Bijapur

Bijapur
shahar
बीजापुर का गोल गुम्बद
Bijapur ka gol gumbad
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Karnataka
jila Bijapur
mahaapaur
saansad
janasankhya
ghanatv
1,806,918 (2001 tak )
• 171
kshetrafal 10,541 ki.mee²
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: bijapur.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 16°a49′aN 75°a43′aE / 16.82°aN 75.72°aE / 16.82; 75.72

Bijapur Karnataka praant ka ek shahar hai. yeh aadilshaahi Bijapur saltanat ki rajdhani bhi raha hai. bahamani saltanat ke andar Bijapur ek praant tha. bangalaur ke uttar pashchim mein sthit Bijapur Karnataka ka praacheen nagar hai.

anukram

itihaas

dakshin bhaarateeya vaastukala shali mein nirmit yahaan ke smaarak shahar ke mukhya aakarshan hain. dakshin Bhaarat mein paanch hindu shaasan ke patan ke kaaran Bijapur samet paanch raajyon ka udaya hua. 1489 se 1686 tak yeh nagar aadilshaahi vansh ki rajdhani thi. shahar ki anek masjid, makabar, mahal aur kile paryatakon ko khaase aakarshit karte hain. yahaan ka gumbad vishv ka doosra sabse vishaal gumbad hai. Karnataka ki kala aur sanskruti mein Bijapur ka vishesh yogadaan raha hai.

mukhya aakarshan

gol gumbad

aadilshaahi vansh ke saatavein shaasak muhammad aadil shaah ka yeh makabara Bijapur ka mukhya aakarshan hai. vishv ke is doosare sabse vishaal gumbad ka vyaas 44 meter aur oonchaai 51 meter hai. is vishaal gumbad ke banane mein bees varsh ka samay laga tha. is makabare ka sabse bada aashcharya yeh hai ki ismein sahaare ke liye ek bhi column naheen hai.

jumma masjid

is masjid ko Bijapur ki sabse vishaal aur Bhaarat pratham masjid kaha jaata hai. iska nirmaan aadil shaah ke kaal mein 1557 se 1686 ke beech hua tha. masjid ka kul kshetrafal 10810 varg meter hai jismein 9 vishaal toran shaamil hain. masjid mein sone se likhi pavitra Quraan ki ek prati rakhi hui hai.

Ibrahim roja

shahar ke pashchimi chhor par bana Ibrahim roja ek khoobsoorat makabara hai. Ibrahim aadil shaah dviteeya ke is makabare se Tajmahal banaane ki prerana li gayi thi. iski deevaaron ko kaafi sundar tareeke se sajaaya gaya hai. saath hi iski patthar ki khidkiyaan bhi bahut aakarshak hain. is smaarak Iran ke shilpakaaron ne banaaya tha. iske sameep hi ek masjid bh

malik-A-madaan

yeh madhyakaal mein vishv ki sabse badi top thi. yeh top 14 feet lambi aur iska vajan 55 tan hai. ek chabootare par rakhi is top ka nojal Singh ke sir ke aakaar ka hai. is top ka vaar trophy ke roop mein 1549 mein Bijapur laaya gaya tha. kaha jaata hai ise chhookar kisi cheej ki kaamna karne par vah praapt hoti hai.

Bijapur kila

16 veen shataabdi ka yeh kila Bijapur aane vaale sailaaniyon ko apni lokeshan ke kaaran kaafi aakarshit karta hai. yeh kila vanya jeev abhyaaranya ke sameep hai, jahaan tendue, jangali sookar, neelagaaya aur hirn vichran karte rahate hain. mahaaraaj prataap Singh ke chhote bhaai Rao shakti Singh dvaara banavaae gaye is kile ko ab heritej hotel mein tabdeel kar diya gaya hai.

gagan mahal

yeh bhavan Ali aadil shaah pratham ne 1561 mein banavaaya tha. is mahal ko kuchh samay tak shaahi mahal ke roop mein istemaal kiya gaya. is mahal mein teen shaanadaar meharaab hain. beech ki meharaab sabse chaudi hai. iska bhoomitl darbaar hall tha aur pratham tal shaahi parivaar ka nivaas sthaan tha.

aanand mahal

is mahal ko aadil shaah dviteeya ne 1589 mein banavaaya tha. do manjil ka yeh mahal kabhi raajakeeya parivaar ki mahilaaon ka gruh tha. vartamaan mein yeh mahal jimkhaana club, inspekshan bangala, kuchh anya kaaryaalaya aur sahaayak commissioner ke quarter ke roop mein tabdeel ho chuka hai.

asar mahal

kile ke poorv mein sthit is mahal ko mohammad aadil shaah ne lagbhag 1646 E. mein nyaaya ke darbaar ke roop mein ise banavaaya tha. mahal ke oopari khand ko anek bhittichitron se sajaaya gaya hai. in bhittichitron mein fool, pattiyon ke alaava mahilaaon aur purooshon ko anek mudraaon mein darshaaya gaya hai. mahal ke saamane ek vargaakaar tank hai.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

Bijapur ka niktatam airport belagaanm mein hai jo 205 kimi. ki doori par hai. mumbai aur Bangalore se yahaan ke liye niyamit flaaitein hain.

rel maarg

Bijapur rel ke maadhyam se Bangalore, mumbai, hospet aur vaaskodigaama se juda hua hai.

sadak maarg

Karnataka raajya sadak parivhan nigam ki basein niyamit roop se badaami, Bangalore, belagaam, Hubli aur sholaapur se Bijapur ke liye chalti hain. Bijapur sadak maarg se Karnataka aur aaspaas ke shaharon se juda hai.