anek vikh‍aayaat evam prakaand j‍aayeaatishi evam karmakaandi vidvaan hue. j‍aayotish ke kshetr mein divangat pandit shri shreegopaalaji gos‍aavaami ka naam desh-videsh mein bade aadar ke saath liya jaata hai. j‍aayotish aur has‍aatarekha ke saath tantr, sans‍aakrut aur raajas‍aathaani saahit‍aaya ke kshetr mein bhi shreegopaalaji agrani visheshagyon mein shumaar kiye jaate the. pandit baaboolaalaji shaas‍aatri, Late. Shivchand G Purohit (Manu Maharaj, Sagar) () ke jamaane mein Bikaner mein j‍aayotish vidya ne nai oonchaaiyon ko dekha. iske baad harsha mahaaraaj, ashok thaanavi, Avinash vyaas aur pradeep paniya jaise krush‍aanaamoorti paddhati ke prakaan‍aad vidvaanon ne dil‍aali, Calcutta, mum‍aabai aur Gujarat mein apne gyaan ka loha manavaaya. iske alaava ach‍aacha mahaaraaj, v‍aayomakesh v‍aayaas aur lokanaath v‍aayaas jaise logon ne j‍aayotish mein ek fak‍aakadaana andaaj rakha. sanbhraantata se jude is v‍aayavasaaya mein in logon ne aughad ki bhoomika ka nirvahan kiya hai. nai peedhi ke ye j‍aayotishi ab puraane padne lage hain. adhik kun‍aadaliyaan bhi naheen dekhte aur nai peedhi mein bhi adhik gyaan vaale logon ko ekaantik abhaav najar aata hai.

taantrikon ka s‍aathaan

Bikaner mein tantr se jude bhi kai firke hain. inmein jain evam naath sanpradaaya taantrik apna vishesh prabhaav rakhate hain. muslim tantr ki upasthiti ki baat ki jaae to yahaan par do jin‍aanaat hain. ek mohal‍aala choonagaraan mein to doosra gogaaget ke paas kaheen. gogaaget ke paas hi naath sanpradaaya ko do ek akhaade hain. gangaashahar aur bheenaasar mein jain samudaaya ka baahul‍aaya hai. aisa maana jaata hai ki jain muniyon ko tantr ka ach‍aachha gyaan hota hai lekin yahaan ke s‍aathaaneeya vaashindon ne kabhi prat‍aayaksh roop se un‍aahein taantrik kriyaaen karte hue naheen dekha hai.


utsav tatha mele

parv evam tyohaar

yahaan hinduon ke tyohaaron mein sheel-saptami, Akshay truteeya, raksha bandhan, dashahara, divaali aur holi mukhya hain. Rajasthan ke anya raajyon ki tarah yahaan ganagaur, dashahara, navaraatra, raamanavami, shivraatri, ganesh chaturthi aadi parv bhi hinduon dvaara manaaya jaata hai. teej ka yahaan vishesh mahatva hai. ganagaur evam teej sriyon ke mukhya tyohaar hain. rakshaabandhan visheshakar braahmanon ka tatha dashahara kshatriyon ka tyohaar hai. dashahare ke din badi dhoom-dhaam ke saath mahaaraaja ki savaari niklati hai. musalmaanon ke mukhya tyohaar muhararm, idulafitr, Eid ulajuha, shabebaraat, baarahavafaat aadi hai. mahaaveer jayanti evam parayushan jainon dvaara manaaya jaata hai. yahaan ke sikh desh ke anya bhaagon ki tarah vaishaakhi, guru naanak jayanti tatha guru govind jayanti utsaah ke saath manaate hai.

mele

Bikaner ke saamaajik jeevan mein melon ka vishesh mahatva hai. jyaadaatar mele kisi dhaarmik sthaan par lagaae jaate hain. ye mele sthaaneeya vyaapaar, khareed-bikri, aadaan-pradaan ke mukhya kendra hain. mahatvapoorn mele nimnalikhit hain-

kolaayat mela -

yeh mela prativrsh kaartik shuklapaksh ke antim dinon mein shri kolaayat ji mein hota hai aur poornima ke din mukhya maana jaata hai. yahaan kapileshvar muni ke aashram hone ke kaaran is sthaan ka mahatva badh gaya hai. graameen log kaafi sankhya mein yahaan jutate hai tatha pavitra jheel mein snaan karte hain. aisa maana jaata hai ki Kapil muni, jo brahma ke putr hain ne apni uttar-poorv ki yaatra ke dauraan sthaan ke praakrutik sundarata ke kaaran tap ke liye uparyukt samaksha. mele ki mukhya visheshata iski deep-maalika hai. deepon ko aate se banaaya jaata hai jismein deepak jalaakar taalaab mein pravaah kar diya hai. yahaan har saal lagbhag ek lakh tak ki bheed ikadhdha hoti hai.

mukam mela -

nokha tahaseel me mukaam naamak gaaainv mein ek bhavaya mela lagta hai. yeh mela shri janbheshvar ji ki smruti mein hota hai, jinhein bishnoi sanpradaaya ka sthaapak maana jaata hai.

deshanok mela -

yeh mela chait sudi 1-10 tak tatha aashvin 1-10 dinon tak karani ji ki smruti mein lagta hai. ye ek chaaran sri hain jinke vishay mein aisa maana jaata hai ki inmein daiviya shakti vidyamaan thi. desh ke vibhinn hisson se inka aasheervaad lene ke liye logon taaainta laga rahata hai. yahaan lagbhag 30,000 hajaar logon tak ki bheed ikaththa hoti hai.

naagini ji mela -

devi naagini ji smruti mein aayojit yeh mela bhaadon ke dhaavi amaavash mein hota hai. ismein lagbhag 10,000 shraddhaalugan aate hai jinmein braahmanon ki sankhya adhik hoti hai.

yahaan ke anya mahatvapoorn melo me katariyaasar ka maru mela, teej mela, shivbaadi mela, narasinh chartudashi mela, sujanadesar mela, kenayaar mela, jeth bhutta mela, kodmadesar mela, daadaaji ka mela, reedamaalasaar mela, dhooneenaath ka mela aadi hain.

seesa bhairoo:-

teen divseeya chalne vaale mele ka aayojan bhairoo bhakt mandal paareek chauk sonagiri kuaan, daaga chauk anek sthaanon se logo ka Baba bhairoonaath ke darshan ke liye aate hai shahar ke saath-saath naapaasar, naukha graamin kshetron se paidal yaatri jatthon ke saath bhairoonaath ke jayakaare ke saath seesaabhairav aate hai is mele ki visheshata yeh hai ki yahaan ek vishaal havan ka aayojan kiya jaata hai. ismein lagbhag 5,000 shraddhaalugan aate hai jinmein braahmanon ki sankhya adhik hoti hai. yeh mela bhaadon mein hota hai. desh ke vibhinn hisson se inka aasheervaad lene ke liye logon taaainta laga rahata hai.

paryatan aakarshan

joonaagadh durg, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Rao beeka mahaaraaja jodha ke chaudah putron mein se ek tha. raajya ka mukhya nagar 'Bikaner' raajya ke dakshin-pashchimi hisse mein kuchh ooainchi bhoomi par samudra ki satah se 736 foot ki ooainchaai par basa hai. kuchh sthaanon se dekhne par yeh nagar bahut bhavya tatha vishaal dikhaai padta hai. nahar ke chaaron or shahar panaah chaaradivaari, jo dhere mein saadhe chaar meal hai aur patthar ki bani hai. iski chaudaai 6 foot tatha ooainchaai adhik se adhik 30 foot hai. ismein paaainch darvaaje hain, jinke naam kramash: kot, jassoosar, natthoosar, seetala aur goga hai aur aath khidkiyaaain bhi bani hain. shahar panaah ka uttari hissa 1900 i0 mein bana hai.

lakshmi nivaas mahal

yeh shahar paaramparik dhang se basa hua hai. nagar ke bheetar bahut si bhavya imaaratein hain, jo bahudha laal pattharon se bani hai. in pattharon par khudaai ka kaam utkrusht hai.

chitr shaili

raajasthaani chitrakala ki ek prabhaavi shaili ka janm Bikaner se hua jo Rajasthan ka doosra bada raajya tha. Bikaner Rajasthan ke uttar-pashchim mein sthit hai. sudoor marupradesh mein raathauravanshi Rao jodha ke chhathe putr beeka dvaara san 1488 mein Bikaner ki sthaapana ki gayi. Bikaner 27 12' aur 30 12' uttari akshansh tatha 72 12' va 75 41' poorvi deshaantar par sthit hai. Bikaner raajya ke uttar mein vahaabalapur (Pakistan), dakshin-pashchim mein jaisalamer, dakshin mein Jodhpur, dakshin-poorv mein lohaaru va hisaar jila evam uttar poorv mein firojapur jile se ghiri hui thi. gajaner va kolaayat yahaaain ki prasiddh jheelein hain.

Bikaner me shiksha

Bikaner mein raajas‍aathaan raaj‍aaya ka shiksha nideshaalaya sthit hai. rajavaadon ki ek bilding mein veteranari college ke paas sthit nideshaalaya mein saikado karmachaari kaam karte hain. kaksha ek se baarahaveen tak ki pareekshaaon ka sanchaalan aur pareeksha parinaam, adh‍aayaapakon ke s‍aathaanaan‍aataran sahit kai prakaar ki gati‍avidhiyaan yahaan vruhad s‍aatar par chalti rahati hai. ise raaj‍aaya ki shiksha v‍aayavas‍aatha ka Kumbh kaha ja sakta hai. shiksha vibhaag se jude kaarmikon ko apne sevaakaal mein ek baar to yahaan chak‍aakar lagaana pad hi jaata hai.

mahaavidyaalaya shiksha academic s‍aatar par dekha jaae to teen mahaavidyaalaya mukh‍aaya roop se Bikaner mein hai. ek hai mahaaraani sudarshana mahaavidyaalaya aur doosra hai raajakeeya doongar mahaavidyaalaya. teesara hai ganga shaardul raajakeeya aachaarya sanskrut mahaavidyaalaya .kareeb pachaas saal puraane teenon mahaavidyaalayon ka apna-apna itihaas hai. iske alaava kai vokeshanal korsej aur degree college bhi yahaan hai. pichhle kuchh saalon se Bikaner mein khule engineering college ne raash‍aatreeya s‍aatar ke semeenaar karavaakar apni upasthiti darj karva chuka hai.


inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  • Patnaik, Naveen. (1990). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd., London.
  1. a aa Bikaner raajya - ek parichay, Rahul tanegaariya
  2. http://tdil.mit.gov.in/CoilNet/IGNCA/rj185.htm
  3. Google arth ki sahaayata se bane is link se yahaan ke mukhya sthalon ko darshaaya gaya hai.
  4. "Parliamentary & Assembly Constitencies wise Polling Stations & Electors". Chief Electoral Officer, Rajasthan website. http://ceorajasthan.nic.in/PC-ACWISE-ELECTORS.pdf.

baahari kadiyaaain